Sir Osbert Sitwell, 5th Baronet
name = Sir Osbert Sitwell
birthname = Sir Francis Osbert Sachverell Sitwell
birthdate = birth date|1892|12|6
deathdate = death date and age|1969|5|4|1892|12|6
deathplace = near
occupation = Writer
period = 1919-1962
partner = David Horner
George Sitwell(father) Edith Sitwell(sister) Sacheverell Sitwell(brother)
Sir Francis Osbert Sacheverell Sitwell, 5th Baronet, (
December 6, 1892– May 4, 1969) was an English writer. His elder sister was Dame Edith Louisa Sitwell and his younger brother was Sir Sacheverell Sitwell; like them he devoted his life to artand literature.
He was born on
6 December, 1892at 3 Arlington Street, London. His parents were Sir George Reresby Sitwell, fourth baronet, genealogistand antiquarian, and Lady Ida Emily Augusta (née Denison). He grew up in the family seat at Renishaw Hall, Derbyshire, and at Scarborough, and went to Ludgrove School, then Eton Collegefrom 1906 to 1909. For many years his entry in Who's Who contained the phrase "Educated during the holidays from Eton." In 1911 he joined the Sherwood Rangersbut, not cut out to be a Cavalry officer, transferred to the Grenadier Guardsat the Tower of Londonfrom where, in his off-duty time, he could frequent theatres, art galleries and the like.
Late in 1914 this civilised life was exchanged for the trenches of
Francenear Ypres. It was here that he wrote his first poetry, describing it as "Some instinct, and a combination of feelings not hitherto experienced united to drive me to paper". "Babel" was published in " The Times" 11 May 1916. In the same year, he began literary collaborations and anthologies with his brother and sister as a literary clique generally called the Sitwells.
In 1918 he left the Army with the rank of
Captainand devoted himself to poetry, art criticism and controversial journalism. Together with his brother, he sponsored a controversial exhibition of works by Matisse, Utrillo, Picassoand Modigliani. The composer William Waltonalso greatly benefited from Osbert's largesse (though the two men afterwards fell out) and Walton's oratorio "Belshazzar's Feast" was written to Osbert's libretto. He published two books of poems: "Argonaut and Juggernaut" (1919) and "At the House of Mrs Kinfoot" (1921). In the mid-1920s he met David Horner who was his lover and companion for most of his life.citation |title=Façades: Edith, Osbert, and Sacheverell Sitwell |first=John |last=Pearson |publisher=Macmillan |year=1978 ]
Osbert Sitwell's first work of fiction, "Triple Fugue", was published in 1924, and visits to
Italyand Germanyproduced "Discursions on Travel, Art and Life" (1925). His first novel, "Before the Bombardment" (1926) was well reviewed, but the following ones, "The Man Who Lost Himself" (1929), "Miracle on Sinai" (1934) and "Those Were the Days" (1937) were not. A collection of short stories "Open the Door" (1940), his fifth novel "A Place of One's Own" (1940), his "Selected Poems" (1943) and a book of essays "Sing High, Sing Low" (1944) were reasonably well received.
The sometimes acidic diarist
James Agatecommented on Sitwell after a drinking session on June 3, 1932, in "Ego", volume 1:
"There is something self-satisfied and having-to-do-with-the-Bourbons about him which is annoying, though there is also something of the crowned-head consciousness which is disarming".
When his father died in 1943, and he succeeded to the
baronetcy, he started an autobiographythat would run to five volumes. The first volume, "Left Hand, Right Hand" proved to be his best work to date. The subsequent volumes were "The Scarlet Tree" (1946), "Great Morning" (1948), "Laughter in the Next Room" (1949) and "Noble Essences: a Book of Characters" (1950).
Sitwell, as his autobiography bears out, was familiar with almost everyone 'in society', and was a friend of Queen Elizabeth, the wife of King George VI. At the time of the abdication of King Edward VIII he wrote a poem, 'Rat Week', attacking those 'friends' of the King who deserted him when his alliance with
Mrs Simpsonbecame common knowledge in England. This was published anonymously, and caused some scandal. (The manuscript is in the library of Eton College).Sitwell campaigned for the preservation of Georgian buildings and was responsible for saving Sutton Scarsdale Hallnow owned by English Heritage. He was an early and active member of the Georgian Group. His Chelsea, Londonhome was in Carlyle Square. He received many awards in the 1950s and in 1962 completed a postscript to his autobiographies "Tales my Father Taught Me". His last book "Pound Wise" was published the following year.
At the time of his death, Sitwell had been suffering from
Parkinson's diseasefor several years, and he died on 4 May, 1969at Montegufoni, a castlenear Florence.
* [http://research.hrc.utexas.edu:8080/hrcxtf/view?docId=ead/00237.xml Osbert Sitwell Collection] at the
Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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