Thornton-Pickard was a famous British
cameramanufacturer established in 1888. The company was based in Altrincham, near Manchesterand was an early pioneer in the development of the camera industry.
Brief history of the company
The Thornton-Pickard company was founded by John Edward Thornton and Edgar Pickard in Manchester, in 1888. The company moved to a new factory at
Broadheath, Altrincham in 1891. The innovative "Time & Instantaneous" shutter was designed and patented by Thornton in 1892. This shutter design was also licensed to a number of other camera makers. Some early cameras produced by the company included the "Ruby" and "Amber" models.
In 1897 the company became a
limited company, followed shortly afterwards by the sudden death of Edgar Pickard, due to a perforated ulcer. Thornton now found himself in a company dominated by the Pickard family, who he disliked intensely, and shortly afterwards he left. In 1899 he formed a new business partnership with Charles Rothwell, a chemist who shared Thorntons interest in photography. The company was called the Thornton Film Company. Later in 1913 Thornton emigrated to the United States, and went on to patent a three colour cine film which was manufactured under license by Eastman Kodak. Thornton eventually returned to England, and died some years later in 1940.
Following the loss of its founders, Thornton-Pickard continued to manufacture cameras. The successful "Imperial Triple Extension" model was introduced in 1913, and continued in production until the 1930s. During the
First World War, the company produced a number of cameras for military use, including the Mark III Hythe gun camera. In 1921 the company merged with several other companies, to form Amalgamated Photographic Manufacturers. Throughout the 1920s and 30s the company found it increasingly difficult to compete with cheaper imported cameras, and ceased to trade in 1939.
* [http://www.msim.org.uk/media/161994/thornton-pickard%20manufacturing%20company.pdf Thornton Pickard history]
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