USS Queen of the West (1854)

USS "Queen of the West", a sidewheel steamer built at Cincinnati, Ohio in 1854, was purchased by the United States Department of War in 1862 and fitted out as a ram for Colonel Charles Ellet, Jr.'s Ram Fleet which operated on the Mississippi River in the U.S. Civil War in conjunction with the Western Flotilla.

As USS "Queen of the West"

Commanded by Colonel Charles Rivers Ellet (the Fleet commander's son), "Queen of the West", ram USS|Monarch|1862|6, and five ironclad gunboats of the Western Flotilla engaged the Confederate States River Defense Fleet at Memphis, Tennessee on June 6, 1862. In the Battle of Memphis, "Queen of the West" was rammed and the elder Colonel Ellet was mortally wounded, but the Union ships destroyed the Southern flotilla and won for the Union control of the Mississippi as far south as Vicksburg, Mississippi.

On July 15, "Queen of the West", USS|Carondelet|1861|2, and USS|Tyler|1857|2 engaged Confederate ironclad ram warship|CSS|Arkansas in the Yazoo River. The Southern ram escaped into the Mississippi and, heavily damaged, found refuge under the Southern batteries at Vicksburg. On July 22, "Queen of the West" and USS|Essex|1856|2 attacked "Arkansas", despite the Southern guns. "Essex" steamed through a hail of shell past the shore batteries and joined Admiral David Farragut’s ships below Vicksburg, and "Queen of the West" rammed "Arkansas" before rejoining the Western Flotilla ships above the river fortress.

In ensuing months, "Queen of the West" continued to support operations against Vicksburg. On September 19, while escorting two troop transports, she had a short engagement with Confederate infantry and artillery above Bolivar, Mississippi. As the year closed, she was busy clearing the Yazoo of torpedoes and engaging Confederate batteries at Drumgold's Bluff.

On February 2, 1863, after ramming, but not sinking Confederate steamer CSS "City of Vicksburg" under the fortress’s guns, "Queen of the West" fought fires in the bow and near her starboard wheel and retired down stream. The next day she forced ashore and captured Confederate steamers "O. W. Baker", "Moro", and "Berwick Bay". On February 12 she ascended the Red River and entered the Atchafalaya River where a landing party destroyed Confederate Army wagons. That night Southern batteries fired oil the ship. The next day, in reprisal, Ellet destroyed all nearby buildings.

On February 14, "Queen of the West" captured steamer "Era No. 5" some 15 miles above the mouth of the Black River and continued on upstream seeking three vessels reported at Gordon’s Landing. Taken under heavy fire by shore batteries, she ran aground while attempting to back down river directly under Confederate guns, which pounded her until Ellet ordered "abandon ship," and the formidable vessel fell into Confederate hands.

As CSS "Queen of the West"

"Queen of the West" operated thereafter under the Confederate Army. In conjunction with another Confederate ram, warship|CSS|Webb, she forced the surrender of USS|Indianola|1862|6 off the Red River on February 24. On April 14, 1863 she was attacked on the Atchafalaya River, Louisiana by Union ships USS|Estrella|1862|6, USS|Calhoun|1851|2, and USS|Arizona|1858|2. A shell from "Calhoun" set fire to "Queen of the West"’s cotton, and her burning wreck drifted down the river for several hours before she grounded and exploded.

ee also

*Mississippi Marine Brigade
*Louisiana in the American Civil War

External links

* [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-us-cs/army-sh/usash-mr/qun-west.htm U.S. Ram "Queen of the West" (1862-1863)]
* [http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/february/queen-west.htm 1863 Newspaper Article on the "Queen of the West"]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • USS Constitution — For similarly named ships, principles of government, and other uses, see Constitution (disambiguation). Constitution on her 213th birt …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Falkland Islands — The history of the Falkland Islands goes back at least five hundred years, with active exploration and colonisation only taking place in the 18th century. Nonetheless, the islands have been a matter of controversy, as they have been claimed by… …   Wikipedia

  • Steamboats of the Mississippi — GeographyThe Mississippi is one of the world’s great rivers. It spans 3860 miles of length as measured using its northernmost west fork, the Missouri River, which starts in the Rocky Mountains in Montana, joining the Mississippi proper in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Key West, Florida — Infobox Settlement official name = City of Key West other name = native name = nickname = The Conch Republic and the Southernmost City In The Continental United States settlement type = City motto = One human family imagesize = image caption =… …   Wikipedia

  • Key West — is an island in the Straits of Florida on the North American continent at the southernmost tip of the Florida Keys.Key West is politically within the limits of the city of Key West, Monroe County, Florida, United States. The city also occupies… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Royal Navy — Naval Service of the British Armed Forces …   Wikipedia

  • Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea — This article is about the novel. For other uses, see Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (disambiguation). Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea   …   Wikipedia

  • Historical outline of the United States — The following is an outline of the history of the United States of America with hyperlinks to relevant Wikipedia articles.Outline1490s*On 1493 11 14, a Spanish fleet under the command of Cristoforo Colombo (Christopher Columbus) lands on a large… …   Wikipedia

  • List of patrol vessels of the United States Navy — This is a list of patrol vessels of the United States Navy.PC Patrol Craft Coastal ;By hull number * * * * * * * * * * * * * *;By name * * * * * * * * * * * * * * PHM, PGH, PCH Hydrofoil VesselsPHM Patrol Missile Hydrofoil* USS Pegasus (PHM 1),… …   Wikipedia

  • Ship of the line — Navire de ligne Le navire de ligne est le navire de guerre qui fut le fondement de la guerre navale entre les marines européennes, du début du XVIIe siècle au milieu du XXe siècle. Sa principale caractéristique était de combattre… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.