Giorgi Melikishvili ( _ka. გიორგი მელიქიშვილი) (
December 30, 1918– April 19, 2002) was a Georgian historian known for his fundamental works in the history of Georgia, Caucasiaand the Middle East. He earned an international recognition for his research of Urartu.
He was born in
Tbilisiand graduated, in 1939, from the Tbilisi State Universityand earned a professor’s degree (1956). From 1954 to 1988, he chaired the Department of Ancient History at the Institute of the History of Georgia. From 1965 to 1999, he directed this Institute and remained its Honorary Director until his death. He was also the first Soviet historian to be awarded a Lenin Prize.
He probed ancient Georgia’s connection to the
Anatolian and Mesopotamian worlds and made an invaluable contributions to the studies of Urartu. His Russian-languageК истории древней Грузии ("Towards the History of Ancient Georgia"; 1959) to this day remains a standard reference in the ancient history of Georgia. Some of Melikishvili's most influential essays were published, in the early 2000s, in the collection "Researches in the Ancient History of Georgia, Caucasia and the Near East" (ძიებანი საქართველოს, კავკასიისა და ახლო აღმოსავლეთის ძველი ისტორიის დარგში). [Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), "Studies In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts", p. 16. Peeters Bvba ISBN 90-429-1318-5]
*ru icon Гамкрелидзе Т. В., Гиоргадзе Г. Г. Памяти Георгия Александровича Меликишвили // Вестник древней истории, 2003, № 3.
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