Boldva

Infobox Settlement
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = HUN
timezone=CET
utc_offset=+1
timezone_DST=CEST
utc_offset_DST=+2|official_name=Boldva


subdivision_type1=County
subdivision_name1=Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
area_total_km2=28.34
population_total=2471
population_as_of=2004
population_density_km2=87.19
postal_code_type=Postal code
postal_code=3794
area_code=46
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Boldva
pushpin_mapsize =
latd=48.21725
longd=20.78851

Boldva is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary.

History of the settlement

The village has got its name from the river Bódva. The vicinity had been a settled place since ancient times in the Neolithic, Bronze age- and Iron age. Written documents mention the village from the 13th century as "Boldua".

Between 1175 and 1180 the Ordo Saint Benedict has been built a monastery at Boldva. The monastery church was erected to Saint John the Baptist. At the same time a rotunda was used by the village people. The ruins of this rotunda was excavated in the 1980-ies, during the renovation of the Árpád age church.

A famous codex, the so called Pray codex, The Sacramentarium Bolvense contains one of the oldest Hungarian text: The Speech at the Funeral. During the second Mongolian invasion at 1285 the building was destroyed and fired. The monks escaped to the Somogyvár monastery. Later, during the Türkish wars, the church was renewed and reformed.

ightseeings

* The reformed church and the ruins of the monastery, built in the 12th century. It had been built in romanesque style, in basilica form with 3 naves and 2 towers at the eastern sied of the building.
* Castle building of the Szathmáry family, from the 19th century.

Neighbour villages

Sajóecseg (5 km), Sajósenye (6 km), Ziliz (3 km), and the town of Edelény and Sajószentpéter also ca. 10 km.

References

* Valter Ilona: Boldva, református templom. (Boldva reformed Church). (TKM) Bp., 1991
* Töltéssy Zoltán (Szerk.) (Ed.) Boldva történeti kronológiája. – (Historical Chronology of Boldva). Boldva, 2000. 16 p.
* Gerevich Tibor: Magyarország románkori emlékei. (Die romanische Denkmäler Ungarns.) Egyetemi nyomda. Budapest, 1938. 843 p. --- 32-33. p., LXXXVI. tábla bal alsó kép.
* Gervers-Molnár Vera: A középkori Magyarország rotundái. (Romanesque Round Churches of Medieval Hungary.) (Mûvészettörténeti Füzetek, 4.) Akadémiai Kiadó. Budapest, 1972.
* Gerő, L. (1984): Magyar műemléki ABC. (Hungarian Architectural Heritage ABC.) Budapest
* Henszlmann, I. (1876): "Magyarország ó-keresztyén, román és átmeneti stylü mű-emlékeinek rövid ismertetése", (Old-Christian, Romanesque and Transitional Style Architecture in Hungary). Királyi Magyar Egyetemi Nyomda, Budapest

External links

* [http://www.menet.hu/boldva/ Boldva village homepage]
* [http://muvtor.btk.ppke.hu/romanika/boldva1.htm The building of the Boldva Benedict Abbey]
* [http://www.civertan.hu/legifoto/legifoto.php?page_level=635 Aerial views of Boldva]
* [http://www.terkepcentrum.hu/index.asp?go=map&tid=8396 Street map] hu icon


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