Infobox Papua New Guinea Province
name = Madang
Middle Ramu District
Rai Coast District
Usino Bundi District
area = 29,000 km²
arearank = 7th
pop = 365,106
popdate = 2000
poprank = 5th
popdens = 12.6
governordate = 2007
Madang is a province on the northern coast of mainland
Papua New Guinea. The province has many of the country's highest peaks, active volcanoes and its biggest mix of languages. The capital is the town of Madang.
Man's contact with the
New Guineamainland has extended through the past 50,000 years, and although as yet unproven one would presume this figure to be true for this region also. Scientists have found evidence of human settlement 12,000 to 15,000 years ago near Simbai. In the past 6,000 years sailors ultimately originating from around Taiwanhave traversed this area, leaving their mark in the Austronesianlanguages which are unevenly distributed along the coastline amongst the Papuan language villages.The Yaboband Bilbilpeople used big sailing canoes to trade their pots from Karkar Islandto western Morobe. They were part of the Vitiaz Straittrade network. Bundi was the centre of trade between Astrolabe Bayand the Highlands. Trade involved shells, salt, clay potsand wooden bowls from the lowlandsand stone axes, feathers and women from the Asaro, Simbu and Jimi valleys.
The Madang coast received its first real western exploration at the hands of the
Russian explorer Nicholai Miklukho-Maklaiin 1871. He introduced pineapples, mangoes, beans, pumpkinsand other new foods. In 1884 the German New Guinea Kompagniestarted development of the region, building tobacco, cottonand coffee plantations at Bogiaand around Astrolabe Bay. In 1886, Johannes Flierlstarted a LutheranMission at Simbang. The Divine Word Missionariesestablished missions at Bogia in 1901 and Alexishafenin 1904.
In 1914 the
Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Forcecaptured Rabauland took control of German New Guinea. A military administration continued for 7 years. This was ratified by the Treaty of Versaillesin 1919. Once again, very little development took place and the next momentous occasion was the occupation of the region around Hansa Bayby the Japanese during the Second World War(1 May 1942 for Madangtown). Madang was destroyed in heavy fighting with much loss of life on both sides. The township was recaptured by Allied soldiers on 24th April 1944. Post-war developments have been few and mainly restricted to the coast and Madang town. Madang town is the base of Divine Word Universitywhich was established in 1996.
Madang Province is a large region approximately 300
kilometres long and 160 kilometres wide with four large and many small offshore islands. The province totals 29,000 square kilometres and has a populationof 365,106 (2000 census).
To the south lies the
Bismarck Rangewith heights ranging over 4,000 metres. Mount Wilhelm, PNG's tallest mountain at 4509m, being found in those ranges. Also in the south, the Ramu Valleyseparates the Bismarck Range from the Finisterre Rangeto the south east of the province. The mountains are timberrich with large stands of trees and rainforest, whilst the coastal plainof the vallery is open and studded with palm trees.
Offshore islands in the sea are, in some cases, volcanic, with
Karkar, Bagabagand Manambeing notable. In 2004/2005 the population of Manam Island was evacuated due to an eruption of the volcano. Bagabag and Karkar have had no major volcanic activities in recent years. This active volcanic region is part of the Pacific Ring of Fireand has created crater lakes, smoking volcanic conesand black sand beaches.
The Madang province receives ample
rainfall(3.2 metres in Madang itself) with the months of November to June being the wettest.
People and Culture
Due to changes caused by outside contact over the years, cultural loss has been great but isolation of many groups has caused that rate of change to be diversely uneven. Because of the environmental diversity, this province also has a very diverse culture as well. Tall lithe coastal people from
Karkar Island, short nuggety highlands men from Simbaiand river people from the Ramu.
Many Madang area
costumesinclude bambooframes decorated with the very common cockatooand parrotfeathers as birds of paradiseare relatively uncommon. The Ramu people are prolific carvers and the lower Ramu has cultural links with the villages of the artistically diverse Sepik Riverregion. It is interesting to note that the resurgence of cultural festivals (i.e. Maborasa Festival) has seen many people donning the fantastic traditional dress, feathers and paints of their ancestors.
Foods eaten include those grown in fertile coastal
gardens, shellfishand fish, fruit, green vegetables, bananas, taro, sweet potatoand yams which relish dry soils. Sagois a staple of the Ramu river people especially in its lower reaches. The mountain people have very good gardens with excellent produce.
Linguistically, Madang province is typified by a large number of very small language groups, many with fewer than 1,000 people. Austronesian sailors settled on this coast some 5 to 6,000 years ago and the languages of these intrepid but largely unknown sailors are found along the coast of the province.
Lukep, Gedaged, Manamand Bilbillanguages are examples of this. Inland, the Katiati, Hinihonand Sakiand languages are examples of Papuan (non-Austronesian) languages found in the region. The Ramu river languages include Gamei, Giri, Tangu, Romkunand Iganaand the Rai Coastlanguages include Somau Gariaand Usino. The volcanic island of Karkar is unusual in that it is shared by the Papuan language Waskiaand the Austronesian language Takia.
The province is the country's third leading producer of
cocoaand copraand second producer of cattle. Ramu Sugarand Jant/Gogolwoodchip mill are amongst PNG's biggest employers. Most areas are still far from transport and undeveloped.
* [http://www.madangtourism.com/ Madang Province Tourism website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Mari (Madang Province) — ISO 639 3 Code : hob ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
Madang-Provinz — Madang ist eine von 19 Provinzen in Papua Neuguinea. Sie ist mit 29.000 km² fast so groß wie Nordrhein Westfalen, bei nur 365.000 Einwohnern (NRW: 18 Millionen). Die Hauptstadt der Provinz ist die gleichnamige Stadt Madang. Datei:Papua new guinea … Deutsch Wikipedia
Madang languages — Madang Madang–Adelbert Range Geographic distribution: New Guinea Linguistic classification: Trans–New Guinea Madang Subdivisions: Souther … Wikipedia
Madang — for the town in Burma see Madang, Burma Infobox PNG Place type = city name = Madang othername = province = mad llg = dot x = 75 dot y = 61 caption = Coastwatchers Memorial Lighthouse, Kalibobo, Madang pop = 27,420 popdate = 2005 poprank = 5th est … Wikipedia
MADANG — Ville de Papouasie Nouvelle Guinée. Fondée pendant la période de la colonisation allemande, à la fin du XIXe siècle, sous le nom de Friedrich Wilhemshafen, Madang fut en partie détruite pendant la guerre du Pacifique, mais elle connut ensuite un… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Madang — 5°10′S 145°20′E / 5.167, 145.333 … Wikipédia en Français
Madang (ville) — 5° 13′ S 145° 48′ E / 5.22, 145.8 … Wikipédia en Français
Madang — /məˈdæŋ/ (say muh dang) noun 1. a province in northern PNG. 29 000 km2. Administrative Centre: Madang. 2. a coastal town in the province of Madang, PNG … Australian English dictionary
Province centrale — 9°30′S 147°40′E / 9.5, 147.667 Provin … Wikipédia en Français
Province nord — 9°0′S 148°5′E / 9, 148.083 Province nord … Wikipédia en Français