List of Soviet agents in the United States

List of Soviet agents in the United States

This is a list of spies who worked for the Soviet Union, Warsaw Pact nations, and Soviet-aligned countries in the United States. The list is based on categorization of .

Czechoslovakia (StB)

*Karl Koecher, the mole who penetrated the CIA

Hungary

*Clyde Lee Conrad, U.S. Army NCO who betrayed NATO secrets.

Poland

*Marian Zacharski, Polish Intelligence officer arrested in 1981. Among other things, he won access to material on the then-new Patriot and Phoenix missiles, the enhanced version of the Hawk air-to-air missile, radar instrumentation for the F-15 fighter, "stealth radar" for the B-1 and Stealth bombers, an experimental radar system being tested by the U.S. Navy, and submarine sonar.

oviet Union

NKVD and KGB

*Louis Adamic, writer and spokesman for Yugoslav immigrants. During World War II, he advised the OSS on Balkan questions. Source for Golos-Bentley network via Louis Budenz.
*Aldrich Ames, CIA agent spying for the Soviet Union beginning in 1985 as a 'walk-in' to the Soviet Embassy in Washington, D.C.
*Marion Davis Berdecio, friend of Judith Coplon and Flora Wovschin from their days at Barnard College
* William Weisband, U.S. Army signals intelligence staffer and NKVD agent handler

The “Berg” – “Art” Group

*Alexander Koral, former engineer of the municipality of New York.
*Helen Koral, Berg’s wife, housewife.
*Byron T. Darling, engineer for the Rubber Company. [ [http://h-net.msu.edu/cgi-bin/logbrowse.pl?trx=vx&list=HHOAC&month=0503&week=c&msg=xKO%2bAxpq7Eo4Eav0EcCSnA&user=&pw= Hayes commentary] ] Citation
last =Haynes
first =John Earl
author-link =John Earl Haynes
title =Cover Name, Cryptonym, CPUSA Party Name, Pseudonym, and Real Name Index: A Research Historian's Working Reference
date= February
year = 2007
url =http://www.johnearlhaynes.org/page66.html#_ftn3
accessdate =2007-04-29
]
*A. A. Yatskov
*George Blake, United Kingdom SIS officer who betrayed existence of the Berlin Tunnel under the Soviet sector and who probably betrayed Popov.
*Felix Bloch, U.S. State Department economic officer. Robert Hanssen warned Soviets about the investigation into his activities Victor Cherkashin (Author), Gregory Feifer, "Spy Handler: Memoir of a KGB Officer", Basic Books (January 2005), ISBN 0465009689, pages 246-247.] [http://www.indyweek.com/gyrobase/Content?oid=oid%3A15586]
*Christopher John Boyce and Daulton Lee, American walk-in spy for the Soviet Union, known as the Falcon and the Snowman.

Buben group

*Louis F. Budenz, former member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party USA, former editor of the newspaper Daily Worker, professor at Fordham University.
*Robert Menaker, commercial traveler (traveling salesman) to a variety of trade firms
*Salmond Franklin, without specific assignments, husband of “Rita.” Used as a “signaler” [Russian: sviazist = communications man]
*Sylvia Caldwell, technical secretary for a Trotskyist group in New York City.
*Lona Cohen, sentenced to 20 years; subject of Hugh Whitemore's drama for stage and TV "Pack of Lies"
*Morris Cohen sentenced to 25 years; subject of Hugh Whitemore's drama for stage and TV "Pack of Lies"
*Judith Coplon, NKGB counter-intelligence operative in the U.S. Department of Justice; two convictions overturned on technicalities
*Eugene Dennis, senior member of the Communist Party USA leadership, sentenced to 5 years for advocating the overthrow of the U.S. government
*Samuel Dickstein, Congressman from New York, Vice Chairman of HUAC during hearings into the Business Plot against President Franklin D. Roosevelt
*Mark Gayn, journalist, "The Washington Post"; Amerasia case
*Dieter Gerhardt, South African Navy Commodore who was convicted of spying for the Soviet Union; alleged that the Vela Incident was a joint Israeli-South African nuclear test after being released in 1994 and emigrating to Switzerland
*Ben-Zion Goldberg (Benjamin Waife), journalist, contributor to "Toronto Star", "Saint Louis Dispatch", "New York Post", "Today", and "The New Republic" [ [http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/m2antfac.html Jewish Antifascist Committee] ] [http://users.cyberone.com.au/myers/sudoplat.html]
*Theodore Hall, physicist who supplied information from Los Alamos during World War II, a NYC walk-in, never prosecuted
*Robert P. Hanssen, Federal Bureau of Investigation agent convicted of spying for the Soviet Union, betrayed tunnel under new Mt Alto Soviet Embassy in Washington DC; may have done most damage since Philby
*Reino Häyhänen, Finn who worked in the US as a Soviet spy directed by Rudolf Abel, used the VIC cypher, defected to the US [http://www.fbi.gov/libref/historic/famcases/abel/abel.htm]
*Edward Lee Howard, ex-Central Intelligence Agency officer who sold info and escaped to Soviet Union in 1985
*V. J. Jerome, sentenced to three years for advocating overthrow of U.S. government
*Martin Kamen, Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, Manhattan Project
*Walter Krivitsky
*Giovanni Rossi Lomanitz, Berkeley Radiation Laboratory
*Clayton J. Lonetree, U.S. Marine Embassy guard Sergeant suborned by female KGB agent ('Violetta Sanni') in Moscow, turned himself in to authorities in December 1986, convicted 1987
*Jay Lovestone
*Carl Marzani, Deputy Chief Photographic Presentation Branch Office of Strategic Services; United States Department of State
*Alan Nunn May, physicist who supplied information about the British and American atomic bomb research to the Soviet Union
*Kate Mitchell

Mocase

*Boris Morros, Hollywood producer
*Jack Soble, sentenced to 7 years, brother of Robert Soblen
*Myra Soble, sentenced to 5½ years
*Robert Soblen, sentenced to life for spying at Sandia Lab, etc., but escaped to Israel, then committed suicide
*Jane Zlatovski

Perlo group

* Victor Perlo, was the Chief of the Aviation Section of the War Production Board during World War II; head of branch in Research Section, Office of Price Administration Department of Commerce; Division of Monetary Research Department of the Treasury; and later the Brookings Institution
* Harold Glasser, Director, Division of Monetary Research, United States Department of the Treasury; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration; War Production Board; Advisor on North African Affairs Committee; United States Treasury Representative to the Allied High Commission in Italy
* Alger Hiss, Director of the Office of Special Political Affairs United States Department of State
* Charles Kramer, Senate Subcommittee on War Mobilization; Office of Price Administration; National Labor Relations Board; Senate Subcommittee on Wartime Health and Education; Agricultural Adjustment Administration; Senate Subcommittee on Civil Liberties; Senate Labor and Public Welfare Committee; Democratic National Committee
* Harry Magdoff, Statistical Division of War Production Board and Office of Emergency Management; Bureau of Research and Statistics, WTB; Tools Division, War Production Board; Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, United States Department of Commerce
* George Perazich, Foreign Economic Administration; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
* Allen Rosenberg, Board of Economic Warfare; Chief of the Economic Institution Staff, Foreign Economic Administration; Senate Subcommittee on Civil Liberties; Senate Committee on Education and Labor; Railroad Retirement Board; Counsel to the Secretary of the National Labor Relations Board
* Donald Wheeler, Office of Strategic Services Research and Analysis division

Redhead group

*Hedwiga Gompertz, Wacek’s wife, sent to the U.S. in 1938 to carry out fieldwork assignments, defected in 1948
*Paul Massing, scientist at Columbia University’s Institute of Social Research. Defected.
*Laurence Duggan (aka 19th), former employee of the State Department. Suicide.
*Franz Leopold Neumann, former consultant in the Department of Research and Analysis of the OSS
*Rudolf Roessler chief of the very successful, and very odd, Lucy spy ring of World War II

Rosenberg ring

*Joel Barr, met Julius Rosenberg at City CoIIege of New York, then spied with him and Al Sarant at Army Signal Corps lab in New Jersey; escaped prosecution by fleeing to Soviet bloc in 1950. Died 2007.
*Max Elitcher, longtime friend of Rosenberg and Sobell from their days at CCNY before testifying against them
*Klaus Fuchs, physicist who supplied information about the British and American atomic bomb research to the Soviet Union; sentenced to 14 years in the UK.
*Vivian Glassman, fiancée of Joel Barr [http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~content=a713757446~db=all]
*Harry Gold, courier sentenced to 30 years
*David Greenglass, draftsman at Los Alamos in World War Two, gave atomic bomb drawings to his sister Ethel Rosenberg, and eventually the Soviets; sentenced to 15 years
*Ruth Greenglass, escaped prosecution in exchange for her husband's testimony against his sister and brother-in-law, the Rosenbergs
*Miriam Moskowitz, convicted for assisting Brothman [ [http://www.time.com/time/printout/0,8816,813940,00.html Guilty] Time: December 04, 1950]
*William Perl, active in Young Communist League at CCNY, then met Al Sarant at Columbia University; served 5 years for perjury
*Morton Sobell, involved with Barr, Perl and Julius Rosenberg at CCNY; sentenced to 30 years at Alcatraz
*Ethel Rosenberg, executed at Sing Sing prison near her native New York City for conspiracy to commit espionage
*Julius Rosenberg, executed at Sing Sing prison near his native New York City for conspiracy to commit espionage
*Al Sarant, stole radar secrets at Army Signal Corps lab in New Jersey, then he and his mistress abandoned their families for the protection of his Soviet masters in 1950
*Andrew Roth, Office of Naval Intelligence liaison officer with United States Department of State
*Saville Sax college friend of Theodore Hall assisted with Hall's disclosure to the Soviets of Los Alamos research and development [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/venona/inte_19441112.html] [http://www.fas.org/irp/ops/ci/docs/ci4/ch2.pdf]

ilvermaster group

*Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Chief Planning Technician, Procurement Division, United States Department of the Treasury; Chief Economist, War Assets Administration; Director of the Labor Division, Farm Security Administration; Board of Economic Warfare; Reconstruction Finance Corporation Department of Commerce
*Helen Silvermaster (wife)
*Schlomer Adler, United States Department of the Treasury
*Norman Chandler Bursler, United States Department of Justice Anti-Trust Division [ [http://www.education-research.org/CSR/Holdings/Soviet/NKVD.htm Underground Soviet Espionage (NKVD) in Agencies of the United States Government] ]
*Frank Coe, Assistant Director, Division of Monetary Research, Treasury Department; Special Assistant to the United States Ambassador in London; Assistant to the Executive Director, Board of Economic Warfare; Assistant Administrator, Foreign Economic Administration
*Lauchlin Currie, Administrative Assistant to President Roosevelt; Deputy Administrator of Foreign Economic Administration; Special Representative to China
*Bela Gold, Assistant Head of Program Surveys, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Agriculture Department; Senate Subcommittee on War Mobilization; Office of Economic Programs in Foreign Economic Administration
*Sonia Steinman Gold, Division of Monetary Research U.S. Treasury Department; U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Interstate Migration; U.S. Bureau of Employment Security
*Irving Kaplan, Foreign Funds Control and Division of Monetary Research, United States Department of the Treasury Foreign Economic Administration; chief advisor to the Military Government of Germany
*George Silverman, civilian Chief Production Specialist, Material Division, United States Army Air Forces Air Staff, War Department, Pentagon
**William Henry Taylor, Assistant Director of the Middle East Division of Monetary Research, United States Department of Treasury
*William Ullman, delegate to United Nations Charter meeting and Bretton Woods conference; Division of Monetary Research, Department of Treasury; Material and Services Division, Air Corps Headquarters, Pentagon
*Anatole Volkov
*Harry Dexter White, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury; Head of the International Monetary Fund

ound and Myrna groups

**Solomon Adler, United States Department of the Treasury
**Cedric Belfrage, journalist; British Security Coordination
**Elizabeth Bentley courier messenger for Communist spy rings on the American East Coast in the 30s, testified about her activities in hearings in the 40s and 50s
**Frank Coe, Assistant Director, Division of Monetary Research, Treasury Department; Special Assistant to the United States Ambassador in London; Assistant to the Executive Director, Board of Economic Warfare; Assistant Administrator, Foreign Economic Administration
**Lauchlin Currie, Administrative Assistant to President Roosevelt; Deputy Administrator of Foreign Economic Administration; Special Representative to China
**Rae Elson, an active Communist, and courier of the CPUSA underground, was chosen by Joseph Katz to replace Bentley at the Soviet front organization, U.S. Shipping and Service Corporation.
**Frederick V. Field, Executive Secretary American Peace Mobilization
**Edward Fitzgerald, War Production Board
**Charles Flato, Board of Economic Warfare; Civil Liberties Subcommittee, Senate Committee on Education and Labor
**Eva Getzov, Jewish Welfare Board [http://www.johnearlhaynes.org/page44.html#_ftn60]
**Bela Gold, Bureau of Intelligence, Assistant Head of Program Surveys, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, Agriculture Department; Senate Subcommittee on War Mobilization; Office of Economic Programs in Foreign Economic Administration
**Sonia Steinman Gold, Division of Monetary Research U.S. Treasury Department; U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Interstate Migration; U.S. Bureau of Employment Security
**Irving Goldman, Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
**Jacob Golos, the "main pillar" of the NKVD intelligence network in the U.S., died in the arms of comrade Elizabeth Bentley
**Gerald Graze, United States Civil Service Commission; Department of Defense, U.S. Navy official
**Stanley Graze, United States Department of State intelligence
**Michael Greenberg, Board of Economic Warfare; Administrative Division, Enemy Branch, Foreign Economic Administration; United States Department of State
**Joseph Gregg, Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs; United States Department of State
**Maurice Halperin, Chief of Latin American Division, Research and Analysis section, Office of Strategic Services; United States Department of State
**Julius Joseph, Far Eastern section (Japanese Intelligence) Office of Strategic Services
**Irving Kaplan, United States Department of the Treasury Foreign Economic Administration; United Nations Division of Economic Stability and Development; Chief Advisor to the Military Government of Germany
**Joseph Katz
**Charles Kramer, Senate Subcommittee on War Mobilization; Office of Price Administration; National Labor Relations Board; Senate Subcommittee on Wartime Health and Education; Agricultural Adjustment Administration; Civil Liberties Subcommittee, Senate Committee on Education and Labor; Senate Labor and Public Welfare Committee; Democratic National Committee
**Duncan Lee, counsel to General William Donovan, head of Office of Strategic Services
**Bernice Levin, Office of Emergency Management; Office of Production Management
**Helen Lowry, (Elza Akhmerova), Akhmerov wife, American-born and raised, Soviet citizen
**Harry Magdoff, Chief of the Control Records Section of War Production Board and Office of Emergency Management; Bureau of Research and Statistics, WTB; Tools Division, War Production Board; Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, United States Department of Commerce; Statistics Division Works Progress Administration
**Jenny Levy Miller, Chinese Government Purchasing Commission
**Robert Miller, Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs; Near Eastern Division United States Department of State
** Ezra Moscrip, Nuclear Physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project. Accused of selling secrets to the USSR during World War II. Found dead in NYC apartment in 1945
**Willard Park, Assistant Chief of the Economic Analysis Section, Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
**Victor Perlo, chief of the Aviation Section of the War Production Board; head of branch in Research Section, Office of Price Administration Department of Commerce; Division of Monetary Research Department of Treasury; Brookings Institution, head of Perlo group
**Mary Price, stenographer for Walter Lippmann of the New York Herald
**Bernard Redmont, head of the Foreign News Bureau Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
**William Remington, War Production Board; Office of Emergency Management, convicted for perjury, killed in prison
**Ruth Rivkin, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
**Allan Rosenberg, Board of Economic Warfare; Chief of the Economic Institution Staff, Foreign Economic Administration; Civil Liberties Subcommittee, Senate Committee on Education and Labor; Railroad Retirement Board; Councel to the Secretary of the National Labor Relations Board
**Bernard Schuster [ Earl M. Hyde, Bernard Schuster and Joseph Katz: KGB Master Spies in the United States, International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence, Volume 12, Issue 1 March 1999.]
**Greg Silvermaster, Chief Planning Technician, Procurement Division, United States Department of the Treasury; Chief Economist, War Assets Administration; Director of the Labor Division, Farm Security Administration; Board of Economic Warfare; Reconstruction Finance Corporation Department of Commerce
**John Spivak, journalist
**William Taylor, Assistant Director of Monetary Research, United States Department of Treasury
**Helen Tenney, Office of Strategic Services
**Lee Tenney, Balkan Division Office of Strategic Services
**Lud Ullman, delegate to United Nations Charter meeting and Bretton Woods conference; Division of Monetary Research, Department of Treasury; Material and Services Division, Air Corps Headquarters, Pentagon
**David Weintraub, United States Department of State; head of the Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA); United Nations Division of Economic Stability and Development
**Donald Wheeler, Office of Strategic Services Research and Analysis division
**Anatoly Gorsky, (Anatoly Veniaminovich Gorsky, A. V. Gorsky), “Vadim”, former rezident of the MGB USSR in Washington
**Olga Pravdina, former employee of the Ministry of Trade, wife of “Sergei,” the rezident in New York; author of "Gorsky Memo" (see Vladimir Pravdin) [Underground Soviet Espionage (NKVD) in Agencies of the United States Government, FBI Silvermaster file, [http://education-research.org/PDFs/Silvermaster082.pdf Vol. 82, pg. 327] pdf, October 21, 1946.]
**Vladimir Pravdin, “Sergei”, Tass, former rezident of the MGB USSR in New York
**Mikhail A. Shaliapin [Shalyapin] , “Stock” [“Shtok”] [*Alexander Vassiliev, Notes on A. Gorsky’s Report to Savchenko S.R., 23 December 1949. [http://www.johnearlhaynes.org/page44.html] ]
**Gaik Badelovich Ovakimian, former rezident of the MGB USSR in New York
**Iskhak Abdulovich Akhmerov, “Albert” – former "Illegal Rezident" of the MGB USSR in New York

*Arthur Gerald Steinberg, United States Office of Scientific Research and Development
*Michael Straight, speechwriter for President Franklin Roosevelt
*Lev Vasilevsky, KGB Illegal Rezident Mexico City
*John Anthony Walker US Navy senior enlisted man who spied for the Soviet Union for decades, enlisting family and friends to do so as well

Ware group

**John Abt, typical of this group, a Communist Party USA operative in Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) and other New Deal programs; he turned Perlo group over to KGB in 1944
**Marion Bachrach, sister of John Abt, CPUSA operative and congressional staffer
**Whittaker Chambers, Department of State, testified against Alger Hiss
**Henry Collins, National Recovery Administration; Department of Agriculture
**John Herrmann, CPUSA operative and courier, eventually drank himself to death in Mexico
**Alger Hiss, Department of State, sentenced to 5 years for perjury
**Donald Hiss, Department of State, younger brother of Alger Hiss
**Charles Kramer, CPUSA operative and congressional staffer
**Victor Perlo, became spymaster of Perlo group during World War II
**Lee Pressman, activist attorney in AAA and WPA
**George Silverman, Harvard-educated statistician who gave secret Pentagon documents to Nathan Silvermaster group during World War II
**Harold Ware, Communist Party USA operative and spymaster of Ware group
**Nathaniel Wey AAA, testified against Alger Hiss
**Nathan Witt, Communist Party USA operative in AAA and NLRB
**Harry Dexter White, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury; head of the International Monetary Fund which he helped establish along with the World Bank

*Ruby Weil, American communist who assisted in plot to murder Leon Trotsky
*Bill Weisband, United States Army Signals Security Agency
*Enos Wicher, professor at Columbia University who also worked at Columbia's Division of War Research; stepfather of Barnard CoIIege recruitress and State Department spy Flora Wovschin

KGB "Illegals"

*Rudolf Abel, aka William Fischer, "Illegal Rezident" in the 1950s
*A. I. Akhmerov, “Albert” – former "Illegal Rezident" of the MGB USSR in New York

GRU

*Arvid Jacobson

Karl group

*David Carpenter (David Zimmerman)
*Noel Field, United States Department of State
*Harold Glasser, Director, Division of Monetary Research, United States Department of the Treasury; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration; War Production Board; Advisor on North African Affairs Committee; United States Treasury Representative to the Allied High Commission in Italy
*Alger Hiss, United States Department of State, sentenced to 5 years for perjury
*Donald Hiss, United States Department of State; United States Department of Labor; United States Department of the Interior
*Charles Kramer, Senate Subcommittee on War Mobilization; Office of Price Administration; National Labor Relations Board; Senate Subcommittee on Wartime Health and Education; Agricultural Adjustment Administration; Senate Civil Liberties Subcommittee, Senate Committee on Education and Labor; Senate Labor and Public Welfare Committee
*Victor Perlo, chief of the Aviation Section of the War Production Board; head of branch in Research Section, Office of Price Administration Department of Commerce; Division of Monetary Research Department of Treasury; Brookings Institution, head of Perlo group
*Josef Peters
*William Ward Pigman, National Bureau of Standards; Labor and Public Welfare Committee
*Lee Pressman, Department of Agriculture; Works Progress Administration; General Counsel Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)
*Vincent Reno, mathematician at United States Army Aberdeen Proving Ground
*George Silverman, Director of the Bureau of Research and Information Services, US Railroad Retirement Board; Economic Adviser and Chief of Analysis and Plans, Assistant Chief of Air Staff, Material and Services, War Department
*Julian Wadleigh, United States Department of State
*Harry Dexter White, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury; Head of the International Monetary Fund
*Viktor Vasilevish Sveshchnikov, United States War Department

Portland ring

*Konon Molody (aka Gordon Lonsdale)
*Juliet Poyntz
*Fred Rose (politician), Canadian Member of Parliament, first elected from the Labour-Progressive Party (Canada) 1943
*Milton Schwartz

orge ring

*Chen Han-seng
*Hotsumi Ozaki
*Agnes Smedley
*William Spiegel
*Lydia Stahl
*Joseph Benjamin Stenbuck
*Irving Charles Velson, Brooklyn Navy Yard; American Labor Party candidate for New York State Senate
*Flora Wovschin, NKVD operative in U.S. State Department, comrade of Marion Davis Berdecio and Judith Coplon from their days at Columbia University
*Vasily Zarubin, husband of Elizabeth Zubilin
*Elizabeth Zubilin, recruiter in U.S. of whom Pavel Sudoplatov, head of NKVD Fourth Directorate said, "In developing J. Robert Oppenheimer as a source, Elizabeth Zubilin was essential."

Others

*Yuri Modin 30s 'recruiter' in UK
*Will Morgan
*Julia Older, Office of Strategic Services; Office of War Information
*Alexander Orlov, KGB adviser to the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War who defected to the United States in 1938.

GRU "Illegals"

*Boris Devyatkin
*Moishe Stern
*Joshua Tamer
*Alfred Tilton
*Alexander Ulanovsky
*Ignacy Witczak

Naval GRU

*Jack Fahy (Naval GRU), Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs; Board of Economic Warfare; United States Department of the Interior
*Edna Patterson Naval GRU, served in US August 1943 to 1956

Unknown affiliation, to sort

*Morris Cohen (Soviet spy) sentenced to 25 years; subject of Hugh Whitemore's drama for stage and TV "Pack of Lies"
*Lona Cohen, Soviet spy sentenced to 20 years; subject of Hugh Whitemore's drama for stage and TV "Pack of Lies"
*Earl Edwin Pitts, CIA

References

External links

* [http://www.johnearlhaynes.org/page44.html#_ftnref5 Alexander Vassiliev’s Notes on Anatoly Gorsky’s December 1948 Memo Compromised American Sources and Networks] Annotated by John Earl Haynes
* [http://svr.gov.ru/history/person.htm Official SVR site (Russian)]

ee also

*List of cryptographers
*List of Americans in Venona papers
*Treason
*List of fictional secret agents


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