Nacionalista Party


Nacionalista Party
Nacionalista Party
Partido Nacionalista ng Pilipinas
Leader Manny Villar
President Manny Villar
Secretary-General Alan Peter Cayetano
Founded April 29, 1907
Headquarters 2nd Level Starmall, EDSA corner Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong City, Philippines
Youth wing Nacionalista Party (NP) Youth Network
Ideology Conservatism
Filipino nationalism
Neoliberalism
Political position Center-right
International affiliation None
Official colors Green and Orange
Seats in the Senate
4 / 24
[1]
Seats in the House of Representatives
22 / 286
Provincial governorships
10 / 79
Provincial vice governorships
7 / 79
Provincial boards
89 / 756
Website
Official Website of the Nacionalista Party
Politics of Philippines
Political parties
Elections

The Nacionalista Party (Spanish/Filipino: Partido Nacionalista) is the oldest political party in the Philippines today and was responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907. The party began as the country's vehicle for independence, through the building of a modern nation-state, and through the advocacy of efficient self rule, dominating the Philippine Assembly (1907–1916), the Philippine Legislature (1916–1935) and the pre-war years of the Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1941). During the Japanese Occupation political parties were replaced by the KALIBAPI. By the second half of the century the party was one of the main political contenders for leadership in the country, in competition with the Liberals and the Progressives, during the decades between the devastation of World War II and the violent suppression of partisan politics of the Marcos dictatorship. In 1978, in a throwback to the Japanese Occupation, political parties were asked to merge into the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan, although the Nacionalistas preferred to go into hibernation. Eventually, the party was revived during the late 1980s and early 1990s by the Laurel family, which has dominated the Party since the 1950s. It is now being reborn by party president Sen. Manuel Villar. Two of the other present parties, the Liberal Party and the Nationalist People's Coalition are breakaways from the Nacionalista Party.

The Nacionalista Party is also known as the NP. There are no results available of the last elections for the House of Representatives, but according to the website of the House, the party holds five out of 235 seats (state of the parties, June 2005). The party was, at the 2004 elections a member of the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow), the coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who won the 2004 presidential elections. In the 14 May 2007 election, the party won 6 seats.[2]

The Nacionalista Party was the ruling party from 1935-1944 (under President Manuel Quezon), 1944-1946 (under President Sergio Osmeña), 1953-1957 (under President Ramon Magsaysay), 1957-1961 (Under President Carlos P. Garcia), and 1965-1978 (under President Ferdinand Marcos).

Contents

Controversy on dominant minority status

During the 2010 elections, the Nacionalista and the Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) formed an alliance after it was approved by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) on April 12, 2010.[3] The Nacionalistas fielded Senator Manuel Villar, Jr. and running with fellow Senator Loren Legarda who is a member of the NPC. It became the dominant minority party after a resolution passed by the COMELEC. On April 21, however it was blocked by the Supreme Court after a suit filed by the rival Liberal Party.[4] On May 6, 2010, the Supreme Court nullified the merger and therefore giving the Liberal Party to be the dominant minority party. It was based on a resolution by the COMELEC giving political parties to be accredited by August 17, 2009.[5]

The coalition was made to help the Nacionalista Party to help boost the presidential campaign of Senator Villar and have a chance to be the dominant minority party by the Commission on Elections which give the rights to poll watchers during the canvassing of votes.[6] However it is being challenged by the Liberal Party calls the said alliance a "bogus" alliance, the Liberals are also seeking the same party status by the COMELEC.[7] As well, several local races are being challenged from both parties therefore causing confusion in those races.[6]

Electoral performance

Electoral system:

  • President and vice president: First past the post
  • Senate: Plurality-at-large voting (see details)
    • 1946 to 1971: 8 votes per voter, 8 are elected (excluding special elections)
    • 1987 to present: 12 votes per voter, 12 are elected (excluding special elections)
  • House of Representatives:
    • 1946 to 1992: 1 vote per voter, first past the post in single-member districts
    • 1995 to present: 2 votes per voter, parallel voting: 80% of the seats via first past the post in single-member districts; 20% via closed party-list with 3-seat cap and non-mandatory 2% threshold. The party can not participate in the party-list election.
Election
year
President Vice President Senate House of Representatives
Votes  % Result  % Votes Result Votes  % Seats
won
Total
seats
 % Result Votes  % Seats
won
 % Result
1946 1,129,996 45.71% Lost 1,051,243 47.38% Lost 7,454,074 41.2% 7 15 58.3% Lost 908,740 37.84% 35 35.71% Lost
1947 No election No election 10,114,453 45.0% 1 8 33.3% Lost No election
1949 1,318,330 37.22% Lost 1,184,215 46.08% Lost 8,900,568 36.6% 0 4 16.7% Lost 1,178,402 34.05% 33 33.00% Lost
1951 No election No election 13,266,643 59.1% 8 12 50.0% Lost No election
1953 2,912,992 68.90% Won 2,515,265 62.90% Won 9,813,166 39.8% 5 13 54.2% Won 1,930,367 47.30% 31 30.39% Won
1955 No election No election 17,319,389 67.6% 8 21 87.5% Won No election
1957 2,072,257 41.28% Won 1,783,012 37.91% Lost 13,273,945 47.2% 6 20 83.3% Won 2,948,409 61.18% 82 80.39% Won
1959 No election No election 17,160,618 50.1% 5 19 79.2% Won No election
1961 2,902,996 44.95% Lost 1,787,987 28.06% Lost 17,834,477 45.1% 2 13 54.2% Won 3,923,390 61.02% 74 71.15% Lost
1963 No election No election 22,983,457 50.2% 4 11 45.8% Won No election
1965 3,861,324 51.94% Won 3,531,550 48.48% Won 21,619,502 43.8% 5 11 45.8% Won 3,028,224 41.76% 38 36.54% Won
1967 No election No election 30,704,100 62.8% 6 16 66.7% Won No election
1969 5,017,343 61.47% Won 5,001,737 62.76% Won 32,726,305 60.8% 6 18 75.0% Won 3,028,224 41.76% 38 36.54% Won
1971 No election No election 24,819,175 42.6% 3 16 66.7% Won No election
1978 No election Abolished Abolished Took part as part of either the KBL or UNIDO.
1981 1,716,449 8.25% Lost Abolished Abolished No election
1984 No election Abolished Abolished 2 1.09% Lost
1986 Took part as member of UNIDO. Member was candidate of UNIDO. Abolished No election
1987 No election No election Took part as part of the GAD. 1,444,399 7.19% 4 2.00% Lost
1992 770,046 3.40% Lost 255,730 1.25% Lost 14,499,923 5.3% 0 0 0.0% Lost 730,696 3.92% 7 3.52% Lost
1995 No election No election Did not took part. 153,088 0.79% 1 0.49% Lost
1998 Did not take part. Did not take part. Did not take part. Did not take part.
2001 No election No election 770,647 0.3% 0 0 0.0% Lost Did not took part.
2004 Did not take part. Did not take part. Did not take part. 2 0.96% Lost
2007 No election No election 27,125,724 10.1% 2 3 12.5% Coalition 11 4.06% Coalition
2010 5,573,835 15.42% Lost Guest candidate was from NPC. 49,585,503 16.7% 3 4 16.7% Lost 3,995,334 11.65% 26 9.09% Coalition

Notable Nacionalistas

Past

Throughout their careers, many of the country's greatest politicians, statesmen, and leaders were, in whole or in part, Nacionalistas. Notable names include:

Philippine Presidents and Vice-Presidents who were affiliated with the NP

Philippines

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Politics and government of
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Senators

Most of these individuals embody solid political traditions of economic and political nationalism are pertinent today, even with the party's subsequent decline.

Current

Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Manuel Villar (Senator from Metro Manila and Nacionalista president), Party Chairman
  • Pia Cayetano (Senator from Metro Manila)
  • Justin Marc Chipeco, (Representative from Laguna)
  • Emmylou Taliño-Santos, (North Cotabato)
  • Cynthia Villar, (former Representative from Las Piñas City)
  • Alan Peter Cayetano, (Senator from Metro Manila)
  • Laarni Lopez-Cayetano, (former Representative from Taguig City and Mayor of Taguig City)
  • Ferdinand Marcos, Jr., (former Representative from Ilocos Norte and current Senator)
  • Imelda Marcos, (former First Lady of the Philippines, Ilocos Norte Representative member of the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan but caucuses with the NP.)
  • Imee Marcos, (former Ilocos Norte Representative and Governor of Ilocos Norte)

Nacionalista-affiliated parties

Candidates for Philippine general elections, 2010

Senatorial Slate (12)

Nacionalista Party Presidents

Term Name
1907-1935 House Speaker Sergio Osmeña
1935-1944 President Manuel L. Quezon
1944-1953 President Sergio Osmeña
1953-1964 Senator Eulogio Rodriguez
1964-1980 Senator Gil J. Puyat
1980-1989 Former House Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr.
1989-2003 Vice-President Salvador Laurel
2003-present Senator Manuel Villar, Jr.

Platform

The Nacionalista Party in the Philippines corresponds somewhat to the Republican Party in the United States, along with the Lakas-CMD. It belongs to the conservative wing of Philippine politics, while its main opponent, the Liberal Party and the political parties belonging to the aggrupation of the People's Power government all belong to the liberal wing of Philippine politics somewhat corresponding to the Democratic Party in the United States. However, the differences between both parties have become more obscured and less evident over time as changing of party allegiance by individual politicians, especially prior to a major election has become a norm in Philippine politics.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ This is the party's current standing although it has a bloc in the Senate.
  2. ^ See Philippine general election, 2007.
  3. ^ Alvarez, Kathrina (2010-04-12). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun Star. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/network/np-npc-coalition-formally-granted-515-pm. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  4. ^ Alvarez, Kathrina (2010-04-12). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun Star. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/nation/view/20100421-265537/SC-blocks-NP-NPC-coalition. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  5. ^ Torres, Tetch (2010-05-06). "SC nullifies NP-NPC coalition". Philippine Daily Inquirer. http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/breakingnews/nation/view/20100506-268401/SC-nullifies-NP-NPC-coalition. Retrieved 2010-05-09. 
  6. ^ a b Maragay, Fel V. (2010-03-01). "NP-NPC coalition complicates fight in the local level". Manila Standard Today. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/network/np-npc-coalition-formally-granted-515-pm. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  7. ^ Alvarez, Kathrina (2010-04-12). "NP-NPC coalition formally granted (5:15 p.m.)". Sun Star. http://www.sunstar.com.ph/network/np-npc-coalition-formally-granted-515-pm. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  8. ^ Laurel was member of the NP before 1942 and from 1945-1959. During his tenure as president, he was affiliated with KALIBAPI.
  9. ^ During the 1946 Presidential election, Roxas, who is a member of the Liberal-wing of the NP, formed the Liberal Party and eventually moved there.
  10. ^ Moved to the Liberal Party during the 1946 Presidential election.
  11. ^ In 1978, Marcos left the NP and formed his own political party known as Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL).
  12. ^ Estrada was a member of the NP during his term as senator. In 1991 he formed his own party known as the Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP).

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