List of mammals of Bangladesh

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Bangladesh. There are 112 mammal species in Bangladesh, of which 3 are critically endangered, 12 are endangered, 16 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

**Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
***Genus: "Elephas"
**** Asian Elephant "Elephas maximus" EN

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.
**Family: Dugongidae
***Genus: "Dugong"
**** Dugong "Dugong dugon" VU

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Strepsirrhini
**Infraorder: Lorisiformes
***Family: Lorisidae (lorises, bushbabies)
****Genus: "Nycticebus"
***** Sunda Loris "Nycticebus coucang" LR/lc
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
******Genus: "Macaca"
******* Stump-tailed Macaque "Macaca arctoides" VU
******* Assam Macaque "Macaca assamensis" VU
******* Crab-eating Macaque "Macaca fascicularis" LR/nt
******* Northern Pigtail Macaque "Macaca leonina" VU
******* Rhesus Macaque "Macaca mulatta" LR/nt
******Subfamily: Colobinae
*******Genus: "Semnopithecus"
******** Gray langur "Semnopithecus entellus" LR/nt
*******Genus: "Trachypithecus"
******** Dusky Leaf Monkey "Trachypithecus obscurus" LR/lc
******** Bonneted Langur "Trachypithecus pileatus" EN
****Superfamily: Hominoidea
*****Family: Hylobatidae (gibbons)
******Genus: "Bunopithecus"
******* Hoolock gibbon "Bunopithecus hoolock" EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Ratuinae
****Genus: "Ratufa"
***** Black Giant Squirrel "Ratufa bicolor" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Pteromyini
*****Genus: "Hylopetes"
****** Particolored Flying Squirrel "Hylopetes alboniger" EN
*****Genus: "Petaurista"
****** Bhutan Giant Flying Squirrel "Petaurista nobilis" LR/nt
***Subfamily: Callosciurinae
****Genus: "Callosciurus"
***** Irrawaddy Squirrel "Callosciurus pygerythrus" VU
**Family: Spalacidae
***Subfamily: Rhizomyinae
****Genus: "Cannomys"
***** Lesser Bamboo Rat "Cannomys badius" LR/lc
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: "Bandicota"
***** Lesser Bandicoot Rat "Bandicota bengalensis" LR/lc
****Genus: "Leopoldamys"
***** Long-tailed Giant Rat "Leopoldamys sabanus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Millardia"
***** Soft-furred Rat "Millardia meltada" LR/lc
****Genus: "Nesokia"
***** Short-tailed Bandicoot Rat "Nesokia indica" LC
****Genus: "Niviventer"
***** Chestnut White-bellied Rat "Niviventer fulvescens" LR/lc
****Genus: "Rattus"
***** Polynesian Rat "Rattus exulans" LR/lc
***** Himalayan Field Rat "Rattus nitidus" LR/lc
***** Tanezumi Rat "Rattus tanezumi" LR/lc
****Genus: "Vandeleuria"
***** Asiatic Long-tailed Climbing Mouse "Vandeleuria oleracea" LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

----

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: "Caprolagus"
*** Hispid Hare "Caprolagus hispidus" EN
**Genus: "Lepus"
*** Indian Hare "Lepus nigricollis" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: "Crocidura"
**** Southeast Asian Shrew "Crocidura fuliginosa" LR/lc
***Genus: "Suncus"
**** Asian House Shrew "Suncus murinus" LR/lc
**** Anderson's Shrew "Suncus stoliczkanus" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: "Cynopterus"
**** Greater Short-nosed Fruit Bat "Cynopterus sphinx" LR/lc
***Genus: "Pteropus"
**** Indian Flying-fox "Pteropus giganteus" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: "Myotis"
**** Lesser Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis blythii" LR/lc
**** Whiskered Myotis "Myotis muricola" LR/lc
**** Himalayan Whiskered Bat "Myotis siligorensis" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: "Pipistrellus"
**** Indian Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus coromandra" LR/lc
***Genus: "Scotoecus"
**** Desert Yellow Bat "Scotoecus pallidus" NT
***Genus: "Scotophilus"
**** Lesser Asiatic Yellow Bat "Scotophilus kuhlii" LR/lc
***Genus: "Scotozous"
**** Dormer's Pipistrelle "Scotozous dormeri" LC
***Genus: "Tylonycteris"
**** Lesser Bamboo Bat "Tylonycteris pachypus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: "Miniopterus"
**** Small Bent-winged Bat "Miniopterus pusillus" LR/lc
*Family: Rhinopomatidae
**Genus: "Rhinopoma"
*** Lesser Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma hardwickei" LC
*** Greater Mouse-tailed Bat "Rhinopoma microphyllum" LC
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: "Chaerephon"
*** Wrinkle-lipped Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon plicata" LR/lc
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: "Saccolaimus"
*** Naked-rumped Pouched Bat "Saccolaimus saccolaimus" LR/lc
**Genus: "Taphozous"
*** Long-winged Tomb Bat "Taphozous longimanus" LR/lc
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: "Rhinolophus"
**** Intermediat Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus affinis" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Hipposiderinae
***Genus: "Coelops"
**** Tail-less Leaf-nosed Bat "Coelops frithii" LR/lc
***Genus: "Hipposideros"
**** Dusky Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros ater" LR/lc
**** Fulvus Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros fulvus" LR/lc
**** Indian Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros lankadiva" LC
**** Intermediat Roundleaf Bat "Hipposideros larvatus" LR/lc

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)

----The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

*Family: Manidae
**Genus: "Manis"
*** Indian Pangolin "Manis crassicaudata" LR/nt
*** Sunda Pangolin "Manis javanica" LR/nt
*** Chinese Pangolin "Manis pentadactyla" LR/nt

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
****Genus: "Balaenoptera"
***** Minke Whale "Balaenoptera acutorostrata" LR/nt
***** Blue Whale "Balaenoptera musculus" EN
***** Fin Whale "Balaenoptera physalus" EN
***Subfamily: Megapterinae
****Genus: "Megaptera"
***** Humpback Whale "Megaptera novaeangliae" VU
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Platanistidae
****Genus: "Platanista"
***** Ganges and Indus River Dolphin "Platanista gangetica" EN
***Family: Phocoenidae
****Genus: "Neophocaena"
***** Finless Porpoise "Neophocaena phocaenoides" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: "Steno"
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: "Sousa"
***** "Sousa chinensis" DD
****Genus: "Tursiops"
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops aduncus" DD
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops truncatus" DD
****Genus: "Stenella"
***** Pantropical Spotted Dolphin "Stenella attenuata" LR/cd
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: "Lagenodelphis"
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: "Grampus"
***** Risso's Dolphin "Grampus griseus" DD
****Genus: "Peponocephala"
***** Melon-headed Whale "Peponocephala electra" LR/lc
****Genus: "Feresa"
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD
****Genus: "Globicephala"
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala macrorhynchus" LR/cd
****Genus: "Orcaella"
***** Irrawaddy Dolphin "Orcaella brevirostris" DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: "Catopuma"
***** Asian Golden Cat "Catopuma temminckii" VU
****Genus: "Felis"
***** Jungle Cat "Felis chaus" LC
****Genus: "Pardofelis"
***** Marbled Cat "Pardofelis marmorata" VU
****Genus: "Prionailurus"
***** Fishing Cat "Prionailurus viverrinus" VU
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: "Neofelis"
***** Clouded Leopard "Neofelis nebulosa" VU
****Genus: "Panthera"
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
***** Tiger "Panthera tigris" EN
***** Lion "Panthera leo"EN
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Paradoxurinae
****Genus: "Arctictis"
***** Binturong "Arctictis binturong" LR/lc
****Genus: "Arctogalidia"
***** Small-toothed Palm Civet "Arctogalidia trivirgata" LR/lc
****Genus: "Paguma"
***** Masked Palm Civet "Paguma larvata" LR/lc
****Genus: "Paradoxurus"
***** Asian Palm Civet "Paradoxurus hermaphroditus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: "Viverra"
***** Large Indian Civet "Viverra zibetha" LR/lc
****Genus: "Viverricula"
***** Small Indian Civet "Viverricula indica" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: "Herpestes"
**** Small Asian Mongoose "Herpestes javanicus" LR/lc
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: "Vulpes"
**** Bengal Fox "Vulpes bengalensis" LC
**** Red Fox "Vulpes vulpes" LC
***Genus: "Canis"
**** Gray Wolf "Canis lupus" LC
***Genus: "Cuon"
**** Dhole "Cuon alpinus" EN
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: "Ursus"
**** Asiatic Black Bear "Ursus thibetanus" VU
***Genus: "Helarctos"
**** Sun Bear "Helarctos malayanus" DD
***Genus: "Melursus"
**** Sloth Bear "Melursus ursinus" VU
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: "Martes"
**** "Martes flavigula" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lutra"
**** European Otter "Lutra lutra" NT
***Genus: "Lutrogale"
**** Smooth-coated Otter "Lutrogale perspicillata" VU
***Genus: "Aonyx"
**** Oriental Small-clawed Otter "Aonyx cinereus" NT

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Rhinocerotidae
**Genus: "Rhinoceros"
*** Javan Rhinoceros "Rhinoceros sondaicus" CR
*** Indian Rhinoceros "Rhinoceros unicornis" EN
**Genus: "Dicerorhinus"
*** Sumatran Rhinoceros "Dicerorhinus sumatrensis" CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: "Sus"
**** Pygmy Hog "Sus salvanius" CR
**** Boar "Sus scrofa" LR/lc
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Cervinae
***Genus: "Cervus"
**** Barasingha "Cervus duvaucelii" VU
***Genus: "Axis"
**** Chital "Axis axis" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Muntiacinae
***Genus: "Muntiacus"
**** Indian Muntjac "Muntiacus muntjak" LR/lc
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Antilopinae
***Genus: "Antilope"
**** Blackbuck "Antilope cervicapra" NT
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: "Bos"
**** Gaur "Bos frontalis" VU
**** Banteng "Bos javanicus" EN
***Genus: "Boselaphus"
**** Nilgai "Boselaphus tragocamelus" LC
**Subfamily: Caprinae
***Genus: "Nemorhaedus"
**** Mainland Serow "Nemorhaedus sumatraensis" VU

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=BD&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Bangladesh
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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