List of mammals of Bhutan

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Bhutan. There are 203 mammal species in Bhutan, of which 1 is critically endangered, 10 are endangered, 14 are vulnerable, and 3 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available. A full and accurate list of mammals of Bhutan can be found in "A Field Guide to the Mammals of Bhutan." [ [http://www.mammalsofbhutan.blogspot.com Mammals of Bhutan ] ]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

-----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

**Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
***Genus: "Elephas"
**** Asian Elephant "Elephas maximus" EN

Order: Primates

-----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
******Genus: "Macaca"
******* Assam Macaque "Macaca assamensis" VU
******* Rhesus Macaque "Macaca mulatta" LR/nt
******Subfamily: Colobinae
*******Genus: "Semnopithecus"
******** Gray langur "Semnopithecus entellus" LR/nt
*******Genus: "Trachypithecus"
******** Golden Langur "Trachypithecus geei" EN
******** Capped Langur "Trachypithecus pileatus"EN
*****Family: Loridae (Lorises)
*******Genus: "Nycticebus
******** Slow Loris "Nycticebus bengalensis"

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Ratuinae
****Genus: "Ratufa"
***** Black Giant Squirrel "Ratufa bicolor" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Pteromyini
*****Genus: "Belomys"
****** Hairy-footed flying squirrel "Belomys pearsonii" LR/nt
*****Genus: "Hylopetes"
****** Particolored Flying Squirrel "Hylopetes alboniger" EN
*****Genus: "Petaurista"
****** Bhutan Giant Flying Squirrel "Petaurista nobilis" LR/nt
***Subfamily: Callosciurinae
****Genus: "Tamiops"
***** Himalayan Striped Squirrel "Tamiops macclellandi" LR/lc
**Family: Spalacidae
***Subfamily: Rhizomyinae
****Genus: "Cannomys"
***** Lesser Bamboo Rat "Cannomys badius" LR/lc
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Arvicolinae
****Genus: "Microtus"
***** Sikkim Vole "Microtus sikimensis" LR/lc
**Family: Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
***Subfamily: Murinae
****Genus: "Rattus"
***** Himalayan Field Rat "Rattus nitidus" LR/lc
***** Sikkim Rat "Rattus sikkimensis" VU

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

-----The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (hares and rabbits)
**Genus: "Caprolagus"
*** Hispid Hare "Caprolagus hispidus" CE
**Genus: "Lepus"
*** Blacknaped Hare "Lepus nigricollis"
*** Woolly Hare "Lepus osostolus"

*Family: Ochotonidae (pikas)
**Genus: "Ochotona"
*** Black-lipped Pika "Ochotona curzoniae"
*** Forrest's Pika "Ochotona forresti" LR/nt
*** Glover's Pika "Ochotona gloveri"
*** Large-eared Pika "Ochotona macrotis"
*** Nubra Pika "Ochotona nubrica" LR/lc
*** Common Pika "Ochotona roylei"
*** Moupin Pika "Ochotona thibetana" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

-----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: "Crocidura"
**** Grey Shrew "Crocidura attenuata" LR/lc
**** Southeast Asian White Toothed Shrew "Crocidura fuliginosa"
**** Horsefield's Shrew "Crocidura horsfieldi"
***Genus: "Suncus"
**** Etruscan Shrew "Suncus etruscus" LC
**** Asian House Shrew "Suncus murinus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Soricinae
***Tribe: Anourosoricini
****Genus: "Anourosorex"
***** Mole Shrew "Anourosorex squamipes" LR/lc
***Tribe: Nectogalini
****Genus: "Chimarrogale"
***** Himalayan Water Shrew "Chimarrogale himalayica"
****Genus: "Nectogale"
***** Elegant Water Shrew "Nectogale elegans" LR/lc
****Genus: "Sorex"
***** Pygmy Shrew "Sorex minutus"
****Genus: "Soriculus"
***** Bailey's Shrew "Soriculus baileyi"
***** Hodgson's Brown Toothed Shrew "Soriculus caudatus"
***** Indian long-tailed Shrew "Soriculus leucops"
***** Arboreal Brown Toothed Shrew "Soriculus macrurus"
***** Himalayan Shrew "Soriculus nigrescens" LR/lc
*Family: Talpidae (moles)
**Subfamily: Talpinae
***Tribe: Talpini
****Genus: "Euroscaptor"
***** Himalayan Mole "Euroscaptor micrura" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: "Cynopterus"
**** Greater Short-nosed Fruit Bat "Cynopterus sphinx" LR/lc
***Genus: "Sphaerias"
**** Blanford's Fruit Bat "Sphaerias blanfordi" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: "Myotis"
**** Lesser Mouse-eared Bat "Myotis blythii" LR/lc
**** Whiskered Myotis "Myotis muricola" LR/lc
**** Himalayan Whiskered Bat "Myotis siligorensis" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: "Hesperoptenus"
**** Tickell's Bat "Hesperoptenus tickelli" LR/lc
***Genus: "Pipistrellus"
**** Indian Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus coromandra" LR/lc
***Genus: "Scotozous"
**** Dormer's Pipistrelle "Scotozous dormeri" LC
**Subfamily: Murininae
***Genus: "Murina"
**** "Murina cyclotis" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Miniopterinae
***Genus: "Miniopterus"
**** Small Bent-winged Bat "Miniopterus pusillus" LR/lc
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: "Chaerephon"
*** Wrinkle-lipped Free-tailed Bat "Chaerephon plicata" LR/lc
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: "Rhinolophus"
**** Intermediat Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus affinis" LR/lc
**** Pearson's Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus pearsoni" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----- The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Platanistidae
****Genus: "Platanista"
***** Ganges and Indus River Dolphin "Platanista gangetica" EN

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

-----

[
Black-striped Weasel] The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: "Catopuma"
***** Asian Golden Cat "Catopuma temminckii" VU
****Genus: "Felis"
***** Jungle Cat "Felis chaus" LC
***** Pallas Cat "Felis manul"
****Genus: "Lynx"
***** Eurasian Lynx "Lynx lynx" NT
****Genus: "Pardofelis"
***** Marbled Cat "Pardofelis marmorata" VU
****Genus: "Prionailurus"
***** Leopard Cat "Prionailurus bengalensis" LC
***** Fishing Cat "Prionailurus viverrinus" VU
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: "Neofelis"
***** Clouded Leopard "Neofelis nebulosa" VU
****Genus: "Panthera"
***** Leopard "Panthera pardus" LC
***** Tiger "Panthera tigris" EN
****Genus: "Uncia"
***** Snow leopard "Uncia uncia" EN
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Paradoxurinae
****Genus: "Arctictis"
***** Binturong "Arctictis binturong" LR/lc
****Genus: "Paguma"
***** Masked Palm Civet "Paguma larvata" LR/lc
****Genus: "Paradoxurus"
***** Asian Palm Civet "Paradoxurus hermaphroditus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Prionodontinae
****Genus: "Prionodon"
***** Spotted Linsang "Prionodon pardicolor" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: "Viverra"
***** Large Indian Civet "Viverra zibetha" LR/lc
****Genus: "Viverricula"
***** Small Indian Civet "Viverricula indica" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: "Herpestes"
**** Indian Gray Mongoose "Herpestes edwardsii" LR/lc
**** Small Asian Mongoose "Herpestes javanicus" LR/lc
**** Crab-Eating Mongoose "Herpestes urva"
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Ailuridae (lesser panda)
***Genus: "Ailurus"
**** Red Panda "Ailurus fulgens" EN
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: "Vulpes"
**** Red Fox "Vulpes vulpes" LC
**** Bengal Fox "Vulpes bengalensis"
***Genus: "Canis"
**** Golden Jackal "Canis aureus" LC
**** Gray Wolf "Canis lupus" LC
***Genus: "Cuon"
**** Dhole "Cuon alpinus" EN
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: "Ursus"
**** Asiatic Black Bear "Ursus thibetanus" VU
***Genus: "Melursus"
**** Sloth Bear "Melursus ursinus" VU
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: "Mustela"
**** Yellow-bellied Weasel "Mustela kathiah" LR/lc
**** Siberian Weasel "Mustela sibirica" LR/lc
**** Black-striped Weasel "Mustela strigidorsa" VU
**** Himalayan Weasel "Mustela sibirica"
**** Pale Weasel "Mustela altaica"
***Genus: "Martes"
**** Himalayan Yellow Throated Marten "Martes flavigula" LR/lc
**** Stone Marten "Martes foina"
***Genus: "Arctonyx"
**** Hog Badger "Arctonyx collaris" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lutra"
**** European Otter "Lutra lutra" NT
***Genus: "Lutrogale"
**** Smooth-coated Otter "Lutrogale perspicillata" VU
***Genus: "Aonyx"
**** Oriental Small-clawed Otter "Aonyx cinereus" NT

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

-----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Rhinocerotidae
**Genus: "Rhinoceros"
*** Indian Rhinoceros "Rhinoceros unicornis" EN

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----

The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: "Sus"
**** Pygmy Hog "Sus salvanius" CR
**** Wild Pig "Sus scrofa"LR
*Family: Moschidae
**Genus: "Moschus"
*** Himalayan Musk Deer "Moschus chrysogaster" LR/nt
*** Dusky Musk Deer "Moschus fuscus" LR/nt
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Cervinae
***Genus: "Axis
**** Chital "Axis Axis" VU
**** Hog Deer "Axis porcinus" LR
***Genus: "Cervus"
**** Red Deer "Cervus elaphus" LR/lc
**** Swamp Deer "Cervus duvauceli"
**** Sambar "Cervus unicolor" LR
**Subfamily: Muntiacinae
***Genus: "Muntiacus"
**** Indian Muntjac "Muntiacus muntjak" LR/lc
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: "Bos"
**** Gaur "Bos frontalis" VU
***Genus: "Bubalus"
**** Wild Asian Water Buffalo "Bubalus bubalis" EN
**Subfamily: Caprinae
***Genus: "Budorcas"
**** Takin "Budorcas taxicolor" VU
***Genus: "Nemorhaedus"
**** Mainland Serow "Nemorhaedus sumatraensis" VU
**** "Nemorhaedus goral" LR/nt
***Genus: "Ovis"
**** Argali "Ovis ammon" VU
***Genus: "Pseudois"
**** Bharal "Pseudois nayaur" LC

Order: Pholidota (Pangolins)

-----

Scaly anteaters, or pangolins, are armored with large, overlapping scales made of matted hair. There are approximately seven species of pangolin, of which two occur in Bhutan. Pangolins lack teeth, and eat only ants and termites with the assistance of a long sticky tongue.
*Family: Manidae (Pangolins)
***Genus: "Manis"
**** Indian Pangolin "Manis crassicaudata" LR
**** Chinese Pangolin "Manis pentadactyla" LR

Notes

References

*cite book
title = A Field Guide to the Mammals of Bhutan
date = 2004
id=ISBN 99936-620-0-3
author=Wangchuk, Tashi et al.
publisher=Department of Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Government of Bhutan
[http://www.mammalsofbhutan.blogspot.com link title]

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=BT&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Bhutan
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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