List of mammals of Bolivia

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Bolivia. There are 299 mammal species in Bolivia, of which 2 are critically endangered, 5 are endangered, 17 are vulnerable, and 12 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

-----The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. There are around 20 extant species.They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

*Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)
**Subfamily: Dasypodinae
***Genus: "Dasypus"
**** Greater Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus kappleri" LC
**** Nine-banded Armadillo "Dasypus novemcinctus" LC
**** Seven-banded Armadillo "Dasypus septemcinctus" LC
**Subfamily: Euphractinae
***Genus: "Chaetophractus"
**** Andean Hairy Armadillo "Chaetophractus nationi" VU
**** Screaming Hairy Armadillo "Chaetophractus vellerosus" LC
**** Large Hairy Armadillo "Chaetophractus villosus" LC
***Genus: "Chlamyphorus"
**** Greater Fairy Armadillo "Chlamyphorus retusus" NT
***Genus: "Euphractus"
**** Six-banded Armadillo "Euphractus sexcinctus" LC
**Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
***Genus: "Cabassous"
**** Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous unicinctus" LC
***Genus: "Priodontes"
**** Giant Armadillo "Priodontes maximus" VU
***Genus: "Tolypeutes"
**** Southern Three-banded Armadillo "Tolypeutes matacus" NT

Order: Pilosa (anteaters, sloths and tamanduas)

-----The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.

*Suborder: Folivora
**Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)
***Genus: "Bradypus"
**** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus variegatus" LC
**Family: Megalonychidae (two-toed sloths)
***Genus: "Choloepus"
**** Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus hoffmanni" LC
*Suborder: Vermilingua
**Family: Cyclopedidae
***Genus: "Cyclopes"
**** Silky Anteater "Cyclopes didactylus" LC
**Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)
***Genus: "Myrmecophaga"
**** Giant Anteater "Myrmecophaga tridactyla" NT
***Genus: "Tamandua"
**** Southern Tamandua "Tamandua tetradactyla" LC

Order: Primates

-----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Platyrrhini
****Family: Cebidae (New World monkeys)
*****Subfamily: Callitrichinae
******Genus: "Callithrix"
******* Pygmy Marmoset "Cebuella pygmaea" LC
******Genus: "Saguinus"
******* Brown-mantled Tamarin "Saguinus fuscicollis" LC
******* Emperor Tamarin "Saguinus imperator" LC
******* White-lipped Tamarin "Saguinus labiatus" LC
******Genus: "Callimico"
******* Goeldi's Marmoset "Callimico goeldii" NT
*****Subfamily: Cebinae
******Genus: "Cebus"
******* White-fronted Capuchin "Cebus albifrons" LC
******Genus: "Saimiri"
******* Black-capped Squirrel Monkey "Saimiri boliviensis" LC
****Family: Aotidae
*****Genus: "Aotus"
****** Azara's Night Monkey "Aotus azarae" LC
****** Black-headed Night Monkey "Aotus nigriceps" LC
****Family: Pitheciidae
*****Subfamily: Callicebinae
******Genus: "Callicebus"
******* Brown Titi "Callicebus brunneus" LC
******* White-eared Titi "Callicebus donacophilus" LC
******* Rio Beni Titi "Callicebus modestus" VU
******* Ollala Brothers' Titi "Callicebus olallae" VU
******* White-coated Titi "Callicebus pallescens" LC
*****Subfamily: Pitheciinae
******Genus: "Pithecia"
******* Rio Tapajü³s Saki "Pithecia irrorata" LC
****Family: Atelidae
*****Subfamily: Alouattinae
******Genus: "Alouatta"
******* Black Howler "Alouatta caraya" LC
******* Bolivian Red Howler "Alouatta sara" LC
******* Venezuelan Red Howler "Alouatta seniculus" LC
*****Subfamily: Atelinae
******Genus: "Ateles"
******* Peruvian Spider Monkey "Ateles chamek" LC
******Genus: "Lagothrix"
******* Gray Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix cana" NT
******* Brown Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix lagothricha" LR/lc

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricomorpha
**Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)
***Subfamily: Erethizontinae
****Genus: "Coendou"
***** Bicolor-spined Porcupine "Coendou bicolor" LR/lc
***** Brazilian Porcupine "Coendou prehensilis" LR/lc
**Family: Chinchillidae (viscachas and chinchillas)
***Genus: "Chinchilla"
**** Short-tailed Chinchilla "Chinchilla brevicaudata" CR
***Genus: "Lagidium"
**** Southern Viscacha "Lagidium viscacia" DD
***Genus: "Lagostomus"
**** Plains Viscacha "Lagostomus maximus" LR/lc
**Family: Dinomyidae (pacarana)
***Genus: "Dinomys"
**** Pacarana "Dinomys branickii" EN
**Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)
***Subfamily: Caviinae
****Genus: "Cavia"
***** Montane Guinea Pig "Cavia tschudii" LR/lc
****Genus: "Galea"
***** Common Yellow-toothed Cavy "Galea musteloides" LR/lc
***** Spix's Yellow-toothed Cavy "Galea spixii" LR/lc
****Genus: "Microcavia"
***** Southern Mountain Cavy "Microcavia australis" LR/lc
***** Andean Mountain Cavy "Microcavia niata" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Dolichotinae
****Genus: "Dolichotis"
***** Chacoan Mara "Dolichotis salinicola" LR/nt
**Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)
***Genus: "Dasyprocta"
**** Central American Agouti "Dasyprocta punctata" LR/lc
**Family: Agoutidae
***Genus: "Agouti"
**** Paca "Agouti paca" LR/lc
**Family: Ctenomyidae
***Genus: "Ctenomys"
**** Bolivian Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys boliviensis" LR/lc
**** Conover's Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys conoveri" LR/lc
**** Forest Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys frater" LR/lc
**** White-toothed Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys leucodon" LR/lc
**** Lewis's Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys lewisi" LR/lc
**** Highland Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys opimus" LR/lc
**** Steinbach's Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys steinbachi" LR/lc
**Family: Octodontidae
***Genus: "Octodontomys"
**** Mountain Degu "Octodontomys gliroides" LR/lc
**Family: Abrocomidae
***Genus: "Abrocoma"
**** Bolivian Chincilla Rat "Abrocoma boliviensis" VU
**** Ashy Chinchilla Rat "Abrocoma cinerea" LR/lc
**Family: Echimyidae
***Subfamily: Dactylomyinae
****Genus: "Dactylomys"
***** Bolivian Bamboo Rat "Dactylomys boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Peruvian Bamboo Rat "Dactylomys peruanus" DD
***Subfamily: Eumysopinae
****Genus: "Mesomys"
***** Spiny Tree Rat "Mesomys hispidus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Proechimys"
***** Bolivian Spiny Rat "Proechimys bolivianus" LR/lc
***** Huallaga Spiny Rat "Proechimys brevicauda" LR/lc
***** Long-tailed Spiny Rat "Proechimys longicaudatus" LR/lc
***** Simon's Spiny Rat "Proechimys simonsi" LR/lc
***** Steere's Spiny Rat "Proechimys steerei" LR/lc
**Family: Myocastoridae (coypus)
***Genus: "Myocastor"
**** Coypu "Myocastor coypus" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Sciurini
*****Genus: "Sciurus"
****** Bolivian Squirrel "Sciurus ignitus" LR/lc
****** Southern Amazon Red Squirrel "Sciurus spadiceus" LR/lc
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
****Genus: "Akodon"
***** Highland Grass Mouse "Akodon aerosus" LR/lc
***** White-bellied Grass Mouse "Akodon albiventer" LR/lc
***** Azara's Grass Mouse "Akodon azarae" LR/lc
***** Bolivian Grass Mouse "Akodon boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Day's Grass Mouse "Akodon dayi" LR/lc
***** Smoky Grass Mouse "Akodon fumeus" LR/lc
***** Thespian Grass Mouse "Akodon mimus" LR/lc
***** Altiplano Grass Mouse "Akodon puer" LR/lc
***** Cochabamba Grass Mouse "Akodon siberiae" VU
***** Gray-ellied Grass Mouse "Akodon simulator" LR/lc
***** Puno Grass Mouse "Akodon subfuscus" LR/lc
***** Chaco Grass Mouse "Akodon toba" LR/lc
***** Variable Grass Mouse "Akodon varius" LR/lc
****Genus: "Andalgalomys"
***** Pearson's Chaco Mouse "Andalgalomys pearsoni" LR/lc
****Genus: "Andinomys"
***** Andean Mouse "Andinomys edax" LR/lc
****Genus: "Auliscomys"
***** Bolivian Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Painted Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys pictus" LR/lc
***** Andean Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys sublimis" LR/lc
****Genus: "Bolomys"
***** Pleasant Bolo Mouse "Bolomys amoenus" LR/lc
***** Rufous-bellied Bolo Mouse "Bolomys lactens" LR/lc
***** Hairy-tailed Bolo Mouse "Bolomys lasiurus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Calomys"
***** Bolivian Vesper Mouse "Calomys boliviae" LR/lc
***** Large Vesper Mouse "Calomys callosus" LR/lc
***** Small Vesper Mouse "Calomys laucha" LR/lc
***** Andean Vesper Mouse "Calomys lepidus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Chinchillula"
***** Altiplano Chincilla Mouse "Chinchillula sahamae" LR/lc
****Genus: "Chroeomys"
***** Andean Altiplano Mouse "Chroeomys andinus" LR/lc
***** Jelski's Altiplano Mouse "Chroeomys jelskii" LR/lc
****Genus: "Eligmodontia"
***** Andean Gerbil Mouse "Eligmodontia puerulus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Galenomys"
***** Gerlepp's Mouse "Galenomys garleppi" LR/lc
****Genus: "Graomys"
***** Pale Leaf-eared Mouse "Graomys domorum" LR/lc
***** Gray Leaf-eared Mouse "Graomys griseoflavus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Holochilus"
***** Wagner's Marsh Rat "Holochilus sciureus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Kunsia"
***** Woolly Giant Rat "Kunsia tomentosus" VU
****Genus: "Lenoxus"
***** Andean Rat "Lenoxus apicalis" LR/nt
****Genus: "Microryzomys"
***** Forest Small Rice Rat "Microryzomys minutus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Neacomys"
***** Northern Bristly Mouse "Neacomys spinosus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Neotomys"
***** Andean Swamp Rat "Neotomys ebriosus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Oecomys"
***** Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys bicolor" LR/lc
***** Unicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys concolor" LR/lc
***** Mamore Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys mamorae" LR/lc
***** Robert's Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys roberti" LR/lc
****Genus: "Oligoryzomys"
***** Andean Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys andinus" LR/lc
***** Chacoan Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys chacoensis" LR/lc
***** Destructive Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys destructor" DD
***** Small-eared Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys microtis" LR/lc
****Genus: "Oryzomys"
***** Big-headed Rice Rat "Oryzomys legatus" LR/lc
***** Light-footed Rice Rat "Oryzomys levipes" LR/nt
***** Azara's Broad-headed Rice Rat "Oryzomys megacephalus" LR/lc
***** Elegant Rice Rat "Oryzomys nitidus" LR/lc
***** Terraced Rice Rat "Oryzomys subflavus" LR/lc
***** Yungas Rice Rat "Oryzomys yunganus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Oxymycterus"
***** Quechuan Hocicudo "Oxymycterus hucucha" VU
***** Incan Hocicudo "Oxymycterus inca" LR/lc
***** Paramo Hocicudo "Oxymycterus paramensis" LR/lc
****Genus: "Phyllotis"
***** Capricorn Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis caprinus" LR/lc
***** Darwin's Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis darwini" LR/lc
***** Bunchgrass Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis osilae" LR/lc
***** Wolffsohn's Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis wolffsohni" LR/lc
****Genus: "Pseudoryzomys"
***** Brazilian False Rice Rat "Pseudoryzomys simplex" LR/lc
****Genus: "Rhipidomys"
***** Southern Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys austrinus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Thomasomys"
***** Daphne's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys daphne" LR/lc
***** Ladew's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys ladewi" LR/lc
***** Montane Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys oreas" LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

-----

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: "Sylvilagus"
*** Tapeti "Sylvilagus brasiliensis" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----
[
Western mastiff bat] The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Noctilionidae
**Genus: "Noctilio"
*** Lesser Bulldog Bat "Noctilio albiventris" LR/lc
*** Greater Bulldog Bat "Noctilio leporinus" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: "Myotis"
**** Silver-tipped Myotis "Myotis albescens" LR/lc
**** Hairy-legged Myotis "Myotis keaysi" LR/lc
**** Yellowish Myotis "Myotis levis" LR/lc
**** Black Myotis "Myotis nigricans" LR/lc
**** Montane Myotis "Myotis oxyotus" LR/lc
**** Riparian Myotis "Myotis riparius" LR/lc
**** Velvety Myotis "Myotis simus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: "Eptesicus"
**** "Eptesicus andinus" LR/lc
**** Brazilian Brown Bat "Eptesicus brasiliensis" LR/lc
**** Argentine Brown Bat "Eptesicus furinalis" LR/lc
***Genus: "Histiotus"
**** Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus macrotus" LR/nt
**** Small Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus montanus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lasiurus"
**** Desert red bat "Lasiurus blossevillii" LR/lc
**** Hoary bat "Lasiurus cinereus" LR/lc
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: "Cynomops"
*** Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops abrasus" LR/nt
*** Southern Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops planirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: "Eumops"
*** Dwarf Bonneted Bat "Eumops bonariensis" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Bonneted Bat "Eumops glaucinus" LR/lc
*** Sanborn's Bonneted Bat "Eumops hansae" LR/lc
*** Western mastiff bat "Eumops perotis" LR/lc
**Genus: "Molossops"
*** Dwarf Dog-faced Bat "Molossops temminckii" LR/lc
**Genus: "Molossus"
*** Black Mastiff Bat "Molossus ater" LR/lc
*** Velvety Free-tailed Bat "Molossus molossus" LR/lc
**Genus: "Nyctinomops"
*** Peale's Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops aurispinosus" LR/lc
*** Broad-eared Bat "Nyctinomops laticaudatus" LR/lc
*** Big Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: "Promops"
*** Big Crested Mastiff Bat "Promops centralis" LR/lc
*** Brown Mastiff Bat "Promops nasutus" LR/lc
**Genus: "Tadarida"
*** Mexican Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida brasiliensis" LR/nt
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: "Peropteryx"
*** Greater Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx kappleri" LR/lc
*** Lesser Doglike Bat "Peropteryx macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: "Rhynchonycteris"
*** Proboscis Bat "Rhynchonycteris naso" LR/lc
**Genus: "Saccopteryx"
*** Greater Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx bilineata" LR/lc
*** Lesser Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx leptura" LR/lc
*Family: Mormoopidae
**Genus: "Pteronotus"
*** Big Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus gymnonotus" LR/lc
*** Parnell's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus parnellii" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus personatus" LR/lc
*Family: Phyllostomidae
**Subfamily: Phyllostominae
***Genus: "Chrotopterus"
**** Big-eared Wooly Bat "Chrotopterus auritus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lonchorhina"
**** Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina aurita" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lophostoma"
**** Pygmy Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma brasiliense" LR/lc
**** Carriker's Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma carrikeri" VU
**** White-throated Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma silvicolum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Macrophyllum"
**** Long-legged Bat "Macrophyllum macrophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Micronycteris"
**** Little Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris megalotis" LR/lc
**** White-bellied Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris minuta" LR/lc
***Genus: "Mimon"
**** Striped Hairy-nosed Bat "Mimon crenulatum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Phylloderma"
**** Pale-faced Bat "Phylloderma stenops" LR/lc
***Genus: "Phyllostomus"
**** Pale Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus discolor" LR/lc
**** Lesser Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus elongatus" LR/lc
**** Greater Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus hastatus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Tonatia"
**** Greater Round-eared Bat "Tonatia bidens" LR/lc
**** Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat "Tonatia saurophila" LR/lc
***Genus: "Trachops"
**** Fringe-lipped Bat "Trachops cirrhosus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Lonchophyllinae
***Genus: "Lonchophylla"
**** Thomas's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla thomasi" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Glossophaginae
***Genus: "Anoura"
**** Tailed Tailless Bat "Anoura caudifer" LR/lc
**** Handley's Tailless Bat "Anoura cultrata" LR/lc
**** Geoffroy's Tailless Bat "Anoura geoffroyi" LR/lc
***Genus: "Choeroniscus"
**** Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat "Choeroniscus minor" LR/lc
***Genus: "Glossophaga"
**** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga soricina" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lichonycteris"
**** Dark Long-tongued Bat "Lichonycteris obscura" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Carolliinae
***Genus: "Carollia"
**** Silky Short-tailed Bat "Carollia brevicauda" LR/lc
**** Chestnut Short-tailed Bat "Carollia castanea" LR/lc
**** Seba's Short-tailed Bat "Carollia perspicillata" LR/lc
***Genus: "Rhinophylla"
**** Dwarf Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla pumilio" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Stenodermatinae
***Genus: "Artibeus"
**** Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus anderseni" LR/lc
**** Silver Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus glaucus" LR/lc
**** Jamaican fruit bat "Artibeus jamaicensis" LR/lc
**** Great Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus lituratus" LR/lc
**** Dark Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus obscurus" LR/nt
***Genus: "Chiroderma"
**** Salvin's Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma salvini" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma trinitatum" LR/lc
**** Hairy Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma villosum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Enchisthenes"
**** Velvety Fruit-eating Bat "Enchisthenes hartii" LR/lc
***Genus: "Mesophylla"
**** MacConnell's Bat "Mesophylla macconnelli" LR/lc
***Genus: "Pygoderma"
**** Ipanema Bat "Pygoderma bilabiatum" LR/nt
***Genus: "Sphaeronycteris"
**** Visored Bat "Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Sturnira"
**** Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bogotensis" LR/lc
**** Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira erythromos" LR/lc
**** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira lilium" LR/lc
**** Greater Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira magna" LR/nt
**** Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira tildae" LR/lc
***Genus: "Uroderma"
**** Tent-making Bat "Uroderma bilobatum" LR/lc
**** Brown Tent-making Bat "Uroderma magnirostrum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Vampyressa"
**** Bedentate Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa bidens" LR/nt
**** Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa pusilla" LR/lc
***Genus: "Vampyrodes"
**** Great Stripe-faced Bat "Vampyrodes caraccioli" LR/lc
***Genus: "Platyrrhinus"
**** Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus brachycephalus" LR/lc
**** Thomas's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus dorsalis" LR/lc
**** Heller's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus helleri" LR/lc
**** Buffy Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus infuscus" LR/nt
**** White-lined Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus lineatus" LR/lc
**** Greater Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus vittatus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Desmodontinae
***Genus: "Desmodus"
**** Common Vampire Bat "Desmodus rotundus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Diaemus"
**** White-winged Vampire Bat "Diaemus youngi" LR/lc
***Genus: "Diphylla"
**** Hairy-legged Vampire Bat "Diphylla ecaudata" LR/nt
*Family: Thyropteridae
**Genus: "Thyroptera"
*** Peter's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera discifera" LR/lc
*** Spix's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera tricolor" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

-----The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Iniidae
****Genus: "Inia"
***** Boto "Inia geoffrensis" VU
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: "Sotalia"
***** Tucuxi "Sotalia fluviatilis" DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

-----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: "Leopardus"
***** Ocelot "Leopardus pardalis" LC
***** Oncilla "Leopardus tigrinus" NT
***** Margay "Leopardus wiedii" LC
***** Andean Mountain Cat "Leopardus jacobitus" EN
****Genus: "Oncifelis"
***** Chilean Pampa Cat "Oncifelis colocolo" NT
***** Geoffroy's Cat "Oncifelis geoffroyi" NT
****Genus: "Puma"
***** Jaguarundi "Puma yaguarondi" LC
***** Cougar "Puma concolor" NT
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: "Panthera"
***** Jaguar "Panthera onca" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: "Lycalopex"
**** Culpeo "Lycalopex culpaeus" LC
**** Pampas Fox "Lycalopex gymnocercus" LC
***Genus: "Cerdocyon"
**** Crab-eating Fox "Cerdocyon thous" LC
***Genus: "Atelocynus"
**** Short-eared Dog "Atelocynus microtis" DD
***Genus: "Speothos"
**** Bush Dog "Speothos venaticus" VU
***Genus: "Chrysocyon"
**** Maned Wolf "Chrysocyon brachyurus" NT
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: "Tremarctos"
**** Spectacled Bear "Tremarctos ornatus" VU
**Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)
***Genus: "Procyon"
**** Crab-eating Raccoon "Procyon cancrivorus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Nasua"
**** South American Coati "Nasua nasua" LR/lc
***Genus: "Potos"
**** Kinkajou "Potos flavus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Bassaricyon"
**** Allen's Olingo "Bassaricyon alleni" LR/lc
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: "Mustela"
**** Long-tailed Weasel "Mustela frenata" LR/lc
***Genus: "Eira"
**** Tayra "Eira barbara" LR/lc
***Genus: "Galictis"
**** Lesser Grison "Galictis cuja" LR/lc
**** Greater grison "Galictis vittata" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lontra"
**** Neotropical River Otter "Lontra longicaudis" DD
***Genus: "Pteronura"
**** Giant Otter "Pteronura brasiliensis" EN
**Family: Mephitidae
***Genus: "Conepatus"
**** Molina's Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus chinga" LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

-----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)
**Genus: "Tapirus"
*** Brazilian Tapir "Tapirus terrestris" VU

watch a video clip of this animal: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tH2_FV_dtJs

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----
[
Guanaco] The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)
**Genus: "Catagonus"
*** Chacoan Peccary "Catagonus wagneri" EN
**Genus: "Tayassu"
*** Collared Peccary "Tayassu tajacu" LR/lc
*** White-lipped Peccary "Tayassu pecari" LR/lc
*Family: Camelidae (camels, llamas)
**Genus: "Lama"
*** Guanaco "Lama guanicoe" LR/lc
**Genus: "Vicugna"
*** Vicuña "Vicugna vicugna" LR/cd
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: "Blastocerus"
**** Marsh deer "Blastocerus dichotomus" VU
***Genus: "Hippocamelus"
**** Peruvian Huemul "Hippocamelus antisensis" DD
***Genus: "Mazama"
**** Red Brocket "Mazama americana" DD
**** Dwarf Brocket "Mazama chunyi" DD
**** Gray Brocket "Mazama gouazoupira" DD
***Genus: "Ozotoceros"
**** Pampas deer "Ozotoceros bezoarticus" N

watch a video clip with lamas: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNq5s2CVhQI

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

-----Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

*Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)
**Subfamily: Caluromyinae
***Genus: "Caluromys"
**** Brown-eared Woolly Opossum "Caluromys lanatus" LR/nt
***Genus: "Glironia"
**** Bushy-tailed Opossum "Glironia venusta" VU
**Subfamily: Didelphinae
***Genus: "Chironectes"
**** Water Opossum "Chironectes minimus" LR/nt
***Genus: "Didelphis"
**** White-eared Opossum "Didelphis albiventris" LR/lc
**** Common Opossum "Didelphis marsupialis" LR/lc
***Genus: "Gracilinanus"
**** Bolivian Gracile Opossum "Gracilinanus aceramarcae" CR
**** Agile Gracile Opossum "Gracilinanus agilis" LR/nt
***Genus: "Lutreolina"
**** Lutrine Opossum "Lutreolina crassicaudata" LR/lc
***Genus: "Marmosa"
**** Rufous Mouse Opossum "Marmosa lepida" LR/nt
**** Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa murina" LR/lc
***Genus: "Marmosops"
**** Dorothy's Slender Mouse Opossum "Marmosops dorothea" VU
**** White-bellied Slender Opossum "Marmosops noctivagus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Metachirus"
**** Brown Four-eyed Opossum "Metachirus nudicaudatus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Micoureus"
**** Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus regina" LR/lc
***Genus: "Monodelphis"
**** Northern Red-sided Opossum "Monodelphis brevicaudata" LR/lc
**** Gray Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis domestica" LR/lc
**** Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis kunsi" EN
**** Osgood's Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis osgoodi" VU
***Genus: "Philander"
**** Gray Four-eyed Opossum "Philander opossum" LR/lc
***Genus: "Thylamys"
**** Elegant Fat-tailed Opossum "Thylamys elegans" LR/lc
**** Pallid Fat-tailed Opossum "Thylamys pallidior" LR/lc
**** Small Fat-tailed Opossum "Thylamys pusilla" LR/lc

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=BO&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Bolivia
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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