List of mammals of Brunei

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Brunei Darussalam. There are 83 mammal species in Brunei Darussalam, of which 1 is critically endangered, 7 are endangered, 7 are vulnerable, and 1 is near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Proboscidea (elephants)

-----The elephants comprise three living species and are the largest living land animals.

*Family: Elephantidae (elephants)
**Genus: "Elephas"
*** Asian Elephant "Elephas maximus" EN

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

-----Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

*Family: Dugongidae
**Genus: "Dugong"
*** Dugong "Dugong dugon" VU

Order: Scandentia (treeshrews)

-----

The treeshrews are small mammals native to the tropical forests of Southeast Asia. Although called treeshrews, they are not true shrews and are not all arboreal.

*Family: Tupaiidae (tree shrews)
**Genus: "Tupaia"
*** Long-footed Tree Shrew "Tupaia longipes" EN
*** Painted Tree Shrew "Tupaia picta" LR/lc
*** Large Tree Shrew "Tupaia tana" LR/lc

Order: Dermoptera (colugos)

-----The two species of colugos make up the order Dermoptera. They are arboreal gliding mammals found in Southeast Asia.

*Family: Cynocephalidae (flying lemurs)
**Genus: "Cynocephalus"
*** Sunda Flying Lemur "Cynocephalus variegatus" LR/lc

Order: Primates

-----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Strepsirrhini
**Infraorder: Lorisiformes
***Family: Lorisidae (lorises, bushbabies)
****Genus: "Nycticebus"
***** Sunda Loris "Nycticebus coucang" LR/lc
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Tarsiiformes
***Family: Tarsiidae (tarsiers)
****Genus: "Tarsius"
***** Horsfield's Tarsier "Tarsius bancanus" LR/lc
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Catarrhini
****Superfamily: Cercopithecoidea
*****Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
******Genus: "Macaca"
******* Crab-eating Macaque "Macaca fascicularis" LR/nt
******* Southern Pig-tailed Macaque "Macaca nemestrina" VU
******Subfamily: Colobinae
*******Genus: "Presbytis"
******** Banded Langur "Presbytis femoralis" LR/nt
******** White-faced Langur "Presbytis frontata" DD
******** Gray Leaf Monkey "Presbytis hosei" DD
******** Maroon Langur "Presbytis rubicunda" LR/lc
*******Genus: "Nasalis"
******** Proboscis Monkey "Nasalis larvatus" EN
****Superfamily: Hominoidea
*****Family: Hylobatidae (gibbons)
******Genus: "Hylobates"
******* Mü¼ller's Bornean Gibbon "Hylobates muelleri" LR/nt
*****Family: Hominidae (humans)
******Subfamily: Ponginae
*******Genus: "Pongo"
******** Bornean Orangutan "Pongo pygmaeus" EN

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be kept short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricomorpha
**Family: Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
***Genus: "Hystrix"
**** Thick-spined Porcupine "Hystrix crassispinis" LR/nt
****Genus: "Trichys"
***** Long-tailed Porcupine "Trichys fasciculata" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Ratuinae
****Genus: "Ratufa"
***** Cream-coloured Giant Squirrel "Ratufa affinis" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Pteromyini
*****Genus: "Aeromys"
****** Black Flying Squirrel "Aeromys tephromelas" LR/lc
*****Genus: "Pteromyscus"
****** Smoky Flying Squirrel "Pteromyscus pulverulentus" LR/nt
***Subfamily: Callosciurinae
****Genus: "Exilisciurus"
***** Least Pygmy Squirrel "Exilisciurus exilis" LR/lc
****Genus: "Rhinosciurus"
***** Shrew-faced Squirrel "Rhinosciurus laticaudatus" LR/lc
****Genus: "Sundasciurus"
***** Horse-tailed Squirrel "Sundasciurus hippurus" LR/lc

Order: Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures)

-----

The order Erinaceomorpha contains a single family, Erinaceidae, which comprise the hedgehogs and gymnures. The hedgehogs are easily recognised by their spines while gymnures look more like large rats.

*Family: Erinaceidae (hedgehogs)
**Subfamily: Galericinae
***Genus: "Hylomys"
**** Short-tailed Gymnure "Hylomys suillus" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

-----

The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Crocidurinae
***Genus: "Crocidura"
**** Southeast Asian Shrew "Crocidura fuliginosa" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
**Subfamily: Pteropodinae
***Genus: "Aethalops"
**** Pygmy Fruit Bat "Aethalops alecto" LR/nt
***Genus: "Balionycteris"
**** Spotted-winged Fruit Bat "Balionycteris maculata" LR/lc
***Genus: "Dyacopterus"
**** Dayak Fruit Bat "Dyacopterus spadiceus" LR/nt
***Genus: "Megaerops"
**** "Megaerops wetmorei" LR/lc
*****Genus: "Pteropus"
****** Pteropus "Pteropus vampyrus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Macroglossinae
***Genus: "Eonycteris"
**** Greater Dawn Bat "Eonycteris major" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Kerivoulinae
***Genus: "Kerivoula"
**** Papillose Woolly Bat "Kerivoula papillosa" LR/lc
**** Clear-winged Woolly Bat "Kerivoula pellucida" LR/lc
**** Painted Bat "Kerivoula picta" LR/lc
**** Whitehead's Woolly Bat "Kerivoula whiteheadi" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: "Glischropus"
**** Common Thick-thumbed Bat "Glischropus tylopus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Hesperoptenus"
**** Blanford's Bat "Hesperoptenus blanfordi" LR/lc
***Genus: "Hypsugo"
**** Big-eared Pipistrelle "Hypsugo macrotis" LR/nt
***Genus: "Philetor"
**** Rohu's Bat "Philetor brachypterus" LR/lc
***Genus: "Pipistrellus"
**** Kelaart's Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus ceylonicus" LR/lc
**** Narrow-winged Pipistrelle "Pipistrellus stenopterus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Murininae
***Genus: "Murina"
**** Brown Tube-nosed Bat "Murina suilla" LR/lc
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: "Emballonura"
*** Small Asian Sheath-tailed Bat "Emballonura alecto" LR/lc
*Family: Rhinolophidae
**Subfamily: Rhinolophinae
***Genus: "Rhinolophus"
**** Acuminate Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus acuminatus" LR/lc
**** Intermediat Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus affinis" LR/lc
**** Bornean Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus borneensis" LR/lc
**** Woolly Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus luctus" LR/lc
**** Lesser Woolly Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus sedulus" LR/lc
**** Trefoil Horseshoe Bat "Rhinolophus trifoliatus" LR/lc

Order: Pholidota (pangolins)

-----The order Philodota comprises the eight species of pangolin. Pangolins are anteaters and have the powerful claws, elongated snout and long tongue seen in the other unrelated anteater species.

*Family: Manidae
**Genus: "Manis"
*** Sunda Pangolin "Manis javanica" LR/nt

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----- The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Phocoenidae
****Genus: "Neophocaena"
***** Finless Porpoise "Neophocaena phocaenoides" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: "Sousa"
***** "Sousa chinensis" DD
******Genus: "Tursiops"
******* Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops aduncus" DD
****Genus: "Lagenodelphis"
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: "Grampus"
***** Risso's Dolphin "Grampus griseus" DD
****Genus: "Orcaella"
***** Irrawaddy Dolphin "Orcaella brevirostris" DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

-----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: "Catopuma"
***** Bay Cat "Catopuma badia" EN
****Genus: "Pardofelis"
***** Marbled Cat "Pardofelis marmorata" VU
****Genus: "Prionailurus"
***** Leopard Cat "Prionailurus bengalensis" LC
***** Flat-headed Cat "Prionailurus planiceps" VU
***** Fishing Cat "Prionailurus viverrinus" VU
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: "Neofelis"
***** Clouded Leopard "Neofelis nebulosa" VU
**Family: Viverridae (civets, mongooses, etc.)
***Subfamily: Paradoxurinae
****Genus: "Arctictis"
***** Binturong "Arctictis binturong" LR/lc
****Genus: "Arctogalidia"
***** Small-toothed Palm Civet "Arctogalidia trivirgata" LR/lc
****Genus: "Paradoxurus"
***** Asian Palm Civet "Paradoxurus hermaphroditus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Hemigalinae
****Genus: "Cynogale"
***** Otter Civet "Cynogale bennettii" EN
****Genus: "Hemigalus"
***** Banded Palm Civet "Hemigalus derbyanus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Prionodontinae
****Genus: "Prionodon"
***** Banded Linsang "Prionodon linsang" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Viverrinae
****Genus: "Viverra"
***** Malayan Civet "Viverra tangalunga" LR/lc
**Family: Herpestidae (mongooses)
***Genus: "Herpestes"
**** Collared Mongoose "Herpestes semitorquatus" LR/lc
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: "Helarctos"
**** Sun Bear "Helarctos malayanus" DD
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: "Mustela"
**** Malayan Weasel "Mustela nudipes" LR/lc
***Genus: "Martes"
**** "Martes flavigula" LR/lc
*****Genus: "Mydaus"
****** Javan Stink Badger "Mydaus javanensis" LR/lc
***Genus: "Lutrogale"
**** Smooth-coated Otter "Lutrogale perspicillata" VU
***Genus: "Aonyx"
**** Oriental Small-clawed Otter "Aonyx cinereus" NT

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

-----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Rhinocerotidae
**Genus: "Dicerorhinus"
*** Sumatran Rhinoceros "Dicerorhinus sumatrensis" CR

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Suidae (pigs)
**Subfamily: Suinae
***Genus: "Sus"
**** Bearded Pig "Sus barbatus" LR/lc
*Family: Tragulidae
**Genus: "Tragulus"
*** Lesser Mouse Deer "Tragulus javanicus" LR/lc
*** Napu "Tragulus napu" LR/lc
*Family: Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
**Subfamily: Bovinae
***Genus: "Bos"
**** Banteng "Bos javanicus" EN

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=BN&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Brunei Darussalam
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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