List of mammals in Colombia

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Colombia. There are 398 mammal species in Colombia, of which 3 are critically endangered, 8 are endangered, 27 are vulnerable, and 6 are near-threatened. 1 of the species listed for Colombia is considered to be extinct. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

-----Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

*Family: Trichechidae
***Genus: Trichechus
**** Amazonian Manatee "Trichechus inunguis" VU
**** West Indian Manatee "Trichechus manatus" VU

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

-----The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. There are around 20 extant species.They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

*Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)
**Subfamily: Dasypodinae
***Genus: Dasypus
**** Greater Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus kappleri" LC
**** Nine-banded Armadillo "Dasypus novemcinctus" LC
**** Northern Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus sabanicola" LC
**Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
***Genus: Cabassous
**** Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous centralis" DD
**** Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous unicinctus" LC
***Genus: Priodontes
**** Giant Armadillo "Priodontes maximus" VU

Order: Pilosa (anteaters, sloths and tamanduas)

-----The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.

*Suborder: Folivora
**Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)
***Genus: Bradypus
**** Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus tridactylus" LC
**** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus variegatus" LC
**Family: Megalonychidae (two-toed sloths)
***Genus: Choloepus
**** Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus didactylus" LC
**** Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus hoffmanni" LC
*Suborder: Vermilingua
**Family: Cyclopedidae
***Genus: Cyclopes
**** Silky Anteater "Cyclopes didactylus" LC
**Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)
***Genus: Myrmecophaga
**** Giant Anteater "Myrmecophaga tridactyla" NT
***Genus: Tamandua
**** Northern Tamandua "Tamandua mexicana" LC
**** Southern Tamandua "Tamandua tetradactyla" LC

Order: Primates

-----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Platyrrhini
****Family: Cebidae (New World monkeys)
*****Subfamily: Callitrichinae
******Genus: Callithrix
******* Pygmy Marmoset "Cebuella pygmaea" LC
******Genus: Saguinus
******* Lesson's Saddle-back Tamarin "Saguinus fuscus" LC
******* Geoffroy's Tamarin "Saguinus geoffroyi" LC
******* Mottle-faced Tamarin "Saguinus inustus" LC
******* White-footed Tamarin "Saguinus leucopus" VU
******* Black-mantled Tamarin "Saguinus nigricollis" LC
******* Cottontop Tamarin "Saguinus oedipus" EN
******Genus: Callimico
******* Goeldi's Marmoset "Callimico goeldii" NT
*****Subfamily: Cebinae
******Genus: Cebus
******* White-fronted Capuchin "Cebus albifrons" LC
******* White-headed Capuchin "Cebus capucinus" LC
******* Large-headed Capuchin "Cebus macrocephalus" LC
******Genus: Saimiri
******* Common Squirrel Monkey "Saimiri sciureus" LC
****Family: Aotidae
*****Genus: Aotus
****** Gray-bellied Night Monkey "Aotus lemurinus" VU
****** Nancy Ma's Night Monkey "Aotus nancymaae" LC
****** Black-headed Night Monkey "Aotus nigriceps" LC
****** Three-striped Night Monkey "Aotus trivirgatus" LC
****** Spix's Night Monkey "Aotus vociferans" LC
****Family: Pitheciidae
*****Subfamily: Callicebinae
******Genus: Callicebus
******* White-tailed Titi "Callicebus discolor" LC
******* Lucifer Titi "Callicebus lucifer" LC
******* Black Titi "Callicebus lugens" LC
******* Colombian Black-handed Titi "Callicebus medemi" LC
******* Ornate Titi "Callicebus ornatus" VU
*****Subfamily: Pitheciinae
******Genus: Pithecia
******* Monk Saki "Pithecia monachus" LC
******Genus: Cacajao
******* Bald Uakari "Cacajao calvus" NT
******* Black-headed Uakari "Cacajao melanocephalus" LC
****Family: Atelidae
*****Subfamily: Alouattinae
******Genus: Alouatta
******* Mantled Howler "Alouatta palliata" LC
******* Venezuelan Red Howler "Alouatta seniculus" LC
*****Subfamily: Atelinae
******Genus: Ateles
******* White-fronted Spider Monkey "Ateles belzebuth" VU
******* Brown Spider Monkey "Ateles hybridus" CR
******Genus: Lagothrix
******* Brown Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix lagothricha" LR/lc
******* Colombian Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix lugens" VU

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)
***Subfamily: Erethizontinae
****Genus: Coendou
***** Bicolor-spined Porcupine "Coendou bicolor" LR/lc
****Genus: Echinoprocta
***** Stump-tailed Porcupine "Echinoprocta rufescens" LR/lc
****Genus: Sphiggurus
***** Brown Hairy Dwarf Porcupine "Sphiggurus vestitus" VU
**Family: Dinomyidae (pacarana)
***Genus: Dinomys
**** Pacarana "Dinomys branickii" EN
**Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)
***Subfamily: Caviinae
****Genus: Cavia
***** Brazilian Guinea Pig "Cavia aperea" LR/lc
***** Guinea pig "Cavia porcellus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Hydrochaeridae (capybaras)
****Genus: Hydrochoerus
***** "Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris" LR/lc
**Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)
***Genus: Dasyprocta
**** Black Agouti "Dasyprocta fuliginosa" LR/lc
**** Central American Agouti "Dasyprocta punctata" LR/lc
***Genus: Myoprocta
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta acouchy" LR/lc
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta exilis" DD
**Family: Agoutidae
***Genus: Agouti
**** Paca "Agouti paca" LR/lc
**** Mountain Paca "Agouti taczanowskii" LR/nt
**Family: Echimyidae
***Subfamily: Dactylomyinae
****Genus: Dactylomys
***** Amazon Bamboo Rat "Dactylomys dactylinus" LR/lc
****Genus: Olallamys
***** White-tailed Olalla Rat "Olallamys albicauda" LR/nt
***** Greedy Olalla Rat "Olallamys edax" LR/nt
***Subfamily: Echimyinae
****Genus: Diplomys
***** Arboreal Soft-furred Spiny Rat "Diplomys caniceps" LR/nt
***** Rufous Tree Rat "Diplomys labilis" LR/lc
***** Red Crested Tree Rat "Diplomys rufodorsalis" VU
****Genus: Echimys
***** Speckled Tree Rat "Echimys semivillosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Isothrix
***** Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat "Isothrix bistriata" LR/nt
****Genus: Makalata
***** Armored Spiny Rat "Makalata armata" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Eumysopinae
****Genus: Hoplomys
***** Armored Rat "Hoplomys gymnurus" LR/lc
****Genus: Mesomys
***** Spiny Tree Rat "Mesomys hispidus" LR/lc
****Genus: Proechimys
***** Huallaga Spiny Rat "Proechimys brevicauda" LR/lc
***** Colombian Spiny Rat "Proechimys canicollis" LR/lc
***** Cayenne Spiny Rat "Proechimys cayennensis" LR/lc
***** Boyaca Spiny Rat "Proechimys chrysaeolus" LR/lc
***** Gorgona Spiny Rat "Proechimys gorgonae" LR/nt
***** Hendee's Spiny Rat "Proechimys hendeei" LR/lc
***** Magdalena Spiny Rat "Proechimys magdalenae" LR/lc
***** Minca Spiny Rat "Proechimys mincae" LR/lc
***** O'connell's Spiny Rat "Proechimys oconnelli" LR/lc
***** Gray-footed Spiny Rat "Proechimys poliopus" LR/lc
***** Napo Spiny Rat "Proechimys quadruplicatus" LR/lc
***** Tome's Spiny-rat "Proechimys semispinosus" LR/lc
***** Simon's Spiny Rat "Proechimys simonsi" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Sciurini
*****Genus: Microsciurus
****** Central American Dwarf Squirrel "Microsciurus alfari" LR/lc
****** Amazon Dwarf Squirrel "Microsciurus flaviventer" LR/lc
****** Western Dwarf Squirrel "Microsciurus mimulus" LR/lc
****** Santander Dwarf Squirrel "Microsciurus santanderensis" LR/lc
*****Genus: Sciurus
****** Red-tailed Squirrel "Sciurus granatensis" LR/lc
****** Northern Amazon Red Squirrel "Sciurus igniventris" LR/lc
****** Andean Squirrel "Sciurus pucheranii" LR/lc
****** Southern Amazon Red Squirrel "Sciurus spadiceus" LR/lc
**Family: Geomyidae
***Genus: Orthogeomys
**** Thaeler's Pocket Gopher "Orthogeomys thaeleri" LR/lc
**Family: Heteromyidae
***Subfamily: Heteromyinae
****Genus: Heteromys
***** Trinidad Spiny Pocket Mouse "Heteromys anomalus" LR/lc
***** Southern Spiny Pocket Mouse "Heteromys australis" LR/lc
***** Desmarest's Spiny Pocket Mouse "Heteromys desmarestianus" LR/lc
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Tylomyinae
****Genus: Tylomys
***** Mira Climbing Rat "Tylomys mirae" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Neotominae
****Genus: Reithrodontomys
***** Mexican Harvest Mouse "Reithrodontomys mexicanus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
****Genus: Aepeomys
***** Dusky Montane Mouse "Aepeomys fuscatus" LR/lc
****Genus: Akodon
***** Colombian Grass Mouse "Akodon affinis" LR/lc
***** Bogota Grass Mouse "Akodon bogotensis" LR/lc
***** Northern Grass Mouse "Akodon urichi" LR/lc
****Genus: Calomys
***** Hummelinck's Vesper Mouse "Calomys hummelincki" LR/lc
****Genus: Chibchanomys
***** Chibchan Water Mouse "Chibchanomys trichotis" LR/nt
****Genus: Chilomys
***** Colombian Forest Mouse "Chilomys instans" LR/lc
****Genus: Holochilus
***** Wagner's Marsh Rat "Holochilus sciureus" LR/lc
****Genus: Ichthyomys
***** Crab-eating Rat "Ichthyomys hydrobates" LR/nt
****Genus: Melanomys
***** Dusky Rice Rat "Melanomys caliginosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Microryzomys
***** Highland Small Rice Rat "Microryzomys altissimus" LR/lc
***** Forest Small Rice Rat "Microryzomys minutus" LR/lc
****Genus: Neacomys
***** Northern Bristly Mouse "Neacomys spinosus" LR/lc
***** Narrow-footed Bristly Mouse "Neacomys tenuipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Nectomys
***** Scaly-footed Water Rat "Nectomys squamipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Neusticomys
***** Montane Fish-eating Rat "Neusticomys monticolus" LR/lc
****Genus: Oecomys
***** Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys bicolor" LR/lc
***** Unicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys concolor" LR/lc
***** Yellow Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys flavicans" LR/lc
***** Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys speciosus" LR/lc
***** Trinidad Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys trinitatis" LR/lc
****Genus: Oligoryzomys
***** Destructive Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys destructor" DD
***** Fulvous Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys fulvescens" LR/lc
***** Grayish Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys griseolus" LR/lc
****Genus: Oryzomys
***** Tomes's Rice Rat "Oryzomys albigularis" LR/lc
***** Alfaro's Rice Rat "Oryzomys alfaroi" LR/lc
***** Bolivar Rice Rat "Oryzomys bolivaris" LR/lc
***** Coues' Rice Rat "Oryzomys couesi" LR/lc
***** Gorgas's Rice Rat "Oryzomys gorgasi" CR
***** Colombian Rice Rat "Oryzomys intectus" LR/lc
***** Macconnell's Rice Rat "Oryzomys macconnelli" LR/lc
***** Azara's Broad-headed Rice Rat "Oryzomys megacephalus" LR/lc
***** Talamancan Rice Rat "Oryzomys talamancae" LR/lc
****Genus: Rhipidomys
***** Cauca Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys caucensis" LR/nt
***** Coues's Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys couesi" LR/lc
***** Buff-bellied Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys fulviventer" LR/lc
***** Broad-footed Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys latimanus" LR/lc
***** Long-tailed Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys mastacalis" LR/lc
***** Venezuelan Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys venezuelae" LR/lc
****Genus: Sigmodon
***** Alston's Cotton Rat "Sigmodon alstoni" LR/lc
***** Hispid Cotton Rat "Sigmodon hispidus" LR/lc
****Genus: Sigmodontomys
***** Alfaro's Rice Water Rat "Sigmodontomys alfari" LR/lc
****Genus: Thomasomys
***** Golden Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys aureus" LR/lc
***** Silky Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys bombycinus" LR/lc
***** Ashy-bellied Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys cinereiventer" LR/lc
***** Woodland Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys hylophilus" LR/lc
***** Butcher, Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys laniger" LR/lc
***** Unicolored Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys monochromos" LR/nt
***** Snow-footed Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys niveipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Zygodontomys
***** Short-tailed Cane Rat "Zygodontomys brevicauda" LR/lc
***** Brown Cane Mouse "Zygodontomys brunneus" LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

-----The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Sylvilagus
*** Tapeti "Sylvilagus brasiliensis" LR/lc
*** Eastern Cottontail "Sylvilagus floridanus" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

-----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mammals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Soricinae
***Tribe: Blarinini
****Genus: Cryptotis
***** Andean Small-eared Shrew "Cryptotis avia" LR/lc
***** Scaly-footed Small-eared Shrew "Cryptotis squamipes" LR/lc
***** Thomas's Small-eared Shrew "Cryptotis thomasi" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----
[
Western mastiff bat] The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Noctilionidae
**Genus: Noctilio
*** Lesser Bulldog Bat "Noctilio albiventris" LR/lc
*** Greater Bulldog Bat "Noctilio leporinus" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Silver-tipped Myotis "Myotis albescens" LR/lc
**** Hairy-legged Myotis "Myotis keaysi" LR/lc
**** Curacao Myotis "Myotis nesopolus" LR/nt
**** Black Myotis "Myotis nigricans" LR/lc
**** Montane Myotis "Myotis oxyotus" LR/lc
**** Riparian Myotis "Myotis riparius" LR/lc
**** Velvety Myotis "Myotis simus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** "Eptesicus andinus" LR/lc
**** Brazilian Brown Bat "Eptesicus brasiliensis" LR/lc
**** Argentine Brown Bat "Eptesicus furinalis" LR/lc
**** Big brown bat "Eptesicus fuscus" LR/lc
***Genus: Histiotus
**** Small Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus montanus" LR/lc
***Genus: Lasiurus
**** Desert red bat "Lasiurus blossevillii" LR/lc
**** Tacarcuna Bat "Lasiurus castaneus" VU
**** Hoary bat "Lasiurus cinereus" LR/lc
**** Southern Yellow Bat "Lasiurus ega" LR/lc
**** Big Red Bat "Lasiurus egregius" LR/nt
***Genus: Rhogeessa
**** Tiny Yellow Bat "Rhogeessa minutilla" LR/nt
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Cynomops
*** Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops abrasus" LR/nt
*** Greenhall's Dog-faced bat "Cynomops greenhalli" LR/lc
*** Southern Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops planirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Eumops
*** Black Bonneted Bat "Eumops auripendulus" LR/lc
*** Dwarf Bonneted Bat "Eumops bonariensis" LR/lc
*** Big Bonneted Bat "Eumops dabbenei" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Bonneted Bat "Eumops glaucinus" LR/lc
*** Sanborn's Bonneted Bat "Eumops hansae" LR/lc
*** Western mastiff bat "Eumops perotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossops
*** Mato Grosso Dog-faced Bat "Molossops mattogrossensis" LR/nt
*** Dwarf Dog-faced Bat "Molossops temminckii" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossus
*** Black Mastiff Bat "Molossus ater" LR/lc
*** Bonda Mastiff Bat "Molossus bondae" LR/lc
*** Velvety Free-tailed Bat "Molossus molossus" LR/lc
*** Miller's Mastiff Bat "Molossus pretiosus" LR/lc
*** Sinaloan Mastiff Bat "Molossus sinaloae" LR/lc
**Genus: Nyctinomops
*** Peale's Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops aurispinosus" LR/lc
*** Broad-eared Bat "Nyctinomops laticaudatus" LR/lc
*** Big Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Promops
*** Big Crested Mastiff Bat "Promops centralis" LR/lc
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Mexican Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida brasiliensis" LR/nt
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Balantiopteryx
*** Ecuadorian Sac-winged Bat "Balantiopteryx infusca" EN
**Genus: Centronycteris
*** Shaggy Bat "Centronycteris maximiliani" LR/lc
**Genus: Cormura
*** Wagner's Sac-winged Bat "Cormura brevirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Cyttarops
*** Short-eared Bat "Cyttarops alecto" LR/nt
**Genus: Diclidurus
*** Northern Ghost Bat "Diclidurus albus" LR/lc
*** Greater Ghost Bat "Diclidurus ingens" VU
*** Isabelle's Ghost Bat "Diclidurus isabellus" LR/nt
**Genus: Peropteryx
*** Greater Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx kappleri" LR/lc
*** White-winged Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx leucoptera" LR/lc
*** Lesser Doglike Bat "Peropteryx macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Rhynchonycteris
*** Proboscis Bat "Rhynchonycteris naso" LR/lc
**Genus: Saccopteryx
*** Greater Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx bilineata" LR/lc
*** Frosted Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx canescens" LR/lc
*** Lesser Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx leptura" LR/lc
*Family: Mormoopidae
**Genus: Mormoops
*** Ghost-faced Bat "Mormoops megalophylla" LR/lc
**Genus: Pteronotus
*** Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus davyi" LR/lc
*** Big Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus gymnonotus" LR/lc
*** Parnell's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus parnellii" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus personatus" LR/lc
*Family: Phyllostomidae
**Subfamily: Phyllostominae
***Genus: Chrotopterus
**** Big-eared Wooly Bat "Chrotopterus auritus" LR/lc
***Genus: Glyphonycteris
**** Graybeard Bat "Glyphonycteris daviesi" LR/nt
**** Tricolored Big-eared Bat "Glyphonycteris sylvestris" LR/nt
***Genus: Lampronycteris
**** Yellow-throated Big-eared Bat "Lampronycteris brachyotis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchorhina
**** Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina aurita" LR/lc
**** Marinkelle's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina marinkellei" VU
**** Orinoco Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina orinocensis" LR/nt
***Genus: Lophostoma
**** Pygmy Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma brasiliense" LR/lc
**** Carriker's Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma carrikeri" VU
**** White-throated Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma silvicolum" LR/lc
***Genus: Macrophyllum
**** Long-legged Bat "Macrophyllum macrophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Micronycteris
**** Hairy Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris hirsuta" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris megalotis" LR/lc
**** White-bellied Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris minuta" LR/lc
**** Schmidts's Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris schmidtorum" LR/lc
***Genus: Mimon
**** Striped Hairy-nosed Bat "Mimon crenulatum" LR/lc
***Genus: Neonycteris
**** Least Big-eared Bat "Neonycteris pusilla" VU
***Genus: Phylloderma
**** Pale-faced Bat "Phylloderma stenops" LR/lc
***Genus: Phyllostomus
**** Pale Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus discolor" LR/lc
**** Lesser Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus elongatus" LR/lc
**** Greater Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus hastatus" LR/lc
**** Guianan Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus latifolius" LR/nt
***Genus: Tonatia
**** Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat "Tonatia saurophila" LR/lc
***Genus: Trachops
**** Fringe-lipped Bat "Trachops cirrhosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Trinycteris
**** Niceforo's Big-eared Bat "Trinycteris nicefori" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrum
**** Spectral Bat "Vampyrum spectrum" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Lonchophyllinae
***Genus: Lionycteris
**** Chestnut Long-tongued Bat "Lionycteris spurrelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchophylla
**** Handley's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla handleyi" VU
**** Godman's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla mordax" LR/lc
**** Orange Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla robusta" LR/lc
**** Thomas's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla thomasi" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Glossophaginae
***Genus: Anoura
**** Tailed Tailless Bat "Anoura caudifer" LR/lc
**** Handley's Tailless Bat "Anoura cultrata" LR/lc
**** Geoffroy's Tailless Bat "Anoura geoffroyi" LR/lc
**** Broad-toothed Tailless Bat "Anoura latidens" LR/nt
***Genus: Choeroniscus
**** Godman's Long-tailed Bat "Choeroniscus godmani" LR/nt
**** Intermediate Long-tailed Bat "Choeroniscus intermedius" LR/nt
**** Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat "Choeroniscus minor" LR/lc
**** Greater Long-tailed Bat "Choeroniscus periosus" VU
***Genus: Glossophaga
**** Commissaris's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga commissarisi" LR/lc
**** Miller's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga longirostris" LR/lc
**** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga soricina" LR/lc
***Genus: Leptonycteris
**** Southern Long-nosed Bat "Leptonycteris curasoae" VU
***Genus: Lichonycteris
**** Dark Long-tongued Bat "Lichonycteris obscura" LR/lc
***Genus: Scleronycteris
**** Ega Long-tongued Bat "Scleronycteris ega" VU
**Subfamily: Carolliinae
***Genus: Carollia
**** Silky Short-tailed Bat "Carollia brevicauda" LR/lc
**** Chestnut Short-tailed Bat "Carollia castanea" LR/lc
**** Seba's Short-tailed Bat "Carollia perspicillata" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhinophylla
**** Hairy Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla alethina" LR/nt
**** Fischer's Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla fischerae" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Stenodermatinae
***Genus: Artibeus
**** Large Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus amplus" LR/nt
**** Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus anderseni" LR/lc
**** Brown Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus concolor" LR/nt
**** Silver Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus glaucus" LR/lc
**** "Artibeus intermedius" LR/lc
**** Jamaican fruit bat "Artibeus jamaicensis" LR/lc
**** Great Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus lituratus" LR/lc
**** Dark Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus obscurus" LR/nt
**** Pygmy Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus phaeotis" LR/lc
**** Flat-faced Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus planirostris" LR/lc
**** Toltec Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus toltecus" LR/lc
***Genus: Centurio
**** Wrinkle-faced Bat "Centurio senex" LR/lc
***Genus: Chiroderma
**** Salvin's Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma salvini" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma trinitatum" LR/lc
**** Hairy Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma villosum" LR/lc
***Genus: Ectophylla
**** Honduran white bat "Ectophylla alba" LR/nt
***Genus: Enchisthenes
**** Velvety Fruit-eating Bat "Enchisthenes hartii" LR/lc
***Genus: Mesophylla
**** MacConnell's Bat "Mesophylla macconnelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Sphaeronycteris
**** Visored Bat "Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Sturnira
**** Aratathomas's Yellow0shouldered Bat "Sturnira aratathomasi" LR/nt
**** Bidentate Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bidens" LR/nt
**** Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bogotensis" LR/lc
**** Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira erythromos" LR/lc
**** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira lilium" LR/lc
**** Highland Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira ludovici" LR/lc
**** Louis's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira luisi" LR/lc
**** Greater Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira magna" LR/nt
**** Talamancan Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira mordax" LR/nt
**** Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira tildae" LR/lc
***Genus: Uroderma
**** Tent-making Bat "Uroderma bilobatum" LR/lc
**** Brown Tent-making Bat "Uroderma magnirostrum" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyressa
**** Bedentate Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa bidens" LR/nt
**** Brock's Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa brocki" LR/nt
**** Melissa's Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa melissa" LR/nt
**** Striped Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa nymphaea" LR/lc
**** Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa pusilla" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrodes
**** Great Stripe-faced Bat "Vampyrodes caraccioli" LR/lc
***Genus: Platyrrhinus
**** Eldorado Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus aurarius" LR/nt
**** Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus brachycephalus" LR/lc
**** Choco Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus chocoensis" VU
**** Thomas's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus dorsalis" LR/lc
**** Heller's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus helleri" LR/lc
**** Buffy Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus infuscus" LR/nt
**** White-lined Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus lineatus" LR/lc
**** Shadowy Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus umbratus" LR/nt
**** Greater Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus vittatus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Desmodontinae
***Genus: Desmodus
**** Common Vampire Bat "Desmodus rotundus" LR/lc
***Genus: Diaemus
**** White-winged Vampire Bat "Diaemus youngi" LR/lc
***Genus: Diphylla
**** Hairy-legged Vampire Bat "Diphylla ecaudata" LR/nt
*Family: Natalidae
**Genus: Chilonatalus
*** Cuban Funnel-eared Bat "Chilonatalus micropus" LR/lc
**Genus: Natalus
*** Mexican Funnel-eared Bat "Natalus stramineus" LR/lc
*Family: Furipteridae
**Genus: Furipterus
*** Furipteridae "Furipterus horrens" LR/lc
*Family: Thyropteridae
**Genus: Thyroptera
*** Peter's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera discifera" LR/lc
*** Spix's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera tricolor" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

-----

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
****Genus: Balaenoptera
***** Minke Whale "Balaenoptera acutorostrata" LR/nt
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Iniidae
****Genus: Inia
***** Boto "Inia geoffrensis" VU
***Family: Physeteridae
****Genus: Physeter
***** Sperm Whale "Physeter macrocephalus" VU
***Family: Kogiidae
****Genus: Kogia
***** Dwarf Sperm Whale "Kogia sima" LR/lc
***Family: Ziphidae
****Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
*****Genus: Mesoplodon
****** Blainville's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon densirostris" DD
****** Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon ginkgodens" DD
****** Pygmy Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon peruvianus" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Steno
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: Sotalia
***** Tucuxi "Sotalia fluviatilis" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Clymene Dolphin "Stenella clymene" DD
***** Atlantic Spotted Dolphin "Stenella frontalis" DD
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus delphis" LR/lc
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: Feresa
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

-----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Leopardus
***** Ocelot "Leopardus pardalis" LC
***** Oncilla "Leopardus tigrinus" NT
***** Margay "Leopardus wiedii" LC
****Genus: Puma
***** Jaguarundi "Puma yaguarondi" LC
***** Cougar "Puma concolor" NT
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Jaguar "Panthera onca" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Urocyon
**** Gray Fox "Urocyon cinereoargenteus" LC
***Genus: Lycalopex
**** Culpeo "Lycalopex culpaeus" LC
***Genus: Cerdocyon
**** Crab-eating Fox "Cerdocyon thous" LC
***Genus: Atelocynus
**** Short-eared Dog "Atelocynus microtis" DD
***Genus: Speothos
**** Bush Dog "Speothos venaticus" VU
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: Tremarctos
**** Spectacled Bear "Tremarctos ornatus" VU
**Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)
***Genus: Procyon
**** Crab-eating Raccoon "Procyon cancrivorus" LR/lc
***Genus: Nasua
**** White-nosed Coati "Nasua narica" LR/lc
**** South American Coati "Nasua nasua" LR/lc
***Genus: Nasuella
**** Mountain Coati "Nasuella olivacea" DD
***Genus: Potos
**** Kinkajou "Potos flavus" LR/lc
***Genus: Bassaricyon
**** Bushy-tailed Olingo "Bassaricyon gabbii" LR/nt
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Mustela
**** Tropical Weasel "Mustela africana" DD
**** Colombian Weasel "Mustela felipei" EN
**** Long-tailed Weasel "Mustela frenata" LR/lc
***Genus: Eira
**** Tayra "Eira barbara" LR/lc
***Genus: Galictis
**** Greater grison "Galictis vittata" LR/lc
***Genus: Lontra
**** Neotropical River Otter "Lontra longicaudis" DD
***Genus: Pteronura
**** Giant Otter "Pteronura brasiliensis" EN
**Family: Phocidae (earless seals)
***Genus: Monachus
**** Caribbean Monk Seal "Monachus tropicalis" EX
**Family: Mephitidae
***Genus: Conepatus
**** Striped Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus semistriatus" LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

-----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)
**Genus: Tapirus
*** Baird's Tapir "Tapirus bairdii" EN
*** Mountain Tapir "Tapirus pinchaque" EN
*** Brazilian Tapir "Tapirus terrestris" VU

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)
**Genus: Tayassu
*** Collared Peccary "Tayassu tajacu" LR/lc
*** White-lipped Peccary "Tayassu pecari" LR/lc
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: Mazama
**** Red Brocket "Mazama americana" DD
**** Gray Brocket "Mazama gouazoupira" DD
**** Little Red Brocket "Mazama rufina" LR/nt
***Genus: Odocoileus
**** White-tailed deer "Odocoileus virginianus" LR/lc
***Genus: Pudu
**** Northern Pudu "Pudu mephistophiles" LR/nt

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

-----Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

*Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)
**Subfamily: Caluromyinae
***Genus: Caluromys
**** Central American Woolly Opossum "Caluromys derbianus" VU
**** Brown-eared Woolly Opossum "Caluromys lanatus" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Didelphinae
***Genus: Chironectes
**** Water Opossum "Chironectes minimus" LR/nt
***Genus: Didelphis
**** White-eared Opossum "Didelphis albiventris" LR/lc
**** Common Opossum "Didelphis marsupialis" LR/lc
***Genus: Gracilinanus
**** Wood Sprite Gracile Mouse Opossum "Gracilinanus dryas" VU
**** Long-tailed Gracile Mouse Opossum "Gracilinanus longicaudus" DD
**** Northern Gracile Mouse Opossum "Gracilinanus marica" LR/nt
**** Columbian Gracile Mouse Opossum "Gracilinanus perijae" DD
***Genus: Lutreolina
**** Lutrine Opossum "Lutreolina crassicaudata" LR/lc
***Genus: Marmosa
**** Rufous Mouse Opossum "Marmosa lepida" LR/nt
**** Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa murina" LR/lc
**** Robinson's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa robinsoni" LR/lc
**** Dryland Mouse Opossum "Marmosa xerophila" EN
***Genus: Marmosops
**** Gray-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum "Marmosops fuscatus" LR/nt
**** Handley's Slender Mouse Opossum "Marmosops handleyi" CR
**** Tschudi's Slender Opossum "Marmosops impavidus" LR/nt
**** Delicate Slender Opossum "Marmosops parvidens" LR/nt
***Genus: Metachirus
**** Brown Four-eyed Opossum "Metachirus nudicaudatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Micoureus
**** Alston's Mouse Opossum "Micoureus alstoni" LR/nt
**** White-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus constantiae" LR/nt
**** Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus demerarae" LR/lc
**** Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus regina" LR/lc
***Genus: Monodelphis
**** Sepia Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis adusta" LR/lc
***Genus: Philander
**** Anderson's Four-eyed Opossum "Philander andersoni" LR/lc
**** Gray Four-eyed Opossum "Philander opossum" LR/lc

Order: Paucituberculata (shrew opossums)

-----

There are six extant species of shrew opossum. They are small shrew-like marsupials confined to the Andes.

*Family: Caenolestidae
**Genus: Caenolestes
*** Blackish Shrew Opossum "Caenolestes convelatus" LR/lc
*** Dusky Shrew Opossum "Caenolestes fuliginosus" LR/lc

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=CO&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Colombia
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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