List of mammals in French Guiana

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in French Guiana. There are 176 mammal species in French Guiana, of which 1 is critically endangered, 2 are endangered, 6 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

----Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

*Family: Trichechidae
***Genus: Trichechus
**** West Indian Manatee "Trichechus manatus" VU

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)


The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. There are around 20 extant species.They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

*Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)
**Subfamily: Dasypodinae
***Genus: Dasypus
**** Greater Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus kappleri" LC
**** Nine-banded Armadillo "Dasypus novemcinctus" LC
**Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
***Genus: Cabassous
**** Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous unicinctus" LC
***Genus: Priodontes
**** Giant Armadillo "Priodontes maximus" VU

Order: Pilosa (anteaters, sloths and tamanduas)

----The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.

*Suborder: Folivora
**Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)
***Genus: Bradypus
**** Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus tridactylus" LC
**Family: Megalonychidae (two-toed sloths)
***Genus: Choloepus
**** Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus didactylus" LC
*Suborder: Vermilingua
**Family: Cyclopedidae
***Genus: Cyclopes
**** Silky Anteater "Cyclopes didactylus" LC
**Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)
***Genus: Myrmecophaga
**** Giant Anteater "Myrmecophaga tridactyla" NT
***Genus: Tamandua
**** Southern Tamandua "Tamandua tetradactyla" LC

Order: Primates

----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Platyrrhini
****Family: Cebidae (New World monkeys)
*****Subfamily: Callitrichinae
******Genus: Saguinus
******* Red-handed Tamarin "Saguinus midas" LC
*****Subfamily: Cebinae
******Genus: Cebus
******* Tufted Capuchin "Cebus apella" LC
******* Weeper Capuchin "Cebus olivaceus" LC
******Genus: Saimiri
******* Common Squirrel Monkey "Saimiri sciureus" LC
****Family: Pitheciidae
*****Subfamily: Pitheciinae
******Genus: Pithecia
******* White-faced Saki "Pithecia pithecia" LC
******Genus: Chiropotes
******* Red-backed Bearded Saki "Chiropotes chiropotes" LC
****Family: Atelidae
*****Subfamily: Atelinae
******Genus: Ateles
******* Red-faced Spider Monkey "Ateles paniscus" LC

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)
***Subfamily: Erethizontinae
****Genus: Coendou
***** Brazilian Porcupine "Coendou prehensilis" LR/lc
**Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)
***Subfamily: Caviinae
****Genus: Cavia
***** Brazilian Guinea Pig "Cavia aperea" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Hydrochaeridae (capybaras)
****Genus: Hydrochoerus
***** Capybara "Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris" LR/lc
**Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)
***Genus: Dasyprocta
**** Brazilian Agouti "Dasyprocta leporina" LR/lc
**** Central American Agouti "Dasyprocta punctata" LR/lc
***Genus: Myoprocta
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta acouchy" LR/lc
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta exilis" DD
**Family: Agoutidae
***Genus: Agouti
**** Paca "Agouti paca" LR/lc
**Family: Echimyidae
***Subfamily: Echimyinae
****Genus: Isothrix
***** Isothrix "Isothrix sinnamariensis" DD
****Genus: Makalata
***** Armored Spiny Rat "Makalata armata" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Eumysopinae
****Genus: Mesomys
***** Spiny Tree Rat "Mesomys hispidus" LR/lc
****Genus: Proechimys
***** Cayenne Spiny Rat "Proechimys cayennensis" LR/lc
***** Cuvier's Spiny Rat "Proechimys cuvieri" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Sciurillinae
****Genus: Sciurillus
***** Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel "Sciurillus pusillus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Sciurini
*****Genus: Sciurus
****** Brazilian Squirrel "Sciurus aestuans" LR/lc
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
****Genus: Holochilus
***** Wagner's Marsh Rat "Holochilus sciureus" LR/lc
****Genus: Neacomys
***** Guiana Bristly Mouse "Neacomys guianae" LR/lc
***** Northern Bristly Mouse "Neacomys spinosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Nectomys
***** Small-footed Bristly Mouse "Nectomys parvipes" CR
***** Scaly-footed Water Rat "Nectomys squamipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Neusticomys
***** Oyapock's Fish-eating Rat "Neusticomys oyapocki" EN
****Genus: Oecomys
***** Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys bicolor" LR/lc
***** Brazilian Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys paricola" LR/lc
***** King Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys rex" LR/lc
***** Robert's Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys roberti" LR/lc
***** Red Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys rutilus" LR/lc
***** Trinidad Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys trinitatis" LR/lc
****Genus: Oligoryzomys
***** Fulvous Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys fulvescens" LR/lc
****Genus: Oryzomys
***** Macconnell's Rice Rat "Oryzomys macconnelli" LR/lc
***** Azara's Broad-headed Rice Rat "Oryzomys megacephalus" LR/lc
***** Yungas Rice Rat "Oryzomys yunganus" LR/lc
****Genus: Rhipidomys
***** White-footed Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys leucodactylus" LR/lc
***** Splendid Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys nitela" LR/lc
****Genus: Zygodontomys
***** Short-tailed Cane Rat "Zygodontomys brevicauda" LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)


The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Sylvilagus
*** Tapeti "Sylvilagus brasiliensis" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

----The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Noctilionidae
**Genus: Noctilio
*** Lesser Bulldog Bat "Noctilio albiventris" LR/lc
*** Greater Bulldog Bat "Noctilio leporinus" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Silver-tipped Myotis "Myotis albescens" LR/lc
**** Black Myotis "Myotis nigricans" LR/lc
**** Riparian Myotis "Myotis riparius" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** Brazilian Brown Bat "Eptesicus brasiliensis" LR/lc
**** Argentine Brown Bat "Eptesicus furinalis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lasiurus
**** Desert red bat "Lasiurus blossevillii" LR/lc
**** Tacarcuna Bat "Lasiurus castaneus" VU
**** Southern Yellow Bat "Lasiurus ega" LR/lc
**** Big Red Bat "Lasiurus egregius" LR/nt
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Cynomops
*** Greenhall's Dog-faced bat "Cynomops greenhalli" LR/lc
*** Southern Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops planirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Eumops
*** Black Bonneted Bat "Eumops auripendulus" LR/lc
*** Dwarf Bonneted Bat "Eumops bonariensis" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossus
*** Black Mastiff Bat "Molossus ater" LR/lc
*** Velvety Free-tailed Bat "Molossus molossus" LR/lc
**Genus: Nyctinomops
*** Peale's Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops aurispinosus" LR/lc
*** Broad-eared Bat "Nyctinomops laticaudatus" LR/lc
*** Big Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Promops
*** Big Crested Mastiff Bat "Promops centralis" LR/lc
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Centronycteris
*** Shaggy Bat "Centronycteris maximiliani" LR/lc
**Genus: Cormura
*** Wagner's Sac-winged Bat "Cormura brevirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Diclidurus
*** Northern Ghost Bat "Diclidurus albus" LR/lc
**Genus: Peropteryx
*** Greater Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx kappleri" LR/lc
*** White-winged Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx leucoptera" LR/lc
**Genus: Rhynchonycteris
*** Proboscis Bat "Rhynchonycteris naso" LR/lc
**Genus: Saccopteryx
*** Greater Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx bilineata" LR/lc
*** Frosted Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx canescens" LR/lc
*** Lesser Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx leptura" LR/lc
*Family: Mormoopidae
**Genus: Pteronotus
*** Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus davyi" LR/lc
*** Parnell's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus parnellii" LR/lc
*Family: Phyllostomidae
**Subfamily: Phyllostominae
***Genus: Glyphonycteris
**** Graybeard Bat "Glyphonycteris daviesi" LR/nt
***Genus: Lampronycteris
**** Yellow-throated Big-eared Bat "Lampronycteris brachyotis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchorhina
**** Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina aurita" LR/lc
**** Northern Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina inusitata" DD
***Genus: Lophostoma
**** Pygmy Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma brasiliense" LR/lc
**** Schultz's Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma schulzi" VU
**** White-throated Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma silvicolum" LR/lc
***Genus: Macrophyllum
**** Long-legged Bat "Macrophyllum macrophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Micronycteris
**** Brosset's Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris brosseti" DD
**** Hairy Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris hirsuta" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris megalotis" LR/lc
**** White-bellied Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris minuta" LR/lc
***Genus: Mimon
**** Golden Bat "Mimon bennettii" LR/lc
**** Striped Hairy-nosed Bat "Mimon crenulatum" LR/lc
***Genus: Phylloderma
**** Pale-faced Bat "Phylloderma stenops" LR/lc
***Genus: Phyllostomus
**** Pale Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus discolor" LR/lc
**** Greater Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus hastatus" LR/lc
**** Guianan Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus latifolius" LR/nt
***Genus: Tonatia
**** Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat "Tonatia saurophila" LR/lc
***Genus: Trachops
**** Fringe-lipped Bat "Trachops cirrhosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Trinycteris
**** Niceforo's Big-eared Bat "Trinycteris nicefori" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrum
**** Spectral Bat "Vampyrum spectrum" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Lonchophyllinae
***Genus: Lionycteris
**** Chestnut Long-tongued Bat "Lionycteris spurrelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchophylla
**** Thomas's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla thomasi" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Glossophaginae
***Genus: Anoura
**** Tailed Tailless Bat "Anoura caudifer" LR/lc
**** Geoffroy's Tailless Bat "Anoura geoffroyi" LR/lc
***Genus: Choeroniscus
**** Intermediate Long-tailed Bat "Choeroniscus intermedius" LR/nt
**** Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat "Choeroniscus minor" LR/lc
***Genus: Glossophaga
**** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga soricina" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Carolliinae
***Genus: Carollia
**** Chestnut Short-tailed Bat "Carollia castanea" LR/lc
**** Seba's Short-tailed Bat "Carollia perspicillata" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhinophylla
**** Dwarf Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla pumilio" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Stenodermatinae
***Genus: Ametrida
**** Little White-shouldered Bat "Ametrida centurio" LR/lc
***Genus: Artibeus
**** Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus anderseni" LR/lc
**** Gervais's Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus cinereus" LR/lc
**** Brown Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus concolor" LR/nt
**** Jamaican fruit bat "Artibeus jamaicensis" LR/lc
**** Great Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus lituratus" LR/lc
**** Dark Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus obscurus" LR/nt
***Genus: Chiroderma
**** Hairy Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma villosum" LR/lc
***Genus: Mesophylla
**** MacConnell's Bat "Mesophylla macconnelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Sturnira
**** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira lilium" LR/lc
**** Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira tildae" LR/lc
***Genus: Uroderma
**** Tent-making Bat "Uroderma bilobatum" LR/lc
**** Brown Tent-making Bat "Uroderma magnirostrum" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyressa
**** Melissa's Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa melissa" LR/nt
**** Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa pusilla" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrodes
**** Great Stripe-faced Bat "Vampyrodes caraccioli" LR/lc
***Genus: Platyrrhinus
**** Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus brachycephalus" LR/lc
**** Heller's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus helleri" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Desmodontinae
***Genus: Desmodus
**** Common Vampire Bat "Desmodus rotundus" LR/lc
*Family: Natalidae
**Genus: Natalus
*** Mexican Funnel-eared Bat "Natalus stramineus" LR/lc
*Family: Furipteridae
**Genus: Furipterus
*** Furipteridae "Furipterus horrens" LR/lc
*Family: Thyropteridae
**Genus: Thyroptera
*** Peter's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera discifera" LR/lc
*** Spix's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera tricolor" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

----The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Steno
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: Sotalia
***** Tucuxi "Sotalia fluviatilis" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Clymene Dolphin "Stenella clymene" DD
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus capensis" LR/lc
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: Feresa
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)


The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Leopardus
***** Ocelot "Leopardus pardalis" LC
***** Oncilla "Leopardus tigrinus" NT
***** Margay "Leopardus wiedii" LC
****Genus: Puma
***** Jaguarundi "Puma yaguarondi" LC
***** Cougar "Puma concolor" NT
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Jaguar "Panthera onca" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Cerdocyon
**** Crab-eating Fox "Cerdocyon thous" LC
***Genus: Speothos
**** Bush Dog "Speothos venaticus" VU
**Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)
***Genus: Procyon
**** Crab-eating Raccoon "Procyon cancrivorus" LR/lc
***Genus: Nasua
**** South American Coati "Nasua nasua" LR/lc
***Genus: Potos
**** Kinkajou "Potos flavus" LR/lc
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Eira
**** Eira barbara "Eira barbara" - fully protected species in Guyana
***Genus: Galictis
**** Greater grison "Galictis vittata" LR/lc
***Genus: Lontra
**** Neotropical River Otter "Lontra longicaudis" DD
***Genus: Pteronura
**** Giant Otter "Pteronura brasiliensis" EN
**Family: Mephitidae
***Genus: Conepatus
**** Striped Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus semistriatus" LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)
**Genus: Tapirus
*** Brazilian Tapir "Tapirus terrestris" VU

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)
**Genus: Tayassu
*** Collared Peccary "Tayassu tajacu" LR/lc
*** White-lipped Peccary "Tayassu pecari" LR/lc
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: Mazama
**** Red Brocket "Mazama americana" DD
**** Gray Brocket "Mazama gouazoupira" DD
***Genus: Odocoileus
**** White-tailed deer "Odocoileus virginianus" LR/lc

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

----Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

*Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)
**Subfamily: Caluromyinae
***Genus: Caluromys
**** Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum "Caluromys philander" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Didelphinae
***Genus: Chironectes
**** Water Opossum "Chironectes minimus" LR/nt
***Genus: Didelphis
**** Common Opossum "Didelphis marsupialis" LR/lc
***Genus: Hyladelphys
**** Peru Gracile Mouse Opossum "Hyladelphys kalinowskii" DD
***Genus: Marmosa
**** Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa murina" LR/lc
***Genus: Metachirus
**** Brown Four-eyed Opossum "Metachirus nudicaudatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Micoureus
**** Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus demerarae" LR/lc
***Genus: Monodelphis
**** Northern Red-sided Opossum "Monodelphis brevicaudata" LR/lc
***Genus: Philander
**** Gray Four-eyed Opossum "Philander opossum" LR/lc



*cite web
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of French Guiana
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
accessdaymonth = 22 May

*cite web
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
accessdaymonth = 22 May

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species

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