List of mammals in Peru

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Peru. There are 417 mammal species in Peru, of which 5 are critically endangered, 9 are endangered, 32 are vulnerable, and 10 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

-----
[
Amazonian Manatee] Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.
**Family: Trichechidae
***Genus: Trichechus
**** Amazonian Manatee "Trichechus inunguis" VU

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

-----The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. There are around 20 extant species.They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.
**Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)
***Subfamily: Dasypodinae
****Genus: Dasypus
***** Greater Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus kappleri" LC
***** Nine-banded Armadillo "Dasypus novemcinctus" LC
***** Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus pilosus" VU
***Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
****Genus: Cabassous
***** Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous unicinctus" LC
****Genus: Priodontes
***** Giant Armadillo "Priodontes maximus" VU

Order: Pilosa (anteaters, sloths and tamanduas)

-----The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.
*Suborder: Folivora
**Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)
***Genus: Bradypus
**** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus variegatus" LC
**Family: Megalonychidae (two-toed sloths)
***Genus: Choloepus
**** Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus didactylus" LC
**** Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus hoffmanni" LC
*Suborder: Vermilingua
**Family: Cyclopedidae
***Genus: Cyclopes
**** Silky Anteater "Cyclopes didactylus" LC
**Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)
***Genus: Myrmecophaga
**** Giant Anteater "Myrmecophaga tridactyla" NT
***Genus: Tamandua
**** Northern Tamandua "Tamandua mexicana" LC
**** Southern Tamandua "Tamandua tetradactyla" LC

Order: Primates

-----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.
*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Platyrrhini
****Family: Cebidae (New World monkeys)
*****Subfamily: Callitrichinae
******Genus: Callithrix
******* Pygmy Marmoset "Cebuella pygmaea" LC
******Genus: Saguinus
******* Brown-mantled Tamarin "Saguinus fuscicollis" LC
******* Emperor Tamarin "Saguinus imperator" LC
******* White-lipped Tamarin "Saguinus labiatus" LC
******* Moustached Tamarin "Saguinus mystax" LC
******* Black-mantled Tamarin "Saguinus nigricollis" LC
******* Golden-mantled Tamarin "Saguinus tripartitus" LC
******Genus: Callimico
******* Goeldi's Marmoset "Callimico goeldii" NT
*****Subfamily: Cebinae
******Genus: Cebus
******* White-fronted Capuchin "Cebus albifrons" LC
******* Large-headed Capuchin "Cebus macrocephalus" LC
******Genus: Saimiri
******* Black-capped Squirrel Monkey "Saimiri boliviensis" LC
****Family: Aotidae
*****Genus: Aotus
****** Peruvian Night Monkey "Aotus miconax" VU
****** Nancy Ma's Night Monkey "Aotus nancymaae" LC
****** Black-headed Night Monkey "Aotus nigriceps" LC
****** Spix's Night Monkey "Aotus vociferans" LC
****Family: Pitheciidae
*****Subfamily: Callicebinae
******Genus: Callicebus
******* Brown Titi "Callicebus brunneus" LC
******* Chestnut-bellied Titi "Callicebus caligatus" LC
******* Coppery Titi "Callicebus cupreus" LC
******* White-tailed Titi "Callicebus discolor" LC
******* Lucifer Titi "Callicebus lucifer" LC
******* Rio Mayo Titi "Callicebus oenanthe" VU
*****Subfamily: Pitheciinae
******Genus: Pithecia
******* Equatorial Saki "Pithecia aequatorialis" LR/lc
******* Rio Tapajós Saki "Pithecia irrorata" LC
******* Monk Saki "Pithecia monachus" LC
******Genus: Cacajao
******* Bald Uakari "Cacajao calvus" NT
****Family: Atelidae
*****Subfamily: Alouattinae
******Genus: Alouatta
******* Mantled Howler "Alouatta palliata" LC
******* Venezuelan Red Howler "Alouatta seniculus" LC
*****Subfamily: Atelinae
******Genus: Ateles
******* White-fronted Spider Monkey "Ateles belzebuth" VU
******* Peruvian Spider Monkey "Ateles chamek" LC
******Genus: Lagothrix
******* Gray Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix cana" NT
******* Brown Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix lagothricha" LR/lc
******* Silvery Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix poeppigii" NT
******Genus: Oreonax
******* Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey "Oreonax flavicauda" CR

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40% of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).
*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)
***Subfamily: Erethizontinae
****Genus: Coendou
***** Bicolor-spined Porcupine "Coendou bicolor" LR/lc
**Family: Chinchillidae (viscachas and chinchillas)
***Genus: Chinchilla
**** Short-tailed Chinchilla "Chinchilla brevicaudata" CR
***Genus: Lagidium
**** Northern Viscacha "Lagidium peruanum" LR/lc
**** Southern Viscacha "Lagidium viscacia" DD
**Family: Dinomyidae (pacarana)
***Genus: Dinomys
**** Pacarana "Dinomys branickii" EN
**Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)
***Subfamily: Caviinae
****Genus: Cavia
***** Guinea pig "Cavia porcellus" LR/lc
***** Montane Guinea Pig "Cavia tschudii" LR/lc
****Genus: Galea
***** Common Yellow-toothed Cavy "Galea musteloides" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Hydrochaeridae (capybaras)
****Genus: Hydrochoerus
***** "Capybara "Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris" LR/lc
**Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)
***Genus: Dasyprocta
**** Black Agouti "Dasyprocta fuliginosa" LR/lc
**** Kalinowski Agouti "Dasyprocta kalinowskii" DD
**** Central American Agouti "Dasyprocta punctata" LR/lc
***Genus: Myoprocta
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta acouchy" LR/lc
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta exilis" DD
**Family: Agoutidae
***Genus: Agouti
**** Paca "Agouti paca" LR/lc
**** Mountain Paca "Agouti taczanowskii" LR/nt
**Family: Ctenomyidae
***Genus: Ctenomys
**** White-toothed Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys leucodon" LR/lc
**** Highland Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys opimus" LR/lc
**** Peruvian Tuco-tuco "Ctenomys peruanus" LR/lc
**Family: Abrocomidae
***Genus: Abrocoma
**** Ashy Chinchilla Rat "Abrocoma cinerea" LR/lc
**Family: Echimyidae
***Subfamily: Dactylomyinae
****Genus: Dactylomys
***** Bolivian Bamboo Rat "Dactylomys boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Amazon Bamboo Rat "Dactylomys dactylinus" LR/lc
***** Peruvian Bamboo Rat "Dactylomys peruanus" DD
***Subfamily: Echimyinae
****Genus: Echimys
***** Peruvian Tree Rat "Echimys rhipidurus" DD
***** Dark Tree Rat "Echimys saturnus" LR/lc
****Genus: Isothrix
***** Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat "Isothrix bistriata" LR/nt
****Genus: Makalata
***** "Makalata occasius" CR
***Subfamily: Eumysopinae
****Genus: Mesomys
***** Spiny Tree Rat "Mesomys hispidus" LR/lc
***** Woolly-headed Spiny Tree Rat "Mesomys leniceps" LR/lc
****Genus: Proechimys
***** Bolivian Spiny Rat "Proechimys bolivianus" LR/lc
***** Huallaga Spiny Rat "Proechimys brevicauda" LR/lc
***** Cuvier's Spiny Rat "Proechimys cuvieri" LR/lc
***** Pacific Spiny Rat "Proechimys decumanus" LR/lc
***** Hendee's Spiny Rat "Proechimys hendeei" LR/lc
***** Long-tailed Spiny Rat "Proechimys longicaudatus" LR/lc
***** Napo Spiny Rat "Proechimys quadruplicatus" LR/lc
***** Simon's Spiny Rat "Proechimys simonsi" LR/lc
***** Steere's Spiny Rat "Proechimys steerei" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Sciurillinae
****Genus: Sciurillus
***** Neotropical Pygmy Squirrel "Sciurillus pusillus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Sciurini
*****Genus: Microsciurus
****** Amazon Dwarf Squirrel "Microsciurus flaviventer" LR/lc
*****Genus: Sciurus
****** Bolivian Squirrel "Sciurus ignitus" LR/lc
****** Northern Amazon Red Squirrel "Sciurus igniventris" LR/lc
****** JunÍn Red Squirrel "Sciurus pyrrhinus" LR/lc
****** Sanborn's Squirrel "Sciurus sanborni" LR/nt
****** Southern Amazon Red Squirrel "Sciurus spadiceus" LR/lc
****** Guayaquil Squirrel "Sciurus stramineus" LR/lc
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
****Genus: Akodon
***** Highland Grass Mouse "Akodon aerosus" LR/lc
***** White-bellied Grass Mouse "Akodon albiventer" LR/lc
***** Bolivian Grass Mouse "Akodon boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Smoky Grass Mouse "Akodon fumeus" LR/lc
***** Junin Grass Mouse "Akodon juninensis" LR/lc
***** Koford's Grass Mouse "Akodon kofordi" LR/lc
***** Thespian Grass Mouse "Akodon mimus" LR/lc
***** Soft Grass Mouse "Akodon mollis" LR/lc
***** El Dorado Grass Mouse "Akodon orophilus" LR/lc
***** Altiplano Grass Mouse "Akodon puer" LR/lc
***** Puno Grass Mouse "Akodon subfuscus" LR/lc
***** Silent Grass Mouse "Akodon surdus" LR/lc
***** Cloud Forest Grass Mouse "Akodon torques" LR/lc
****Genus: Andinomys
***** Andean Mouse "Andinomys edax" LR/lc
****Genus: Auliscomys
***** Bolivian Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys boliviensis" LR/lc
***** Painted Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys pictus" LR/lc
***** Andean Big-eared Mouse "Auliscomys sublimis" LR/lc
****Genus: Bolomys
***** Pleasant Bolo Mouse "Bolomys amoenus" LR/lc
****Genus: Calomys
***** Andean Vesper Mouse "Calomys lepidus" LR/lc
***** Peruvian Vesper Mouse "Calomys sorellus" LR/lc
****Genus: Chibchanomys
***** Chibchan Water Mouse "Chibchanomys trichotis" LR/nt
****Genus: Chinchillula
***** Altiplano Chincilla Mouse "Chinchillula sahamae" LR/lc
****Genus: Chroeomys
***** Andean Altiplano Mouse "Chroeomys andinus" LR/lc
***** Jelski's Altiplano Mouse "Chroeomys jelskii" LR/lc
****Genus: Eligmodontia
***** Andean Gerbil Mouse "Eligmodontia puerulus" LR/lc
****Genus: Galenomys
***** Gerlepp's Mouse "Galenomys garleppi" LR/lc
****Genus: Holochilus
***** Wagner's Marsh Rat "Holochilus sciureus" LR/lc
****Genus: Ichthyomys
***** Stolzmann's Crab-eating Rat "Ichthyomys stolzmanni" LR/lc
****Genus: Lenoxus
***** Andean Rat "Lenoxus apicalis" LR/nt
****Genus: Melanomys
***** Zuniga's Dark Rice Rat "Melanomys zunigae" LR/lc
****Genus: Microryzomys
***** Highland Small Rice Rat "Microryzomys altissimus" LR/lc
***** Forest Small Rice Rat "Microryzomys minutus" LR/lc
****Genus: Neacomys
***** Northern Bristly Mouse "Neacomys spinosus" LR/lc
***** Narrow-footed Bristly Mouse "Neacomys tenuipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Neotomys
***** Andean Swamp Rat "Neotomys ebriosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Neusticomys
***** Peruvian Fish-eating Rat "Neusticomys peruviensis" EN
****Genus: Oecomys
***** Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys bicolor" LR/lc
***** Dusky Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys phaeotis" LR/lc
***** Robert's Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys roberti" LR/lc
***** Trinidad Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys trinitatis" LR/lc
****Genus: Oligoryzomys
***** Andean Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys andinus" LR/lc
***** Sandy Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys arenalis" LR/lc
***** Destructive Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys destructor" DD
***** Small-eared Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys microtis" LR/lc
****Genus: Oryzomys
***** Tomes's Rice Rat "Oryzomys albigularis" LR/lc
***** Ecuadorean Rice Rat "Oryzomys auriventer" LR/lc
***** Peruvian Rice Rat "Oryzomys balneator" LR/lc
***** Keays's Rice Rat "Oryzomys keaysi" LR/lc
***** Light-footed Rice Rat "Oryzomys levipes" LR/nt
***** Macconnell's Rice Rat "Oryzomys macconnelli" LR/lc
***** Azara's Broad-headed Rice Rat "Oryzomys megacephalus" LR/lc
***** Black-eared Rice Rat "Oryzomys melanotis" DD
***** Elegant Rice Rat "Oryzomys nitidus" LR/lc
***** Gray Rice Rat "Oryzomys polius" LR/lc
***** Yellowish Rice Rat "Oryzomys xantheolus" LR/lc
***** Yungas Rice Rat "Oryzomys yunganus" LR/lc
****Genus: Oxymycterus
***** Small Hocicudo "Oxymycterus hiska" VU
***** Incan Hocicudo "Oxymycterus inca" LR/lc
***** Paramo Hocicudo "Oxymycterus paramensis" LR/lc
****Genus: Phyllotis
***** Friendly Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis amicus" LR/lc
***** Andean Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis andium" LR/lc
***** Darwin's Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis darwini" LR/lc
***** Definitive Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis definitus" LR/lc
***** Gerbil Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis gerbillus" LR/lc
***** Master Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis magister" LR/lc
***** Bunchgrass Leaf-eared Mouse "Phyllotis osilae" LR/lc
****Genus: Punomys
***** Puna Mouse "Punomys lemminus" LR/lc
****Genus: Rhipidomys
***** Coues's Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys couesi" LR/lc
***** White-footed Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys leucodactylus" LR/lc
***** Long-tailed Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys mastacalis" LR/lc
***** Yellow-bellied Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys ochrogaster" LR/nt
****Genus: Scolomys
***** Ucayali Spiny Mouse "Scolomys ucayalensis" EN
****Genus: Sigmodon
***** Peruvian Cotton Rat "Sigmodon peruanus" LR/lc
****Genus: Thomasomys
***** Golden Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys aureus" LR/lc
***** Ash-colored Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys cinereus" LR/lc
***** Daphne's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys daphne" LR/lc
***** Peruvian Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys eleusis" LR/lc
***** Slender Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys gracilis" LR/lc
***** Inca Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys incanus" LR/lc
***** Strong-tailed Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys ischyurus" LR/lc
***** Kalinowski's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys kalinowskii" LR/lc
***** Distinguished Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys notatus" LR/nt
***** Thomas's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys pyrrhonotus" LR/lc
***** Rosalinda's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys rosalinda" LR/lc
***** Taczanowski's Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys taczanowskii" LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

-----

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.
*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Sylvilagus
*** Tapeti "Sylvilagus brasiliensis" LR/lc

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

-----

The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.
*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Soricinae
***Tribe: Blarinini
****Genus: Cryptotis
***** Thomas's Small-eared Shrew "Cryptotis thomasi" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----
[
Western mastiff bat] The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.
*Family: Noctilionidae
**Genus: Noctilio
*** Lesser Bulldog Bat "Noctilio albiventris" LR/lc
*** Greater Bulldog Bat "Noctilio leporinus" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Silver-tipped Myotis "Myotis albescens" LR/lc
**** Atacama Myotis "Myotis atacamensis" VU
**** Hairy-legged Myotis "Myotis keaysi" LR/lc
**** Black Myotis "Myotis nigricans" LR/lc
**** Riparian Myotis "Myotis riparius" LR/lc
**** Velvety Myotis "Myotis simus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** "Eptesicus andinus" LR/lc
**** Brazilian Brown Bat "Eptesicus brasiliensis" LR/lc
**** Argentine Brown Bat "Eptesicus furinalis" LR/lc
**** Big brown bat "Eptesicus fuscus" LR/lc
**** Harmles Serotine "Eptesicus innoxius" VU
***Genus: Histiotus
**** Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus macrotus" LR/nt
**** Small Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus montanus" LR/lc
***Genus: Lasiurus
**** Desert red bat "Lasiurus blossevillii" LR/lc
**** Hoary bat "Lasiurus cinereus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Tomopeatinae
***Genus: Tomopeas
**** Blunt-eared Bat "Tomopeas ravus" VU
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Cynomops
*** Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops abrasus" LR/nt
*** Southern Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops planirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Eumops
*** Black Bonneted Bat "Eumops auripendulus" LR/lc
*** Dwarf Bonneted Bat "Eumops bonariensis" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Bonneted Bat "Eumops glaucinus" LR/lc
*** Sanborn's Bonneted Bat "Eumops hansae" LR/lc
*** Western mastiff bat "Eumops perotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossops
*** Rufous Dog-faced Bat "Molossops neglectus" LR/nt
*** Dwarf Dog-faced Bat "Molossops temminckii" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossus
*** Black Mastiff Bat "Molossus ater" LR/lc
*** "Molossus coibensis" LR/nt
*** Velvety Free-tailed Bat "Molossus molossus" LR/lc
**Genus: Mormopterus
*** Kalinowski's Mastiff Bat "Mormopterus kalinowskii" VU
*** Incan Little Mastiff Bat "Mormopterus phrudus" EN
**Genus: Nyctinomops
*** Peale's Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops aurispinosus" LR/lc
*** Broad-eared Bat "Nyctinomops laticaudatus" LR/lc
*** Big Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Promops
*** Big Crested Mastiff Bat "Promops centralis" LR/lc
*** Brown Mastiff Bat "Promops nasutus" LR/lc
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Mexican Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida brasiliensis" LR/nt
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Centronycteris
*** Shaggy Bat "Centronycteris maximiliani" LR/lc
**Genus: Cormura
*** Wagner's Sac-winged Bat "Cormura brevirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Diclidurus
*** Northern Ghost Bat "Diclidurus albus" LR/lc
*** Greater Ghost Bat "Diclidurus ingens" VU
*** Lesser Ghost Bat "Diclidurus scutatus" LR/lc
**Genus: Peropteryx
*** Greater Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx kappleri" LR/lc
*** White-winged Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx leucoptera" LR/lc
*** Lesser Doglike Bat "Peropteryx macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Rhynchonycteris
*** Proboscis Bat "Rhynchonycteris naso" LR/lc
**Genus: Saccopteryx
*** Greater Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx bilineata" LR/lc
*** Frosted Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx canescens" LR/lc
*** Lesser Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx leptura" LR/lc
*Family: Mormoopidae
**Genus: Mormoops
*** Ghost-faced Bat "Mormoops megalophylla" LR/lc
**Genus: Pteronotus
*** Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus davyi" LR/lc
*** Big Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus gymnonotus" LR/lc
*** Parnell's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus parnellii" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus personatus" LR/lc
*Family: Phyllostomidae
**Subfamily: Phyllostominae
***Genus: Glyphonycteris
**** Behni's Big-eared Bat "Glyphonycteris behnii" VU
**** Graybeard Bat "Glyphonycteris daviesi" LR/nt
**** Tricolored Big-eared Bat "Glyphonycteris sylvestris" LR/nt
***Genus: Lonchorhina
**** Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina aurita" LR/lc
***Genus: Lophostoma
**** Pygmy Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma brasiliense" LR/lc
**** Carriker's Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma carrikeri" VU
**** White-throated Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma silvicolum" LR/lc
***Genus: Macrophyllum
**** Long-legged Bat "Macrophyllum macrophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Micronycteris
**** Brosset's Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris brosseti" DD
**** Hairy Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris hirsuta" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris megalotis" LR/lc
**** White-bellied Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris minuta" LR/lc
***Genus: Mimon
**** Striped Hairy-nosed Bat "Mimon crenulatum" LR/lc
***Genus: Phylloderma
**** Pale-faced Bat "Phylloderma stenops" LR/lc
***Genus: Phyllostomus
**** Pale Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus discolor" LR/lc
**** Lesser Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus elongatus" LR/lc
**** Greater Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus hastatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Tonatia
**** Greater Round-eared Bat "Tonatia bidens" LR/lc
**** Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat "Tonatia saurophila" LR/lc
***Genus: Trachops
**** Fringe-lipped Bat "Trachops cirrhosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Trinycteris
**** Niceforo's Big-eared Bat "Trinycteris nicefori" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrum
**** Spectral Bat "Vampyrum spectrum" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Lonchophyllinae
***Genus: Lionycteris
**** Chestnut Long-tongued Bat "Lionycteris spurrelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchophylla
**** Handley's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla handleyi" VU
**** Western Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla hesperia" VU
**** Orange Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla robusta" LR/lc
**** Thomas's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla thomasi" LR/lc
***Genus: Platalina
**** Long-snouted Bat "Platalina genovensium" VU
**Subfamily: Glossophaginae
***Genus: Anoura
**** Tailed Tailless Bat "Anoura caudifer" LR/lc
**** Handley's Tailless Bat "Anoura cultrata" LR/lc
**** Geoffroy's Tailless Bat "Anoura geoffroyi" LR/lc
**** Broad-toothed Tailless Bat "Anoura latidens" LR/nt
***Genus: Choeroniscus
**** Intermediate Long-tailed Bat "Choeroniscus intermedius" LR/nt
**** Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat "Choeroniscus minor" LR/lc
***Genus: Glossophaga
**** Commissaris's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga commissarisi" LR/lc
**** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga soricina" LR/lc
***Genus: Lichonycteris
**** Dark Long-tongued Bat "Lichonycteris obscura" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Carolliinae
***Genus: Carollia
**** Chestnut Short-tailed Bat "Carollia castanea" LR/lc
**** Seba's Short-tailed Bat "Carollia perspicillata" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhinophylla
**** Fischer's Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla fischerae" LR/nt
**** Dwarf Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla pumilio" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Stenodermatinae
***Genus: Artibeus
**** Andersen's Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus anderseni" LR/lc
**** Brown Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus concolor" LR/nt
**** Fraternal Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus fraterculus" VU
**** Silver Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus glaucus" LR/lc
**** Jamaican fruit bat "Artibeus jamaicensis" LR/lc
**** Great Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus lituratus" LR/lc
**** Dark Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus obscurus" LR/nt
**** Pygmy Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus phaeotis" LR/lc
***Genus: Chiroderma
**** Salvin's Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma salvini" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma trinitatum" LR/lc
**** Hairy Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma villosum" LR/lc
***Genus: Enchisthenes
**** Velvety Fruit-eating Bat "Enchisthenes hartii" LR/lc
***Genus: Mesophylla
**** MacConnell's Bat "Mesophylla macconnelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Sphaeronycteris
**** Visored Bat "Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Sturnira
**** Aratathomas's Yellow0shouldered Bat "Sturnira aratathomasi" LR/nt
**** Bidentate Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bidens" LR/nt
**** Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bogotensis" LR/lc
**** Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira erythromos" LR/lc
**** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira lilium" LR/lc
**** Louis's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira luisi" LR/lc
**** Greater Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira magna" LR/nt
**** Lesser Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira nana" VU
**** Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira tildae" LR/lc
***Genus: Uroderma
**** Tent-making Bat "Uroderma bilobatum" LR/lc
**** Brown Tent-making Bat "Uroderma magnirostrum" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyressa
**** Bedentate Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa bidens" LR/nt
**** Brock's Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa brocki" LR/nt
**** Melissa's Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa melissa" LR/nt
**** Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa pusilla" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrodes
**** Great Stripe-faced Bat "Vampyrodes caraccioli" LR/lc
***Genus: Platyrrhinus
**** Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus brachycephalus" LR/lc
**** Thomas's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus dorsalis" LR/lc
**** Heller's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus helleri" LR/lc
**** Buffy Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus infuscus" LR/nt
**** White-lined Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus lineatus" LR/lc
**** Greater Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus vittatus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Desmodontinae
***Genus: Desmodus
**** Common Vampire Bat "Desmodus rotundus" LR/lc
***Genus: Diaemus
**** White-winged Vampire Bat "Diaemus youngi" LR/lc
***Genus: Diphylla
**** Hairy-legged Vampire Bat "Diphylla ecaudata" LR/nt
*Family: Furipteridae
**Genus: Amorphochilus
*** Smokey Bat "Amorphochilus schnablii" VU
**Genus: Furipterus
*** Furipteridae "Furipterus horrens" LR/lc
*Family: Thyropteridae
**Genus: Thyroptera
*** Peter's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera discifera" LR/lc
*** "Thyroptera lavali" VU
*** Spix's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera tricolor" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

-----

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.
*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Balaenopterinae
****Genus: Balaenoptera
***** Minke Whale "Balaenoptera acutorostrata" LR/nt
***** Bryde's Whale "Balaenoptera edeni" DD
***** Blue Whale "Balaenoptera musculus" EN
***Subfamily: Megapterinae
****Genus: Megaptera
***** Humpback Whale "Megaptera novaeangliae" VU
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Iniidae
****Genus: Inia
***** Boto "Inia geoffrensis" VU
***Family: Phocoenidae
****Genus: Phocoena
***** Burmeister's Porpoise "Phocoena spinipinnis" DD
***Family: Kogiidae
****Genus: Kogia
***** Pygmy Sperm Whale "Kogia breviceps" LR/lc
***** Dwarf Sperm Whale "Kogia sima" LR/lc
***Family: Ziphidae
****Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
*****Genus: Mesoplodon
****** Blainville's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon densirostris" DD
****** Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon ginkgodens" DD
****** Gray's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon grayi" DD
****** Pygmy Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon peruvianus" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Steno
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: Sotalia
***** Tucuxi "Sotalia fluviatilis" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Pantropical Spotted Dolphin "Stenella attenuata" LR/cd
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus capensis" LR/lc
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus delphis" LR/lc
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: Lagenorhynchus
***** Dusky Dolphin "Lagenorhynchus obscurus" DD
****Genus: Lissodelphis
***** Southern Right Whale Dolphin "Lissodelphis peronii" DD
****Genus: Feresa
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD
****Genus: Pseudorca
***** False Killer Whale "Pseudorca crassidens" LR/lc
****Genus: Orcinus
***** Orca "Orcinus orca" LR/cd
****Genus: Globicephala
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala macrorhynchus" LR/cd
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala melas" LR/lc

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

-----
[
Argentine Grey Fox]

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.
*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Leopardus
***** Ocelot "Leopardus pardalis" LC
***** Oncilla "Leopardus tigrinus" NT
***** Margay "Leopardus wiedii" LC
***** Andean Mountain Cat "Leopardus jacobitus" EN
****Genus: Oncifelis
***** Chilean Pampa Cat "Oncifelis colocolo" NT
****Genus: Puma
***** Jaguarundi "Puma yaguarondi" LC
***** Cougar "Puma concolor" NT
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Jaguar "Panthera onca" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Lycalopex
**** Culpeo "Lycalopex culpaeus" LC
**** South American Gray Fox "Lycalopex griseus" LC
**** Sechura Fox "Lycalopex sechurae" DD
***Genus: Atelocynus
**** Short-eared Dog "Atelocynus microtis" DD
***Genus: Speothos
**** Bush Dog "Speothos venaticus" VU
***Genus: Chrysocyon
**** Maned Wolf "Chrysocyon brachyurus" NT
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: Tremarctos
**** Spectacled Bear "Tremarctos ornatus" VU
**Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)
***Genus: Procyon
**** Crab-eating Raccoon "Procyon cancrivorus" LR/lc
***Genus: Nasua
**** South American Coati "Nasua nasua" LR/lc
***Genus: Potos
**** Kinkajou "Potos flavus" LR/lc
***Genus: Bassaricyon
**** Allen's Olingo "Bassaricyon alleni" LR/lc
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Mustela
**** Tropical Weasel "Mustela africana" DD
**** Long-tailed Weasel "Mustela frenata" LR/lc
***Genus: Eira
**** Tayra "Eira barbara" LR/lc
***Genus: Galictis
**** Lesser Grison "Galictis cuja" LR/lc
**** Greater grison "Galictis vittata" LR/lc
***Genus: Lontra
**** Marine Otter "Lontra felina" EN
**** Neotropical River Otter "Lontra longicaudis" DD
***Genus: Pteronura
**** Giant Otter "Pteronura brasiliensis" EN
**Family: Otariidae (eared seals, sealions)
***Genus: Arctocephalus
**** South American Fur Seal "Arctocephalus australis" LR/lc
***Genus: Otaria
**** South American Sea Lion "Otaria flavescens" LR/lc
**Family: Mephitidae
***Genus: Conepatus
**** Molina's Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus chinga" LR/lc
**** Striped Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus semistriatus" LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

-----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.
*Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)
**Genus: Tapirus
*** Mountain Tapir "Tapirus pinchaque" EN
*** Brazilian Tapir "Tapirus terrestris" VU

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.
*Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)
**Genus: Tayassu
*** Collared Peccary "Tayassu tajacu" LR/lc
*** White-lipped Peccary "Tayassu pecari" LR/lc
*Family: Camelidae (camels, llamas)
**Genus: Lama
*** Guanaco "Lama guanicoe" LR/lc
**Genus: Vicugna
*** Vicuña "Vicugna vicugna" LR/cd
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: Blastocerus
**** Marsh deer "Blastocerus dichotomus" VU
***Genus: Hippocamelus
**** Peruvian Huemul "Hippocamelus antisensis" DD
***Genus: Mazama
**** Red Brocket "Mazama americana" DD
**** Dwarf Brocket "Mazama chunyi" DD
**** Gray Brocket "Mazama gouazoupira" DD
***Genus: Odocoileus
**** White-tailed deer "Odocoileus virginianus" LR/lc
***Genus: Pudu
**** Northern Pudu "Pudu mephistophiles" LR/nt

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

-----Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.
*Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)
**Subfamily: Caluromyinae
***Genus: Caluromys
**** Brown-eared Woolly Opossum "Caluromys lanatus" LR/nt
***Genus: Caluromysiops
**** Black-shouldered Opossum "Caluromysiops irrupta" VU
***Genus: Glironia
**** Bushy-tailed Opossum "Glironia venusta" VU
**Subfamily: Didelphinae
***Genus: Chironectes
**** Water Opossum "Chironectes minimus" LR/nt
***Genus: Didelphis
**** White-eared Opossum "Didelphis albiventris" LR/lc
**** Common Opossum "Didelphis marsupialis" LR/lc
***Genus: Gracilinanus
**** Aceramarca Gracile Opossum "Gracilinanus aceramarcae" CR
**** Agile Gracile Opossum "Gracilinanus agilis" LR/nt
***Genus: Hyladelphys
**** Peru Gracile Mouse Opossum "Hyladelphys kalinowskii" DD
***Genus: Marmosa
**** Anderson's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa andersoni" CR
**** Rufous Mouse Opossum "Marmosa lepida" LR/nt
**** Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa murina" LR/lc
**** Robinson's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa robinsoni" LR/lc
**** Red Mouse Opossum "Marmosa rubra" LR/lc
***Genus: Marmosops
**** Tschudi's Slender Opossum "Marmosops impavidus" LR/nt
**** White-bellied Slender Opossum "Marmosops noctivagus" LR/lc
**** Delicate Slender Opossum "Marmosops parvidens" LR/nt
***Genus: Metachirus
**** Brown Four-eyed Opossum "Metachirus nudicaudatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Micoureus
**** Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus regina" LR/lc
***Genus: Monodelphis
**** Sepia Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis adusta" LR/lc
**** Emilia's Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis emiliae" VU
**** Osgood's Short-tailed Opossum "Monodelphis osgoodi" VU
**** Southern Three-striped Opossum "Monodelphis theresa" VU
***Genus: Philander
**** Anderson's Four-eyed Opossum "Philander andersoni" LR/lc
**** Gray Four-eyed Opossum "Philander opossum" LR/lc
***Genus: Thylamys
**** Elegant Fat-tailed Opossum "Thylamys elegans" LR/lc

Order: Paucituberculata (shrew opossums)

-----

There are six extant species of shrew opossum. They are small shrew-like marsupials confined to the Andes.
*Family: Caenolestidae
**Genus: Caenolestes
*** Gray-bellied Shrew Opossum "Caenolestes caniventer" LR/lc
**Genus: Lestoros
*** Incan Shrew Opossum "Lestoros inca" LR/lc

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=PE&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Peru
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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