List of mammals in Venezuela

This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Venezuela. There are 327 mammal species in Venezuela, of which 1 is critically endangered, 6 are endangered, 19 are vulnerable, and 4 are near-threatened. [This list is derived from the IUCN Red List which lists species of mammals and includes those mammals that have recently been classified as extinct (since 1500 AD). The taxonomy and naming of the individual species is based on those used in existing Wikipedia articles as of 21 May 2007 and supplemented by the common names and taxonomy from the IUCN, Smithsonian Institute, or University of Michigan where no Wikipedia article was available.]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the IUCN:

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of Near Threatened and Least Concern categories:

ubclass: Theria

Infraclass: Eutheria

Order: Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

-----Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four species are endangered.

*Family: Trichechidae
***Genus: Trichechus
**** West Indian Manatee "Trichechus manatus" VU

Order: Cingulata (armadillos)

-----The armadillos are small mammals with a bony armored shell. There are around 20 extant species.They are native to the Americas. There are around 20 extant species.

*Family: Dasypodidae (armadillos)
**Subfamily: Dasypodinae
***Genus: Dasypus
**** Greater Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus kappleri" LC
**** Nine-banded Armadillo "Dasypus novemcinctus" LC
**** Llanos Long-nosed Armadillo "Dasypus sabanicola" LC
**Subfamily: Tolypeutinae
***Genus: Cabassous
**** Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous centralis" DD
**** Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo "Cabassous unicinctus" LC
***Genus: Priodontes
**** Giant Armadillo "Priodontes maximus" VU

Order: Pilosa (anteaters, sloths and tamanduas)

-----The order Pilosa is extant only in the Americas and includes the anteaters, sloths, and tamanduas.

*Suborder: Folivora
**Family: Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths)
***Genus: Bradypus
**** Pale-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus tridactylus" LC
**** Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth "Bradypus variegatus" LC
**Family: Megalonychidae (two-toed sloths)
***Genus: Choloepus
**** Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus didactylus" LC
**** Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth "Choloepus hoffmanni" LC
*Suborder: Vermilingua
**Family: Cyclopedidae
***Genus: Cyclopes
**** Silky Anteater "Cyclopes didactylus" LC
**Family: Myrmecophagidae (American anteaters)
***Genus: Myrmecophaga
**** Giant Anteater "Myrmecophaga tridactyla" NT
***Genus: Tamandua
**** Northern Tamandua "Tamandua mexicana" LC
**** Southern Tamandua "Tamandua tetradactyla" LC

Order: Primates

-----The order Primates contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. It is divided informally into three main groupings: prosimians, monkeys of the New World, and monkeys and apes of the Old World.

*Suborder: Haplorrhini
**Infraorder: Simiiformes
***Parvorder: Platyrrhini
****Family: Cebidae (New World monkeys)
*****Subfamily: Callitrichinae
******Genus: Saguinus
******* Red-handed Tamarin "Saguinus midas" LC
*****Subfamily: Cebinae
******Genus: Cebus
******* White-fronted Capuchin "Cebus albifrons" LC
******* Tufted Capuchin "Cebus apella" LC
******* Weeper Capuchin "Cebus olivaceus" LC
******Genus: Saimiri
******* Common Squirrel Monkey "Saimiri sciureus" LC
****Family: Aotidae
*****Genus: Aotus
****** Three-striped Night Monkey "Aotus trivirgatus" LC
****Family: Pitheciidae
*****Subfamily: Callicebinae
******Genus: Callicebus
******* Black Titi "Callicebus lugens" LC
*****Subfamily: Pitheciinae
******Genus: Pithecia
******* White-faced Saki "Pithecia pithecia" LC
******Genus: Chiropotes
******* Red-backed Bearded Saki "Chiropotes chiropotes" LC
******Genus: Cacajao
******* Black-headed Uakari "Cacajao melanocephalus" LC
****Family: Atelidae
*****Subfamily: Alouattinae
******Genus: Alouatta
******* Venezuelan Red Howler "Alouatta seniculus" LC
*****Subfamily: Atelinae
******Genus: Ateles
******* White-fronted Spider Monkey "Ateles belzebuth" VU
******* Brown Spider Monkey "Ateles hybridus" CR
******* Red-faced Spider Monkey "Ateles paniscus" LC
******Genus: Lagothrix
******* Brown Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix lagothricha" LR/lc
******* Colombian Woolly Monkey "Lagothrix lugens" VU

Order: Rodentia (rodents)

-----Rodents make up the largest order of mammals, with over 40 percent of mammalian species. They have two incisors in the upper and lower jaw which grow continually and must be keep short by gnawing. Most rodents are small though the capybara can weigh up to 45 kg (100 lb).

*Suborder: Hystricognathi
**Family: Erethizontidae (New World porcupines)
***Subfamily: Erethizontinae
****Genus: Coendou
***** Brazilian Porcupine "Coendou prehensilis" LR/lc
****Genus: Sphiggurus
***** Brown Hairy Dwarf Porcupine "Sphiggurus vestitus" VU
**Family: Dinomyidae (pacarana)
***Genus: Dinomys
**** Pacarana "Dinomys branickii" EN
**Family: Caviidae (guinea pigs)
***Subfamily: Caviinae
****Genus: Cavia
***** Brazilian Guinea Pig "Cavia aperea" LR/lc
***** Guinea pig "Cavia porcellus" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Hydrochaeridae (capybaras)
****Genus: Hydrochoerus
***** "Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris" LR/lc
**Family: Dasyproctidae (agoutis and pacas)
***Genus: Dasyprocta
**** Black Agouti "Dasyprocta fuliginosa" LR/lc
**** Orinoco Agouti "Dasyprocta guamara" LR/lc
**** Brazilian Agouti "Dasyprocta leporina" LR/lc
**** Central American Agouti "Dasyprocta punctata" LR/lc
***Genus: Myoprocta
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta acouchy" LR/lc
**** Red Acouchi "Myoprocta exilis" DD
**Family: Agoutidae
***Genus: Agouti
**** Paca "Agouti paca" LR/lc
**** Mountain Paca "Agouti taczanowskii" LR/nt
**Family: Echimyidae
***Subfamily: Dactylomyinae
****Genus: Olallamys
***** Greedy Olalla Rat "Olallamys edax" LR/nt
***Subfamily: Echimyinae
****Genus: Echimys
***** Speckled Tree Rat "Echimys semivillosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Isothrix
***** Yellow-crowned Brush-tailed Rat "Isothrix bistriata" LR/nt
****Genus: Makalata
***** Armored Spiny Rat "Makalata armata" LR/lc
***Subfamily: Eumysopinae
****Genus: Mesomys
***** Spiny Tree Rat "Mesomys hispidus" LR/lc
****Genus: Proechimys
***** Venezuelan Spiny Rat "Proechimys amphichoricus" LR/lc
***** Colombian Spiny Rat "Proechimys canicollis" LR/lc
***** Cayenne Spiny Rat "Proechimys cayennensis" LR/lc
***** Guaira Spiny Rat "Proechimys guairae" LR/lc
***** Guyanan Spiny Rat "Proechimys hoplomyoides" LR/lc
***** Gray-footed Spiny Rat "Proechimys poliopus" LR/lc
***** Napo Spiny Rat "Proechimys quadruplicatus" LR/lc
***** Sucre Spiny Rat "Proechimys urichi" LR/lc
*Suborder: Sciurognathi
**Family: Sciuridae (squirrels)
***Subfamily: Sciurinae
****Tribe: Sciurini
*****Genus: Sciurus
****** Brazilian Squirrel "Sciurus aestuans" LR/lc
****** Fiery Squirrel "Sciurus flammifer" LR/lc
****** Yellow-throated Squirrel "Sciurus gilvigularis" LR/lc
****** Red-tailed Squirrel "Sciurus granatensis" LR/lc
****** Northern Amazon Red Squirrel "Sciurus igniventris" LR/lc
**Family: Heteromyidae
***Subfamily: Heteromyinae
****Genus: Heteromys
***** Trinidad Spiny Pocket Mouse "Heteromys anomalus" LR/lc
**Family: Cricetidae
***Subfamily: Sigmodontinae
****Genus: Aepeomys
***** Olive Montane Mouse "Aepeomys lugens" LR/lc
****Genus: Akodon
***** Bogota Grass Mouse "Akodon bogotensis" LR/lc
***** Northern Grass Mouse "Akodon urichi" LR/lc
****Genus: Calomys
***** Hummelinck's Vesper Mouse "Calomys hummelincki" LR/lc
****Genus: Chibchanomys
***** Chibchan Water Mouse "Chibchanomys trichotis" LR/nt
****Genus: Chilomys
***** Colombian Forest Mouse "Chilomys instans" LR/lc
****Genus: Holochilus
***** Wagner's Marsh Rat "Holochilus sciureus" LR/lc
****Genus: Ichthyomys
***** Crab-eating Rat "Ichthyomys hydrobates" LR/nt
***** Pittier's Crab-eating Rat "Ichthyomys pittieri" VU
****Genus: Melanomys
***** Dusky Rice Rat "Melanomys caliginosus" LR/lc
****Genus: Microryzomys
***** Forest Small Rice Rat "Microryzomys minutus" LR/lc
****Genus: Neacomys
***** Guiana Bristly Mouse "Neacomys guianae" LR/lc
***** Northern Bristly Mouse "Neacomys spinosus" LR/lc
***** Narrow-footed Bristly Mouse "Neacomys tenuipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Nectomys
***** Trinidad Water Rat "Nectomys palmipes" LR/lc
***** Scaly-footed Water Rat "Nectomys squamipes" LR/lc
****Genus: Neusticomys
***** Musso's Fish-eating Rat "Neusticomys mussoi" EN
***** Venezuelan Fish-eating Rat "Neusticomys venezuelae" EN
****Genus: Oecomys
***** Bicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys bicolor" LR/lc
***** Unicolored Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys concolor" LR/lc
***** Yellow Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys flavicans" LR/lc
***** Brazilian Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys paricola" LR/lc
***** King Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys rex" LR/lc
***** Robert's Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys roberti" LR/lc
***** Red Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys rutilus" LR/lc
***** Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys speciosus" LR/lc
***** Trinidad Arboreal Rice Rat "Oecomys trinitatis" LR/lc
****Genus: Oligoryzomys
***** Fulvous Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys fulvescens" LR/lc
***** Grayish Pygmy Rice Rat "Oligoryzomys griseolus" LR/lc
****Genus: Oryzomys
***** Macconnell's Rice Rat "Oryzomys macconnelli" LR/lc
***** Azara's Broad-headed Rice Rat "Oryzomys megacephalus" LR/lc
***** Talamancan Rice Rat "Oryzomys talamancae" LR/lc
***** Yungas Rice Rat "Oryzomys yunganus" LR/lc
****Genus: Rhipidomys
***** Coues's Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys couesi" LR/lc
***** Buff-bellied Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys fulviventer" LR/lc
***** MacConnell's Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys macconnelli" LR/lc
***** Long-tailed Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys mastacalis" LR/lc
***** Splendid Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys nitela" LR/lc
***** Venezuelan Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys venezuelae" LR/lc
***** Charming Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys venustus" LR/lc
***** Wetzel's Climbing Mouse "Rhipidomys wetzeli" LR/lc
****Genus: Sigmodon
***** Alston's Cotton Rat "Sigmodon alstoni" LR/lc
***** Hispid Cotton Rat "Sigmodon hispidus" LR/lc
****Genus: Sigmodontomys
***** Alfaro's Rice Water Rat "Sigmodontomys alfari" LR/lc
****Genus: Thomasomys
***** Golden Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys aureus" LR/lc
***** Woodland Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys hylophilus" LR/lc
***** Butcher, Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys laniger" LR/lc
***** Dressy Oldfield Mouse "Thomasomys vestitus" LR/lc
****Genus: Zygodontomys
***** Short-tailed Cane Rat "Zygodontomys brevicauda" LR/lc

Order: Lagomorpha (lagomorphs)

-----

The lagomorphs comprise two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early twentieth century, they have since been considered a separate order. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

*Family: Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
**Genus: Sylvilagus
*** Tapeti "Sylvilagus brasiliensis" LR/lc
*** Eastern Cottontail "Sylvilagus floridanus" LR/lc
*** Venezuelan Lowland Rabbit "Sylvilagus varynaensis" DD

Order: Soricomorpha (shrews, moles, and soledons)

-----The "shrew-forms" are insectivorous mmmals. The shrews and soledons closely resemble mice while the moles are stout bodied burrowers.

*Family: Soricidae (shrews)
**Subfamily: Soricinae
***Tribe: Blarinini
****Genus: Cryptotis
***** Merida Small-eared Shrew "Cryptotis meridensis" LR/lc

Order: Chiroptera (bats)

-----
[
Western mastiff bat] The bats' most distinguishing feature is that their forelimbs are developed as wings, making them the only mammals in the world naturally capable of flight. Bat species account for about 20% of all mammals.

*Family: Noctilionidae
**Genus: Noctilio
*** Lesser Bulldog Bat "Noctilio albiventris" LR/lc
*** Greater Bulldog Bat "Noctilio leporinus" LR/lc
*Family: Vespertilionidae
**Subfamily: Myotinae
***Genus: Myotis
**** Silver-tipped Myotis "Myotis albescens" LR/lc
**** Hairy-legged Myotis "Myotis keaysi" LR/lc
**** Curacao Myotis "Myotis nesopolus" LR/nt
**** Black Myotis "Myotis nigricans" LR/lc
**** Montane Myotis "Myotis oxyotus" LR/lc
**** Riparian Myotis "Myotis riparius" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Vespertilioninae
***Genus: Eptesicus
**** "Eptesicus andinus" LR/lc
**** Brazilian Brown Bat "Eptesicus brasiliensis" LR/lc
**** Diminutive Serotine "Eptesicus diminutus" LR/lc
**** Argentine Brown Bat "Eptesicus furinalis" LR/lc
**** Big brown bat "Eptesicus fuscus" LR/lc
***Genus: Histiotus
**** "Histiotus humboldti" DD
**** Small Big-eared Brown Bat "Histiotus montanus" LR/lc
***Genus: Lasiurus
**** Desert red bat "Lasiurus blossevillii" LR/lc
**** Hoary bat "Lasiurus cinereus" LR/lc
**** Southern Yellow Bat "Lasiurus ega" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhogeessa
**** Tiny Yellow Bat "Rhogeessa minutilla" LR/nt
*Family: Molossidae
**Genus: Cynomops
*** Cinnamon Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops abrasus" LR/nt
*** Greenhall's Dog-faced bat "Cynomops greenhalli" LR/lc
*** Southern Dog-faced Bat "Cynomops planirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Eumops
*** Dwarf Bonneted Bat "Eumops bonariensis" LR/lc
*** Big Bonneted Bat "Eumops dabbenei" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Bonneted Bat "Eumops glaucinus" LR/lc
*** Sanborn's Bonneted Bat "Eumops hansae" LR/lc
*** Western mastiff bat "Eumops perotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossops
*** Mato Grosso Dog-faced Bat "Molossops mattogrossensis" LR/nt
*** Rufous Dog-faced Bat "Molossops neglectus" LR/nt
*** Dwarf Dog-faced Bat "Molossops temminckii" LR/lc
**Genus: Molossus
*** Bonda Mastiff Bat "Molossus bondae" LR/lc
*** "Molossus coibensis" LR/nt
*** Velvety Free-tailed Bat "Molossus molossus" LR/lc
*** Miller's Mastiff Bat "Molossus pretiosus" LR/lc
*** Sinaloan Mastiff Bat "Molossus sinaloae" LR/lc
**Genus: Nyctinomops
*** Peale's Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops aurispinosus" LR/lc
*** Broad-eared Bat "Nyctinomops laticaudatus" LR/lc
*** Big Free-tailed Bat "Nyctinomops macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Promops
*** Big Crested Mastiff Bat "Promops centralis" LR/lc
*** Brown Mastiff Bat "Promops nasutus" LR/lc
**Genus: Tadarida
*** Mexican Free-tailed Bat "Tadarida brasiliensis" LR/nt
*Family: Emballonuridae
**Genus: Centronycteris
*** Shaggy Bat "Centronycteris maximiliani" LR/lc
**Genus: Cormura
*** Wagner's Sac-winged Bat "Cormura brevirostris" LR/lc
**Genus: Diclidurus
*** Greater Ghost Bat "Diclidurus ingens" VU
*** Isabelle's Ghost Bat "Diclidurus isabellus" LR/nt
*** Lesser Ghost Bat "Diclidurus scutatus" LR/lc
**Genus: Peropteryx
*** Greater Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx kappleri" LR/lc
*** White-winged Dog-like Bat "Peropteryx leucoptera" LR/lc
*** Lesser Doglike Bat "Peropteryx macrotis" LR/lc
**Genus: Rhynchonycteris
*** Proboscis Bat "Rhynchonycteris naso" LR/lc
**Genus: Saccopteryx
*** Greater Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx bilineata" LR/lc
*** Frosted Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx canescens" LR/lc
*** Amazonian Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx gymnura" VU
*** Lesser Sac-winged Bat "Saccopteryx leptura" LR/lc
*Family: Mormoopidae
**Genus: Mormoops
*** Ghost-faced Bat "Mormoops megalophylla" LR/lc
**Genus: Pteronotus
*** Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus davyi" LR/lc
*** Big Naked-backed Bat "Pteronotus gymnonotus" LR/lc
*** Parnell's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus parnellii" LR/lc
*** Wagner's Mustached Bat "Pteronotus personatus" LR/lc
*Family: Phyllostomidae
**Subfamily: Phyllostominae
***Genus: Glyphonycteris
**** Graybeard Bat "Glyphonycteris daviesi" LR/nt
**** Tricolored Big-eared Bat "Glyphonycteris sylvestris" LR/nt
***Genus: Lampronycteris
**** Yellow-throated Big-eared Bat "Lampronycteris brachyotis" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchorhina
**** Tomes's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina aurita" LR/lc
**** Fernandez's Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina fernandezi" VU
**** Northern Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina inusitata" DD
**** Orinoco Sword-nosed Bat "Lonchorhina orinocensis" LR/nt
***Genus: Lophostoma
**** Pygmy Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma brasiliense" LR/lc
**** Carriker's Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma carrikeri" VU
**** White-throated Round-eared Bat "Lophostoma silvicolum" LR/lc
***Genus: Macrophyllum
**** Long-legged Bat "Macrophyllum macrophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Micronycteris
**** Hairy Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris hirsuta" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris megalotis" LR/lc
**** White-bellied Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris minuta" LR/lc
**** Schmidts's Big-eared Bat "Micronycteris schmidtorum" LR/lc
***Genus: Mimon
**** Striped Hairy-nosed Bat "Mimon crenulatum" LR/lc
***Genus: Phylloderma
**** Pale-faced Bat "Phylloderma stenops" LR/lc
***Genus: Phyllostomus
**** Pale Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus discolor" LR/lc
**** Lesser Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus elongatus" LR/lc
**** Greater Spear-nosed Bat "Phyllostomus hastatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Tonatia
**** Stripe-headed Round-eared Bat "Tonatia saurophila" LR/lc
***Genus: Trachops
**** Fringe-lipped Bat "Trachops cirrhosus" LR/lc
***Genus: Trinycteris
**** Niceforo's Big-eared Bat "Trinycteris nicefori" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrum
**** Spectral Bat "Vampyrum spectrum" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Lonchophyllinae
***Genus: Lionycteris
**** Chestnut Long-tongued Bat "Lionycteris spurrelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Lonchophylla
**** Orange Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla robusta" LR/lc
**** Thomas's Nectar Bat "Lonchophylla thomasi" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Glossophaginae
***Genus: Anoura
**** Tailed Tailless Bat "Anoura caudifer" LR/lc
**** Handley's Tailless Bat "Anoura cultrata" LR/lc
**** Geoffroy's Tailless Bat "Anoura geoffroyi" LR/lc
**** Broad-toothed Tailless Bat "Anoura latidens" LR/nt
**** "Anoura luismanueli" DD
***Genus: Choeroniscus
**** Godman's Long-tailed Bat "Choeroniscus godmani" LR/nt
**** Minor Long-nosed Long-tongued Bat "Choeroniscus minor" LR/lc
***Genus: Glossophaga
**** Miller's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga longirostris" LR/lc
**** Pallas's Long-tongued Bat "Glossophaga soricina" LR/lc
***Genus: Leptonycteris
**** Southern Long-nosed Bat "Leptonycteris curasoae" VU
***Genus: Lichonycteris
**** Dark Long-tongued Bat "Lichonycteris obscura" LR/lc
***Genus: Scleronycteris
**** Ega Long-tongued Bat "Scleronycteris ega" VU
**Subfamily: Carolliinae
***Genus: Carollia
**** Chestnut Short-tailed Bat "Carollia castanea" LR/lc
**** Seba's Short-tailed Bat "Carollia perspicillata" LR/lc
***Genus: Rhinophylla
**** Dwarf Little Fruit Bat "Rhinophylla pumilio" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Stenodermatinae
***Genus: Ametrida
**** Little White-shouldered Bat "Ametrida centurio" LR/lc
***Genus: Artibeus
**** Large Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus amplus" LR/nt
**** Gervais's Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus cinereus" LR/lc
**** Brown Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus concolor" LR/nt
**** "Artibeus intermedius" LR/lc
**** Jamaican fruit bat "Artibeus jamaicensis" LR/lc
**** Great Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus lituratus" LR/lc
**** Dark Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus obscurus" LR/nt
**** Pygmy Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus phaeotis" LR/lc
**** Flat-faced Fruit-eating Bat "Artibeus planirostris" LR/lc
***Genus: Centurio
**** Wrinkle-faced Bat "Centurio senex" LR/lc
***Genus: Chiroderma
**** Salvin's Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma salvini" LR/lc
**** Little Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma trinitatum" LR/lc
**** Hairy Big-eyed Bat "Chiroderma villosum" LR/lc
***Genus: Enchisthenes
**** Velvety Fruit-eating Bat "Enchisthenes hartii" LR/lc
***Genus: Mesophylla
**** MacConnell's Bat "Mesophylla macconnelli" LR/lc
***Genus: Sphaeronycteris
**** Visored Bat "Sphaeronycteris toxophyllum" LR/lc
***Genus: Sturnira
**** Aratathomas's Yellow0shouldered Bat "Sturnira aratathomasi" LR/nt
**** Bidentate Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bidens" LR/nt
**** Bogota Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira bogotensis" LR/lc
**** Hairy Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira erythromos" LR/lc
**** Little Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira lilium" LR/lc
**** Highland Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira ludovici" LR/lc
**** Tilda's Yellow-shouldered Bat "Sturnira tildae" LR/lc
***Genus: Uroderma
**** Tent-making Bat "Uroderma bilobatum" LR/lc
**** Brown Tent-making Bat "Uroderma magnirostrum" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyressa
**** Bedentate Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa bidens" LR/nt
**** Southern Little Yellow-eared Bat "Vampyressa pusilla" LR/lc
***Genus: Vampyrodes
**** Great Stripe-faced Bat "Vampyrodes caraccioli" LR/lc
***Genus: Platyrrhinus
**** Eldorado Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus aurarius" LR/nt
**** Short-headed Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus brachycephalus" LR/lc
**** Heller's Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus helleri" LR/lc
**** Shadowy Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus umbratus" LR/nt
**** Greater Broad-nosed Bat "Platyrrhinus vittatus" LR/lc
**Subfamily: Desmodontinae
***Genus: Desmodus
**** Common Vampire Bat "Desmodus rotundus" LR/lc
***Genus: Diaemus
**** White-winged Vampire Bat "Diaemus youngi" LR/lc
***Genus: Diphylla
**** Hairy-legged Vampire Bat "Diphylla ecaudata" LR/nt
*Family: Natalidae
**Genus: Natalus
*** Mexican Funnel-eared Bat "Natalus stramineus" LR/lc
*Family: Furipteridae
**Genus: Furipterus
*** Furipteridae "Furipterus horrens" LR/lc
*Family: Thyropteridae
**Genus: Thyroptera
*** Peter's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera discifera" LR/lc
*** Spix's Disk-winged Bat "Thyroptera tricolor" LR/lc

Order: Cetacea (whales)

-----

The order Cetacea includes whales, dolphins and porpoises. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater.

*Suborder: Mysticeti
**Family: Balaenopteridae
***Subfamily: Megapterinae
****Genus: Megaptera
***** Humpback Whale "Megaptera novaeangliae" VU
*Suborder: Odontoceti
**Superfamily: Platanistoidea
***Family: Iniidae
****Genus: Inia
***** Boto "Inia geoffrensis" VU
***Family: Physeteridae
****Genus: Physeter
***** Sperm Whale "Physeter macrocephalus" VU
***Family: Kogiidae
****Genus: Kogia
***** Pygmy Sperm Whale "Kogia breviceps" LR/lc
***** Dwarf Sperm Whale "Kogia sima" LR/lc
***Family: Ziphidae
****Genus: Ziphius
***** Cuvier's Beaked Whale "Ziphius cavirostris" DD
****Subfamily: Hyperoodontidae
*****Genus: Mesoplodon
****** Blainville's Beaked Whale "Mesoplodon densirostris" DD
***Family: Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
****Genus: Steno
***** Rough-toothed Dolphin "Steno bredanensis" DD
****Genus: Sotalia
***** Tucuxi "Sotalia fluviatilis" DD
****Genus: Tursiops
***** Bottlenose Dolphin "Tursiops truncatus" DD
****Genus: Stenella
***** Clymene Dolphin "Stenella clymene" DD
***** Atlantic Spotted Dolphin "Stenella frontalis" DD
***** Spinner Dolphin "Stenella longirostris" LR/cd
****Genus: Delphinus
***** Common dolphin "Delphinus capensis" LR/lc
****Genus: Lagenodelphis
***** Fraser's Dolphin "Lagenodelphis hosei" DD
****Genus: Feresa
***** Pygmy Killer Whale "Feresa attenuata" DD
****Genus: Pseudorca
***** False Killer Whale "Pseudorca crassidens" LR/lc
****Genus: Globicephala
***** Pilot whale "Globicephala macrorhynchus" LR/cd

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)

-----

The carnivores include over 260 species, the majority of which eat meat as their primary dietary item. Carnivores have a characteristic skull shape and dentition.

*Suborder: Feliformia
**Family: Felidae (cats)
***Subfamily: Felinae
****Genus: Leopardus
***** Ocelot "Leopardus pardalis" LC
***** Oncilla "Leopardus tigrinus" NT
***** Margay "Leopardus wiedii" LC
****Genus: Puma
***** Jaguarundi "Puma yaguarondi" LC
***** Cougar "Puma concolor" NT
***Subfamily: Pantherinae
****Genus: Panthera
***** Jaguar "Panthera onca" NT
*Suborder: Caniformia
**Family: Canidae (dogs, foxes)
***Genus: Urocyon
**** Gray Fox "Urocyon cinereoargenteus" LC
***Genus: Cerdocyon
**** Crab-eating Fox "Cerdocyon thous" LC
***Genus: Speothos
**** Bush Dog "Speothos venaticus" VU
**Family: Ursidae (bears)
***Genus: Tremarctos
**** Spectacled Bear "Tremarctos ornatus" VU
**Family: Procyonidae (raccoons)
***Genus: Procyon
**** Crab-eating Raccoon "Procyon cancrivorus" LR/lc
***Genus: Nasua
**** South American Coati "Nasua nasua" LR/lc
***Genus: Nasuella
**** Mountain Coati "Nasuella olivacea" DD
***Genus: Potos
**** Kinkajou "Potos flavus" LR/lc
***Genus: Bassaricyon
**** Allen's Olingo "Bassaricyon alleni" LR/lc
**** Beddard's Olingo "Bassaricyon beddardi" LR/nt
**Family: Mustelidae (mustelids)
***Genus: Mustela
**** Long-tailed Weasel "Mustela frenata" LR/lc
***Genus: Eira
**** Tayra "Eira barbara" LR/lc
***Genus: Galictis
**** Greater grison "Galictis vittata" LR/lc
***Genus: Lontra
**** Neotropical River Otter "Lontra longicaudis" DD
***Genus: Pteronura
**** Giant Otter "Pteronura brasiliensis" EN
**Family: Mephitidae
***Genus: Conepatus
**** Striped Hog-nosed Skunk "Conepatus semistriatus" LR/lc

Order: Perissodactyla (odd-toed ungulates)

-----The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals. They are usually large to very large, and have relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe.

*Family: Tapiridae (tapirs)
**Genus: Tapirus
*** Brazilian Tapir "Tapirus terrestris" VU

Order: Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

-----The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. There are about 220 artiodactyl species, including many that are of great economic importance to humans.

*Family: Tayassuidae (peccaries)
**Genus: Tayassu
*** Collared Peccary "Tayassu tajacu" LR/lc
*** White-lipped Peccary "Tayassu pecari" LR/lc
*Family: Cervidae (deer)
**Subfamily: Capreolinae
***Genus: Mazama
**** Red Brocket "Mazama americana" DD
**** Gray Brocket "Mazama gouazoupira" DD
**** Little Red Brocket "Mazama rufina" LR/nt
***Genus: Odocoileus
**** White-tailed deer "Odocoileus virginianus" LR/lc

Infraclass: Metatheria

Order: Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

-----Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. Opossums probably diverged from the basic South American marsupials in the late Cretaceous or early Paleocene.They are small to medium-sized marsupials, about the size of a large house cat, with a long snout and prehensile tail.

*Family: Didelphidae (American opossums)
**Subfamily: Caluromyinae
***Genus: Caluromys
**** Brown-eared Woolly Opossum "Caluromys lanatus" LR/nt
**** Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum "Caluromys philander" LR/nt
**Subfamily: Didelphinae
***Genus: Chironectes
**** Water Opossum "Chironectes minimus" LR/nt
***Genus: Didelphis
**** White-eared Opossum "Didelphis albiventris" LR/lc
**** Common Opossum "Didelphis marsupialis" LR/lc
***Genus: Gracilinanus
**** Wood Sprite Gracile Mouse Opossum "Gracilinanus dryas" VU
**** Northern Gracile Mouse Opossum "Gracilinanus marica" LR/nt
***Genus: Lutreolina
**** Lutrine Opossum "Lutreolina crassicaudata" LR/lc
***Genus: Marmosa
**** Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa murina" LR/lc
**** Robinson's Mouse Opossum "Marmosa robinsoni" LR/lc
**** Tyleria Mouse Opossum "Marmosa tyleriana" DD
**** Dryland Mouse Opossum "Marmosa xerophila" EN
***Genus: Marmosops
**** Slim-faced Slender Mouse Opossum "Marmosops cracens" EN
**** Gray-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum "Marmosops fuscatus" LR/nt
**** Tschudi's Slender Opossum "Marmosops impavidus" LR/nt
**** Delicate Slender Opossum "Marmosops parvidens" LR/nt
***Genus: Metachirus
**** Brown Four-eyed Opossum "Metachirus nudicaudatus" LR/lc
***Genus: Micoureus
**** Woolly Mouse Opossum "Micoureus demerarae" LR/lc
***Genus: Monodelphis
**** Northern Red-sided Opossum "Monodelphis brevicaudata" LR/lc
***Genus: Philander
**** Anderson's Four-eyed Opossum "Philander andersoni" LR/lc
**** Gray Four-eyed Opossum "Philander opossum" LR/lc

Order: Paucituberculata (shrew opossums)

-----

There are six extant species of shrew opossum. They are small shrew-like marsupials confined to the Andes.

*Family: Caenolestidae
**Genus: Caenolestes
*** Dusky Shrew Opossum "Caenolestes fuliginosus" LR/lc

Notes

References

*cite web
url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/search.php?kingname=ANIMALIA&phyname=CHORDATA&claname=MAMMALIA&freetext=&modifier=phrase&criteria=wholedb&taxa_species=1&redlistCategory%5B0%5D=all&redlistAssessyear%5B0%5D=all&country%5B0%5D=VE&aquatic%5B0%5D=all&regions%5B0%5D=all&habitats%5B0%5D=all&threats%5B0%5D=all&Submit_x=34&Submit_y=9&extendedResults=0&terrestrial=0&marine=0&freshwater=0&offset=0&sortorder%5B0%5D=spcscientificname&sortorder%5B1%5D=genname&sortorder%5B2%5D=spcname&sortorder%5B3%5D=spcauthor&sortorder%5B4%5D=spcinfrarank&sortorder%5B5%5D=spcinfraepithet&sortorder%5B6%5D=spcinfrarankauthor&sortorder%5B7%5D=spcstockname&sortorder%5B8%5D=comname_comp&sortorder%5B9%5D=rlcabb&sortorder%5B10%5D=rlscriteria&sortorder%5B11%5D=poptrend_code&sortorder%5B12%5D=rlcatcrit2001&sortorder%5B13%5D=spcrecid&sortorder%5B14%5D=kingname&debug=0&taxa_subspc=0&taxa_stock=0&newsort=Genus
title=The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Mammals of Venezuela
publisher=IUCN
date=2001
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://nmnhgoph.si.edu/msw/
title=Mammal Species of the World
publisher=Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
date=2005
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

*cite web
url=http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html
title=Animal Diversity Web
publisher=University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
date=1995-2006
accessdaymonth = 22 May
accessyear=2007

ee also

*List of chordate orders
*List of regional mammals lists
*List of prehistoric mammals
*Mammal classification
*New mammal species


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