Tobacco packaging warning messages

Smoking warning on the back of a cigarette pack, in Australia

Tobacco packaging warning messages are health warning messages that appear on the packaging of cigarettes and other tobacco products. They have been implemented in an effort to enhance the public's awareness of the harmful effects of smoking. In general, warnings used in different countries try to emphasize the same messages. Warnings for some countries are listed below. Such warnings have been commonplace in tobacco advertising for many years.

Contents

Albania

Text-based warnings on cigarette packets are used in Albania.

Pirja e
duhanit vret
(Smoking kills)
  • Pirja e duhanit mund të vrasë (Smoking can kill)
  • Pirja e duhanit ju dëmton ju dhe të tjerët rreth jush (Smoking seriously harms you and others around you)
  • Duhanpirësit vdesin më të rinj (Smokers die younger)
  • Duhanpirja bllokon arteriet dhe shkakton infarkt të zemrës ose hemorragji cerebrale (Smoking blocks the arteries and causing heart infarction or cerebral hemorrhage)
  • Duhanpirja shkakton kancer në mushkëri (Smoking causes lung cancer)
  • Duhanpirja gjatë shtatëzanisë dëmton fëmijën tuaj (Smoking during pregnancy harms your baby)
  • Ruani fëmijët: mos i lini ata të thithin tymin tuaj (Protect children: do not let them breathe your smoke)
  • Mjeku ose farmacisti juaj mund t'ju ndihmojë të lini duhanin (Your doctor or pharmacist can help you make tobacco)
  • Duhanpirja shkakton varësi të fortë, mos e filloni atë (Smoking causes strong dependence, do not start it)
  • Lënia e duhanit pakëson rrezikun e sëmundjeve vdekjeprurëse të zemrës dhe mushkërive (Leaving smoking reduces the risk of deadly heart disease and lung)
  • Duhanpirja mund të shkaktojë një vdekje të ngadaltë dhe të dhimbshme (Smoking can cause a slow and painful death.)
  • Kërkoni ndihmë për të lënë duhanin: telefon 0 800 47 47; Sektori i abuzimit me substancat, Instituti i Shëndetit Publik: www.ishp.gov.al; konsultonhuni me mjekun/ farmacistin tuaj (Ask for help to quit smoking: telephone 0800 47 47; sector substance abuse, the Institute of Public Health: www.ishp.gov.al; consult your doctor / pharmacist)
  • Duhanpirja mund të ngadalësojë rrjedhjen e gjakut dhe shkakton impotencë (Smoking can slow blood flow and causes impotence)
  • Duhanpirja shkakton plakjen e fytyrës (Smoking causes facial aging)
  • Duhani përmban benzen, nitrosaminë, formalinë dhe cianid hidrogjeni (Smoking contains benzene, nitrosamines, formalin and hydrogen cyanide)
  • Pirja e duhanit shkakton sëmundje të zemrës (Smoking causes heart disease)
  • Duhanpirja mund të dëmtojë spermën dhe ul pjellorinë (Smoking can damage sperm and decreases fitness)
  • Duhani dëmton rëndë shëndetin (Smoking seriously harms health)

Argentina

General warning:

EL FUMAR
ES PERJUDICIAL
PARA LA SALUD
(Smoking is detrimental to health)


Australia

In 1973 Australia's first health warning on cigarette packages appeared with the simple message 'Warning—Smoking is a health hazard'.[1] Since 1 March 2006, graphic images depicting the effects of smoking cigarettes have been required to be displayed on cigarette packets. Warnings must cover 30% of the front and 90% of the back of the box.[2] The 10% of the back not occupied by a warning is used for the message "Sale to underage persons prohibited".

For cigarette packets, warnings include:

  • Smoking causes peripheral vascular disease
  • Smoking causes emphysema
  • Smoking causes mouth and throat cancer
  • Smoking clogs your arteries
  • Don't let children breathe your smoke
  • Smoking – A leading cause of death
  • Quitting will improve your health
  • Smoking harms unborn babies
  • Smoking causes blindness
  • Smoking causes lung cancer
  • Smoking causes heart disease
  • Smoking doubles your risk of stroke
  • Smoking is addictive
  • Tobacco smoke is toxic

Warning posters

With each warning is an accompanying graphic, and detailed information on the back of the packet. In addition, cigar and loose tobacco packets show other, slightly altered warnings. These warnings target the misconception that alternative, non-cigarette tobacco products are less harmful.

Australian cigarette packaging laws also prohibit the use of terms such as 'light', 'mild', 'extra mild', etc. The three major Australian tobacco manufacturers agreed to stop using these terms, after investigation of complaints of misleading and deceptive terms were made to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) in 2005.[3] This has assisted in counteracting the belief that some cigarette varieties are less harmful than others. To the same effect, while the carbon monoxide, nicotine and tar content of particular brands of cigarettes used to be mandated, the display and/or advertisement these figures is now prohibited under the government's "All Cigarettes are Toxic" campaign.

From 1 January 2012, all forms of branding logos, colours, and promotional texts will be banned from cigarette pack designs. The requirement is for plain cigarette packaging showing only brand name and health warning messages.[4][5]

Austria

Same warnings as Germany.

Azerbaijan

In Azerbaijan, cigarette packages carry a small notice: "Ministry of Health warns: Smoking is dangerous for your health", but this is usually printed in light and small fonts, and the first part of the message is not always visible.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

A small warning with the text Pušenje je štetno za zdravlje (Smoking is harmful to health) is printed on the back of cigarette packets.

Brazil

Brazil's third and current batch of graphic images, mandatory on all cigarette packs.

Brazil was the second country in the world and the first country in Latin America to adopt mandatory warning images in cigarette packages.[6] Warnings and graphic images illustrating the risks of smoking occupy 100% of the back of cigarettes boxes since 2001. In 2008, the government elected a third batch of images, aimed at younger smokers.[6]

Since 2003, the sentence "Este produto contém mais de 4,7 mil substâncias tóxicas, e nicotina que causa dependência física ou psíquica. Não existem níveis seguros para consumo dessas substâncias" (This product contains over 4700 toxic substances and nicotine, which causes physical or psychological addiction. There are no safe levels for the intake of these substances.) is displayed in all packs.

In addition to the above sentence, the message O Ministério da Saúde adverte: ... (The Health Ministry warns: ...), followed by one of the many known risks of smoking, is shown on one of the sides. The same introduction, followed by a warning, was spoken after TV commercial advertisements; and even now that cigarette ads are no longer allowed, it retains great popularity and is used in a number of different contexts, health-related or not.

Canada

A Canadian Number 7 cigarette package showing warning graphics

The Canadian Tobacco Act requires warnings to be printed in English and French, on all tobacco products sold legally in Canada. The current set of 15 warnings was introduced in 2000, replacing older versions from 1994. A Health Canada warning is printed randomly on all tobacco product packaging sold legally in Canada, and is required to take up at least 50% of the visible surface of all tobacco product packaging sold legally in Canada. Imported cigarettes to be sold in Canada which do not have the warnings are affixed with sticker versions when they are sold legally in Canada. A recent government announcement stated that the warning is to be increased to 75% of the visible surface with graphic images of the ill effects of cancer on health.

Each warning is printed along with a short explanation and is accompanied by a picture illustrating that particular warning, for example:

WARNING
CIGARETTES CAUSE LUNG CANCER
85% of lung cancers are caused by smoking.
80% of lung cancer victims die within three years.

accompanied by a picture of a human lung detailing cancerous growths.

Additionally, on the inside of the packaging or, for some packets, on a pull-out card, "health information messages" provide answers and explanations regarding common questions and concerns about quitting smoking and smoking-related illnesses. On the packaging (usually on the narrow side of a packet), a table details the approximate amount of toxic substances found in that particular brand of cigarette, for example (from B&H Belmont Milds brand):

"Toxic emissions / unit: Tar 11 – 26 mg, Nicotine 1.0 – 2.4 mg,
Carbon monoxide 14 – 28 mg, Formaldehyde 0.057 mg – 0.14 mg,
Hydrogen cyanide 0.10 – 0.22 mg, Benzene 0.028 – 0.067 mg"

In accordance with Canadian law regarding products sold legally in Canada, the warnings are provided in both English and French.

Health Canada is also considering laws mandating plain packaging, in which legal tobacco product packaging would be black and white and labelled solely with simple unadorned text, as well as outlawing descriptive terms such as "Light" and "Mild", which Health Canada argues are deceptive to consumers and encourage them to falsely believe that these brands of cigarettes are less likely to cause illness or addiction.

There have been several complaints from Canadians due to the graphic nature of some of the labels, such as the rotting teeth to show the damage which occurs to the teeth.

Further information on tobacco product labelling in Canada, see Health Canada's website. For historical data, photos, and other info see Health Non-Smoker's Rights Association website.

Chile

Starting in November 2006, all cigarette packages sold in Chile are required to have one of two health warnings, a graphic pictorial warning or a text-only warning. These warnings are replaced with a new set of two warnings each year.[7]

China (People's Republic)

Under laws of the People's Republic of China, "Law on Tobacco Monopoly" (中华人民共和国烟草专卖法) Chapter 4 Article 18 and "Regulations for the Implementation of the Law on Tobacco Monopoly" (中华人民共和国烟草专卖法实施条例) Chapter 5 Article 29, cigarettes and cigars sold within the territory of China should indicate the grade of tar content and "Smoking is hazardous to your health" (吸烟有害健康) in the Chinese language on the packs and cartons.

Taiwan (Republic of China)

The warnings in the Taiwan are led by the phrase "Warning from the Department of Health, Executive Yuan:" (行政院衛生署警告), and followed by one of the following warnings:

  • 吸菸有害健康 (Smoking is hazardous to your health)
  • 孕婦吸菸易導致胎兒早產及體重不足 (Smoking during pregnancy can cause premature death and underweight birth)
  • 抽菸會導致肺癌﹑心臟病﹑氣腫及與懷孕有關的問題 (Smoking can cause lung cancer, heart diseases, emphysema and pregnancy-related problems)
  • 吸菸害人害己 (Smoking hurts yourself, and hurts others)
  • 懷孕婦女吸菸可能傷害胎兒,導致早產及體重不足 (Smoking during pregnancy might damage the fetus, and can cause premature death and underweight birth)
  • 戒菸可減少健康的危害 (Quitting smoking can reduce health risk) – no longer used.[8]

Croatia

The text warnings in Croatia are similar to European Union specifications.

Front of packaging (covers 30% of surface):

Pušenje ubija
(Smoking kills)

or

Pušenje ozbiljno šteti vama i
drugima oko vas
(Smoking seriously harms you and others around you)


Back of packaging (covers 40% of surface):

  • Pušači umiru mlađi (Smokers die younger)
  • Pušenje uzrokuje začepljenje arterija i uzrokuje srčani i moždani udar (Smoking clogs your arteries and causes heart attacks and strokes)
  • Pušenje uzrokuje smrtonosan rak pluća (Smoking causes lethal lung cancer)
  • Pušenje u trudnoći šteti vašem djetetu (Smoking while pregnant harms your child)
  • Zaštitite djecu od udisanja vašeg cigaretnog dima (Protect children from inhaling your cigarette smoke)
  • Vaš liječnik ili ljekarnik može vam pomoći prestati pušiti (Your doctor or pharmacist can help you stop smoking)
  • Pušenje stvara izrazitu ovisnost, nemojte ni počinjati (Smoking is highly addictive, don't even start)
  • Prestanak pušenja umanjuje rizik smrtnih srčanih ili plućnih bolesti (Quitting smoking reduces the risk of deadly heart and lung diseases)
  • Pušenje može izazvati polaganu i bolnu smrt (Smoking can cause a slow and painful death)
  • Potražite pomoć za prestanak pušenja /savjetujte se sa svojim liječnikom/ljekarnikom) (Get help to stop smoking /consult with your doctor/pharmacist)
  • Pušenje može usporiti krvotok i prouzročiti impotenciju (Smoking can slow down blood circulation and cause impotence)
  • Pušenje uzrokuje starenje kože (Smoking causes aging of the skin)
  • Pušenje može oštetiti spermu i smanjiti plodnost (Smoking can damage sperm and reduce fertility)
  • Dim sadrži benzene, nitrozamine, formaldehide i ugljikove cijanide (Smoke contains benzene, nitrosamines, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanides*)

The last warning contains a mistranslation from Directive 2001/37/EC – "hydrogen" was translated as ugljik (carbon) instead of vodik. It was nevertheless signed into law and started appearing on cigarette packages in March 2009.

Between 1997 and 2004, a simple text label (Pušenje je štetno za zdravlje, or Smoking is harmful to health) warning was used.

2004–2009

Front of packaging:

  • Pušenje šteti Vašem zdravlju (Smoking harms your health)

Back of packaging:

  • Pušenje uzrokuje rak (Smoking causes cancer)
  • Pušenje u trudnoći šteti i razvoju djeteta (Smoking while pregnant harms the child's development)
  • Pušenje uzrokuje srčani i moždani udar (Smoking causes heart attacks and strokes)
  • Pušenje skraćuje život (Smoking shortens your life)

European Union

Cigarette packets and other tobacco packaging must include warnings in the same size and format and using the same approved texts (in the appropriate local languages) in all member states of the European Union.

These warnings are displayed in black Helvetica bold on a white background with a thick black border. Ireland prefaces its warnings with "Irish Government Warning", and Latvia with "Veselības ministrija brīdina" (Health Ministry Warning) and Spain with "Las Autoridades Sanitarias Advierten (The Health Board Warns). In member states with more than one official language, the warnings are displayed in all languages, with the sizes adjusted accordingly (for example in Belgium the messages are written in Dutch, French and German, in Luxembourg in French and German and in Ireland, in Irish and English). All cigarette packets sold in the European Union must display the content of nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide in the same manner on the side of the packet.

In 2003, it was reported that sales of cigarette cases had surged, attributable to the introduction of more prominent warning labels on cigarette packs by an EU directive in January 2003.[9] Alternatively, people choose to hide the warnings using various funny stickers, such as "You could be hit by a bus tomorrow."[9]

Austria and Germany

Carton of German cigarettes, complete with warning
  • General warnings:
Rauchen
ist tödlich.
(Smoking is lethal)
Rauchen kann
tödlich sein
(Smoking can be lethal)
    • Rauchen fügt Ihnen und den Menschen in Ihrer Umgebung erheblichen Schaden zu. – Smoking severely harms you and the people around you.
  • Additional warnings:
    • Raucher sterben früher – Smokers die sooner.
    • Rauchen führt zur Verstopfung der Arterien und verursacht Herzinfarkte und Schlaganfälle. – Smoking leads to clogging of arteries and causes heart attacks and strokes.
    • Rauchen verursacht tödlichen Lungenkrebs. – Smoking causes lethal lung cancer.
    • Rauchen in der Schwangerschaft schadet Ihrem Kind – Smoking while pregnant harms your child.
    • Schützen Sie Kinder – lassen Sie sie nicht Ihren Tabakrauch einatmen! – Protect children – don't let them breathe your tobacco smoke!
    • Ihr Arzt oder Apotheker kann Ihnen dabei helfen, das Rauchen aufzugeben. – Your doctor or pharmacist can help you to give up smoking.
    • Rauchen macht sehr schnell abhängig: Fangen Sie gar nicht erst an! – Smoking is very quickly addictive: Don't start in the first place!
    • Wer das Rauchen aufgibt, verringert das Risiko tödlicher Herz- und Lungenerkrankungen – Giving up smoking reduces the risk of fatal heart and lung diseases.
    • Rauchen kann zu einem langsamen und schmerzhaften Tod führen – Smoking can lead to a slow and painful death.
    • Rauchen kann zu Durchblutungsstörungen führen und verursacht Impotenz – Smoking can lead to blood circulation disorders and causes impotence.
    • Rauchen lässt Ihre Haut altern – Smoking makes your skin age.
    • Rauchen kann die Spermatozoen schädigen und schränkt die Fruchtbarkeit ein – Smoking can damage sperm and decreases your fertility.
    • Rauch enthält Benzol, Nitrosamine, Formaldehyd und Blausäure – Smoke contains benzene, nitrosamine, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide.

Cyprus

Front side
Το κάπνισμα
σκοτώνει.

Τütün içmek öldürür.
(Smoking kills.)

or

Το κάπνισμα βλάπτει
σοβαρά εσάς και τους
γύρω σας.
Τütün içmek
size çevrenizdekilere
ciddi zararlar verir.
(Smoking seriously harms you and those around you.)


Back side

Czech Republic

Kouření
může zabíjet
(Smoking can kill)
  • Kouření vážně škodí Vám i lidem ve Vašem okolí. (Smoking seriously harms you and others around you)
  • Kuřáci umírají předčasně. (Smokers die younger)
  • Kouření ucpává tepny a způsobuje infarkt a mrtvici. (Smoking clogs the blood vessels and causes heart attacks and strokes)
  • Kouření způsobuje smrtelnou rakovinu plic. (Smoking causes deadly lung cancer)
  • Kouření je vysoce návykové, nezačínejte s ním. (Smoking is highly addictive, don't start)
  • Přestat kouřit, znamená snížit riziko vzniku smrtelných onemocnění srdce a plic. (Quitting smoking reduces the risk of deadly heart and lung diseases)
  • Kouření může způsobit pomalou a bolestivou smrt. (Smoking can cause a slow and painful death)
  • Kouření způsobuje stárnutí kůže. (Smoking causes ageing of the skin)
  • Kouření může poškodit sperma a snižuje plodnost. (Smoking can damage sperm and reduce fertility)
  • Kouření může snižovat krevní oběh a způsobuje neplodnost. (Smoking can reduce blood flow and cause impotence)
  • Kouř obsahuje benzen, nitrosaminy, formaldehyd a kyanovodík. (Smoke contains benzene, nitrosamines, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanides)
  • Kouření v těhotenství škodí zdraví Vašeho dítěte. (Smoking while pregnant harms your child)
  • Chraňte děti: nenuťte je vdechovat Váš kouř. (Protect children: don't make them breathe your smoke)
  • Váš lékař nebo lékárník Vám může pomoci přestat s kouřením. (Your doctor or pharmacist can help you stop smoking)
  • Získejte pomoc při odvykání kouření. (Seek help to stop smoking)

Denmark

Warning texts in tobacco products, health warnings, which are reproduced on the packaging of cigarettes and other tobacco products. It is implemented in an effort to strengthen public knowledge about the dangers of smoking.

The order was introduced in Denmark on 31 December 1991. The Order was last revised on 2 October 2003, which also imposed ban on the words "light" and "mild" on Danish cigarette packages, as did European Union countries.

The marking shall appear on one third of the most visible part of the package.

Rygning
kan dræbe
(Smoking can kill)

For smokeless tobacco use above markings does not, whereas the label "Denne tobaksvare kan være sundhedsskadelig og er afhængighedsskabende" (This tobacco product can damage your health and is addictive) is always used for such products.

Finland

In Finland, warning signs are written in both Finnish and Swedish languages.

Tupakointi on
hengenvaarallista.
Rökning kan
döda.
(Smoking is perilous / Smoking can kill)
  • Tupakointi vahingoittaa vakavasti sinua ja ympärilläsi olevia / Rökning skadar allvarligt dig själv och personer i din omgivning (Smoking severely harms you and those around you)
  • Tupakoivat kuolevat nuorempina / Rökare dör i förtid (Smokers die younger)
  • Tupakointi tukkii verisuonet sekä aiheuttaa sydänkohtauksia ja aivoveritulppia / Rökning ger förträngningar i blodkärlen och orsakar hjärtinfarkt och stroke (Smoking clogs the arteries and causes heart attacks and strokes)
  • Tupakointi aiheuttaa keuhkosyöpää, joka johtaa kuolemaan / Rökning orsakar dödlig lungcancer (Smoking causes lung cancer, which leads to death / Smoking causes fatal lung cancer)
  • Tupakointi raskauden aikana vahingoittaa lastasi / Rökning under graviditeten skadar ditt barn (Smoking during pregnancy harms your child)
  • Suojele lapsia ― älä pakota heitä hengittämään tupakansavua / Skydda barnen ― låt dem inte andas in din tobaksrök (Protect children ― don't force them to breathe tobacco smoke / Protect children ― don't make them breathe your smoke)
  • Lääkäriltä tai apteekista saat apua tupakoinnin lopettamiseen / Din läkare eller ditt apotek kan hjälpa dig att sluta röka (You receive help to stop smoking from a doctor or a pharmacy / Your doctor or your pharmacist can help you stop smoking)
  • Tupakointi aiheuttaa voimakasta riippuvuutta. Älä aloita / Rökning är mycket beroendeframkallande. Börja inte rök (Smoking causes powerful addiction. Don't start / Smoking is highly addictive. Don't start)
  • Lopettamalla tupakoinnin vähennät vaaraa sairastua kuolemaan johtaviin sydän- ja keuhkosairauksiin / Om du slutar röka löper du mindre risk att få dödliga hjärt- och lungsjukdomar (By stopping smoking you reduce the risk of fatal heart and lung diseases / Stopping smoking reduces the risk of fatal heart and lung diseases)
  • Tupakointi voi aiheuttaa hitaan ja tuskallisen kuoleman / Rökning kan leda till en långsam och smärtsam död (Smoking can cause a slow and painful death)
  • Pyydä apua tupakoinnin lopettamiseen: puh. 0800 148 484 / Sök hjälp för att sluta röka: tfn 0800 148 484 (Request help to stop smoking: phone 0800 148 484 / Get help to stop smoking: phone 0800 148 484)
  • Tupakointi aiheuttaa impotenssia ja voi heikentää verenkiertoa / Rökning kan försämra blodflödet och orsakar impotens (Smoking causes impotence and may reduce the blood flow / Smoking may reduce the blood flow and cause impotence)
  • Tupakointi vanhentaa ihoa / Rökning får din hy att åldras (Smoking ages the skin / Smoking causes ageing of the skin)
  • Tupakointi voi vahingoittaa siittiöitä ja vähentää hedelmällisyyttä / Rökning kan skada sperman och minskar fruktsamheten (Smoking can damage the sperm and decrease fertility / Smoking can damage the sperm and decreases fertility)
  • Savu sisältää bentseeniä, nitrosamiineja, formaldehydiä ja vetysyanidia / Rök innehåller bensen, nitrosaminer, formaldehyd och cyanväte (Smoke contains benzene, nitrosamines, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide)

France

Warning on the French cigarette packaging
Front of packaging (covers 30% of surface)
Fumer tue
(Smoking kills)

or

Fumer nuit gravement à votre santé et à celle
de votre entourage
(Smoking seriously harms your health and that of others around you)


Rear of packaging (covers 40% of surface, similar design)
Left or right side of packaging
  • Components percentages (15% of surface, small prints): Tobacco – Cigarette paper – Flavor and texture agents
  • ISO yields of toxics in mg/cigarette (in prominent black on white square and bold letters): Tar – Nicotin – Carbon monoxide
Other side of packaging
  • Country of manufacturing, name of manufacturer, quantity
  • Product identifier (EAN-7 bar code)
Other characteristics
  • Small print: "Vente en France 01" (sales in France)
  • Recyclable logo (for the packaging)
  • Words forbidden in the displayed product name: light, ultra-light, légere, or any indication that may indicate that this is a minor drug with low impact... (These branding words have been replaced by various colour names)

Greece

ΤΟ ΚΑΠΝΙΣΜΑ
ΣΚΟΤΩΝΕΙ.
(Smoking kills)

Hungary

A dohányzás
halált okozhat.
(Smoking can kill.)

Ireland

Carton of Irish cigarettes, complete with warning
Toradh caithimh
tobac – bás
Smoking kills


The Republic of Ireland currently follows EU standards (see above), but previously ran its own scheme, where one of 8 messages was placed on the pack, as defined in SI 326/1991.[10]

After a high court settlement in January 2008, it was accepted that the warnings on tobacco products must appear in all official languages of the state.[11] As a result, the European Communities (Manufacture, Presentation and Sale of Tobacco Products) (Amendment) Regulations 2008 were enacted.[12] This states that tobacco products going to market after 30 September 2008 must carry warnings in Irish and English. A year long transition period applies to products which were on the market prior to 1 October 2008, which may be sold until 1 October 2009.

Each packet of tobacco products must carry:

  • One of the following general warnings (in both the Irish and English languages) which must cover at least 32% of the external side.
    • Toradh caithimh tobac – bás – Smoking kills
    • Déanann caitheamh tobac díobháil thromchúiseach duit agus do na daoine mórthimpeall ort – Smoking seriously harms you and others around you
  • AND One of the following additional warnings (in both the Irish and English languages) which must cover at least 45% of the external side.
    • Giorrú saoil tobac a chaitheamh – Smokers die younger
    • Nuair a chaitear tobac, tachtar na hartairí agus is é cúis le taomanna croí agus strócanna – Smoking clogs the arteries and causes heart attacks and strokes
    • Caitheamh tobac is cúis le hailse scamhóg mharfach – Smoking causes fatal lung cancer
    • Má chaitheann tú tobac le linn toirchis, déantar díobháil don leanbán – Smoking when pregnant harms your baby
    • Cosain leanaí: ná cuir iallach orthu do chuid deataigh a análú – Protect children: don’t make them breathe your smoke
    • Féadann do dhochtúir nó do chógaiseoir cabhrú leat éirí as caitheamh tobac Your doctor or your pharmacist can help you stop smoking
    • Is éasca a bheith tugtha do chaitheamh tobac, ná tosaigh leis – Smoking is highly addictive, don’t start
    • Má éiríonn tú as tobac a chaitheamh laghdaítear an riosca de ghalair mharfacha chroí agus scamhóg – Stopping smoking reduces the risk of fatal heart and lung diseases
    • Féadann caitheamh tobac bheith ina chúis le bás mall pianmhar – Smoking can cause a slow and painful death
    • Faigh cúnamh chun éirí as caitheamh tobac: Íosghlao Stoplíne 1850 201 203 – Get help to stop smoking: Callsave Quitline 1850 201 203
    • Féadfaidh caitheamh tobac imshruthúfola a laghdú agus bheith ina chúis le héagumas – Smoking may reduce the blood flow and cause impotence
    • Caitheamh tobac is cúis le críonadh craicinn – Smoking causes ageing of the skin
    • Féadann caitheamh tobac dochar a dhéanamh don speirm agus laghdaíonn sé torthúlacht – Smoking can damage the sperm and decreases fertility
    • Cuimsíonn deatach beinséin, nítreasaimíní, formaildéad agus ciainíd hidrigine – Smoke contains benzene, nitrosamines, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide
  • In the case of Smokeless Tobacco Products, only the following warning must be displayed:
    • Féadann an táirge tobac seo dochar a dhéanamh do shláinte agus is táirge andúile é – This tobacco product can damage your health and is addictive

Italy

Il fumo uccide
(Smoking kills)

Other text is sometimes placed in the packets, for example some packets contain leaflets which have all the above warnings written on them, with more detailed explanations and reasons to give up, and advice from Philip Morris.

Latvia

Smēķēšana nogalina
(Smoking kills)

Malta

  • Twissija mid-Dipartiment tas-Saħħa: PERIKLU – (DANGER – Health Department – Warning)
  • It-tipjip joqtol – (Smoking kills)
  • Min ipejjep imut żgħir – (Smokers die younger)
  • It-tipjip isodd l-arterji u jġib l-attakki tal-qalb u l-puplesiji – (Smoking clogs the arteries and causes heart attacks and strokes)
  • It-tipjip jagħmel kanċer fil-pulmun – (Smoking causes fatal lung cancers)
  • Jekk tpejjep waqt it-tqala tagħmel ħsara lit-tarbija tiegħek – (Smoking when pregnant harms your baby)
  • Ipproteġi lit-tfal: iġġelhomx jibilgħu d-duħħan tas-sigaretti tiegħek – (Protect children: don't make them breathe your smoke)
  • It-tabib Jew l-ispiżjar jgħinuk biex tieqaf tpejjep – (Your doctor and your pharmacist can help you stop smoking)
  • It-tipjip huwa vizzju, tibdiex tpejjep – (Smoking is highly addictive, don't start)
  • Jekk tieqaf tpejjep tnaqas ir-riskju ta' attakki tal-qalb u mard tal-pulmun – (Stopping smoking reduces the risk of fatal heart and lung diseases)
  • It-tipjip jista' jwassal għal agunija fit-tul u ħafna uġiegħ – (Smoking can cause a slow and painful death)
  • Itlob l-għajnuna biex tieqaf tpejjep – 21231247 – (Get help to stop smoking – 21231247)
  • It-tipjip inaqqas iċ-ċirkulazzjoni tad-demm u jista' jwassal għall-impotenza – (Smoking may reduce the blood flow and causes impotence)
  • It-tipjip ixejjħek – (Smoking causes aging of the skin)
  • It-tipjip jista' jagħmel ħsara lill-isperma u jnaqqas il-fertilità – (Smoking can damage the sperm and decrease fertility)
  • Id-duħħan fih il-benżene, in-nitrosamini, il-formaldehyde, u l-idroġen cyanide – (Smokes contains benzene, nitrosamines, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide)

The Netherlands

Poland

Front of packaging (covers 30% of surface):

Palenie zabija
(Smoking kills)

or

Palenie poważnie
szkodzi Tobie
i osobom w Twoim
otoczeniu
(Smoking seriously harms you and others around you)

There are also warnings on the back of every packet.

Portugal

A warning message on a Portuguese pack of Lucky Strike

Slovenia

Front of packaging (covers 30% of surface)
(Smoking kills)

or

(Smoking seriously harms you and others around you)
Rear of packaging (covers 40% of surface)

Spain

In Spain, cigarette packages are preceded by warnings on both sides of the package marked "Las Autoridades Sanitarias advierten" (Health authorities warn), written in black and white above the black part of the standard warning.

Front of cigarette packages
Back of cigarette packages

(edit: tabaco = Tobcco not Snuff)

Sweden

General warning on all Swedish cigarette packaging are in force since 1977.

Front of cigarette packages
Back of cigarette packages
Rear side of snus packaging

United Kingdom

In 1971, tobacco companies printed on the left side of cigarette packets "WARNING by H.M. Government, SMOKING CAN DAMAGE YOUR HEALTH".

In 1991, the E.U tightened laws on tobacco warnings. "TOBACCO SERIOUSLY DAMAGES HEALTH" was printed on the front of all tobacco packs. An additional warning was also printed on the reverse of cigarette packs.

Cigarette pack in the United Kingdom.

In 2003, new E.U regulations required one of the following general warnings must be displayed, covering at least 30% of the surface of the pack:

  • Smoking kills
  • Smoking seriously harms you and others around you

Additionally, one of the following additional warnings must be displayed, covering at least 40% of the surface of the pack:

  • Smokers die younger
  • Smoking clogs the arteries and causes heart attacks and strokes
  • Smoking causes fatal lung cancer
  • Smoking when pregnant harms your baby
  • Protect children: don't make them breathe your smoke
  • Your doctor or your pharmacist can help you stop smoking
  • Smoking is highly addictive, don't start
  • Stopping smoking reduces the risk of fatal heart and lung diseases
  • Smoking can cause a slow and painful death
  • Get help to stop smoking: [telephone]/[postal address]/[internet address]/consult your doctor/pharmacist
  • Smoking may reduce the blood flow and cause impotence
  • Smoking causes ageing of the skin
  • Smoking can damage the sperm and decreases fertility
  • Smoke contains benzene, nitrosamines, formaldehyde and hydrogen cyanide

From October 2008, all cigarette products manufactured must carry picture warnings to the reverse. Every pack must have one of these warnings by October 2009.

Hong Kong

Warning on HKSAR cigarette packages

Under Hong Kong Law, Chap 371B Smoking (Public Health) (Notices) Order, packaging must indicate the amount of nicotine and tar that is present in cigarette boxes in addition to graphics depicting different health problems caused by smoking in the size and ratio as prescribed by law. The warnings are to be published in both official languages, Traditional Chinese and English.

Warning begins with the phrase '香港特區政府忠告市民 HONG KONG SAR GOVERNMENT WARNING' and then one of the following in all caps.

In addition, any print advertisement must give minimum 20% coverage of the following warnings: HKSAR GOVERNMENT HEALTH WARNING

  • January -February SMOKING KILLS
  • March- April SMOKING CAUSES CANCER
  • May- June SMOKING CAUSES HEART DISEASE
  • July- August SMOKING CAUSES LUNG CANCER
  • September- October SMOKING CAUSES RESPIRATORY DISEASES
  • November – December SMOKING HARMS YOUR CHILDREN

Iceland

All cigarette packets and other tobacco packaging in Iceland must include warnings in the same size and format as in the European Union and using the same approved texts in Icelandic.

(Smoking kills)

India

Cigarette packets sold in India are required to carry pictorial warnings along with the text CIGARETTE SMOKING IS INJURIOUS TO HEALTH and SMOKING CAUSES CANCER in both Hindi and English. The sale of tobacco products in the vicinity of educational institutions is prohibited, as is the smoking of cigarettes in public places.

The cigarette packs are now required to carry graphical health warnings. After years of wrangling, graphic health warnings (GHW) are now mandatory on tobacco products sold in India. The Cigarette and Other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labelling) Rules 2008 requiring GHW came into force on 31 May. All tobacco products are now required to display the graphic pictures, including pictures of diseased lungs, and health messages covering at least 40% of the pack, and the sellers must put the cigarette packs in such a way that the pictures on pack are clearly visible.

Indonesia

Cigarette Advertising on the Television and the Cigarette packets sold in Indonesia are required to carry general warnings.

(Smoking can cause cancer, heart attack, impotency and problems during pregnancy as well as affects the health of the newborn.)

Text is written all in capital letters, surrounded by bold border.

Japan

Japan is the first country in Asia to enforce general warning on cigarette packaging, in force since 1972.

Prior to 2005, there was only one warning on all Japanese cigarette packages.

Since 2005, more than one general warning is printed on cigarette packaging.

On the front of cigarette packages:

On the back of cigarette packages:

Malaysia

In Malaysia, general warning as a mandatory on all Malaysian cigarette packaging are in force since June 1976.[13]

Starting 1 June 2009, The Malaysian government has decided to place graphic images on the cigarette packs to show the adverse long-term effects of excessive smoking replacing the general warning with text describing the graphic images printed in Malay (front) and English (back) explaining:

  • (Malay) "Rokok penyebab ..."
  • (English) "Cigarette causes ..."

Graphic warning messages must consist 40% of the front of cigarette packages and 60% in the back. After the introduction of graphic images in Malaysian cigarette packaging, the branding of cigarettes as "light", "mild", etc. is forbidden.

Moldova

General warning (on the front of cigarette packages, covering at least 30% of the area, Helvetica font):

  • “Fumatul ucide” or
  • “Fumatul dăunează grav sănătăţii dumneavoastră şi a celor din jur”;

Additional warnings (on the back of cigarette packages, covering at least 40% of the area, Helvetica font):

  • “Fumătorii mor mai tineri”;
  • “Fumatul blochează arterele şi provoacă infarct miocardic şi accident vascular cerebral”;
  • “Fumatul conduce la moarte de cancer pulmonar”;
  • “Fumatul în timpul sarcinii dăunează copilului dumneavoastră”;
  • “Protejaţi copiii dumneavoastră de inspirarea fumului de ţigaretă”;
  • “Psihologul, profesorul sau medicul vă poate ajuta să renunţaţi la fumat”;
  • “Fumatul creează dependenţă rapidă, nu încercaţi să fumaţi”;
  • “Abandonarea fumatului reduce riscul de îmbolnăviri cardiace sau pulmonare fatale”;
  • “Fumatul poate provoca o moarte lentă şi dureroasă”;
  • “Fumatul reduce circulaţia sîngelui şi provoacă impotenţă”;
  • “Fumatul provoacă îmbolnăvirea tenului (pielei)”;
  • “Fumatul creează grave disfuncţii sexuale”

Regulated by “LEGE cu privire la tutun şi la articolele din tutun“ (Law on tobacco and tobacco articles) nr. 278-XVI from 14.12.2007[14] enabled at 07.03.2008

Cigarette packets in Transnistria have variable warning labels, depending from where they come from (English, Russian...)

New Zealand

The front of a 20 pack of Marlboro red cigarettes sold in New Zealand.
The rear of the same pack.

The first health warnings appeared on cigarette packets in New Zealand in 1974. Warning images accompanying text have been required to appear on each packet since 28 February 2008.

By law, 30% of the pack's front and 90% of the pack's rear must consist of graphic warning messages. Images include gangrenous toes (pictured), rotting teeth and gums, diseased lungs and smoking-damaged hearts. Cigarette packets also carry the Quitline logo and phone number and other information about quitting smoking.[15]

In total there are 14 different warnings. A full list with pictures is available at the New Zealand Ministry of Health's website. Warning messages are rotated annually with 7 being printed in equal quantities one year, and the other 7 messages the next. Following is a list of the warnings in English, however each message also shows a small Māori language translation.

  • Smoking causes gangrene
  • Smoking causes blindness
  • Smoking causes mouth cancer
  • You are not the only one smoking this cigarette
  • Over 80% of lung cancers are caused by smoking
  • Tobacco smoke is poisonous
  • Smoking causes heart attacks
  • Smoking can make you impotent
  • Smoking is highly addictive
  • Smoking causes foul and offensive breath
  • Your smoking can harm your kids
  • Smoking causes serious lung diseases
  • Smoking more than doubles your risk of stroke
  • Smoking blocks your arteries

Norway

A warning in Norwegian (bokmål)

Norway have had general warnings on cigarette packets since 1975. Norway's warnings of today were introduced in 2003 and are in line with EU's legislation, as Norway is an EEA member:

On the front of cigarette and cigar packages, covering about 30% of the area:

On the back of cigarette and cigar packages, covering about 45% of the area:

Tobacco products like snus and chewing tobacco have the following warning printed on them:

Pakistan

All cigarettes are required by a Statutory Order 1219(I)/2008 dated 25 September 2008, published in the Gazette of Pakistan dated 24 November 2008, to carry rotational health warnings from 1 July 2009. Under the previous law, health warnings were not required to be rotated.

Each health warning will be printed for a period of 6 months. The health warnings are to be in Urdu and in English. Here are the English versions:

1. WARNING: Protect children. Do not let them breath your smoke. Ministry of Health.

2. WARNING: Smoking causes mouth and throat cancer. Ministry of Health.

3. WARNING: Quit smoking; live longer life. Ministry of Health.

4. WARNING: Smoking severely harms you and the people around you. Ministry of Health.

The warnings shall cover at least 30% on both sides of the packet, and located at the top portions of the face (in Urdu) and back (in English) of the packet.

Philippines

All cigarette packaging sold in Philippines is required to have general warning on cigarette packaging as a mandatory. The warnings are:

  • Government Warning: Cigarette smoking is dangerous to your health.
  • Cigarettes are addictive.
  • Tobacco Smoke can harm your children.
  • Smoking kills.

Russian Federation

Warning messages on Russian cigarette packets
Type of warning Message English translation
Main Минздравсоцразвития России предупреждает: курение вредит Вашему здоровью The Russian Ministry of Public Health and Social Development warns: smoking is harmful to your health.
Additional Курение – причина раковых заболеваний Smoking causes cancer
Курение – причина смертельных заболеваний Smoking causes fatal diseases
Оградите детей от табачного дыма Keep children away from tobacco smoke
Курение табака вызывает никотиновую зависимость Smoking tobacco causes nicotine dependence
Курение – причина заболеваний сердца Smoking causes heart diseases

Warning messages on Russian cigarette packets may be revised in future, falling in line with European Union standards.

Planned changes to Tobacco packaging warning messages in Russia
Obverse Reverse Example design
Text warnings will cover 30% of surface Text warnings of similar design will cover 50% of surface (Smoking kills)

Note: 12 different variants.[16]

Serbia

Pack with Serbian warning

The warning messages on Serbian cigarette packets are visually similar to those in European Union countries, but the texts used in Serbia are not translated directly from EU-approved texts.

Warning messages on Serbian cigarette packets
Message English translation Example design
Пушење убија. Дувански дим штети људима у Вашој околини. Smoking kills. Tobacco smoke harms people around you.
Пушење убија. Дувански дим штети људима у Вашој околини.
Желите бебу? Пушење неповољло утиче на плодност код мушкараца и жена. Want a baby? Smoking reduces fertility in men and women.
Пушење изазива зависност! Потражите стручну помоћ за одвикавање. Smoking causes addiction! Seek professional help to quit the habit.

Singapore

"Smoking causes mouth diseases" warning on a pack of Marlboro Menthol

Text warnings were first added on cigarette packets. They used blunt, straight-to-the-point messages such as 'Smoking causes lung cancer'. They were later replaced by graphic warnings in August 2004. They featured gory pictures and were printed with the messages:

  • Smoking causes a slow painful death
  • Smoking harms your family
  • Tobacco smoke can kill babies
  • Smoking causes stroke
  • Smoking causes lung cancer
  • Smoking causes mouth diseases

In 2006, the images and warnings were revised, with images focusing on damaged organs. The following warnings shows what is printed nowadays.

  • Smoking causes mouth diseases
  • Smoking can cause a slow and painful death
  • Smoking causes lung cancer
  • Smoking causes gangrene
  • Smoking causes neck cancer
  • Smoking harms your family
  • Smoking causes 92% of oral cancer

From 1 January 2009, people possessing cigarettes without the SDPC (Singapore Duty Paid Cigarettes) label will be committing an offence under the Customs and GST Acts. The law was passed to distinguish non-duty paid, contraband cigarettes from duty-paid ones.

Switzerland

Switzerland has four official languages, but only has warning messages in three languages. The fourth language, Romansh, is only spoken by 0.5% of the population, and those persons typically speak either German or Italian. The three warning messages below are posted on cigarette packets, cartons and advertisements such as outdoor billboard posters:

  • (French) Fumer tue. (Smoking kills.)
  • (German) Rauchen tötet. (Smoking kills.)
  • (Italian) Il Fumo uccide. (Smoking kills.)

Somaliland

A small warning, in Somali and English, appears on British American Tobacco brands, Royals and Pall Mall.

South Korea

In South Korea, general warning on cigarette packaging are in force since 1976. The warning messages are:

  • From April 2005 to April 2007 Front 건강을 해치는 담배 그래도 피우시겠습니까? (Smoking damages your health. Do you still want to smoke?) Back 19세 미만 청소년에게 판매할 수 없습니다 (It is illegal to sell cigarettes to people under 19) and additionally, 금연하면 건강해지고 장수할 수 있습니다 (You can be healthy and live longer if you quit), 흡연은 중풍과 심장병도 일으킵니다 (Smoking also causes paralysis and heart diseases), 흡연은 사랑하는 자녀의 건강도 해칩니다 (Smoking also damages your beloved children), 당신이 흡연하면 다른 사람의 건강도 해칩니다 (Smoking damages others)
  • From April 2007 to April 2009 Front 흡연은 폐암 등 각종 질병의 원인이 되며, 특히 임신부와 청소년의 건강에 해롭습니다 (Smoking causes lung cancer and other diseases and it is especially dangerous for teenagers and pregnant women) Back 19세 미만 청소년에게 판매 금지! 당신 자녀의 건강을 해칩니다" (It is illegal to sell cigarettes to people under 19! It hurts your children's health)
  • From March 2007, various graphic warnings will be printed on all cigarette packages.

Thailand

A graphic warning on a pack of Thai cigarettes (partially preserved)

In Thailand, a variety of warnings with graphic, disturbing images of tobacco-related harms (including a tracheotomy and rotting teeth) are placed prominently on cigarette packages. A recent study showed that the warnings made Thai smokers think more often about the health risks of smoking and about quitting smoking.[17]

Turkey

Old Turkish cigarette packaging with a general warning


Front of packaging (covers 30% of surface)
(Smoking kills)

or

Sigara içmek
size ve çevrenizdekilere ciddi zararlar verir
(Smoking seriously harms you and others around you)
Back of packaging (covers 40% of surface)

Ukraine

The warning messages on Ukrainian cigarette packets are also visually similar to those in European Union countries:

Warning messages on Ukrainian cigarette packets
Message English translation Example design
Курiння призводить до серцево-судинних захворювань та раку легенiв. Smoking causes heart diseases and lung cancer.
Warning on Lucky Strike pack from Ukraine
Курiння викликає залежнiсть, не починайте курить. Smoking is highly addictive, don't start.
Курiння викликає iмпотенцiю. Smoking causes impotence.
Захистiть дiтей: не дозволяйте їм дихати вашим димом. Protect your children, don't let them inhale your smoke.
Курiння пiд час вагiтностi шкодить вашiй дитинi. Smoking while pregnant harms your child.
Тютюновий дим шкодить здоров’ю тих, хто вас оточує. Cigarette smoke harms those around you.
Курцi помирають рано. Smokers die younger.

United States of America

United States was the first nation to require a health warning on cigarette packages. [18]

Cigarettes

  • Caution: Cigarette Smoking May be Hazardous to Your Health (1966–1970)
  • Warning: The Surgeon General Has Determined that Cigarette Smoking is Dangerous to Your Health (1970–1985)
  • SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Smoking Causes Lung Cancer, Heart Disease, Emphysema, And May Complicate Pregnancy. (1985–)
  • SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Quitting Smoking Now Greatly Reduces Serious Risks to Your Health. (1985–)
  • SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Smoking By Pregnant Women May Result in Fetal Injury, Premature Birth, And Low Birth Weight. (1985–)
  • SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING: Cigarette Smoke Contains Carbon Monoxide. (1985–)

Though the United States started the trend of labeling cigarette packages with health warnings, today the country has one of the smallest, least prominent warnings placed on their packages.[19] Warnings are usually in small typeface placed along one of the sides of the cigarette packs with colors and fonts that closely resemble the rest of the package, so the warnings essentially are integrated and do not stand out with the rest of the cigarette package.[19]

However, this is subject to change as the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 requires color graphics with supplemental text that depicts the negative consequences of smoking to cover 50 percent of the front and rear of each pack. The nine new graphic warning labels were announced by the FDA in June 2011 and are required to appear on packaging by September 2012. [20]

In August 2011, five tobacco companies have filed a lawsuit against the FDA in an effort to reverse the new warning mandate. Tobacco companies claim that being required to promote government anti-smoking campaigns by placing the new warnings on packaging violates the companies' free speech rights.[21] Additionally, R.J. Reynolds, Lorillard, Commonwealth Brands Inc., Liggett Group LLC and Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company Inc. claim that the graphic labels are an unconstitutional way of forcing tobacco companies to engage in anti-smoking advocacy on the government's behalf. [22] A First Amendment lawyer, Floyd Abrams, is representing the tobacco companies in the case, contending requiring graphic warning labels on a lawful product cannot withstand constitutional scrutiny. [23] The Association of National Advertisers and the American Advertising Federation have also filed a brief in the suit, arguing that the labels infringe on commercial free speech and could lead to further government intrusion if left unchallenged. [24] In November 2011, Federal judge Richard Leon of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia temporarily halted the new labels, likely delaying the requirement that tobacco companies display the labels. The U.S. Supreme Court ultimately could decide the matter. [25]

Cigars

  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING: Cigar Smoking Can Cause Cancers Of The Mouth And Throat, Even If You Do Not Inhale.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING: Cigars Are Not A Safe Alternative To Cigarettes.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING: Tobacco Smoke Increases The Risk Of Lung Cancer And Heart Disease, Even In Nonsmokers.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING: Cigar Smoking Can Cause Lung Cancer And Heart Disease.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING: Tobacco Use Increases The Risk Of Infertility, Stillbirth, And Low Birth Weight.
  • SURGEON GENERAL WARNING: This Product Contains/Produces Chemicals Known To The State Of California To Cause Cancer, And Birth Defects Or Other Reproductive Harm.

Stronger warning labels started to appear in May 2010

Smokeless tobacco

Effective June 2010, the following labels began to appear on smokeless tobacco products and their advertisements.

  • WARNING: This product can cause mouth cancer.
  • WARNING: This product can cause gum disease and tooth loss.
  • WARNING: This product is not a safe alternative to cigarettes.
  • WARNING: Smokeless tobacco is addictive.

The new warnings are required to comprise 30 percent of two principal display panels on the packaging; on advertisements, the health warnings must constitute 20 percent of the total area.[26]

Venezuela

For many years in Venezuela, the only warning in cigarette packs was printed in a very small typeface along one of the sides:

"Se ha determinado que el fumar cigarrillos es nocivo para la salud, Ley de impuesto sobre cigarrillos" (It has been determined that cigarette smoking is harmful to your health, Cigarette Tax Law) Since September 14 1978

On March 24 2005, another warning was introduced in every cigarette pack: "Este producto contiene alquitrán, nicotina y monóxido de carbono, los cuales son cancerígenos y tóxicos. No existen niveles seguros para el consumo de estas sustancias"(This product contains tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide, which are carcinogenic and toxic. There are no safe levels for consumption of these substances".

1978's warning, was not removed, now every cigarette pack contains both warnings (one on each lateral).

In addition, since March 24 2005, one of the following warnings is randomly printed very prominently, along with a graphical image, occupying the 100% of the back of the pack (40% for the text warning and 60% for the image):

Also, in Venezuela, tobacco advertising is strictly forbidden, so much so that the words tobacco, cigarette, cigar, etc. are not permitted in media such as radio and television and no one can smoke on television.

In the campaign called: "Venezuela 100% libre de humo" (Venezuela, 100% Smoke free), curiously, these warnings only appear on cigarette packs and not on other tobacco products (which only conserve the 1978's warning).

References

  1. ^ Scollo, Michelle & Haslam, Indra (2008). "Attachment 12.1 Health warnings". Tobacco in Australia. Cancer Council Victoria. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Australia – Warnings". www.smoke-free.ca. 1 March 2006. http://www.smoke-free.ca/warnings/Australia-warnings.htm. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  3. ^ Liberman, Jonathan (2008). "16.2.1 ACCC action on 'light' and 'mild' cigarettes". Tobacco in Australia. Cancer Council of Victoria. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Australia plans plain-packaging rule for cigarettes". BBC News. 29 April 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8650520.stm. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Australia PM bans cigarette logos as he orders world's first 'plain packaging' anti-smoking scheme, including example image
  6. ^ a b "Governo lança novas imagens para embalagens de cigarro". www.globo.com. 27 May 2008. http://g1.globo.com/Noticias/Brasil/0,,MUL579986-5598,00.html. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  7. ^ "Tobacco Labelling Resource Centre"[dead link]
  8. ^ "菸害防制相關法規 (Tobacco Hazards Prevention Laws and Regulations)". Department of Health (Republic of China). http://tobacco.bhp.doh.gov.tw/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=3.  (Chinese)[dead link]
  9. ^ a b Day, Elizabeth (15 October 2003). "Film star glamour of cigarette cases hides truth for smokers". The Daily Telegraph (UK). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/3302893/Film-star-glamour-of-cigarette-cases-hides-truth-for-smokers.html. Retrieved 14 January 2009. 
  10. ^ "S.I. No. 326/1991 – Tobacco Products (Control of Advertising, Sponsorship and Sales Promotion) Regulations, 1991". Irishstatutebook.ie. http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/1991/en/si/0326.html. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  11. ^ "Tobacco warnings to be made bilingual". RTÉ. 24 January 2008. http://www.rte.ie/news/2008/0124/tobacco.html. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  12. ^ "Statutory Instruments". http://www.attorneygeneral.ie/esi/2008/B26264.pdf. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  13. ^ "Cigarette packets to carry health warnings". New Straits Times. 14 February 1976. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=HEo1AAAAIBAJ&sjid=3X0FAAAAIBAJ&pg=1087,5778192&dq=warning&hl=en. Retrieved 8 April 2010. 
  14. ^ "LEGE cu privire la tutun şi la articolele din tutun (Law on tobacco and tobacco articles) nr. 278-XVI". 14 December 2007. http://www.mec.gov.md/files/documents/Lege%20tutun.doc. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  15. ^ "New Zealand Tobacco Packages – Graphic Warnings". New Zealand Ministry of Health. 12 June 2008. http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/indexmh/tobacco-warnings. Retrieved 30 June 2010. 
  16. ^ State Duma (Russian) (Translation)
  17. ^ "Evaluating the Effects of Warning Labels on Adult Smokers in Thailand: Findings from the ITC Thailand Survey". 2006.confex.com. http://2006.confex.com/uicc/wctoh/techprogram/P6333.HTM. Retrieved 14 November 2009. 
  18. ^ Duff Wilson (June 21, 2011). "U.S. Releases Graphic Images to Deter Smokers". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/22/health/policy/22smoke.html. 
  19. ^ a b Dumas, Bethany K. “An Analysis of the Adequacy of Federally Mandated Cigarette Package Warnings.” Ch. 11 of Language in the Judicial Process, ed. J. N. Levi and A. G. Walker. NY: Plenum Press Corp., 1990, 309–352. Reprinted Tennessee Law Review 59.2 (1992), 261–304.
  20. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/public-health-groups-weigh-in-on-suit-over-new-graphic-cigarette-warning-labels/2011/09/20/gIQA5bEDiK_story.html
  21. ^ "US cigarette makers sue over graphic warning labels". BBC.co.uk (BBC). 17 August 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-14553228. Retrieved 17 August 2011. 
  22. ^ http://blogs.wsj.com/law/2011/09/12/fda-defends-new-graphic-cigarette-labels/
  23. ^ http://www.adweek.com/news/advertising-branding/big-tobacco-gets-top-first-amendment-lawyer-new-suit-134200
  24. ^ http://www.csnews.com/top-story-tobacco_cos._get_allies_in_warning_label_fight-59535.html
  25. ^ http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052970204554204577024040240467970.html
  26. ^ "Smokeless Tobacco Product Warning Labels". Fda.gov. http://www.fda.gov/syn/html/ucm2023662. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 

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