Ballute

A ballute (a portmanteau combining "balloon" and "parachute") was invented by Goodyear in 1958. It is a parachute braking device that is optimized for use at high altitudes and high supersonic velocities. The original ballute was a cone-shaped balloon with a toroidal burble fence fitted around its widest point. It is either inflated by a gas generator, or by air forced into the structure by ram air inlets.

Ballutes have also been proposed in toroidal form.

Applications

The ballute has been used as a retarding device for freefall bombs dropped from aircraft. It was used as part of the escape equipment for the Gemini spacecraft. It has been proposed for use during aerocapture and aerobraking.

Fictional references

A ballute is seen in the film 2010. It is used by the spaceship "Alexei Leonov" for an aerobraking manoeuvre around the planet Jupiter to enter orbit about the moon Io.

In the animated Gundam series, ballutes are used for ships or mobile suits to re-enter Earth's atmosphere.

External links

* http://www.parachutehistory.com/other/ballute.html
* Andrews Space [http://www.andrews-space.com/content-main.php?subsection=MjA4 Ballute Rentry Technology] and [http://www.andrews-space.com/images/videos/Ballute.wmv simulation video]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ballute — ☆ ballute [ba lo͞ot′ ] n. 〚 BALL(OON) + (PARACH)UTE〛 a balloonlike device made of heat resistant materials and inflated by stored gas, used for deceleration, as of a spacecraft reentering the earth s atmosphere * * * …   Universalium

  • ballute — ☆ ballute [ba lo͞ot′ ] n. [ BALL(OON) + (PARACH)UTE] a balloonlike device made of heat resistant materials and inflated by stored gas, used for deceleration, as of a spacecraft reentering the earth s atmosphere …   English World dictionary

  • Ballute — Un F 111 larguant des bombes freinées par des ballutes Un ballute (mot valise contraction de ballon parachute) est un parachute de freinage optimisé pour pouvoir être déployé à vitesse supersonique inventé en 1958 par la firme Goodyear. Les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ballute — noun A parachute that incorporates a toroidal balloon …   Wiktionary

  • ballute — bal·lute …   English syllables

  • ballute — bəˈlüt, ˈbaˌlüt noun ( s) Etymology: balloon + parachute : a small inflatable parachute for stabilization and deceleration of a jumper or object usually before a conventional parachute opens …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pantelleria Le Ballute — (Трачино,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Strada Per Randazzo 8 Mueggen, 9101 …   Каталог отелей

  • Da Vinci Project — The da Vinci Project was a privately funded, volunteer staffed attempt to launch a reusable manned suborbital spacecraft. It was a contender for the Ansari X PRIZE for the first non governmental reusable manned spacecraft. The project is based in …   Wikipedia

  • General-purpose bomb — A general purpose bomb is an air dropped bomb intended as a compromise between blast damage, penetration, and fragmentation in explosive effect. Contents 1 Characteristics 2 History 2.1 British 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Arrow — Infobox Company name = Canadian Arrow type = Corporation foundation = 1999 location city = Corunna, Ontario location country = Canada location = locations = key people = area served = North America industry = Aerospace products = Rockets,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.