A ballute (a
portmanteaucombining " balloon" and " parachute") was invented by Goodyear in 1958. It is a parachute braking device that is optimized for use at high altitudes and high supersonicvelocities. The original ballute was a cone-shaped balloon with a toroidal burble fencefitted around its widest point. It is either inflated by a gas generator, or by air forced into the structure by ram air inlets.
Ballutes have also been proposed in toroidal form.
The ballute has been used as a retarding device for freefall bombs dropped from aircraft. It was used as part of the escape equipment for the Gemini spacecraft. It has been proposed for use during
A ballute is seen in the film 2010. It is used by the spaceship "Alexei Leonov" for an
aerobrakingmanoeuvre around the planet Jupiter to enter orbit about the moon Io.
In the animated
Gundamseries, ballutes are used for ships or mobile suits to re-enter Earth's atmosphere.
Andrews Space[http://www.andrews-space.com/content-main.php?subsection=MjA4 Ballute Rentry Technology] and [http://www.andrews-space.com/images/videos/Ballute.wmv simulation video]
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ballute — ☆ ballute [ba lo͞ot′ ] n. 〚 BALL(OON) + (PARACH)UTE〛 a balloonlike device made of heat resistant materials and inflated by stored gas, used for deceleration, as of a spacecraft reentering the earth s atmosphere * * * … Universalium
ballute — ☆ ballute [ba lo͞ot′ ] n. [ BALL(OON) + (PARACH)UTE] a balloonlike device made of heat resistant materials and inflated by stored gas, used for deceleration, as of a spacecraft reentering the earth s atmosphere … English World dictionary
Ballute — Un F 111 larguant des bombes freinées par des ballutes Un ballute (mot valise contraction de ballon parachute) est un parachute de freinage optimisé pour pouvoir être déployé à vitesse supersonique inventé en 1958 par la firme Goodyear. Les… … Wikipédia en Français
ballute — noun A parachute that incorporates a toroidal balloon … Wiktionary
ballute — bal·lute … English syllables
ballute — bəˈlüt, ˈbaˌlüt noun ( s) Etymology: balloon + parachute : a small inflatable parachute for stabilization and deceleration of a jumper or object usually before a conventional parachute opens … Useful english dictionary
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