- Bharatpur, India
Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Bharatpur | type = city | latd = 27.22 | longd = 77.48
locator_position = right | state_name = Rajasthan
district = Bharatpur
altitude = 183
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 204,456| population_density =
Bharatpur ( _hi. भरतपुर) is a city in the
Indian state of Rajasthan. It was founded by Maharaja Suraj Malin 1733. Located in Mewatregion, Bharatpur was once an impregnable, well-fortified city, and the capital of a kingdom ruled by Jat maharajas. The trio of Bharatpur, Deegand Dholpurhas played an important part in the Jat history of Rajasthan. Located 50 km west of the city of Agra(the city of the Taj Mahal), it is also the administrative headquarters of Bharatpur District.
Bharatpur is located at coord|27.22|N|77.48|E| [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/24/Bharatpur.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bharatpur] ] . It has an average elevation of 183
metres (600 feet).
As of the 2001 Indian
census[GR|India] , Bharatpur had a population of 2,04,560. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bharatpur has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 56%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The town was named Bharatpur after
Bharata, a brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman is the family deityof the erstwhile royal family of Bharatpur. The name 'Laxman' was engraved on the arms, seals and other emblems of the state.
The city and the fort of Bharatpur have been believed to be founded by Lord Aditya Consul in the early 17th century, the majesty established a state in the
Mewatregion south of Delhi, with its capital at Deeg. Leaders like Gokula, Raja Ram, Churamanand Badan Singhbrought the Jatstogether and moulded them into a force to be reckoned with.
Maharaja Suraj Mal was the state's greatest ruler; he made the state a formidable force in the region. Suraj Mal took over the site of Bharatpur from Khemkaran, a son of Rustam, and established it as the capital of his state. He fortified the city by building a massive wall around it.
British Raj, the state covered an area of 5,123 km² and its rulers enjoyed a salute of 17 guns. The state acceded unto the dominion of Indiain 1947. It was merged with three nearby princely states to form the 'Matsya Union', which in turn was merged with other adjoining territories to create the present-day state of Rajasthan.
Former flag of Bharatpur
When Bharatpur was a
princely state, it was the only political entity ever to have a chartreuse colored flag. [ [http://www.fotw.us/flags/in-bhara.html Baratpur—Indian Princely State—the only political entity ever to have a chartreuse colored flag:] ]
Chronology of Bharatpur rulers
The Jat rulers of Bharatpur were from
Sinsinwarclan. Before the formation of Bharatpur state the capital of Sinsinwars was at Sinsini.
Sinsini earlier was known as 'Shoor saini' and its inhabitants were known as 'Saur Sen'. The influence of Saur Sen people can be judged from the fact that the dialect of the entire north India at one time was known as 'Saursaini'.
Shoor Sain people were
Chandra Vanshi kshatriyas. Lord Krishnawas also born in vrishni branch of Chandravansh. A group of Yadavas was follower of Shivand Vedic God in Sindh. Some inscriptions and coins of these people have been found in ' Mohenjo Daro'. ' Shiv Shani Sevi' words have been found engraved on one inscription. Yajur Vedamentions 'Shinay Swah'. 'Sini Isar' was found on one gold coin. Atharva Vedamentions 'Sinwali' for Sini God.
The above group of Yadavas came back from Sindh to
Brijarea and occupied Bayanain Bharatpur district. After some struggle the 'Balai' inhabitants were forced by Shodeo and Sainirulers to move out of Brij land and thus they occupied large areas. 'Saur Saini' was changed to 'ShinShoor' or 'Sinsini' after their God 'Shin'. These people of Sinsini were called Sinsinwar. The chronology of SinsinwarJat clan rulers of Bharastpur is as under:
Gokula, ? - 1670
*Raja Ram, 1670 - 1688
Churaman, 1695 - 1721
Badan Singh, 1722 - 1756
Maharaja Suraj Mal, 1756 - 1767
Maharaja Jawahar Singh, 1767 - 1768
Maharaja Ratan Singh, 1768 - 1769
Maharaja Kehri Singh, 1769 - 1771
Maharaja Nawal Singh, 1771 - 1776
*Maharaja Ranjit Singh, 1776 - 1805
Maharaja Randhir Singh, 1805 - 1823
Maharaja Baldeo Singh, 1823 - 1825
Maharaja Balwant Singh, 1825 - 1853
Maharaja Jashwant Singh, 1853 - 1893
Maharaja Ram Singh, 1893 - 1900 (Exiled)
Maharani Girraj Kaur, regent 1900-1918
Maharaja Kishan Singh, 1900 - 1929
Maharaja Brijendra Singh, 1929-1947 (Joined the Indian Union)
Keoladeo National Park
Now declared a
World Heritage Siteby UNESCO, duck-hunting reserve of the Maharajas is one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Chinaand Siberia. Some 364 species of birds, including the rare Siberian Crane, have been recorded in the park. The name "Keoladeo" is derived from the name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shivain the sanctuary's central zone while the Hindi term 'Ghana' implies dense, thick areas of forest cover.
Places to see
Keoladeo National Park
*Jawahar Burj and Fatej Burj
Fairs and festivals
* [http://www.4dw.net/royalark/India/bharatp.htm Brief history and detailed genealogy of the ruling chiefs of Bharatpur]
* [http://www.uq.net.au/~zzhsoszy/ips/b/bharatpur.html Genealogy of the ruling chiefs of Bharatpur]
* [http://dsal.uchicago.edu/reference/gazetteer/text.html?objectid=DS405.1.I34_V08_079.gifImperial Gazeteer of India Vol 8, P-73 Bharatpur State]
*R.C.Majumdar, H.C. Raychaudhury, Kalikaranjan Datta: An Advanced History of India, fourth edition, 1978, ISBN 0333 90298 X, p.535-36
The Jat Uprising of 1669
The rise of Jat power
Jats in the pre-Aurangzeb period
Bharatpur (Lok Sabha constituency)
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