- Edinburgh College of Art
name =Edinburgh College of Art
principal = Professor Ian Howard
University of Edinburgh,
website = [http://www.eca.ac.uk www.eca.ac.uk]
Edinburgh College of Art (ECA) is an art school in
Edinburgh, Scotland, providing tertiary educationin art and design disciplines for over two thousand students.
ECA is located in the Old Town of Edinburgh, overlooking the
Grassmarket, and not far from Edinburgh University's George Square campus. The college was founded in 1760, and gained its present name and site in 1907. Formerly associated with Heriot-Watt University, it is now independent, with Edinburgh University now accrediting the college's degrees.
ECA can trace its history back to 1760, when the Trustees Drawing Academy of Edinburgh was established by the Board of Trustees for Fisheries, Manufactures and Improvements in Scotland. This board had been set up by Act of Parliament in 1727 to "encourage and promote the fisheries or such other manufactures and improvements in Scotland as may most conduce to the general good of the United Kingdom", and was also responsible for the construction of the
Scottish National Portrait Gallery. The aim of the academy was to train designers for the manufacturing industries. Drawing and the design of patterns for the textile industries were taught at the Academy's rooms at Picardy Place.
From 1826 classes were held at the
Royal Institutionbuilding, now the Royal Scottish Academyon The Mound. The Master of the School was always a fine artist, the first being French painter William Delacour. Subsequent masters included Alexander Runcimanand David Allan. The Academy's focus gradually shifted from applied arts to encompass fine art, and the school gained a reputation for excellence in both painting and design. Scottish artists who were trained at the Academy include John Brown, Alexander Nasmythand Andrew Wilson.
In 1858 the Academy was affiliated to the
Science and Art Departmentin London, known as the " South Kensington system", under which it became the Government School of Art for the city of Edinburgh. A School of Applied Art was also established under this system. The Drawing School became part of a system of schools managed on similar lines, and distinctive teaching practices were lost. In 1903 it amalgamated with the School of Applied Art. In 1907 the Scottish Education Department took over responsibility for the school, and it became Edinburgh College of Art.
The College has always been an independent institution, and is now officially recognised by the Scottish Government as a Small Specialist Institution for the teaching of art, design and architecture. From 1968 to 2004, it was associated with
Heriot-Watt Universityfor degreeawarding purposes. Today's students graduate from the College with degrees awarded by the University of Edinburgh. The two institutions are partners in an academic federation.
In 2005 the College joined with
Napier Universityto launch the Screen Academy Scotland, a new centre of excellence in film practice education.
The College Buildings
With the creation of Edinburgh College of Art in 1907, the institution moved to new premises on Lady Lawson Street. Formerly a cattle market, the site lies above the Grassmarket and opposite
Edinburgh Castle. The red sandstone main building was designed in the Beaux-Arts style by JM Dick Peddieand George Washington Brown, and was completed in 1909. The main building was listed Category A in 1970. Inside, the Sculpture Court displays casts of the Elgin Marblesand other antique statuary, alongside changing displays of contemporary student's work.
The Architecture Building was added to the east end of the college in 1961, designed by architect Ralph Cowan, who was a Professor of Architecture at the college. In 1972 the campus was completed in its present form with the addition of the Hunter Building. This L-shaped red sandstone block encloses the college courtyard, and fronts Lauriston Place to the south. In the 1990s the college took over a separate group of buildings in the Grassmarket, for use as a library and teaching space, and also took over the former Salvation Army building on West Port.
The nine-storey Evolution House on West Port by
Reiach and Hall Architectswas completed 2003, adjacent to the main college building. Built as speculative offices, it now houses the administrive functions and the main library, as well as many new design studios. The College is now concentrated on a single site, and the Grassmarket (1st Year studies) and former Salvation Army buildings (Animation and Post-graduate Tapestry studios) are no longer used.
Notable alumni and academics
* Sir Nicholas Grimshaw, architect, president of the
Robert Matthew, architect
Patrick Nuttgens, architect and academic
Sir Basil Spence, architect
* Sir William Kininmonth, architect
* Sir James Dunbar-Nasmith, conservation architect and former head of the Department of Architecture (1978-1988)
* Rab and Denise Bennetts, architects, founders of
* Dame Elizabeth Blackadder, artist
* Paul Carter, artist
Stanley Cursiter, artist
Keith Farquhar, artist
William Geissler, artist
William George Gillies, artist
* William Green, artist
Gwen Hardie, artist
William McLaren, artist
David Michie, artist
* John Maxwell, artist
* Sir Robin Philipson, artist
Anne Redpath, artist
* Richard Wright, artist
John Bellany, painter
William Crozier, painter
Molly Garnier, painter
William Gear, painter
Nicola Green, painter
Callum Innes, painter and Turner Prizenominee
* Sir William MacTaggart, painter
Alexander Moffat, painter and lecturer
* Christopher Wood, painter
Hew Lorimer, sculptor
James Pittendrigh MacGillivray, sculptor
* Sir Eduardo Paolozzi, sculptor and artist
Christopher Hall, sculptor
Alexander Carrick, sculptor and academic
Roy Williamson, member of The Corries, and author of " Flower of Scotland"
The Rezillos, 1970s new wave band, featuring Jo Calliswho went on to The Human League
* The Magnificents, Scottish rock band
* Sandy Brown, Scottish Jazz clarinettist
Alan Bold, poet
Ruthven Todd, poet, novelist
Scott Lawrie, Advertising Copywriter, founder XXVI
* Adam Robson, rugby player, former head of the
Scottish Rugby Union
* David Harding, environmental artist and lecturer
* Nina Pope and Karen Guthrie, founders of the UK-based creative organisation Somewhere
List of further and higher education colleges in Scotland
University of Edinburgh
*"Notes on the Early History of the Royal Scottish Academy", George Harvey, (Edmonston & Douglas, 1873)
* [http://www.gashe.ac.uk:443/public_docs/isaar/C1267.html Archives of Scottish Higher Education] See also, Scott Lawrie - The History of Edinburgh College of Art 1906-1969, MPhil Thesis, 1995. Copies held in ECA library and Heriot Watt University Library.
* [http://www.eca.ac.uk/ Edinburgh College of Art home page]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal College of Art — Established 1967 gained University Status by Royal Charter 1896 Royal College of Art 1837 Government School of Design Type Public Provost Sir … Wikipedia
Royal College of Art — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Mitarbeiter fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Royal College of Art Gründung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chelsea College of Art and Design — For the 17th century Chelsea College, see Chelsea College (17th century). Chelsea College of Art and Design Established 1895 South Western Polytechnic 1908 Chelsea School of Art 1989 Chelsea College of Art and Design … Wikipedia
Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design — (DJCAD) Established 1892 Type Art school Dean Professor Tom Inns Location Dundee, Scotland, UK … Wikipedia
Cleveland College of Art and Design — Type FE College Principal Mr Martin Raby Location Green Lane Linthorpe Middlesbrough TS5 7RJ England … Wikipedia
Chelsea College of Art and Design — Das Chelsea College of Art and Design ist eine Kunsthochschule im Londoner Stadtteil Chelsea, die zur Universität der Künste London gehört und aus der Chelsea School of Art hervorgegangen ist. Am Chelsea College of Art and Design werden vor allem … Deutsch Wikipedia
Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design — Das Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design ist eine Hochschule für Kunst und Design im Zentrum von London. Das College gehört zur University of the Arts London, die im Jahr 2004 den Status einer unabhängigen Universität erhalten hat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Edinburgh Napier University — Motto Latin: Nisi sapientia frustra Motto in English Everything is in vain without knowledge (echoing the motto of the City of Edinburgh, Nisi Dominus frustra Everything is in vain without the Lord ) … Wikipedia
Edinburgh Crystal — was a cut glass crystal manufactured in Scotland between 1867 and 2006, and was also the name of the manufacturing company. In addition to drinking glasses, Edinburgh Crystal have made decanters, bowls, baskets, and bells, in several ranges. The… … Wikipedia
Edinburgh — For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). City of Edinburgh Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann Scots: Edinburgh Unitary Authority City City of Edinburgh … Wikipedia