Francesco Cardinal Roberti (
July 7, 1889— July 16, 1977) was an Italian prelateof the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Prefectof the Apostolic Signaturain the Roman Curiafrom 1959 to 1969, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1958.
Francesco Roberti was born in Pergola to Terenzio and Giuseppina (née Profili) Roberti. He was baptized on the very day of his birth. After entering the
minor seminaryof Pesaroin 1899, he received the clerical tonsureon December 26, 1901. Roberti studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminarybefore being ordained to the priesthood on August 3, 1913. From the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare" he obtained his doctorates in philosophy, theology, and canon and civil law. After a period of pastoral work in Rome, Tor di Mezzavia d'Albano, and Torretta Massimi, Roberti was Vice- Rectorof the Pontifical Minor Seminary in Rome from 1915 to 1916. He was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on March 2, 1917, and taught canon law at his alma materof the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare" from 1918 to 1938.
advocateof the Roman Rota and the Holy Officein 1927, Roberti became a referendary prelateof the Apostolic Signaturaon March 17, 1928, and later a votingprelate of the same on November 27, 1930. On April 24, 1931, he was appointed Undersecretaryof the Sacred Congregation of Seminaries and Universities. Monsignor Roberti was made auditor of the Roman Rota on June 5, 1936, and served as Dean of the Pontifical Institute of Canon and Civil Law from 1937 to 1943. He was named Secretaryof the Sacred Congregation of the Council on March 9, 1946; as such, he was the second-highest official of that dicastery, successively under Cardinals Francesco Marmaggi, Giuseppe Bruno, and Pietro Ciriaci. In 1948, after a Communist newspaperaccused him of illegal financial manipulations, Roberti successfully sued for libel, sending the reporter to jail for twenty months [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,937728-2,00.html The New Cardinals] December 22, 1958] . On October 6, 1952, Roberti also assumed the position of legal consultorto the Secretariat of State. Pope John XXIIIcreated him Cardinal Deacon of "S. Maria in Cosmedin" in the consistoryof December 15, 1958, and then Prefectof the Apostolic Signatura on November 14, 1959. As Prefect, Roberti headed the Church's highest judicial authority below the Popehimself. He was appointed Titular Archbishop of "Columnata" on April 5, 1962, and received his episcopal consecration on the following April 19from Pope John, with Giuseppe Cardinal Pizzardoand Benedetto Cardinal Aloisi Masella serving as co-consecrators, in the Lateran Basilica. He resigned as Titular Archbishop shortly afterwards, on April 20of that same year. From 1962 to 1965 he attended the Second Vatican Council, during the course of which he was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave that selected Pope Paul VI. Pope Paul had Roberti ask the prefects of the Roman congregations to suggest possible reforms within the Curia [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,834370-7,00.html Reluctant Revolutionary] September 24, 1965] . Before resigning as Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura on March 24, 1969, Roberti exercised his right as a Cardinal Deacon of ten years' standing to become a Cardinal Priest (receiving the title of "Ss. XII Apostoli" in the consistoryof June 26, 1967).
Roberti died in Rome, at age 88. He is buried in his family's plot in Pergola.
*Roberti was also known for his work in
moral theology[Catholic.net. [http://www.catholic.net/rcc/Periodicals/Faith/1998-05-06/gifts.html The Gifts of the Holy Spirit] May-June 1998] [Tradition in Action. [http://www.traditioninaction.org/ProgressivistDoc/A_027_CottierCondoms.htm Card. Georges Cottier, papal theologian, approves the use of condoms against AIDS] February 2005] .
*His former titular church of "Santa Maria in Cosmedin" has been vacant since his appointment to his cardinalatial appointment of "Santi XII Apostoli".
* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-r.htm#Roberti Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
* [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/brobertif.html Catholic-Hierarchy]
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