2/12th Field Ambulance (Australia)
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=2/12th Field Ambulance
caption=Members of the 2/12th Field Ambulance during a parade in November 1943
aircraft_transport=The 2/12th Field Ambulance was an
Australian military unit of the Second Australian Imperial Force, serving during World War II. During their six years of service, over 200 soldiers were killed, the highest figure for a non-combatant unit in Australian history.
The 2/12th was founded at
Sydney Showgroundon 22 November, 1940. The unit was attached to the 23rd Infantry Brigade, 8th Division until February, 1943, when it was moved to II Corps. Most of the recruits were from rural New South Wales. During their training in the Northern Territory, the members of the 2/12th provided medical support for the 23rd Brigade, participated in the construction of five small medical hospitals, and assisted sappers and pioneer assault units, earning the unit the nickname "2/12th Pioneers".
Following the beginning of the
Pacific War, 45 members of the 2/12th were each attached to Gull Forceand Sparrow Force, and sent to defend the islands of Ambon and Timorrespectively. All of the members of the 2/12th serving with Gull Force were captured or killed by the Japanese on 1 February, 1942, with many dying as prisoners of war on Ambom or Hainan. Many of those serving with Sparrow Force were also captured.
The half-strength unit was reinforced, and on
10 May, 1943, the 192 members of the 2/12th boarded hospital ship "Centaur" to be transported to New Guinea. On 14 May, 1943, at 4:00 a.m., "Centaur" was torpedoed by Japanese submarine "I-177", and sank in less than three minutes. Of the 332 aboard, there were only 64 survivors, including 14 members of the 2/12th. It was 36 hours before they were resuced by USS "Mugford".
The 14 survivors were reinforced by men from the 4th Light Field Ambulance, and served in
Borneo, Morotai, Tarakan, Lutong, and Kuching. The unit stood down in 1946, having served past the war's end, working with the retrieval and care of Allied prisoners of war.
* – [http://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=author%3A+intitle%3AThe+2%2F12+Australian+Field+Ambulance&as_publication=ADF+Health&as_ylo=2002&as_yhi=2002&btnG=Search Scholar search]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
1st Division (Australia) — 1st Division Active 3 August 1914 – March 1919 March 1921 – April 1944 April 1948 – Present Country Australia … Wikipedia
4th Division (Australia) — The Australian 4th Division was formed in the First World War during the expansion of the Australian Imperial Force infantry brigades in February 1916. In addition to the experienced 4th Brigade (previously in the original New Zealand and… … Wikipedia
2nd Division (Australia) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=2nd Division caption=The 2nd Division s formation sign during World War II dates=26 July 1915 March, 1919 March, 1921 April, 1944 April, 1948 Present country=Australia allegiance= branch=Australian Army Reserve… … Wikipedia
8th Division (Australia) — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 8th Division caption= dates= 1940 1942 country= flagicon|Australia Australia allegiance= Allies branch= Australian Army type= Division role= Infantry size= command structure= Second Australian Imperial Force… … Wikipedia
Colonial forces of Australia — Until Australia became a Federation in 1901, each of the six colonial governments was responsible for the defence of their own colony. From 1788 until 1870 this was done with British regular forces. In all, 25 British regiments served in the… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (0-9) — # 1 Alpine Division Taurinense # 1 Alpini Regiment # 1 Cent WWII (Dutch coin) # 1 Mountain Artillery Regiment (Italy) # 1 vs 40 (Zipang manga) # 1. Jagd Division # 1.1 /75 caliber gun # 10 cm K 17 # 10.5 cm FlaK 38 # 10.5 cm leFH 16 # 10.5 cm… … Wikipedia
First Australian Imperial Force dental units — The First Australian Imperial Force was one of the first military forces to care for soldiers teeth. 118 Dental Units were raised through World War I.Dental UnitsThe dental units were the smallest units in the AIF, consisting of only four men: a… … Wikipedia
AHS Centaur — Australian Hospital Ship (AHS) Centaur ref|name| [I] was a hospital ship active during World War II, which was attacked and sunk by a Japanese submarine in 1943. Of the 332 medical personnel and crew aboard, 268 died. The Scottish built vessel… … Wikipedia
Sparrow Force — was a detachment based on the 2/40th Australian Infantry Battalion and other Australian 8th Division units, during World War II. The force was formed to defend the island of Timor, from invasion by the Empire of Japan. It formed the main part of… … Wikipedia
Centaur (1924) — Centaur Die AHS Centaur nach ihrer Umwandlung in ein Hospitalschiff (1943) p1 … Deutsch Wikipedia