William Lambarde (
October 18, 1536– August 19, 1601) was an antiquarianand writer on legal subjects.
Lambarde was born in London. His father was a
draper(serving three times as Master of the Drapers' Company), an aldermanand a sheriffof London. In 1556, he was admitted to Lincoln's Inn. He studied Old Englishwith Laurence Nowell, and in 1568, with Nowell's encouragement, published a collection of Anglo-Saxon laws, "Archaionomia", which was printed by John Day.
In 1570, he completed his "Perambulation of
Kent", the first history of a British county. It circulated in manuscript before being printed in 1576. It proved to be very popular and went through several editions. Lambarde considered writing a similar work for all of Britain, but he set the idea aside when he learned that William Camdenwas already working on the same project.
Lambarde probably served as a
Member of Parliamentfor Aldborough in the Parliament of 1563-1567. He was also a bencher of Lincoln's Inn, and a Justice of the Peacefor Kent. He wrote "Eirenarcha: or of the Office of the Justices of Peace" (1581) a manual that became the standard work on the subject. He later wrote "Archeion, or, A Discourse Upon the High Courts of Justice in England" (1591), another important legal work.
*"Lambarde, William" in "Dictionary of National Biography." 1973 repr. ed. London: Oxford University Press.
*J E Neale, "The Elizabethan House of Commons" (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
* Walton, Izaak. "The Lives of Donne, Wotton, Hooker, Herbert and Sanderson." London: W. Pickering, 1827. p. 469 [http://books.google.com/books?id=5n0DAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA469&dq=perambulation+of+kent&as_brr=1 googlebooks] Accessed Dec. 12, 2007
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