List of solar thermal power stations

This is a list of power stations that are based on solar thermal energy technology.

Since 2004 there has been renewed interest in solar thermal power stations and two plants were completed during 2006/2007: the 64 MW Nevada Solar One and the 11 MW PS10 solar power tower in Spain. Three 50 MW trough plants were under construction in Spain at the end of 2007 with 10 additional 50 MW plants planned. In the United States, utilities in California and Florida have announced plans (or contracted for) at least eight new projects totaling more than 2,000 MW.REN21 (2008). [http://www.worldwatch.org/files/pdf/renewables2007.pdf Renewables 2007 Global Status Report (PDF)] p. 12.] Until mid 2008 in a goldrush for sites [ [http://money.cnn.com/2008/07/07/technology/woody_solar.fortune/index.htm The Southwest desert's real estate boom] ] the US Bureau of Land Management already received 125 applications for solar energy development on federal land totaling around 4000km2 or enough land for 70GW. [ [http://www.blm.gov/wo/st/en/info/newsroom/2008/may_08/NR_053008.html BLM Initiates Environmental Analysis of Solar Energy Development] ]

In developing countries, three World Bank projects for integrated CSP/combined-cycle gas-turbine power plants in Egypt, Mexico, and Morocco were approved during 2006/2007.

Operational

Under construction

*Andasol 1 solar power station, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Andasol 2 solar power station, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Andasol 3, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.solarmillennium.de/upload/pdf/PM_SMAG_Andasol3_earlyworks_eng_final.pdf Solar Millennium AG begins construction of Andasol 3 Solar Power Plant] ]
*La Risca 1 solar power station, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design [ [http://solarpaces2008.sandia.gov/SolarPACES%20PLENARIES/2%20WEDNESDAY%20INDUSTRY%20DAY%20SESSIONS/1%20PLEN%20CSP%20PLANTS%20TODAY/01%20Acciona%20Cohen%20SOLARPACES%202008.pdf Acciona Status Solarpaces 2008] "p.25" ]
*Solnova 1 solar power station, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design [http://www.abengoasolar.com/sites/solar/en/noticia1.jsp Abengoa Solar to invest two billion euro in solar plants and 50 million euro in R&D] ]
*Solnova 3 solar power station, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Energia Solar De Puertollano SA Solar Plant, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design [ [http://www.renewableenergymagazine.com/paginas/Contenidosecciones.asp?ID=929&Tipo=&Nombre=Renewable%20energy%20news Iberdrola introduces 50 MW Solar electric thermal plant in Spain] ]
*Extresol 1 solar power station, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design [http://www.madrimasd.org/informacionidi/agenda/foros-mimasd/documentos/energia/JA_Nebrera_ACS_26_02_08.pdf Solar Thermal Power Generation - A Spanish Success Story] ]
*Hassi R'mel, Algeria, 20 MW steam input for gas powered plant, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.abengoa.es/sites/abengoa/resources/pdf/en/gobierno_corporativo/informes_anuales/2007/2007_Volume1_AR_Activities_Solar.pdf Abengoa Annual Information 2007] ]
*PS20 solar power tower, Spain Seville, 20 MW, power tower design
*Beni Mathar Plant, Morocco, 20 MW for hybrid power plant, technology unknown [ [http://allafrica.com/stories/200804060020.html King Mohamed VI Launches Thermo-Solar Energy Plant in Morocco] ]
*Solar Tres Power Tower, Spain, 17 MW with heat storage, power tower design
*Keahole Solar Power, Hawaii, 1 MW, MicroCSP parabolic trough design [ [http://www.bizjournals.com/pacific/stories/2008/07/07/daily3.html Big Island solar farm to begin construction] ]

Announced-USA

*Ivanpah Solar, USA California, 500 MW + 400 MW optional extension, power tower design [ [http://www.businessweek.com/ap/financialnews/D8VP6F3G2.htm PG&E enters 900MW solar-power contract] ]
*Mojave Solar Park, USA California, 553 MW, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3430085,00.html Israeli company to build largest solar park in world in US] "Ynetnews", 26 July 2007.]
*Pisgah, USA California near Pisgah north of I-40, 500 MW, dish design [ [http://pesn.com/2005/08/11/9600147_Edison_Stirling_largest_solar/ World's largest solar installation to use Stirling engine technology] ]
*Unnamed, USA Florida, 300 MW, Fresnel reflector design [ [http://www.sptimes.com/2007/09/27/State/FPL_unveils_plans_for.shtml FPL unveils plans for solar plant] ]
*Imperial Valley, USA California, 300 MW, dish design [ [http://pesn.com/2005/10/12/9600186_Stirling_300MW/ Stirling Energy Systems Signs New Contract for 300 MW] ]
*Solana solar power plant, USA Arizona southwest of Phoenix, 280 MW, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.usnews.com/articles/business/technology/2008/02/21/big-solar-project-planned-for-arizona-desert.html Big Solar Project Planned for Arizona Desert] ]
*Beacon Solar Energy Project, USA California, 250 MW, parabolic trough design [ [http://blogs.business2.com/greenwombat/2008/03/florida-utility.html Florida utility jumps into California solar market] ]
*Antelope Valley , USA California, 245 MW, power tower design [ [http://www.esolar.com/news/press/2008_06_03 eSolar and Southern California Edison to Produce 245 MW of Solar Power ] ]
*Carrizo Solar Farm, USA California near San Luis Obispo, 177 MW, Fresnel reflector design [ [http://www.news.com/8301-11128_3-9810199-54.html?part=rss&subj=news&tag=2547-1009_3-0-10 PG&E links with Ausra for 177 megawatts of solar thermal power] ]
*Coalinga, USA California, 107 MW, parabolic trough design, hybrid with biomass [ [http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2008/06/11/BUBS117L1S.DTL Coalinga solar plant would also burn manure] ]
*City of Palmdale Hybrid Power Project, 62 MW steam input for hybrid gas plant, parabolic trough design [http://www.energy.ca.gov/siting/solar/index.html Large Solar Energy Projects, California Government] ]
*Barstow, USA California, 59 MW with heat storage and back-up, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.earthtoys.com/news.php?section=view&id=3361 Solar thermal electric hybrid power plant for barstow] ]
*Victorville 2 Hybrid Power Project, 50 MW steam input for hybrid gas plant, parabolic trough design [http://www.energy.ca.gov/siting/solar/index.html Large Solar Energy Projects, California Government] ]

Announced-Spain

*Extresol 2, Badajoz, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Extresol 3, Badajoz, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Andasol 4, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Andasol 5, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Andasol 6, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Andasol 7, Granada, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Manchasol 1, Ciudad Real, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Manchasol 2, Ciudad Real, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Solnova 2, Sevilla, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design [http://www.abengoasolar.com/sites/solar/en/nproyectos_psolucar.jsp Solúcar Platform] ]
*Solnova 4, Sevilla, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Solnova 5, Sevilla, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Ecija 1, Ecija, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design [http://www.abengoasolar.com/sites/solar/en/nproyectos_esp_andalucia.jsp Abengoa Projects in Andalucia] ]
*Ecija 2, Ecija, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Helios 1, Ciudad Real, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design [http://www.abengoasolar.com/sites/solar/en/nproyectos_esp_cmancha.jsp Abengoa Projects in Castilla la Mancha] ]
*Helios 2, Ciudad Real, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Termesol 50, Seville, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design [http://www.wfes08.com/files/lorente__alvaro.pdf SENER Developing the future of CSP Developing the future of CSP] ]
*Arcosol 50, Cadiz, Spain, 50 MW with heat storage, parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Badajoz, Fuente de Cantos, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design [http://www.cleanenergyaction.org/documents/solar/spanish_solar0905.html Madrid, Spain: Iberdrola Proceeds with Nine Solar Thermal Electric Plants] ]
*Ibersol Valdecaballeros 1, Valdecaballeros, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Valdecaballeros 2, Valdecaballeros, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Sevilla, Aznalcollar, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Almería, Tabernas, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Albacete, Almansa, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Murcia, Lorca, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Ibersol Zamora, Cubillos, Spain, 50 MW , parabolic trough design
*Enerstar Villena Power Plant, Villena, Spain, 50 MW, parabolic trough design [ [http://enerstar.es/ing/index2ing.htm Enerstar homepage] ]
*AZ 20, Sevilla, Spain, 20 MW , power tower design
*Almaden Plant, Albacete, Spain, 20 MW , power tower design
*Gotasol, Gotarrendura, Spain, 10 MW , linear fresnel design [ [http://www.ea-nrw.de/kraftwerkstechnik/page.asp?RubrikID=9890 Solar Power Group: First commercial Solar-thermal power plant in Spain] ]
*Aznalcollar TH, Sevilla, Spain, 80 kW , dish sterling design

Announced-Miscellaneous

*Negev Desert, Israel, 250 MW, design will be known after tender [ [http://uk.reuters.com/article/oilRpt/idUKL1033616220080210 Israel to hold tender for solar energy plants] ]
*Upington, South Africa, 100 MW, power tower design [ [http://solar4africa.net/news/viewnews.php?ID=249 100 MW Solar Thermal Electric Project in South Africa] ]
*Shams, Abu Dhabi Madinat Zayad, 100 MW, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticleNew.asp?xfile=data/business/2008/January/business_January587.xml&section=business&col= Masdar to build CSP plant worth up to $500 million] ]
*Yazd Plant, Iran, 67 MW steam input for hybrid gas plant, technology unknown. [ [http://www.mehrnews.ir/en/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=469742 Iran’s first solar power plant to become operational in 2010] ]
*Kuraymat Plant, Egypt, 40 MW steam input for a gas powered plant, parabolic trough design [ [http://www.bbj.hu/main/news_32058_iberdrola+to+build+150+mw+egyptian+thermal+solar+plant.html Iberdrola to build 150MW Egyptian thermal solar plant] ] [ [http://www.faz.net/d/invest/meldung.aspx?id=62644991 Solar Millennium Tochter Flagsol erhält Auftrag für erstes Parabolrinnen-Kraftwerk Ägyptens] ]
*Cloncurry solar power station, Australia, 10 MW with heat storage, power tower design [ [http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Cloncurry-to-run-on-solar-alone-Bligh/2007/11/04/1194117867247.html Cloncurry to run on solar alone] ]

Out of commission

*Solar One (converted into Solar Two), USA California, 10MW, power tower design
*Themis (under rehabilitation), France, 2MW, power tower design

ee also

*List of concentrating solar thermal power companies
*List of large wind farms
*Photovoltaic power stations
*Renewable energy industry
*Solar power plants in the Mojave Desert
*Solar thermal energy

References

External links

* [http://www.nrel.gov/csp/troughnet/power_plant_data.html National Renewable Energy Laboratories list of US Solar Trough Plants]
* [http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/rea/news/story?id=51857 Desert Sunrise: Concentrating Solar Power Makes Worldwide Progress]
* [http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601116&sid=a_TUtlIwV7Fw&refer=africa# Google, Chevron Build Mirrors in Desert to Beat Coal With Solar]
* [http://features.csmonitor.com/innovation/2008/08/22/new-rays-of-hope-for-solar-power%E2%80%99s-future/ New rays of hope for solar power’s future]


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