Panhard AML


Panhard AML

Infobox Weapon
name= Panhard AML 60/90


caption= Panhard AML 90 armoured car in Batey ha-Osef museum, Israel.
origin= FRA
type= Light armoured car
is_vehicle=yes
service=
used_by=numerous, see text
wars= Portuguese Colonial War, Rhodesian Bush War, Mozambican War of Independence, Angolan Civil War, Falklands War, Lebanese Civil War, Border patrols during Northern Ireland Troubles.
designer=
design_date=
manufacturer=Panhard
unit_cost=
production_date= 1960 -
number= over 4000
variants= AML 60, AML 90, M3
weight= 5.5 tonnes
length= 4.15 m
part_length=
width=1,97 m
height=2,07 m
crew=3
armour=
primary_armament= AML 60: 60 mm breech loading mortar AML 90: 90 mm GIAT F1 gun
secondary_armament= 2 x 7,62 mm MG
engine=Panhard Model 4 HD 4-cylinder air-cooled petrol developing
engine_power=90 hp at 4,700 rpm
transmission= 4x4 drive
fuel_capacity=
pw_ratio=
suspension=
clearance=330 mm
vehicle_range=600 km
speed=90 km/h
The Panhard AML (called the AML 245 by Panhard) 60/90 is a light armoured car with permanent 4x4 drive for mobility. It can carry either a 90 mm quick firing low pressure gun, or a 60 mm breech loading mortar as main weapons. Night vision equipment enables night time operations, and it is provided with a modern telecommunications system.

Production History

During the 1950s, the French Army used the Daimler Ferret in large numbers but decided to build their own armoured car and Panhard started the production of the AML in 1960. Since then over 4000 vehicles have been completed and manufacture continues for the export market. The AML 60/90 have been sold to over 30 countries. In addition to the French production, 1300 AML 60/90 were built under license by South Africa under the name of Eland 60/90.

An armoured personnel carrier (APC) version was also developed, the Panhard M3. The M3 and the AML share 95% of working parts, encouraging many countries to employ both the M3 and the AML in order to reduce operational costs.

All Irish Army versions have been re-engined with diesel engines.

Variants

All the versions have a common configuration: the driver is seated in front with a 2-seater turret on top. There is a door on each side and the power unit in the back.
* AML 60 - 60 mm breech loading mortar and a 7,62 mm machine gun
* AML 60 HE 60-7 - 60 mm breech loading mortar and 2 x 12,7 mm machine gun
* AML 60 HE 60-12 - 60 mm breech loading mortar and a 12,7 mm machine gun
* AML 60 HE 60-20 - 60 mm breech loading mortar and a 20 mm cannon
* AML 60 S530 - self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon with dual 20 mm cannons used in Venezuela
* AML 90 - 90 mm gun
* AML 90 Lynx - Hispano-Suiza designed turret with a 90 mm GIAT F1 gun, night equipment of vision, and telemeters laser
* Eland 60 - South African version of the AML 60 HE60-7
* Eland 90 - South African version of the AML 90 Lynx
* AML 20 - Irish Army version introduced in recent years replacing the AML 60 turret with a new turret fitted with a 20mm cannon.
* M3 - An APC variant of the Panhard AML.

Operators

Algeria, Argentina, Bahrain, Benin, Bosnia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Gabon, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Iraq, Ireland, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritania, Mexico, Morocco,Myanmar, Nigeria, Niger, Polisario, Portugal, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somaliland, South Africa, Spain, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Yemen, and Zimbabwe

Trivia

In the James Bond film "The Living Daylights", two Panhard AMLs (used to portray Soviet Army vehicles) pursue Afghan Mujahadeen fighters. In fact these were Panhard AMLs belonging to the Royal Moroccan Army (FAR). The Mujahadeen were portrayed by Moroccan soldiers.

ee also

*List of AFVs

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Panhard aml 60 — Pour les articles homonymes, voir AML et 60 (nombre). Panhard AML 60/90 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Panhard AML — 90 Allgemeine Eigenschaften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Panhard AML — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Panhard AML Panhard AML 90 en el museo de Batey ha Osef, Israel Tipo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Panhard AML 60 — Pour les articles homonymes, voir AML et 60 (nombre). Panhard AML 60/90 Panhard AML 90 au Musée des Blindés de Saumur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Panhard AML — …   Википедия

  • AML-60 — Panhard AML 60 Pour les articles homonymes, voir AML et 60 (nombre). Panhard AML 60/90 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AML-90 — Panhard AML 60 Pour les articles homonymes, voir AML et 60 (nombre). Panhard AML 60/90 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Panhard M3 VTT — Le Panhard M3 VTT est un véhicule militaire de transport de troupes dérivé du Panhard AML 60. Ce 4×4 fut largement exporté mais jamais utilisé par la France. Armée de terre Marine nationale Armée de l air …   Wikipédia en Français

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