Sardanapalus (also spelled Sardanapallus) was, according to the Greek writer Ctesias of Cnidus, the last king of Assyria. Ctesias' "Persica" is lost, but we know of its contents by later compilations and from the work of Diodorus (II.27). Sardanapalus has often been identified with the Assyrian king Aššurbanipal, [cite web
url =
title = Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus
author = Marcus Junianus Justinus
format = HTML
quote = His successors too, following his example, gave answers to their people through their ministers. The Assyrians, who were afterwards called Syrians, held their empire thirteen hundred years. The last king that reigned over them was Sardanapalus, a man more effeminate than a woman.
] but his death in the flames of his palace recall the fate of Aššurbanipal's brother Šamaš-sum-ukkin.Fact|date=October 2007 The Greek writer Choerilus of Iasus composed an epitaph on Sardanapalus, said to have been translated from the Chaldean (quoted in Athenaeus, [ viii. p. 336] ).

The death of Sardanapalus was the subject of an Romantic Period painting by the 19th century French painter Eugene Delacroix, "The Death of Sardanapalus", which was itself based on the 1821 play "Sardanapalus" by Byron, which in turn was based on Diodorus. E. H. Coleridge, in his notes on the works of Byron, states, "It is hardly necessary to remind the modern reader that the Sardanapalus of history is an unverified if not an unverifiable personage.... The character which Ctesias depicted or invented, an effeminate debauchee, sunk in luxury and sloth, who at the last was driven to take up arms, and, after a prolonged but ineffectual resistance, avoided capture by suicide, cannot be identified."

ee also

*Dionysus Sardanapalus, a sculpture of Dionysus erroneously named after the king

External links

* [,M1 The text of the Diodorus passage]
* [ Text of Byron's "Sardanapalus"]
* [,M1 Another text of the play]


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  • SARDANAPALUS — Assyriis Thonos Concoleros, A. M. 3215. secundum quosdam, 3158. secundum alios, ultimus Assyriorum rex, tricessmus a Nino, omni libidinis mollitieique genere effeminatissimus: adeo, ut non erubuerit inter scortorum greges nere, et muliebri habitu …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Sardanapalus — ▪ legendary king of Assyria also spelled  Sardanapallus,         legendary king of Assyria. He apparently represents an amalgamation of the characters and tragic fates of three Assyrian rulers: Ashurbanipal (q.v.; ruled 668–627 BC); his brother,… …   Universalium

  • Sardanapalus — or Sardanapallus biographical name king of Assyria; sometimes identified with Ashurbanipal (reigned 668 627 B.C.) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • SARDANAPÁLUS —    the last king of Assyria; led a luxurious, effeminate life, but surprised when at his ease by a large army of invaders he suddenly developed into a hero, till hard pressed at length and shut up in Nineveh, and after two years defence finding… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sardanapalus — /sadəˈnæpələs/ (say sahduh napuhluhs) noun → Ashurbanipal …   Australian English dictionary

  • Sardanapalus — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dionysus Sardanapalus — Head detail of the Dionysus Sardanaplus from the National Roman Museum The Dionysus Sardanapalus is an uncommon Hellenistic Roman Neo Attic sculpture type of the god Dionysus, misnamed after the king Sardanapalus. Unlike most contemporary… …   Wikipedia

  • Death of Sardanapalus — Eugène Delacroix. Death of Sardanapalus. Oil on canvas. 12 ft 1 in x 16 ft 3 in. Louvre. Death of Sardanapalus (La Mort de Sardanapale) is an oil painting on canvas, dated 1827 by Eugène Delacroix. Its dimensions are 392 x 496 cm or 12′ 1 x 16′ 3 …   Wikipedia

  • САРДАНАПАЛ —    • Sardanapālus,          Σαρδανάπαλος или Коносконколер, назывался обыкновенно (по Ктесию) последним царем так называемого Древнеассирийского царства, которое будто уничтожено мидийцем Арбаком и вавилонянином Белесисом в 9 в. до Р. X. Но т. к …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Myrrha — This article is about the Greek myth. For other uses, see Myrrha (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

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