Evangelical Lutheran Synod


Evangelical Lutheran Synod
Lutherans of the United States
Lutherrose.svg
 Lutheranism portal v · d · e

The Evangelical Lutheran Synod or ELS is a US-based Protestant Christian denomination based in Mankato, Minnesota, USA. It describes itself as a conservative, Confessional Lutheran body.

Contents

Membership

There are approximately 19,945 baptized members[1] in 142 established congregations and 12 mission churches. The current president is the Rev. John Moldstad, M.Div., S.T.M., who has been serving since 2002. Note that the ELS uses the term synod differently from the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and is a separate denomination.

History

Herman Amberg Preus, (1825–1894), a key figure in organizing the Norwegian Synod.

The Evangelical Lutheran Synod traces its history back to 1853 when the "Norwegian Synod" was organized in the Midwestern United States. They practiced "fellowship", a form of full communion, with the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS) during the 1850s and 1860s. In 1872, they along with the LCMS and the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) formed the Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America.

In 1917, the Norwegian Synod merged with two other Norwegian Lutheran groups and formed the Norwegian Lutheran Church of America, later named the Evangelical Lutheran Church. This led to disagreement among members of the Norwegian Synod. The people who became the ELS had concerns regarding fellowship with those who did not share the same doctrine. The Norwegian Synod had taught that conversion and salvation were entirely the work of God without any cooperation from humans. The new merged church allowed that conversion depended in some degree on humans accepting God's grace. A group of people therefore gathered at Lime Creek Lutheran Church near Lake Mills, Iowa, in June 1918 and reorganized as the Norwegian Synod of the American Evangelical Lutheran Church (also known as "Little Norwegian" Synod) The name was later changed to the Evangelical Lutheran Synod in 1957.

Lutheranism
Lutherrose.svg
Luther's Seal
 Lutheranism portal v · d · e


In 1955 the ELS suspended its fellowship with the LCMS over doctrinal disagreements, and in 1963 it withdrew from the Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America. It retained its fellowship with the WELS. (The WELS severed its fellowship relations with the LCMS in 1961, and also withdrew from the Synodical Conference in 1963.)

In 1993, the ELS and WELS working with a number of other worldwide Lutheran churches, some of which had been founded through mission work by both synods, founded the Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference (CELC)...

ELS presidents

  • Bjug Harstad (1917–1922)
  • George Gullixson (1923–1926)
  • Christian Anderson (1926–1930)
  • Helge M. Tjernagel (1930–1934)
  • Norman A. Madson (1934–1935)
  • Christian A. Moldstad (1935–1937)
  • Henry Ingebritson (1937–1942)
  • Norman A. Madson (1942–1946)
  • Adolph M. Harstad (1946–1950)
  • C. Monrad Gullerud (1950–1954)
  • Milton H. Otto (1954–1957)
  • Milton E. Tweit (1957–1962)
  • Theodore Aaberg (1962–1964)
  • Joseph Petersen (1964–1966)
  • Juul B. Madson (1966–1970)
  • George M. Orvick (1970–1976)
  • Wilhelm Petersen (1976–1980)
  • George M. Orvick (1980–2002)
  • John A. Moldstad (2002- )

Hymnal

The Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary (ELH) is a relatively new hymnal (1996) created by the Evangelical Lutheran Synod.

The Norwegian heritage of the ELS is evident in this hymnal, although a broader ethnicity is clearly represented. From the indexes located in the back of the hymnary, on pages 926ff entitled "Translated Hymns", it is clear that the majority of the hymns come from German, Scandinavian and Latin sources, however Greek, Czech, French, and other sources are also present.

The cover of this hymnary is black with a gold imprinted logo on the front cover. The logo used is a Latin cross with budded arms superimposed over a lyre, on a diamond shaped background. Inside these covers one finds more than hymn texts: The Church Year is summarized; followed by the full texts of the Augsburg Confession; the texts of the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed, and the Athanasian Creed; and the Small Catechism by Dr. Martin Luther. Prayers are included as well as four different rites of The Divine Service. Divine Service Rite I is based on the Danish Ritual of 1685; Divine Service Rite II is from the Common Service from 1888; Divine Service Rite III is a new setting by Dr. Alfred Fremder; and Divine Service Rite IV is the Lutheran "Chorale Mass".[2] Other services included here are The Office of the Prime, Matins, Vespers, Compline, and others. A Service of Private Confession and Absolution is also included. Psalms, canticles, and other resources are also found here.

While most American Lutherans are familiar with a joint confession of sins followed by a spoken absolution from the pastor, this hymnary features an optional Individual Absolution (on page 43). Before each worshipper hears the word of absolution, the pastor says, "Upon this your confession, come forward to the altar of the Lord and receive the declaration of the forgiveness of all your sins. The communicants come forward and kneel at the altar rail."

A total of 602 hymns appear in this work. Some appear merely as lyrics with only a suggested tune listed, others include musical notation. The text is enriched by language like that in the New King James Version.

Education ministries and missions

In 1927, the ELS began operating Bethany Lutheran College in Mankato, Minnesota. In 1946 it established its own seminary, also in Mankato, MN, called Bethany Lutheran Theological Seminary. Throughout its history, ELS congregations have actively sponsored Christian elementary schools. The synod carries on an active home mission program and now has more than 140 congregations in many states. It also has foreign missionaries laboring in Peru and Chile in South America and in Ukraine, Latvia, and Czech Republic in Eastern Europe.

Core beliefs

The Evangelical Lutheran Synod teaches that the Bible is the only authoritative and error-free source for doctrine. It subscribes to the Lutheran Confessions (the Book of Concord) not in-so-far-as but because it is an accurate presentation of what Scripture teaches. It teaches that Jesus is the center of Scripture and the only way to eternal salvation, and that the Holy Spirit uses the gospel alone in Word and Sacraments (Baptism and Holy Communion) to bring people to faith in Jesus as Savior and keep them in that faith, strengthening them in their daily life of sanctification.

External links

References

  • Evangelical Lutheran Synod Worship Committee. Evangelical Lutheran Hymnary, Mankato, MN: Morning Star Publishers, 1996. pp. 3, 43, 926-928.
  • Brug, John F. Edward C. Fredrich II, and Armin W. Schuetze. WELS and Other Lutherans: Lutheran Church Bodies in the USA, Milwaukee, WI: Northwestern Publishing House, 1998. pp. 94f
  • Preus, J. A. O. Jr. "Protesting Norwegians" in Omar Bonderud and Charles Lutz (eds.) America's Lutherans. Columbus OH: Wartburg Press 1958. pp. 52–53.
  1. ^ LWF Statistics 2009
  2. ^ http://www.blc.edu/comm/gargy/gargy1/ELH.ELS.report.html

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod — Classification Lutheran Orientation Confessional Lutheran Polity Congregational Associations Confessional …   Wikipedia

  • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod — ▪ church, United States       conservative Lutheran church in the United States, formed in 1892 as a federation of three conservative synods of German background and then known as the General Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Wisconsin, Minnesota,… …   Universalium

  • Icelandic Evangelical Lutheran Synod of America — was a Lutheran church body in North America. The Synod was founded in June 1885 at a constitutional convention in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The early churches in this body were located in Manitoba and North Dakota. Later churches could be found in… …   Wikipedia

  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America — Infobox Christian denomination name = Evangelical Lutheran Church in America imagewidth = 200 caption = main classification = Protestant orientation = Mainline Lutheran polity = Interdependent local, regional, and national expressions… …   Wikipedia

  • Synod of the Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America — Lutheranism Luther s Seal Book of Concord …   Wikipedia

  • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America — ▪ church, United States       the largest Lutheran church in North America. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America was formed in 1988 by the merger of two major Lutheran denominations, the American Lutheran Church and the Lutheran Church in… …   Universalium

  • Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America — The Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference of North America was a Lutheran joint fellowship (in this sense, a declaration of unity of belief) organization between the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS), the Lutheran Church Missouri… …   Wikipedia

  • Synod of Evangelical Lutheran Churches — The Synod of Evangelical Lutheran Churches was an American Lutheran Christian denomination that existed from 1902 to 1971. In 1971 it merged with the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod, and it now operates as a non geographic district of that body… …   Wikipedia

  • Evangelical Lutheran Church (United States) — Lutheranism Luther s Seal Book of Concord …   Wikipedia

  • Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany) — The Evangelical Lutheran Free Church ( Evangelisch Lutherische Freikirche ) is a small confessional Lutheran denomination based in Germany and western Austria. It currently consists of 1,600 members in 15 congregations, primarily located in… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.