Paul Smolensky

Infobox Scientist


image_width = 150px
birth_date = Birth date and age|1955|5|5|mf=y
name = Paul Smolensky
residence = United States
nationality = USA
field = Cognitive science
work_institution = The Johns Hopkins University
alma_mater = Harvard University, Indiana University
known_for = Optimality theory, phonology, syntax, acquisition, learnability, processing
prizes = David E. Rumelhart Prize for Theoretical Contributions to Cognitive Science, 2005
website = [http://www.cog.jhu.edu/faculty/smolensky/ at JHU]

Paul Smolensky (born May 5, 1955) is a professor of Cognitive Science at the Johns Hopkins University. With Alan Prince he developed Optimality Theory, a representational model of linguistics. Optimality Theory is popularly used for phonology, the subfield to which it was originally applied, but has been extended to other areas of linguistics such as syntax and semantics.

Smolensky is the recipient of the 2005 Rumelhart Prize for his pursuit of the ICS Architecture, a model of cognition that aims to unify Connectionism and symbolism, where the symbolic representations and operations are manifested as abstractions on the underlying connectionist networks. Among his other important ideas is the notion of local conjunction of constraints - the idea that two constraints can combine into a single constraint that is violated only when both of its conjuncts are violated. Local conjunction has been applied to the analysis of various "additive" effects in Optimality Theory. With Bruce Tesar (Rutgers University), Smolensky has also contributed significantly to the study of the learnability of Optimality Theoretic grammars.

He is a member of the Center for Language and Speech Processing.

ee also

* [http://www.cog.jhu.edu/faculty/smolensky Paul Smolensky Homepage at Johns Hopkins]
* [http://www.cnbc.cmu.edu/derprize David E. Rumelhart Prize]

Persondata
NAME= Smolensky, Paul
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=American cognitive scientist
DATE OF BIRTH= May 5, 1955
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=


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  • Paul Smolensky — (* 5. Mai 1955) ist ein amerikanischer Linguist und Professor für Kognitionswissenschaft an der Johns Hopkins University. Smolensky hat gemeinsam mit Alan Prince die Optimalitätstheorie entwickelt, eine kontroverse aber einflussreiche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Smolensky — (né le 5 mai 1955) est professeur de sciences cognitives à l université Johns Hopkins. Il est à l origine, avec Alan Prince, d un modèle linguistique appelé théorie de l optimalité. Portail de la linguistique Caté …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Smolensky — Paul Smolensky (* 5. Mai 1955) ist ein amerikanischer Linguist und Professor für Kognitionswissenschaft an der Johns Hopkins University. Smolensky hat gemeinsam mit Alan Prince die Optimalitätstheorie entwickelt, eine kontroverse aber… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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