Perry is an
alcoholic beveragemade of fermented pear juice. It is similar to cider, in that it is made using a similar process and often has a similar alcoholic content, up to 8.5% alcohol by volume. Pear Cider is a term which is sometimes applied to perry, as well as to other drinks fermented from a mixture of pear and apple juices.
Perry has been common for centuries in Britain, particularly the
West Countryand Wales; and France, especially Normandyand Anjou. Swedenalso produces perry, such as Kopparbergs, Herrljunga Cideror Rekorderlig Cider. As with cider, special pear cultivars are used: in the UK the most commonly used variety of perry pear is the Blakeney Red. They produce fruit that is not of eating quality, but that produces superior perry. Perry pears are higher in tanninand acid than eating or cooking pears, and are generally smaller.
Gloucestershire, Herefordshireand Worcestershirein Englandmade from traditional recipes forms a European Union Protected Geographical Indication.
One may also find perry distilled, in a similar style to applejack.
Campaign for Real Ale's (CAMRA) definition of "real perry" is in parallel to that of real cider:
"DEFINITION OF REAL DRAUGHT CIDER & PERRY
#The liquid contents before fermentation must consist entirely of non-pasteurized apple (Cider), or pear (Perry) juice.
#No apple or pear juice concentrates to be used.
#Normally, only the sugar naturally available in the fruit should be used to cause fermentation, but in years when the level of natural sugar in the fruit is low, the addition of extraneous sugar to aid fermentation is acceptable.
#No pasteurization to take place during the production process in relation to the cask product.
#No added colourings to be used.
#No added flavourings to be used.
#There must be no artificial carbonation for draught products.
#Sweetener may be added to fully fermented Cider/Perry to make it sweet or medium.
#The addition of water is permitted to bring the alcoholic content of the Cider/Perry down to the level required by the producer. Ideally, however the minimum juice content should not be lower than 90% volume.
#No micro filtration allowed (this takes all the yeast, leaving a "dead" product).
The above is item 5.2 as extracted from CAMRA's External Policy Document 2003 - 2004" (from [http://www.camra.org.uk/page.aspx?o=aboutciderandperry CAMRA's Cider & Perry page)]
Commercial Light Perries
*A branded perry known as
Babycham, marketed principally as a woman's drink and sold in miniature Champagne-style bottles, was once popular but has now become unfashionable. Pears are also the principal ingredient in Brothers Pear Cideralso produced by the inventors of Babycham.
*Another brand of light perry growing in popularity
as of 2000is called Lambrini. Lambrini is manufactured in Liverpoolby Halewood International, and marketed under the slogan "Lambrini Girls Just Wanna Have Fun". It currently dominates the light perry market.
*The Irish drinks company, Cantrell & Cochrane, Plc (C&C), more famous for its Magners and Bulmers ciders, launched the perry Ritz in 1986.
Bulmerscompany, different from the above, launched its own pear cider in November 2007.
pale lagerand commercial cider, commercial perry is highly processed and often contains large quantities of cereal adjuncts such as corn syrupor invert sugar. It is also generally of lower strength than real perry.
* [http://ukcider.co.uk/wiki/index.php/Perry Real Perry on the ukcider Wiki]
* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=12206988 Out of the Pear Orchard and Into the Glass] from
National Public Radio
* [http://www.lambrini.co.uk/ Lambrini corporate website]
* [http://www.candcgroupplc.com/ C & C Group]
* [http://homepage.ntlworld.com/scrumpy/cider/perry.htm Overview of making perry at home]
* [http://www.thethreecountiesciderandperryassociation.co.uk/index.htm The Three Counties Cider and Perry Association]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Perry — Perry, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 666 Housing Units (2000): 431 Land area (2000): 1.227252 sq. miles (3.178567 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.033191 sq. miles (0.085963 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.260443 sq. miles (3.264530 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
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Perry — m English: pet form of PEREGRINE (SEE Peregrine), or transferred use of the surname Perry, which was originally a local name for someone who lived by a pear tree (Old English pirige). In modern times, it has been borne by the American singer… … First names dictionary
Perry, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 314 Housing Units (2000): 124 Land area (2000): 0.423037 sq. miles (1.095662 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.423037 sq. miles (1.095662 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Perry, FL — U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 6847 Housing Units (2000): 3073 Land area (2000): 9.286975 sq. miles (24.053154 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.286975 sq. miles (24.053154 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
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Perry, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 437 Housing Units (2000): 222 Land area (2000): 0.382164 sq. miles (0.989800 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.382164 sq. miles (0.989800 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Perry, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 901 Housing Units (2000): 395 Land area (2000): 0.779070 sq. miles (2.017782 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.779070 sq. miles (2.017782 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places