Land Surface Model (LSM version 1.0)

The Land Surface Model (LSM) is a unidimensional computational model developed by "Gordon Bonan" that describes ecological processes joined in many ecosystem models, hydrological processes found in hydrological models and flow of surface common in surface models using atmospheric models.

In this way, the model examines interactions especially biogeophysics (sensible and latent heat, momentum, albedo, emission of long waves) and biogeochemistry (CO2) of the land-atmosphere the effect of surface of the land in the climate and composition of the atmosphere.

This model has a simplified treatment of the surface flows that reproduce at the very least computational cost the essential characteristics of the important interactions of the land-atmosphere for climatic simulations.

As the types of surface vegetated for some species are several, have a standardization of types of covering being enclosed surfaces covered with water as lakes (amongst others); thus the model wheel for each point of independent form, with the same average of the atmospheric interactions. The model functions in a space grating that can vary of a point until global.


* Bonan, G.B. (1996). A land surface model (LSM version 1.0) for ecological, hydrological, and atmospheric studies: technical description and user's guide. "NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-417+STR. National Center for Atmospheric Research" 1-150.
* Bonan, G.B. (1996). [ "Model Documentation: copy technical note"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LSM — may stand for:*LSm, a family of RNA binding proteinsIn education and organisations: *LSM program or the Vagelos Program in Life Sciences and Management, an undergraduate degree program at the University of Pennsylvania *Lesbian Sex Mafia, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Ecosystem model — Ecosystem models, or ecological models, are mathematical representations of ecosystems. Typically they simplify complex foodwebs down to their major components or trophic levels, and quantify these as either numbers of organisms, biomass or the… …   Wikipedia

  • Operation Crossroads — Coordinates: 11°36′N 165°30′E / 11.6°N 165.5°E / 11.6; 165.5 …   Wikipedia

  • Naval weaponry of the People's Liberation Army Navy — The People s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) is the naval branch of the People s Liberation Army (PLA), the armed forces of the People s Republic of China. The PLAN force consists of approx. 250,000 men and over a hundred major combat vessels,… …   Wikipedia

  • Fred Singer — S. Fred Singer Born September 27, 1924 (1924 09 27) (age 87) Vienna, Austria Nationality Austrian, American Education B.E.E electrical engineering (1943) A.M. physics (1944) Ph.D. physics (1948) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.