Qadian


Qadian

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Qadian | type = city | latd = 31.82 | longd = 75.39
locator_position = right | state_name = Punjab
district = Gurdaspur
leader_title =
leader_name =
altitude = 250
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 20,827| population_density =
area_magnitude= km²
area_total =
area_telephone =
postal_code =
vehicle_code_range =
sex_ratio =
unlocode =
website =
footnotes =

Qadian (ਕਾਦਿਆਂ ) is a small town and a municipal council in Gurdaspur District, north-east of Amritsar, situated 18 km east of Batala city in the state of Punjab, India.

Qadian is perhaps best known as the birthplace of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Movement he founded.

History

Qadian was established in 1530 CE. Mirza Hadi Baig, a religious scholar dedicated to Islam, was the first Qazi (city Magistrate) of this area. Because of his religious beliefs, he named the new town 'Islam Pur Qazi'. With the passage of time, it changed to 'QaziMaji' (The word "Maji" means Bull referring to the animal still found in abundance in Qadian) and then later to just 'Qadi' and eventually came to be known as Qadian.

It was in 1834 CE during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh that the estate consisting of Qadian and five adjoining villages were given to Mirza Ghulam Murtaza Ahmad, father of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

A remote and unknown village, 'Qadian' emerged as a centre of religious learning in 1889, when Mirza Ghulam Ahmad established the Ahmadiyya Movement. Qadian remained the administrative headquarter and capital of the Ahmadiyya Caliphate until the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

Geography

Qadian is located at coord|31.82|N|75.39|E|. [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/23/Qadian.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Qadian] ] It has an average elevation of 250 metres (820 feet).

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, [GR|India] Qadian had a population of 20,827. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Qadian has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 70%. In Qadian, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References

External links

* [http://www.ahmadiyyat.mobi Ahmadiyya Muslim Community on Mobile]
* [http://www.jalsasalana.mobi Jalsa Salana on Mobile]
* [http://www.jalsasalana.org/ Jalsa Salana]
* [http://www.persecution.mobi Persecution of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community on Mobile]
* [http://gurdaspur.nic.in/html/towns.htm Major Towns of District Gurdaspur]
* [http://www.jalsasalana.org/qadian Pictures from Jalsa Salana Qadian]
* [http://www.amc.2truth.com Unofficial discussion about Ahmadiyya Muslim Community]

External links

;Ahmadiyya links"Official Ahmadiyya sites":
* [http://www.alislam.org Official website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community]
* [http://www.real-islam.org Mullah's truth]
* [http://www.aaiil.org/index.shtml Official website of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam]
* [http://www.alislam.org/library/links/00000185.html Biography of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad]
* [http://geocities.com/trueislamonline/death.html Urdu article regarding death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad]
* [http://www.esnips.com/user/moubasher Dawat-e-Lillah Articles"] - Ahmadiyya articles at eSnips both in Urdu and in English languages and as well as in Arabic

"Books":
* [http://www.ahmadiyya.org/books/f-ahm-mv/founder.htm Life of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad by Maulana Muhammad Ali]
* [http://www.alislam.org/books Islamic Books Library @ Alislam.org] - Alislam.org
* [http://real-islam.org/reply/index.html www.real-islam.org] ;Non-Ahmadiyya links"Comprehensive sites with critical works":
* [http://www.rafed.net/english/books/beliefs/savior/13.html#107 replies by Ayatollah Ali Al-hakim from a Shi'ah Muslims' point of view]
* [http://real-islam.org/reply/misc.html Replies to miscellaneous allegations] In English and Urdu USA
* [http://real-islam.org/audio/ary1.rm "Confession of few facts by severe opponents of Ahmadis like Dr, Israr Ahmad. Positive remarks about Ahmadiyyat and Founder of Ahmadiyyat by Allama Iqbal, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and bitter opponent of Ahmadiyyat Dr. Israr Ahmad. A video Clip from ARY Digital, A famous satellite TV channel http://real-islam.org/audio/ary1.rm")]
* [http://207.244.155.2:8090/video/misc/muslim.rm What makes one a “Muslim”? (Urdu with English sub-titles)] The act of Mullahs and their followers regarding declaring Ahmadis as “Non-Muslim” and “Non-Believer” is totally against the nature as well as the teachings of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (saw). Can the Mullahs and their followers deny it???
* [http://www.servantsofallah.org/ahmadism.htm Allama Iqbal on Ahmadism] - ServantsofAllah.org
* [http://real-islam.org/reply/index.html Replies to false allegations against Hazrat Massih Maud (as)]
* [http://real-islam.org/audio/ Mullah's Truth Videoz]
* [http://geocities.com/islam.ahmadiyya/Truth Truth about Mirza Ghulam Ahmad]


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