1310s in England

Events from the 1310s in England.

Incumbents

Monarch - Edward II of England

Events

* 1310
** 16 March - Edward II of England agrees to the election of a committee of twenty-one barons as "Lord Ordainers" to reform the government.
** October - English army raids southern Scotland, but fails to reach the north.
** The first purpose-built accommodation for students (Mob Quad) completed in Merton College, Oxford.
* 1311
** August - Parliament publishes the ordinances, substituting the Lord Ordainers for the King as the effective government of the country.
** Scottish forces under Robert the Bruce raid Northumberland and burn Corbridge.
**Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster.
* 1312
** January - Edward II moves his court to York and prepares to fight rebellious barons.
** 19 June - Thomas Plantagenet, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, leader of rebels, orders the execution of royal favourite Piers Gaveston.
** Scottish forces under Robert the Bruce raid as far as Durham.
** 22 December - Earl of Lancaster and his supporters refuse an offer of pardon from Edward II.
** Walter of Guisborough writes "Cronica", a history of England from 1066.
* 1313
** 13 January - Robert the Bruce expels English troops from Perth, Scotland.cite book|last=Williams|first=Hywel|title=Cassell's Chronology of World History|publisher=Weidenfeld & Nicolson|year=2005|isbn=0-304-35730-8|pages=155-157]
** 20 May - Ordinance of the Staple establishes specific depots through which the English wool trade to Europe must pass.
** 28 May - Thomas Cobham elected to the Archbishopric of Canterbury.
** 1 October - Pope Clement V dismisses the election of Thomas Cobham to the Archbishopric of Canterbury having been petitioned to do so by King Edward II. Walter Reynolds enthroned as the Archbishop.
** October - Edward II pardons rebellious barons after they publicly apologise.
** Robert the Bruce retakes the Isle of Man from the English.
* 1314
** May - English forces invade Scotland.
** 24 June - Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce defeated Edward II of England.cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
** June - Scotland regains its independence and raids England as far as Yorkshire.
** Exeter College, Oxford founded by Walter de Stapledon.
** Ban on the playing of violent ball games (precursors of football) is instituted and widely ignored.
* 1315
** February - Earl of Lancaster takes control of administration, removing the last of the King's supporters from the Royal Council.
** 25 October - Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw attack Liverpool Castle.
** The Borough of Liverpool, along with Liverpool Castle, is granted to Robert de Holland.
** Widespread famine after heavy rain destroys the harvest; lasts until 1317.
* 1316
** February - Earl of Lancaster becomes Chief Councillor to Edward II, who confirms the Ordinances of 1311.
* 1317
** April - Baron Roger Mortimer, newly appointed Justiciar of Ireland drives Scottish raiders back to the north of Ireland.
* 1318
** 8 April - Berwick-upon-Tweed is retaken by the Scottish from the English.
** 9 August - Treaty of Leake between Edward II and Earl of Lancaster, agreeing on control of administration.
** 14 October - Anglo-Irish forces defeat a Scots-Irish army at the Battle of Faughart in Ireland. Edward Bruce, brother of Robert the Bruce, is killed in the battle.
* 1319
** 20 September
*** A siege of Berwick-upon-Tweed to recapture it from the Scottish occupation is abandoned.
*** First War of Scottish Independence: Scottish victory at the Battle of Myton.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 95-98|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]

Births

*1311
* 24 June - Philippa of Hainault, queen of Edward III of England (died 1369)
*1312
** 13 November - King Edward III of England (died 1377)
*1313
** 20 July - John Tiptoft, 2nd Baron Tibetot, (died 1367)
*1314
** Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of Edward III of England (died 1369)
*1317
** Michael 2nd Baron Poynings, Knight (d. 1369)
*1318
** 8 June - Eleanor of Woodstock, eldest daughter of King Edward II of England
** Eleanor of Lancaster (died 1372)
*1319
** William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton, military leader (died 1360)

Deaths

*1311
** Antony Bek, bishop of Durham (year of birth unknown)
*1312
** 19 June - Piers Gaveston, favourite of Edward II of England (born c. 1284)
*1313
**John Schorne, rector of North Marston in the county of Buckinghamshire (year of birth unknown)
*1315
** 10 August - Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, nobleman (year of birth unknown)
*1317
** 14 February - Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (born 1282)

References

ee also


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