USS Menhaden (SS-377)
USS "Menhaden" (SS-377), a "Balao"-class
submarine, was the first submarine and second ship of the United States Navyto be named for the menhaden, a marine fish of the herringfamily which, as the most abundant of fishes along the Atlantic coast, is found from New Englandwaters southward; the fish is caught for bait or converted into oil and fertilizer.
"Menhaden" was laid down by
Manitowoc Shipbuilding Co., Manitowoc, Wisc., 21 June 1944; launched 20 December 1944; sponsored by Miss Mirium R. Johnson and commissioned at Manitowoc 22 June 1945, Commander David H. McClintock in command.
"Menhaden" was skippered by Commander McClintock and manned by sailors from the redoubtable USS|Darter|SS-227|3 which had been lost by grounding during the
battle of Leyte Gulfthe previous October. "Menhaden", the last of the Manitowoc-built boats to have commissioned service during World War II, trained in Lake Michiganuntil 15 July. Thence, she was floated down the Mississippi Riverto New Orleans where she departed for the Canal Zone 27 July. She conducted extensive training out of Balboa during the closing days of the war against Japan, and between 1 Septemberand 16 Septembercruised to Pearl Harborfor duty with SubRon 19.
24 November"Menhaden" broke the flag of Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, CINCPACand CINCPOA. Fleet Admiral Nimitz had selected "Menhaden" as his flagshipduring Change of Command ceremonies, for she combined the new with the old. Although untried in combat, she was one of the newest boats in the Submarine Service and incorporated the latest improvements in submarine design and equipment. Moreover her “gallantly battle-tested” crew epitomized the “valor, skill, and dedicated service of submariners” during the long Pacific war. Thus, on her deck that morning Fleet Admiral Nimitz read his orders assigning him to duty as Chief of Naval Operations, and his relief, Adm. Raymond A. Spruance, read orders making him CINCPAC and CINPOA.
"Menhaden" operated out of Pearl Harbor until
2 January 1946when she sailed for the west coast, arriving San Francisco 8 January. Following inactivation overhaul at Mare Island, she decommissioned 31 May 1946and entered the Pacific Reserve Fleet. She recommissioned at Mare Island 7 August 1951, Lt. Comdr. Ralph G. Johns, Jr., in command. Assigned to SubRon 5, she operated along the west coast out of San Diegoduring the next year. She again decommissioned at Mare Island 13 August 1952and began a GUPPY IIAoverhaul and conversion to a snorkel submarine.
6 March 1953, Lt. Comdr. William R. Werner in command. She joined SubRon 3 at San Diego 12 June, and on 21 Septembershe sailed for the Far East. Operating out of Yokosuka, she ranged the East and South China Seas until 11 February 1954; thence, she returned to San Diego 23 March. For the next year and a half she operated in the eastern Pacific where she participated in fleet readiness exercises and type training assignments. On 18 August 1955she began her second deployment to WesPac where she joined and supported the ever-vigilant Taiwanpatrol force. She returned to the west coast 17 February 1956.
"Menhaden" completed six more deployments in the troubled waters of the Far East. As a unit of SubDiv 32, she cruised the western Pacific from Japan and Taiwan to the
Philippinesand Australia. She carried out surveillance and reconnaissance patrols off past and present areas of cold war conflict from Koreato Vietnam.
When not deployed in the western Pacific, "Menhaden" maintained a schedule of intensive readiness and alert exercises. Home ported at San Diego, she participated in numerous fleet and intertype exercises. In addition, she supported sonar school operations and provided at-sea training for members of the Navy’s Submarine Reserve Force.
Early in 1968 "Menhaden" returned to the western Pacific. During a 6-month deployment she concentrated her operations in the troubled waters of
Southeast Asiaas the United States increased the effort to protect and defend the independence and integrity of South Vietnamfrom aggression of the North Vietnamese Communists. Later in the year she returned to the west coast where she continued to prepare for future “keeping-the-peace” missions.
"Menhaden" was decommissioned,
13 August 1971, and struck from the Naval Register, 15 August 1973. In 1976, ex-"Menhaden" was towed from Californiato Washingtonto begin a new career as the "Yellow Submarine." The boat, stripped of her engines and painted yellow, was operated by the Naval Undersea Warfare Engineering Stationin Keyport, Wash. Affectionately referred to as "The Hulk", she served as a remotely controlled, unmanned acoustic test vehicle capable of submerging to moderate depths in support of undersea weapons testing, and as a target ship to train Trident missilesubmarine crews off the coast of Washington.
In 1988 she sank, due to a leaking main-ballast-tank vent-valve when she was being cut up for scrap. As the tide came in, she was not able to float fast enough to avoid being flooded through all of the holes cut through her pressure hull. The city of Everett eventually finished scrapping the abandoned hulk.
* [http://www.infomagic.net/~grog/ USS "Menhaden" website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
USS Darter (SS-227) — USS|Darter|SS 227, a Gato class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the darter, any of many small American fresh water fishes, closely related to the perch family. Her keel was laid down on 20 October 1942 by… … Wikipedia
USS Lyman County (LST-903) — The USS Lyman County (LST 903) was an sclass|LST 542|tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named after Lyman County, South Dakota, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name.Originally laid down as LST… … Wikipedia
Liste der U-Boote der United States Navy — Schiffe der United States Navy A B C D E F … Deutsch Wikipedia
Submarinos la Armada de los Estados Unidos — Anexo:Submarinos la Armada de los Estados Unidos Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Plantilla:Listas Esta es una lista de submarinos de la Armada de los Estados Unidos, ordenados según el número de casco y el nombre. Por número de casco USS Alligator… … Wikipedia Español
Anexo:Submarinos de la Armada de Estados Unidos — Esta es una lista de submarinos de la Armada de los Estados Unidos, ordenados según el número de casco y el nombre. Por número de casco USS Alligator (SSK 1) Barracuda (SSK 2) Bass … Wikipedia Español
Liste der Schiffe der United States Navy/M — Schiffe der United States Navy A B … Deutsch Wikipedia
Список подводных лодок ВМС США — Первая подводная лодка ВМС США USS «Holland» (SS 1). Вклад в развитие подводных лодок в США очень велик. Ещё во время Войны за независимость, в 1775 году, школьный учитель из Коннектикута Дэвид Бушнелл построил по … Википедия
Liste des sous-marins de l'United States Navy — L USS Cuttlefish (SS 171) fut en service de 1934 à 1945. L USS Bowfin (SS 287) fut … Wikipédia en Français
Yellow Submarine — may refer to:* Yellow Submarine (song), an original song by The Beatles released in 1966 * Yellow Submarine (film), a feature length animated film starring The Beatles released in 1968 * Yellow Submarine (album), the soundtrack to the film by The … Wikipedia
Sous-marin jaune — Yellow Submarine Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. The Beatles Yellow Submarine, un album des Beatles, bande originale du film Yellow Submarine, une chanson des Beatles, parue sur l album… … Wikipédia en Français