A Silver Grey Dorking rooster.
Other names Silver Grey Dorking. Country of origin Italy Classification APA Continental ABA Single Comb and Clean Legged Traits Weight Male 9lb Weight Female 7lb Skin Color White Egg Color White Comb Type Single Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus)
The Dorking is a breed of chicken that is believed to have originated in Italy during the period of the Roman Empire and was introduced in Britain at the time of the Roman conquest making it one of the oldest English breeds.
One of the earliest known mentions of the Dorking was by the Roman agricultural writer Columella during the reign of Julius Caesar. In his text, Rei rusticae libri, he described the breed as, "square-framed, large and broad-breasted, with big heads and small upright combs...the purest breed being five-clawed". Pliny also described a similar bird with an odd number of toes in his Naturalis Historia. Although Caesar noted that poultry was already raised in Britain prior to his invasions in 55–54 BC, the Red Dorking is believed to have been introduced in Great Britain by the Romans at an early date where much of its development continued to take place.
They appeared in the first British poultry show in 1845, together with the Sussex breed, which is believed to be derived from the Dorking. The birds are named after the market town of Dorking in Surrey which in the nineteenth century became one of the main centres of production.
They were admitted in to the American Poultry Association's Standard of Perfection in 1874.
The Dorking has a rectangular body with very short, five-toed legs. Due to its relatively large comb it generally requires protection in cold weather. Dorkings are also well known for their versatility as a breed for both egg and meat production. It is one of the few breeds with red earlobes that produces a white-shelled egg. The skin colour beneath the feathers is white. The standard weight is 9 pounds for a cock, 8 pounds for a cockerel, 7 pounds for a hen, and 6 pounds for a pullet. Furthermore, the breed is very docile. The bird has five recognized varieties: White, Silver-grey, Red, Dark and Cuckoo.(1)
They are noted for being exceptionally broody at times in entire flocks refusing to lay and preferring to sit on eggs to incubate them.
Cock 4.6 - 6.4 kg Hen 3.6 - 4.6 kg Bantam Variety Dorking Rooster 1.1 - 1.4 kg Hen 0.9 - 1.1 kg
- Crawford, Roy D. (1990), Poultry breeding and genetics, Elsevier Health Sciences, ISBN 0-444-88557-9
- Dohner, Janet Vorwald (2001), The encyclopedia of historic and endangered livestock and poultry breeds, Yale University Press, pp. 421–423, ISBN 0-300-08880-9
- Lewer, Sidney H. (1927), British poultry and poultry keeping, The Feathered World
- Sturges, Rev. T. W. (1911), The Poultry Manual: A complete guide for the breeder and exhibitor, Macdonald and Evans, http://ia700407.us.archive.org/2/items/poultrymanualcom00stur/poultrymanualcom00stur.pdf
- Dorking from an Oklahoma State University website
- Dorking from feathersite.com
- poultryhub.org Fancy Chicken Breeds
Chicken Rooster • Hen • Chick As poultry Husbandry Dishes Religion, mythology
DiseasesAspergillosis • Avian influenza • Avian sarcoma leukosis virus • Blackhead disease • Botulism • Campylobacteriosis • Candidiasis • Coccidiosis • Colds • Dermanyssus gallinae • Egg binding • Erysipelas • Fatty liver hemorrhagic syndrome • Fowlpox • Gallid herpesvirus 1 • Gapeworm • Infectious bursal disease • Marek's disease • Mycoplasmas • Newcastle disease • Omphalitis • Psittacosis • Pullorum • Scaly leg • Squamous cell carcinoma • Tibial dyschondroplasia • Toxoplasmosis
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dorking (disambiguation) — Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey, England. Dorking may also refer to: Dorking, Ontario, Canada Dorking (chicken), a breed of chicken Dorking (UK Parliament constituency), a… … Wikipedia
Dorking — [dôr′kiŋ] n. [after Dorking, town in Surrey, England] any of a breed of domestic chicken, having a large body, short legs, and five toed feet … English World dictionary
Dorking — /dawr king/, n. one of an English breed of chicken, having five toes on each foot instead of the usual four. [1830 40; named after Dorking, town in Surrey, England] * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom town, Mole Valley district, administrative… … Universalium
chicken — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. fowl, cock, hen, pullet; fryer, broiler, capon; slang, coward (See cowardice). See birds, food. II (Roget s IV) n. 1. [A barnyard fowl] Syn. chick, hen, rooster, pullet, cock, cockerel, capon,… … English dictionary for students
List of chicken breeds — Thirty types of known chickens There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence. Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for… … Wikipedia
Cornish (chicken) — Indian Game redirects here. For the chess opening, see Indian Defence. Dark Cornish Hen The Cornish, known as the Indian Game in its native country of Cornwall in England, United Kingdom, is a breed of chicken. Cornish chickens, as well as… … Wikipedia
no spring chicken — If someone is no spring chicken, they are not young. (Dorking School Dictionary) *** To say that someone is no spring chicken means that they are quite old or well past their youth. How old is the owner? I don t know, but she s no… … English Idioms & idiomatic expressions
Houdan (chicken) — The Houdan is a breed of chicken native to France. Named after the city of Houdan, near Paris, it is an old breed. It was first exported to England in 1850, and to North America in 1865. It also appeared in the first edition of the American… … Wikipedia
handwriting like chicken scratch — If your handwriting is very hard to read, it is like chicken scratch. (Dorking School Dictionary) … English Idioms & idiomatic expressions
like a headless chicken — If someone rushes about like a headless chicken, they move very fast all over the place, usually without thinking. (Dorking School Dictionary) … English Idioms & idiomatic expressions