- Iberia Airlines
airline = Iberia Airlines
logo_size = 250
fleet_size = 129 (+23 orders)
destinations = 115
IATA = IB
ICAO = IBE
callsign = IBERIA
founded = 1927
key_people = Fernando Conte (
Madrid Barajas International Airport
Barcelona International Airport
Tenerife North Airport Alicante Airport
frequent_flyer = Iberia Plus
Iberia Goldlounge = Sala VIP
company_slogan = With Iberia, you're more. (Con Iberia, eres más.)
website = http://www.iberia.com
Iberia, Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A. (Iberia, Airlines of Spain) (BMAD|ES0147200036|IBLA), or Iberia as it is commonly known, is the largest
airlineof Spain, based in Madridand is the Spanish flag carrier. It operates an extensive international network of services. Its main bases are Madrid - Barajas Airportand Barcelona Airport.cite news | title= Directory: World Airlines | work= Flight International| pages= 91-92 | date= 2007-04-03]
In 2007 the airline reported a net profit of €327.6 million (€56.7 million in 2006, €395 million in 2005) — its 12th consecutive year of profits. Iberia transported 27,799,000 passengers in 2006 (27,675,000 in 2005). [ [http://grupo.iberia.es/content/GrupoIberia/Documentos/IB%2006%20IA%20ing.pdf Financial Statements and Management Reports 2006] ]
Iberia Airlines, with Iberia Regional (operated by an independent carrier
Air Nostrum), is a part of Iberia Group. In addition to transporting passengers and freight, Iberia Group carries out related activities, such as aircraft maintenance, handling in airports, IT systems, and in-flight catering. Iberia Group airlines fly to over 102 destinations in 39 countries. Via code-sharing arrangements with other companies, it offers flights to another 90 destinations. With a fleet of over 200 aircraft, it makes about 1,000 flights each day.Fact|date=February 2007
"Iberia, Compañía Aérea de Transportes" was incorporated on
June 28 1927with a capital investment by the financier Horacio Echeberrieta and Lufthansaof 1.1 million pesetas. Flight operations started on 14 December 1927. Within a year, the company was sponsored by the Spanish government to provide postal transport between Madrid and Barcelona. During the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera, the aviation companies in Spain were combined and become state-controlled as a general interest public utility, comiong into effect in early 1928. As a consequence, Iberia was merged into Compañía de Líneas Aéreas Subvencionadas "S.A." (C.L.A.S.S.A.) and ceased activities on May 29 1929. The name "Iberia" continued to be registered by Director-General Daniel de Araoz y Aréjula. As the name "Iberia" was still registered, it was used when operations began in nationalist-held territory towards the end of Spanish Civil War. Following the civil war it became a purely domestic airline.
The airline was nationalised on
30 September 1944and became part of INI. In 1946, it was the first airline to fly between Europeand South Americaafter WWII, using a Douglas DC-4flying from Madrid to Buenos Aires. By the Pact of Madridin 1953, visa requirements were eliminated for US visitors to Spain. This stimulated the commencement of transatlantic flights between Spain and United States the following year. In addition, the amendments made in Montreal to the Convention on International Civil Aviationon June 14 1954was very liberal to Spain, allowing mass tourism using charter planes.
By the time of the 50th anniversary in 1977, the airline carried over 10 million passengers in a year for the first time. In the late 1980s/early 1990s, Iberia also began to build up interests in other Spanish airlines -
Aviaco, Viva Air, Binter Canariasand Binter Mediterraneoand Latin American airlines - Aerolíneas Argentinas, Viasaand Ladeco. Fact|date=February 2007.
During 2001 Iberia was privatized and shares were listed on stock exchanges. By 2002, when Iberia celebrated its 75th anniversary, nearly 500 million people had flown with them.
February 5 2006the new Terminal 4 at Madrid Barajas was given over to Iberia and the Oneworldalliance members. This provided much-needed expansion capabilities for Iberia. Iberia alone is responsible for around 60% of the airport's traffic. In 2005 the airline and its regional branch Air Nostrumtransported 21,619,041 passengers to/from Barajas alone.
April 3, 2001, Iberia was privatized and included in the IBEX-35stock index of the Madrid stock exchange. The core shareholders are: Caja Madridndash 23.45%, British Airways13.2%, SEPIndash 5.20%, El Corte Inglésndash 2.90% [Participaciones significativas del Grupo Iberia http://grupo.iberia.es/portal/site/grupoiberia/menuitem.5dcd178a7f0a73be19736c10d21061ca/] . British Airwayshas raised its stake in Iberia by purchasing American Airlines' remaining shares, reportedly paying £13m for the small shareholding. This increases the total stake in Iberia to around 10% and preserves its two seats on the Iberia board [ Airliner WorldJanuary 2007] . British Airways also has first right to purchase another 32% of Iberia's shares. Consequently any takeover of Iberia will require the approval of British Airways. British Airways cannot acquire more than 49% of Iberia as bilateral air services agreements between Spain and non-EU countries require Iberia to remain in overall Spanish ownership (at least 51%) if the airline is to retain its rights to fly to these countries from Spain. While the new EU-US Open Skies deal on air services removes this requirement on all flights between the EU and US by EU airlines, this is not the case for the lucrative Latin American market on which Iberia relies for the majority of its profits.
On 29th July 2008, British Airways and Iberia confirmed they are in merger talks.
The name and the size of the future company are unknown at present.
ubsidiaries and alliances
Iberia is allied with
American Airlines, Qantas, Avianca, British Airways, PLUNAof Uruguayand Grupo TACA, and on 1 September, 1999, the company joined the Oneworldalliance. British Airwaysowns 13.5% of its share capital.
Iberia also has a codeshare agreement with several Oneworld members:
Cathay Pacificon flights from Amsterdam and London Heathrow to Hong Kong, Japan Airlineson flights from Amsterdam to Tokyo Narita and Royal Jordanianfrom Madrid to Amman.
In 2005, Iberia introduced its new Business Plus Class, on its Airbus A340 aircraft.
In addition, Iberia is an aircraft maintenance company, servicing its fleet and those of another 48 companies, including some leading European airlines. Iberia is a supplier of aircraft handling services at all Spanish airports, its airline clients number more than 200.
Iberia was a founding partner in the computerized air ticket reservation system, Amadeus, with an 18.28% stake - this was sold in 2005. Iberia is also active as a tour operator through its Viva Tours and Tiempo Libre units, and with Cacesa it supplies parcel shipment services.
Iberia Airlines makes use of
e-tickets and encourages customers to print the boarding passprior to their flight. Travelers with only carry-on baggage can go directly to the boarding gate. e-tickets sales accounted for 93% of all Iberia tickets sold in January 2006. In Spain identification of the traveler by means of an identity documentor passportis mandatory for all airlines on all routes, including Spanish domestic ones.
On the 20th May 2008, Iberia airlines confirmed it had reached an agreement with the airport officials in Paraguay and that it would re-start flights to Asuncion again in the near future.
Gate Gourmetprovides Iberia's in-flight catering. Economy class passengers traveling within western Europe have a buy on boardfood program called "Tu Menú." [" [http://www.iberia.com/ibcomv3/content/COMUN/PDF/tumenu_new.pdf Tu Menú] ." " Iberia Airlines". Accessed October 11, 2008.]
The Iberia fleet consists of the following aircraft as of September 2008: [ [http://grupo.iberia.es/portal/site/grupoiberia/menuitem.8e32b03d06b292dda0d4a195d21061ca/?id_avion=be16521bcd262010VgnVCM100000950216ac____&origen=datos&vengode=Iberia Iberian Airlines website, fleet listing] ]
In October 2008, the average age of the Iberia fleet was 7.4 years. [ [http://www.airfleets.net/ageflotte/?file=calcop&opp=Iberia Iberia Fleet Age] ]
Iberia will have an all
Airbusfleet by 2008, after retiring all of its remaining Boeingand McDonnell Douglasaircraft, unless it buys the Boeing 787.
Iberia's livery is a
Eurowhitescheme, composed of primarily white with orange and yellow accents.
Although it initially expressed little interest in the
Airbus A380, Iberia's financial director Enrique Dupuy has recently spoken about how this new plane could benefit Iberia's higher density routes such as Buenos Aires, Mexico Cityor Bogota, Latin Americancities which it serves triple-daily. Alternatively however, Iberia has also left the door open for Boeing. Having already handled the Boeing 747, Iberia is also considering the newer 747-8version for a similar purpose. The decision will, accordingly be made either at the end of 2008 or beginning of 2009. If the plan goes smoothly, Iberia will have a fleet of 10-12 Airbus A380s or Boeing 747-8s before 2014. [ [http://www.lukor.com/not-neg/empresas/0501/18153412.htm] ]
Additionally, Iberia has been evaluating the
Boeing 787and Airbus A350as options to join and substitute (oldest models only) its Airbus A340fleet. Iberia has expressed most interest in the Boeing 787, which although more expensive, is already in production and hopes to begin delivering in the near future. This way Iberia hopes to reach their target of 40+ long haul planes in its fleet by 2011, with the rest arriving by 2014. [ [http://www.abc.es/hemeroteca/historico-15-03-2008/sevilla/Economia/iberia-cambia-de-opinion-y-se-interesa-por-el-airbus-380_1641723927162.html] ] . Iberia's Investment Director Angel Frances put the cost for 30 of these planes at €4.85 billion.
Incidents and accidents
10.28.1957, Madrid, Spain, Iberia Douglas DC-3. - casualties: 21/21 04.29.1959, Valdemeca, Spain, Iberia Douglas DC-3. - casualties: 28/28 10.12.1962 Camona, Spain, Iberia Convair CV-440. - casualties: 18/18
03.31.1965, Tangiers, Morocco, Iberia Convair CV-440. - casualties: 50/53 05.05.1965, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. Lockheed L-1049G. - casualties: 30/49 11.04.1967, Sussex, England. Sud Aviation SE210 Caravelle. - casualties: 37/37 01.07.1972, Sierra de Atalayasa, Spain. Sud Aviation SE210 Caravelle. - casualties: 104/104 03.05.1973, La Trauche, France. McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32. - casualties: 68/68 12.07.1983, Madrid, Spain. Boeing 727-256. - casualties: 51/93 02.19.1985, Durango, Vizcaya, Spain. Boeing 727-256. - casualties: 148/148
July 28 2006, ground staff at El Prat airport went on an unannounced strike and occupied the runway. [cite news | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/5227058.stm | title = Britons recover from strike chaos| publisher = BBC|date = July 29 2006] The illegal strike, which coincided with one of the busiest weekends of the summer season, was attributed to the labor conflicts stemming from Iberia having lost its contract to provide ground services to a rival company. The airport was closed for the day and caused thousands of passenger delays. Some stranded passengers had to find their baggage and it took three days to remove the backlog of delays. In September 2006, the Spanish parliament agreed to certain compensatory payments to travellers who were affected. [cite web
year = 2006
url = http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite?pagename=Comunes/PopupNotaAdicional&c=NotaAdicional_FA&cid=1156768822586&Language=EN_GB
title = Information of interest to the passengers affected by the incidents of the 28 July 2006 at El Prat airport
format = HTML
publisher = Iberia]
9 November 2007an Iberia A340-600was badly damaged after sliding off the runway at Mariscal Sucre International Airport. No injuries were reported. [ [http://www.flightglobal.com/articles/2007/11/11/219384/iberia-a340-600-badly-damaged-after-sliding-off-quito-runway.html Iberia A340-600 badly damaged after sliding off Quito runway ] ]
31 July 2008an Iberia McDonnell Douglas MD-88, on flight IB3575 from Vienna( Austria) to Madrid( Spain) with 126 passengers and 6 crew, made an emergency landing after a burst tyre was ingested by the engine . No injuries were reported. [http://avherald.com/h?article=40a7b382 Incident: Iberia MD88 at Vienna on Jul 31st 2008, burst tyre, engine failure, gear unsafe indication]
24 August 2008Javier Aguado, on an interview published by the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, accused IBERIAof "extreme safety faults", as an Airbus A320 that landed at Vigo on June 6 2004 with an overheated engine, and the airline used that plane again four times without changing the engine, as the standard procedure mandates. Mr. Aguado also claims that another Airbus plane flew for ten years with several fissures in the cargo area and those were corrected with "plastic sheeting and contact cement." As August 25th 2008 Iberia has not deny Javier Aguado's accusations.
* [http://www.iberia.com/ Official website]
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