Typhoon Kent (1995)

Infobox Hurricane
Name=Typhoon Kent
Type=typhoon
Year=1995
Basin=WPac
Image location=Kent95vis.jpg

August 29, 1995
Formed=August 24, 1995
Dissipated=September 1, 1995
1-min winds=130
10-min winds=85
Pressure=928
Da

Fatalities=52 direct
Inflated=0
Areas=Philippines, Taiwan, People's Republic of China
Hurricane season=1995 Pacific typhoon season

Super Typhoon Kent (JTWC Designation: Typhoon 12Wcite web|author=Joint Typhoon Warning Center|year=1995|title=JWTC Report on Kent|publisher=United States Navy|accessdate=2007-05-01|url=https://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/atcr/1995atcr/pdf/wnp/12w.pdf] , International Designation:9508cite web|author=Japan Meteorological Agency
year=1995|title=JMA Best Track Data|accessdate=2007-05-07|url=http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/jma-eng/jma-center/rsmc-hp-pub-eg/Besttracks/bst9195.txt
] , PAGASA Designation: Typhoon Geningcite web|author=Relief Web|year=2007|title=Philippine Situation report 1|accessdate=2007-05-08|url=http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/ACOS-64C6J6?OpenDocument] or simply as Typhoon Kent) was a powerful Category 4 equivalent typhoon that formed in late August during the 1995 Pacific typhoon season.

The tweleveth tropical cyclone, fourth typhoon and first super typhoon of the 1995 season [cite web|author=Unisys|year=2007|title=Unisys 1995 Best Track Data|accessdate=2007-05-07|url=http://weather.unisys.com/hurricane/w_pacific/1995/index.html] , Kent formed on August 24 in the Western Pacific Ocean and moved westward where it reached typhoon status on August 26 east of the Philippines. Kent then rapidly strengthened into a super typhoon with winds reaching peak intensity of 150 mph (240 km/h) as it brushed past the northern Philippines and southern Taiwan before making landfall in eastern People's Republic of China on August 31. After making landfall, Kent weakened and dissipated the following day.

A strong and destructive typhoon, Kent left 52 fatalities and $418.9 million (1995 USD, $555 million 2006 USD) in damage in the Philippines, Taiwan and China.

Meteorological history

A tropical wave was detected by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on August 24. 24 hours later while northwest of Palau, the disturbance intensified to be classified as a tropical depression by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center on August 25. The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) also upgraded the disturbance to a tropical depression at 1340 UTC.and the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) named the depression Gening from its list of pacific typhoon names. Moving northwest, the depression continue to organize and forecasters at the Joint Typhoon Warning Center began to issue a tropical cyclone formation alert (TCFA) on the disturbance at 1130 UTC. On August 26, the tropical depression intensified into a tropical storm and was named "Kent" by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.

Kent then quickly intensified into a typhoon on August 27 as it drifted slowly west-northwest. As the storm strengthened, a banding type eye appeared as Kent reached maximum intensity of 150 mph (240 km/h) on August 29 which is Supertyphoon status by JTWC classifications and equivent to a strong Category 4 tropical cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. The storm also reached a low barometric pressure of 928 millibars.The JMA also assessed they typhoon attaining a 10-min peak of 100 mph (155 km/h) Continuing west-northwest, the eye of Typhoon Kent passed over the Philippine island of Basco at 0100 UTC, radar imagery showed the storm undergoing an eyewall replacement cycle as it brushed past. Kent also weakened below super typhoon status as it accelerated towards China. Kent made landfall in China on August 31 50 miles (95 km) northeast of Hong Kong. After landfall, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center issued its final warning on September 1 as Kent dissipated.The Japan Meteorological Agency also issued its final advisory on Kent.

Preparations

In Hong Kong, forecasters at the Royal Observatory issued a Stand by signal number one on August 30 and advised residents to take shelter as Kent neared mainland China. On August 31, the forecasters issued a gale warning (storm signal number eight) as the storm neared closer.cite web|author=Royal Obersetory|year=1995|title=HKO report on Kent|accessdate=2007-05-21|url=http://www.weather.gov.hk/publica/tc/tc1995.pdf]

Impact

Philippines and Taiwan

The center of Typhoon Kent brushed past the Philippine island of Basco where a weather station reported a barometric pressure of 928 millibars and 1 minute sustained winds of 135 mph (217 km/h). Kent caused moderate damage in Basco amounting to $2 million dollars (1995 USD, $2.6 million 2006 USD). In Itbayat, the typhoon caused $50,000 dollars (1995 USD, $65,500 2006 USD) in damage. In Luzon the typhoon inflicted the most damage as heavy rainfall caused severe flash flooding that forced 65,000 people to evacuate. The heavy rainfall also caused mudslides that flowed down the sides of Mount Pinatubo that buried small villages. The floodwaters and mudslides forced residents onto rooftops where they were rescued. [cite web|author=Dayton Daily News|year=1995|title=TOWN ENGULFED BY MUDSLIDE|accessdate=2007-05-30|url=http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=DDNB&p_theme=ddnb&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0F51AE90E654ABF6&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM] Five people died in Luzon and over 178,000 people were affected by the flooding brought by Typhoon Kent. The Philippine Government provided relief efforts after the storm. In Taiwan, Kent caused one fatality and caused moderate flood damage. [cite web|author=Darthmouth|year=1995|title=1995 Flood Archive|accessdate=2007-06-01|url=http://www.dartmouth.edu/~floods/Archives/1995sum.htm]

People's Republic of China

In Hong Kong, the outer rainbands of Kent brought heavy rains and gale force winds as the storm approached. Two weather stations in Star Ferry and Lau Fau Shan reported winds of 47-50 mph (75-80 km/h). The RO headquarters reported a barometric pressure of 991.3 millibars (29.27 inches). The Royal Observatory also reported rainfall of 5.31 inches (135 mm) over a two day period. Another weather station reported a two day rainfall total up to 8.31 inches (212.5 mm), the highest rainfall total was near Kwai Chung where a weather station recorded 8.6 inches (219 mm) of rain. The heavy rainfall brought by Kent caused severe flash flooding across southern China. In Guangdong, flood waters damaged or destroyed 40,000 homes, inundated 3,000 km² (1,200 sq mi) of farmland and left 30 people dead.. Damage there amounted to 3.2 billion 1995 RMB ($418.9 million 1995 USD, $555.4 million 2006 USD). The typhoon also killed 17 people in Hainan Island. In Hong Kong, the typhoon caused moderate tree damage and heavy rains caused numerous flood and landslides that blocked roads resulting in numerous road accidents that left five people injured.

ee also

* tropical cyclone
* list of notable tropical cyclones

References


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