name = Waratah

image_caption = "Telopea oreades" (Gippsland Waratah)
regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Eudicots
ordo = Proteales
familia = Proteaceae
genus = "Telopea"
genus_authority = (Sm.) R.Br.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.|

Waratah ("Telopea") is a genus of five species of large shrubs or small trees in the Proteaceae, native to southeastern Australia, from New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania. They have spirally arranged leaves 10-20 cm long and 2-3 cm broad with entire or serrated margins, and large, dense flowerheads 6-15 cm diameter with numerous small red flowers and a basal ring of red bracts. The name "waratah" comes from the Eora Aboriginal people, the original inhabitants of the Sydney area.


Within the Proteaceae, their closest relatives appear to be the genera "Alloxylon" (Tree Waratahs), "Oreocallis" and "Embothrium", a group of generally terminal red-flowering plants which skirt the southern edges of the Pacific Rim. Together they make up the subtribe Embothriinae within the family.


The five species all occupy distinct ranges with minimal or no overlap; listed from north to south:
*"Telopea aspera" Crisp & P.H.Weston - Gibraltar Range Waratah or New England Waratah. Northeast New South Wales.
*"Telopea speciosissima" (Sm.) R.Br. - New South Wales Waratah. East New South Wales.
*"Telopea mongaensis" Cheel - Braidwood Waratah or Monga Waratah. Southeast New South Wales.
*"Telopea oreades" F.Muell. - Gippsland Waratah or Victorian Waratah. Southern Victoria.
*"Telopea truncata" (Labill.) R.Br. - Tasmanian Waratah. Tasmania.

The New South Wales Waratah is native to areas in the Sydney geological basin, Central and South Coast districts, and in the Blue Mountains; it grows to about 4 m tall. It typically grows in sandy loam soils along ridges and plateaus. This waratah is endemic to New South Wales, but has now spread due to its popularity, to Victoria and even Tasmania.


Waratahs are popular, though somewhat tricky to grow, ornamental plants in gardens in Australia; several hybrids and cultivars have been developed, including some with creamy-white and pink flowers as well as the natural red. White forms of "Telopea speciossisima" are named "Telopea" "Wirrimbirra White" and "T." "Shady Lady White", while "T." "Shady Lady Pink" and "T." "Shady Lady Red" are actually hybrids between "Telopea speciosissima" and "Telopea oreades".

Popular Culture

The botanical journal "Telopea" is named after the genus, as is the western Sydney suburb of Telopea.

"Telopea speciosissima" the floral emblem of the state of New South Wales and several organisations in the state, including the New South Wales Waratahs rugby team and Grace Bros. (now Myer).



External links

* [http://culturesheet.org/proteaceae:telopea Telopea culture] on CultureSheet.org
* [http://www.anbg.gov.au/telopea/index.html Australian National Botanic Gardens - Waratah page]
* [http://www.okulture.com/Black%20Opal/index-41.html Aboriginal legend - The First Waratah]
* [http://farrer.csu.edu.au/ASGAP/waratah.html Waratah and Relatives - ASGAP Website]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Waratah — hat folgende Bedeutungen: die im Südosten Australiens wachsende Waratah, siehe auch Telopea ein 1909 verschwundenes Schiff, siehe Waratah (Schiff) eine Rugby Union Mannschaft aus Sydney, siehe New South Wales Waratahs ein Vorort von Newcastle,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • waratah — noun /ˈwɔrəˌtɐː/ Any of several species of plants in the genus Telopea, native to southeastern Australia …   Wiktionary

  • waratah — [ wɔ:rətα:, ˌwɒrə tα:] noun an Australian shrub which bears slender leathery leaves and clusters of crimson flowers. [Telopea speciosissima and related species.] Origin C18: from Dharuk warata …   English new terms dictionary

  • waratah — war·a·tah …   English syllables

  • waratah — /wɒrəˈta / (say woruh tah), /ˈwɒrəta / (say woruhtah) noun a shrub or small tree of the eastern Australian genus Telopea, especially T. speciosissima, the floral emblem of NSW, which has a dense globular head of red flowers surrounded by red… …   Australian English dictionary

  • waratah — n. an Australian crimson flowered shrub, Telopea speciosissima. Etymology: Aboriginal …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Waratah motorcycles — were manufactured by Williams Bros., 213 7 Elizabeth Street, Sydney, NSW, Australia (they later became P R Williams) from 1914 to around 1948 A Z of Australian Made Motorcycles 1893 1942 by Robert Saward, Turton Armstrong Pty Ltd, ISBN 0 908031… …   Wikipedia

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