Sir Raymond ("Bill") Hoffenberg KBE (
16 March 1923- 22 April 2007) was an endocrinologist who specialised in the study of the thyroid. Born in South Africa, he was forced to leave in 1968, and settled in the United Kingdom, where he was President of the Royal College of Physiciansfrom 1983 to 1989, and President of Wolfson College, Oxfordfrom 1985 to 1993.
Hoffenberg was born and educated in
Port Elizabethin South Africa. He was a brilliant student, and studied medicine at the University of Cape Townfrom 1939, aged only 16. He was also an active sportsman, taking part in tennis, golf, squash, boxing and rugby.
He enlisted in the
Union Defence Forcein 1942, serving as a stretcher-bearerin the Second World Warin North Africa and Italy in the 6th South African Armoured Division. He returned to South Africa to complete his degrees, MB and ChB, in 1948. He was an intern at Groote Schuur Hospital, and then a lecturer at the University of Cape Town Medical School. He married his first wife, Margaret Rosenberg in 1949, and they lived in Newlands. They had two sons.
He spent some time serving under
Albert Schweitzerat Lambarénéin French Equatorial Africa(now Gabon), and travelled to the United Statesin 1957-8 under a Carnegie Fellowship, and started to specialise in endocrinology. He obtained his MDin 1957 and PhDin 1968. He was a lecturer at the Department of Medicine at the University of Cape Town from 1955 to 1967. He also continued to practise medicine at Groote Schuur Hospital, where he was involved preparing for Christiaan Barnard's first heart transplantoperation in 1967.
He ran into political difficulties in South Africa. He opposed the
apartheidpolicies of the National Party, and supported Alan Paton's Liberal Party, which he had joined in 1953. He had been a friend Paton and of the party's chairman, Peter Brown, since they were students together in Cape Town, and was also a friend of Paton. He supported the National Union of South African Students, and was chairman of the Defence and Aid Fund, which funded the defence of those accused of political crimes and supported their families, until it was banned in 1966. In July 1967, the Prime Minister John Vorsterpassed a banning orderunder the Suppression of Communism Actwhich prohibited him from all political and social activity for 5 years. By now, he had an international reputation as a leading endocrinologist, and the banning order led to widespread protest.
He and his family were given an "exit permit" to leave South Africa in 1968, on condition that they did not come back. He moved to the United Kingdom, where he continued to lend support to the campaign against apartheid. The exiled
Oliver Tambowas a patient for many years.
He worked for the
National Medical Health and Research Councilat Mill Hillin north London, and at the thyroidclinic at New End Hospitalin Hampstead, for four years from 1968. He became professor of medicine at Birmingham Universityin 1972, where he developed an outstanding endocrine department. He became President of Wolfson College, Oxfordin 1985.
Meanwhile, he was President of the
Royal College of Physiciansfrom 1983 to 1989, publicly disagreeing with the Conservative government's policy of introducing an internal market into the National Health Service. He was appointed KBE in 1984. He was also president of the International Society for Endocrinology, chairman of the British Heart Foundation, and chairman of the Medical Campaign Against Nuclear Warand later vice-president of its successor, MEDACT. He held six honorary doctorates, and was a fellow of seven learned societies. After the Alder Hey organs scandalcame to light in 1999, he courted controversy by arguing for the medical benefits from retaining tissue samples from post-mortemexaminations.
He retired in 1993, and he and his wife joined his two sons in
Australia. He moved to Queensland, where he was professor of medical ethics at the University of Queenslandfrom 1993 to 1995.
After the death of his first wife in 2005, he married Gräfin Madeleine Douglas in 2006. He died in
Oxford. He was survived by his second wife, and his two sons from his first marriage.
* [http://news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article2481033.ece Obituary] , "
The Independent", 24 April 2007
* [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article1700941.ece Obituary] , "
The Times", 25 April 2007
* [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;jsessionid=1XRW4OC5YFFRTQFIQMGCFGGAVCBQUIV0?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/news/2007/05/09/db0902.xml Obituary] , "
The Daily Telegraph", 9 May 2007
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,,2089878,00.html Obituary] , "
The Guardian", 29 May 2007
* [http://www.npg.org.uk/live/search/portrait.asp?LinkID=mp08484&rNo=0&role=sit Photograph] at the National Portrait Gallery
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Deaths in April 2007 — Contents 1 April 2007 1.1 30 1.2 29 1.3 28 … Wikipedia
Wolfson College, Oxford — Oxford College Infobox name = Wolfson College university = Oxford picture = colours = named for = Sir Isaac Wolfson, Bt., FRS established = 1965 motto = Humani nil alienum ( Homo sum, humani nil alienum a me puto ) (A quote from the Roman… … Wikipedia
Douglas Black — Sir Douglas Andrew Kilgour Black, (1913–2002) was a physician in the United Kingdom, famous as the author of the Black Report. He was born in Shetland in 1913, and studied medicine at the Bute Medical School, University of St Andrews, graduating… … Wikipedia
Wolfson College (Oxford) — 51° 46′ 15″ N 1° 15′ 19″ W / 51.77097, 1.25526 … Wikipédia en Français
Margaret Turner-Warwick — Dame Margaret Turner Warwick, DBE (born 19 November 1924) is a retired British medical doctor and thoracic specialist. She was the first woman president of the Royal College of Physicians (1989 92) and, later, chairman of the Royal Devon and… … Wikipedia
MEDICINE — From the beginning of their history until modern times Jews have exercised a tremendous influence on the development of medical science. They have always been solicitous in their care for the sick and held the medical profession in great esteem.… … Encyclopedia of Judaism