- Vincent Ferrer
name=Saint Vincent Ferrer
January 23, 1350
April 5, 1419
Kingdom of Valencia
Vannes, Brittany, France
June 3, 1455
Pope Calixtus III
pulpit; cardinal's hat; trumpet; captives; Bible
builders, construction workers, plumbers
issues=Saint Vincent Ferrer (Valencian: "Sant Vicent Ferrer";
23 January 1350– 5 April 1419) was a Valencian Dominican missionaryand logician. Vincent was the fourth child of the Anglo-Scottish nobleman "William Stewart Ferrer" (William being the younger of two brothers descended from the English Ferrer family and the Stewarts of Scotland) and his Spanish wife, Constantia Miguel. [ [http://www.churchofsaintmary.org/Thoughts.htm] ] [ [http://www.algorfa.co.uk/1-Algorfa-Patron-St-Vincent.htm Algorfa, Costa Blanca, The Website For Everything Algorfa ] ] [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15437a.htm St. Vincent Ferrer] "Catholic Encyclopedia". Retrieved on 2007-12-14] [Dress, Clayton J. "The Late Medieval Age of Crisis and Renewal, 1300-1500: A Biographical Dictionary". Greenwood Press, 2001. ISBN 0313305889. (p. 490)] Legends surround his birth. It was said that his father, William Stewart Ferrer, was told in a dream by a Dominican friar that his son would be famous throughout the world. His mother never experienced pain when she gave birth to him. He would fast on Wednesdays and Fridays and he loved the Passion of Christ very much. He would help the poor and distribute many alms to them. Vincent decided to join the Dominicans when his father gave him a choice whether to enter into secular, ecclesiastical, or a religious state.
Ferrer entered the Dominican Order at the age of eighteen and studied
philosophyand theology. He prayed and practiced penance. For a period of three years, he read the Sacred Scriptures without any interruption to read any other book and he memorized the Bible. He published a treatise on Dialectic Suppositions after his solemn profession. He eventually became a Master of Sacred Theologyand was commissioned to deliver lectures on philosophy. He was then sent to Barcelonaand eventually to the University of Lleida, where he earned his doctorate in theology.
Vincent later claimed that the Great Schism had such a depressing effect on his mind that it caused to be seriously ill at the age of forty. He claimed that God healed him and instructed him to go out and convert many. For twenty-one years he was said to have traveled to
Aragon, Castile, Switzerland, France, Italy, England, Ireland, and Scotland, preaching the Gospeland converting many. Many biographers believe that he was endowed with the gift of tongues, as he could speak only catalan. Vincent is also said to be responsible for converting many Jewsto Catholicism. One of his converts, a former rabbiby the name of Solomon ha-Levi, went on to become Bishop of Cartagenaand later Archbishop of Burgos.
Vincent intervened during a political crisis in his homeland, which resulted in the
Compromise of Caspe, by which the Crown of Aragonwas given to a Castilian prince, Ferdinand of Antequera.
According to two sources [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15437a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "St. Vincent Ferrer"] ] [ [http://www.secondexodus.com/html/patronsaints/stvincentferrer.htm Second Exodus: St. Vincent Ferrer] ] Vincent was very loyal to the Avignonese Pope Benedict XIII, better known as "Papa Luna" in Castile and Aragon, remained in steadfast loyalty to him, and believed that Benedict XIII was the true Pope. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15437a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "St. Vincent Ferrer"] ] According to another source [ [http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/FERRER.htm "The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints" by Rev. Alban Butler] ] , Vincent labored to have Benedict XIII end the schism, and after an extended period of receiving empty promises, Vincent encouraged King Ferdinand of Castile to withdraw his support from Benedict XIII.
Sources are also contradicting of Vincent's achievement in converting a synagogue in Toledo, Spain into the church of
Santa María la Blanca; one source says he preached to the mobs whose riots led to the appropriation of the synagogue and its transformation into a church in 1391 [fr icon cite web | url=http://agora.qc.ca/reftext.nsf/Documents/Religion--La_religion_en_Occident__Grandes_ou_petites_verites_par_Michel_Despland | accessdate = 2007-08-26 | author = Michel Despland | publisher = Encyclopédie de l'Agora | title = La religion en Occident: Grandes ou petites vérités? ] ; a second source says he converted the Jews of the city who changed the synagogue to a church after they embraced the Faith, but hints at the year 1411 [ [http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/FERRER.htm "The Lives or the Fathers, Martyrs and Other Principal Saints" by Rev. Alban Butler] ] ; a third source identifies two distinct incidents, one in Valencia in 1391 and one in Toledo at a later date, but says he put down an uprising against Jews in one place and diffused a persecution against them in the other [ [http://www.secondexodus.com/html/patronsaints/stvincentferrer.htm Second Exodus: St. Vincent Ferrer] ] .
Saint Vincent died on
5 April 1419at Vannesin Brittanyand was buried in Vannes Cathedral. He was canonisedby Pope Calixtus IIIon 3 June 1455. His feast dayis celebrated on April 5. The Fraternity of Saint Vincent Ferrer, a Pontifical religious institute, is named after him.
* [http://magnificat.ca/cal/engl/04-05.htm Magnificat, Saint-Jovite, Québec, Canada biography]
* [http://www.catholic-forum.com/saints/saintv03.htm Catholic-forum.com saints]
* [http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=723 Catholic.org online saints]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15437a.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: "St. Vincent Ferrer"]
* [http://www.mercatosseverino.it/san-vincenzo-ferreri.asp S.Vincenzo Ferreri Italy]
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