Yaonáhuac

Yaonáhuac is a municipality, and the municipal seat of the municapality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Puebla.

Nomenclature

Two translations exist for "Yaonáhuac":
#It comes from "huey", "great"; "atl" "water"; "ohtli", and "náhuac", "way" and "via" "together, close". Hence "Next to the great Waterway".
#It comes from "yau", "to go" or "to walk" and "náhuac", "together", "they go together", referring to two small rivers that are united later to form the Puxtla river.

History

Some people affirm that this municipality was primitively called "Hueyaonáhuac" and that it was founded by the Otomíes and Totonacas, in pre-Hispanic times. It was under the triple alliance (Mexico-Texcoco-Tlacopan).

The Spaniards implanted the slave-driven system of charges. It belonged to the old district of Tlatlauquitepec and in the year of 1895 it was constituted as a free municipality.

Location

The municipality is located in the northwest of the state of Puebla. Its geographical co-ordinates are 19º 52' 06" to 19º 59' 48" N and from 97º 21' 54" to 97º 27' 18" W..

It is adjacent to:
*The north: with Teziutlán and Tochtepec.
*The east: with Hueyapan.
*The south: with Atempan.
*The west: with Tlatlauquitepec.

Extension

It has a surface of 5,485 km². Which locates in the place 160 with respect to the other municipalities of the state of Puebla.

Orography

This municipality belongs to two morphologic regions of level 1.000 towards the North, to the declivity of the Gulf of México and the same level towards the south and to the North mountain range. The North mountain range or mountain range of Puebla is formed by more or less individual, parallel mountain ranges, compressed a con the others and that usually forms great or small high plateaus intermountains that frequently appear stepped towards the coast; whereas the declivity of the gulf is the northern one of the North mountain range towards the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico, it characterizes by his numerous volcanic chimneys and isolated hills.

The relief of the municipality in general is rough; to the south it presents/displays a more or less flat topography with a smooth declivity the north-south; in agreement pronouncing advances in this direction becomes the reduction more irregular and, by the irruption of an originating mountain range of the west and that crosses the municipality from the central part towards the north in direction southwestern-north. The presence of the mountain range to which the Germancos hill belongs, causes a declivity west-this, that adds to the general declivity south-north. But to the north a series of isolated hills exists that return rough still more the relief, emphasizing the Caxtomaquimatépetl and the Portezuelo.

The height of the municipality oscillates between 240m (780') and 1,700m (5,525') above sea level.

Hydrography

The municipality belongs to the northern slope of the state of Puebla, formed by the different partial river basins from the rivers that end at the Gulf of Mexico and they are characterized by his young and impetuous rivers with a great amount of falls.

The municipality is located within the river basin of the Tecolutla, and is crossed by the Xucayucan River, bursts in the Southeastern and bathes the central part in direction the southwestern-northwest in a route of more than 12 km (7.5 miles), until being united to the Teziutanapan and forms the Atexcaco.

The Ajocotzingo river, that bathes the Southeastern of the south to north and after a short route it is united to the Xucayucán. The Atexcaco river, that has a long-haul by the central part (more than 7 kilometers or 4.5 miles) until being united to the Apulco.

Finally the mighty Apulco river that has a long-haul by the North mountain range; south-north for later outside the municipality being united to the Tecolutla enters the municipality in direction. Also it presents/displays some intermittent streams that are united to the rivers already mentioned. Climate Climate tempered humid with rains all the year. One appears in an area reduced to the south of the municipality.

Main ecosystems

Most of the municipality is covered with forests, located in the mountainous zones, the associations of pine-encino, and mesófilos mountain forests predominate, with arboreal species such as colored pine, rivets, jaboncillo, to liquidámbar, cedar in the hot part.

Fauna

Tlacuaches, squirrels, rabbits, armadillos, variety of serpents, spider (tarántulas), capulina spider, and variety of canoras birds.

Natural resources

Account with forests in which the fine wood abound and of construction. Characteristics of the use of the ground In the territory of the municipality two types of grounds are identified: Andosol. It is predominant ground, percent of the municipality occupies more of the 75 and presents/displays deep lítica phase (rock between 50 and 100 cm (20 to 4 inches) in depth. Luvisol. It occupies the margins of the Apulco river, presents/displays deep lítica phase.

ociodemographic Profile

The ethnic Groups Predominates the ethnic group náhuatl. Demographic evolution The municipality counts according to the count of population in 1995 of the INEGI, with 6.406 inhabitants, a density of population of 117 inhabitants by square kilometer and one rate of annual growth of 3,24% calculates that for the year the 2000 population ascends to 7,209 reason why will have a density of 131 inhabitants by square kilometer.

Account with an index of 0.338 marginalization reason why is considered like stop, reason why it is located in place 113 with respect to the other municipalities of the state.

It has a rate of natality of 26.2%; a rate of mortality of 4.9% and one rate of infantile mortality of 66.7%.

Religion

Within the municipality, the predominant religion is the catholic, with a 90%, following secondly the Protestant or evangelista to him with a 10%.

ocial Infrastructure

Education

The municipality counts on an educative infrastructure in the scholastic cycle of 2007 in the following levels:

Formal Pre-schoolers (KINDER)
*Indigenous Preescolar account with 5 schools
*Pre-schoolers of CONAFE is counted on 2 schools

Primary Schools
*In the Primary level of formal it is counted on 5 schools,
*Primary Native counts on 5 schools
*Primary of CONAFE counts on 2 schools

Secondary Schools
*3 schools

Baccalaureate
*2 schools

High School
*1 schol ( e-learning model)

Health

The attention to the health in the municipality is provided through a clinic of IMSS-Solidaridad, in addition to SS, IMSS. Also it is counted on 7 CLINICS of HEALTH in his localities.

upplies

Within the municipality tianguis (TEMPORALY MARKET, they move from one to another municipality each day of the week, they placed in Yaonahuac in the Fridays, Tlatlauquitepec in Thursday ej.) is counted on 2 stores in the municipal head.

ports

The municipality tells outdoors on sport infrastructure that it covers the necessities with the population that requires it, mainly the head of the municipality. Account with a field of soccer in the municipal head and three fields of basquetbol.

Housing

The habitants of the municipality of Yaonáhuac lodge in 1,110 houses. The material used for its construction in ceilings walls and floors is of slab of concrete, brick, block, stone, cement, some without these items are made with wood and cartoon.

ervices

Data provided by the city council. Services Public Municipal Head
*Potable Water 90%
*Drainage 90%
*Paving 60%
*Garbage collection 60 %
*Public Security 80 %
*Markets
*Public Lighting system 50%
*Parks and 30 Gardens
*Electrical Energy 100
* Main locality Mass media Account with service of telephone and mail. It receives the signals of broadcasting station and television networks.

Routes of communication

Exists a branch of the federal highway Number 129, which cross through its head and it communicates it with Tlatlauquitepec, it connects there with the highway before mentioned that communicate and cross through Teziutlán, Chignautla, Atempan, Zaragoza, Cuyoaco, Ocotepec, and its connect with the City of Puebla and Xalapa Veracruz.

The towns of the municipality are communicated to each other and with the M. head by ways of land and breaches. The transport service of passengers is by means of familiar trucks style like the combi, who leave the city of Teteles de Avila Castillo around every 30 minutes, in addition to collective taxis.

Economic Activity

The Agriculture in this municipality is grains like the maize, coffee and cereals; the fruitgrowing presents/displays a great variety that it includes: pear, apple, capulín, plum, peach tree, avocado, orange, banana, file and lemon. C

Ranching

bovine, goat, pig, and bovine; in addition to asnal, to mular and rabbits, counts on great variety of birds.

Industry

Account with manufacturing activities like: textiles, mills of nixtamal, "tortillerías" and blacksmith shops in addition are counted on the artisan industry of the dress. They count on forests in which the fine wood abound and of construction.

Commerce

The commercial activity is only included/understood by misceláneas, grocer's, grain and seed, stationery store, fruit and vegetable.

Tourism

Monuments parochial Temple in honor of Santiago Apostle, is located in the constructed municipal head in century XVI.

Celebrations

25 July ( Muncipality party)

Dances and traditions celebration in honor of Santiago Apostle, is celebrated with masses, prayers, processions, dances popular, mechanical games, fireworks, jaripeos, bands and dances.

30 and 31 May

Celebrtaion in honour of the Virgin of the Pilar; The Easter is made solemnly, spring break is celebrated with prayers to.

1 and 2 November

Commemorates the day of deads, with floral offerings and adjustments. Typical suits the woman uses long black skirt, chal white blouse and rebozo or, the man dresses trousers and shirt blanket, hat of palm, huaraches of strap and tape machete.

ources

*"Encyclopedia of the Municipalities of Mexico: Puebla"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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