Zimnicea — Town —
Coat of arms
Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Romania County Teleorman County Status Town Government – Mayor Petre Pîrvu (Social Democratic Party) Area – Total 131.31 km2 (50.7 sq mi) Population (2002) – Total 16,500 Time zone EET (UTC+2) – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Zimnicea is the southernmost point of Romania situated on the left bank of the Danube river. This is the most southern place on the banks of the Danube river and the most southern harbour on the Danube in Romania. The distance between the Zimnicea and Bucharest is 122 kilometres (76 mi), and the distance to Alexandria (capital of Teleorman County) is about 39 kilometres (24 mi).
Zimnicea is served around the clock by the Svishtov-Zimnich ferry — a regular operation Ro-ro ferryboat across the Danube between Zimnicea and Svishtov, Bulgaria. The ferry shortens the road path to and from Turkey to Central and Western Europe by 140 km when compared to the traditional route over the Danube Bridge at Ruse-Giurgiu and allows a time gain of nearly 4 hours thus avoiding the traffic in and around the city of Bucharest.
Zimnicea developed near a Geto-Dacian fortress (about 1,200 m west of downtown). Traditional agriculture, fishing, iron processing, carpentry, pottery, tissue exchange of products were the occupations of the people throughout the town's existence.
The natives of Zimnicea sell grain, cattle, sheep, fish, butter, salt, honey, wax, timber and bought cloth, oriental fabric, carpets and spices.
In 1838, the settlement Zimnicea was passed in the fairs, with the general population census of that year 551 families and 3046 inhabitants. In the years 1837-1839 Zimnicea became the capital of Teleorman county.
Near Zimnicea there are ruins of several ancient fortresses and fortifications from the 4th to the 1st century BC. The oldest are believed by some scholars[who?] to have been built to defend the town from Alexander the Great's general, Lisimachos.
The name of the town was first mentioned in 1385 in the travel logs of Christian pilgrims on their way home from their trip to Jerusalem. The Byzantines called it Demnitzikos and later on Dzimnikes or Dzimnikos. The town flourished as a trade post on the trade routes that linked Central Europe to the Balkans.
In 1835, it had 531 households, being the twelfth largest market town in Wallachia. For a short time in 1837 to 1838, it was the capital of Teleorman county, but due to internal dissent between the landowners and merchants, it was replaced by Alexandria.
During the Romanian War of Independence (1877–1878), it was the headquarters of the Russians troops fighting in Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. During World War I, German Empire troops crossed the Danube in the Zimnicea sector, effectively bringing down the Romanian front in Muntenia.
About 80% of the town was destroyed during the 1977 Romanian Earthquake, and had to be rebuilt. Most of the destruction was actually done after the natural disaster by bulldozer, being ordered by communist authorities, as a means to create a town from scratch on a new design. Ten years later, the newly-built infrastructure was falling apart due mainly to poor workmanship;
Local industry has declined since the fall of the communist regime, as did the population.
In the communist era Zimnicea has undergone forced industrialization, and the new industres suffered a strong decline after the fall of the communist regime.
Education and culture
In Zimnicea there are 5 kindergartens, 3 elementary schools with primary and secondary education and one high school. The high school has 15 classrooms, a gym and a school workshop. Classes are attended by 511 students, with two shifts and evening school hours. Zimnicea High School has a library with 20,578 volumes and a science laboratory equipped with 30 computers.
School No.1, Miron Radu Paraschivescu has 15 classrooms, including 3 laboratories (physics, chemistry, biology), 5 cabinets teachers (mathematics, geography, design, religion, Romanian), a gym, a workshop school and a library.
The three elementary schools are: Miron Radu Paraschivescu Primary and Secondary School, School no. 2 and School no. 3
Zimnicea does not have any artistic events held occasionally or permanently. The budget allocated for cultural activities are insufficient for a cultural life. Cultural institutions operating in Zimnicea are: the cultural center and the town library.
The city library was founded in 1952 and after December 1989 received the name of local poet Miron Radu Paraschivescu.
The „Dunărica” children camp has a capacity of 200 accommodation places, with a football field and a tennis court, a kayak-canoe base and a cafeteria with 250 places.
"Zimtub SA" Zimnicea Hotel has a capacity of 48 rooms, a restaurant with 100 seats and a night club with 80 seats.
The amusement and recreation base "Disko - Hope" is situated on the Danube riverside and has a beach with, as well as an outdoor dancing club with a capacity of 1,200 places; There is also an amusement base at the beach from Cheson.
- 1834: 3,000
- 1977: 14,000
- 2000: 16,800
Ancient Dacian cities and/or fortresses
Acidava • Acmonia • Aedava • Aiadava • Aizis • Amutria • Apulon • Arcina • Arcobadara • Argedava • Argidava (Arcidava) • Arutela • Berzobis • Bregedava • Brucla • Buricodava • Buridava • Buteridava • Capidava • Carsidava • Clepidava • Cumidava • Danedevae • Dausdava • Desudaba • Diacum • Dierna • Dinogetia • Docidava • Drobeta • Egeta • Gatae • Genucla • Germisara • Gildava • Giridava • Itadava • Keiladeva • Klepidaua • Kuimedaba • Malva (Romula) • Marcodava • Murideva • Napoca • Nentidava • Oescus • Patridava • Patruissa • Pelendava • Perburidava • Petrodava • Pinon • Piroboridava • Polondava • Potaissa • Pulpudeva • Quemedava • Ramidava • Ratiaria • Recidava • Romboses • Rusidava • Sacidava • Sagadava • Sandava • Sangidaua • Sarmizegetusa Regia • Scaidava • Setidava • Singidava • Sucidava • Sucidava, Moesia • Susudava • Sykidaba • Tamasidava • Tapae • Thermidava • Tibiscum • Tirista • Tsierna • Tyrida • Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa • Utidava • Zaldapa • Zargidava • Zeugma • Zicideva • Zimnicea • Ziridava • Zisnudeva • Zucidaua • Zurobara • ZusidavaCities/fortresses with unknown names: Ardan • Ardeu • Arpașu de Sus • Breaza • Bretea Mureșană • Băile Tușnad • Bănița • Bâzdâna • Cernat • Cetățeni • Cotnari • Covasna • Crăsanii de Jos • Crizbav • Cuciulata • Cugir • Cârlomănești • Căpâlna • Drajna de Sus • Jigodin • Mala Kopania • Marca • Merești • Moșna • Odorheiu Secuiesc • Olteni • Orăștie Mountains • Polovragi • Porumbenii Mari • Praid • Racu • Satu Mare (Harghita) • Sprâncenata • Stâncești • Sânzieni • Șeica Mică • Tășad • Teliu • Tilișca • Timișu de Jos • Turia • Valea Seacă • Zemplín
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Look at other dictionaries:
Zimnicea — Zimnicea … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zimnicea — Vue de la ville … Wikipédia en Français
Zimnicea — (Simnitza), Stadt in Rumänien (Walachei), Kreis Teleorman, an der Donau und der Staatsbahnlinie Smărdioasa Z., Swischtow gegenüber, mit Flußhafen, Schiffbau, Schiffahrt und (1899) 6060 Einw. Hier 27. Juni 1877 Übergang der Russen über die Donau … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Zimnicea — (Simnitza), Stadt im rumän. Kr. Teleorman, an der Donau, (1899) 6060 E., Hafen … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Zimnicea — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
Zimnicea — Original name in latin Zimnicea Name in other language Zimnica, Zimnice, Zimnicea, Zimnich, Zimnie, Зимница, Зимнич State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 43.66667 latitude 25.36667 altitude 30 Population 15228 Date 2012 06 12 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Hotel Inter Zimnicea — (Zimnicea,Румыния) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Stefan Cel Mare nr. 135 … Каталог отелей
Oras Zimnicea — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Oraş Zimnicea Country and Admin Code RO.35.151978 RO … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
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Belene (Stadt) — Belene (Белене) … Deutsch Wikipedia