List of birds of the Philippines

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the Philippines. The avifauna of the Philippines includes a total of 612 species, of which 194 are endemic, 3 have been introduced by humans, and 52 are rare or accidental. 67 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for the Philippines.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in the Philippines.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to the Philippines.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to the Philippines as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.

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Grebes

Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Little Grebe "Tachybaptus ruficollis"
*Eared Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis" (A)

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Tahiti Petrel "Pterodroma rostrata" (A)
*Hawaiian Petrel "Pterodroma sandwichensis" (A)
*Bonin Petrel "Pterodroma hypoleuca" (A)
*Streaked Shearwater "Calonectris leucomelas"
*Wedge-tailed Shearwater "Puffinus pacificus"

Tropicbirds

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Red-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon rubricauda" (A)
*White-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon lepturus" (A)

Pelicans

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Spot-billed Pelican "Pelecanus philippensis"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Masked Booby "Sula dactylatra"
*Red-footed Booby "Sula sula"
*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"

Cormorants

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Great Cormorant "Phalacrocorax carbo"

Darters

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Darter "Anhinga melanogaster"

Frigatebirds

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Great Frigatebird "Fregata minor"
*Lesser Frigatebird "Fregata ariel"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Gray Heron "Ardea cinerea"
*Great-billed Heron "Ardea sumatrana"
*Purple Heron "Ardea purpurea"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Intermediate Egret "Egretta intermedia"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Chinese Egret "Egretta eulophotes"
*Pacific Reef-Heron "Egretta sacra"
*Chinese Pond-Heron "Ardeola bacchus" (A)
*Javan Pond-Heron "Ardeola speciosa"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Rufous Night-Heron "Nycticorax caledonicus"
*Japanese Night-Heron "Gorsachius goisagi"
*Malayan Night-Heron "Gorsachius melanolophus"
*Yellow Bittern "Ixobrychus sinensis"
*Schrenck's Bittern "Ixobrychus eurhythmus"
*Cinnamon Bittern "Ixobrychus cinnamomeus"
*Black Bittern "Ixobrychus flavicollis"
*Great Bittern "Botaurus stellaris" (A)

torks

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Woolly-necked Stork "Ciconia episcopus"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Black-headed Ibis "Threskiornis melanocephalus" (A)
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
*Black-faced Spoonbill "Platalea minor" (A)

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in the Philippines.
*Spotted Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna guttata"
*Wandering Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna arcuata"
*Common Shelduck "Tadorna tadorna" (A)
*Cotton Pygmy-goose "Nettapus coromandelianus"
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope"
*Gadwall "Anas strepera" (A)
*Eurasian Teal "Anas crecca"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos" (A)
*Spot-billed Duck "Anas poecilorhyncha"
*Philippine Duck "Anas luzonica" (E)
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Common Pochard "Aythya ferina" (A)
*Baer's Pochard "Aythya baeri" (A)
*Tufted Duck "Aythya fuligula"
*Greater Scaup "Aythya marila" (A)

Osprey

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Jerdon's Baza "Aviceda jerdoni"
*Barred Honey-buzzard "Pernis celebensis"
*Oriental Honey-buzzard "Pernis ptilorhynchus"
*Black-shouldered Kite "Elanus caeruleus"
*Black Kite "Milvus migrans" (A)
*Brahminy Kite "Haliastur indus"
*White-bellied Sea-Eagle "Haliaeetus leucogaster"
*Gray-headed Fish-Eagle "Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus"
*Crested Serpent-eagle "Spilornis cheela"
*Philippine Serpent-eagle "Spilornis holospilus" (E)
*Eastern Marsh-Harrier "Circus spilonotus"
*Pied Harrier "Circus melanoleucos" (A)
*Crested Goshawk "Accipiter trivirgatus"
*Chinese Goshawk "Accipiter soloensis"
*Japanese Sparrowhawk "Accipiter gularis"
*Besra "Accipiter virgatus"
*Gray-faced Buzzard "Butastur indicus"
*Eurasian Buzzard "Buteo buteo"
*Great Philippine Eagle "Pithecophaga jefferyi" (E)
*Rufous-bellied Eagle "Aquila kienerii"
*Changeable Hawk-eagle "Spizaetus cirrhatus"
*Flores Hawk-eagle "Spizaetus floris"
*Philippine Hawk-eagle "Spizaetus philippensis" (E)

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Philippine Falconet "Microhierax erythrogenys" (E)
*Eurasian Kestrel "Falco tinnunculus"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius" (A)
*Oriental Hobby "Falco severus"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Megapodes

Order: GalliformesFamily: Megapodiidae

The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the Malleefowl occupy jungle habitats, and most have brown or black colouring. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Tabon Scrubfowl "Megapodius cumingii"

Pheasants and Partridges

Order: GalliformesFamily: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Chinese Francolin "Francolinus pintadeanus"
*Daurian Partridge "Perdix dauurica"
*Japanese Quail "Coturnix japonica" (A)
*Blue-breasted Quail "Coturnix chinensis"
*Red Junglefowl "Gallus gallus"
*Palawan Peacock-pheasant "Polyplectron napoleonis" (E)

Buttonquails

Order: GruiformesFamily: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails. The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Small Buttonquail "Turnix sylvatica"
*Red-backed Buttonquail "Turnix maculosa"
*Spotted Buttonquail "Turnix ocellata" (E)
*Barred Buttonquail "Turnix suscitator"
*Luzon Buttonquail "Turnix worcesteri" (E)

Cranes

Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Sarus Crane "Grus antigone"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Red-legged Crake "Rallina fasciata"
*Slaty-legged Crake "Rallina eurizonoides"
*Buff-banded Rail "Gallirallus philippensis"
*Barred Rail "Gallirallus torquatus"
*Calayan Rail "Gallirallus calayanensis" (E)
*Slaty-breasted Rail "Gallirallus striatus"
*Luzon Rail "Rallus mirificus" (E)
*Plain Bush-hen "Amaurornis olivaceus" (E)
*White-breasted Waterhen "Amaurornis phoenicurus"
*Baillon's Crake "Porzana pusilla"
*Ruddy-breasted Crake "Porzana fusca"
*Band-bellied Crake "Porzana paykullii"
*Spotless Crake "Porzana tabuensis"
*White-browed Crake "Porzana cinerea"
*Watercock "Gallicrex cinerea"
*Purple Swamphen "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Eurasian Coot "Fulica atra"

Jacanas

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Comb-crested Jacana "Irediparra gallinacea"
*Pheasant-tailed Jacana "Hydrophasianus chirurgus"

Painted snipe

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Greater Painted-snipe "Rostratula benghalensis"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Black-winged Stilt "Himantopus himantopus"
*White-headed Stilt "Himantopus leucocephalus"
*Pied Avocet "Recurvirostra avosetta" (A)

Thick-knees

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Beach Thick-knee "Burhinus magnirostris"

Pratincoles and Coursers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Oriental Pratincole "Glareola maldivarum"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Gray-headed Lapwing "Vanellus cinereus" (A)
*Pacific Golden-Plover "Pluvialis fulva"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Common Ringed Plover "Charadrius hiaticula" (A)
*Little Ringed Plover "Charadrius dubius"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Malaysian Plover "Charadrius peronii"
*Lesser Sandplover "Charadrius mongolus"
*Greater Sandplover "Charadrius leschenaultii"
*Oriental Plover "Charadrius veredus"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 40 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Eurasian Woodcock "Scolopax rusticola"
*Bukidnon Woodcock "Scolopax bukidnonensis" (E)
*Jack Snipe "Lymnocryptes minimus" (A)
*Latham's Snipe "Gallinago hardwickii"
*Pintail Snipe "Gallinago stenura"
*Swinhoe's Snipe "Gallinago megala"
*Common Snipe "Gallinago gallinago"
*Asian Dowitcher "Limnodromus semipalmatus"
*Black-tailed Godwit "Limosa limosa"
*Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica"
*Little Curlew "Numenius minutus"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Bristle-thighed Curlew "Numenius tahitiensis" (A)
*Eurasian Curlew "Numenius arquata"
*Far Eastern Curlew "Numenius madagascariensis"
*Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda" (A)
*Common Redshank "Tringa totanus"
*Marsh Sandpiper "Tringa stagnatilis"
*Common Greenshank "Tringa nebularia"
*Nordmann's Greenshank "Tringa guttifer"
*Green Sandpiper "Tringa ochropus"
*Wood Sandpiper "Tringa glareola"
*Terek Sandpiper "Xenus cinereus"
*Common Sandpiper "Actitis hypoleucos"
*Gray-tailed Tattler "Heterosceles brevipes"
*Wandering Tattler "Heterosceles incanus"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Great Knot "Calidris tenuirostris"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Red-necked Stint "Calidris ruficollis"
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta" (A)
*Temminck's Stint "Calidris temminckii"
*Long-toed Stint "Calidris subminuta"
*Sharp-tailed Sandpiper "Calidris acuminata"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Broad-billed Sandpiper "Limicola falcinellus"
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"
*Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius" (A)

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus"

Gulls

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Black-tailed Gull "Larus crassirostris" (A)
*Herring Gull "Larus argentatus" (A)
*East Siberian Gull "Larus vegae" (A)
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus"

Terns

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia" (A)
*Lesser Crested Tern "Sterna bengalensis"
*Chinese Crested Tern "Sterna bernsteini" (A)
*Great Crested Tern "Sterna bergii"
*Roseate Tern "Sterna dougallii"
*Black-naped Tern "Sterna sumatrana"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Little Tern "Sterna albifrons"
*Aleutian Tern "Sterna aleutica" (A)
*Bridled Tern "Sterna anaethetus"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Whiskered Tern "Chlidonias hybridus"
*White-winged Tern "Chlidonias leucopterus"
*Black Noddy "Anous minutus"
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in the Philippines.
*Island Collared-dove "Streptopelia bitorquata"
*Red Collared-dove "Streptopelia tranquebarica"
*Spotted Dove "Streptopelia chinensis"
*Philippine Cuckoo-dove "Macropygia tenuirostris"
*Emerald Dove "Chalcophaps indica"
*Zebra Dove "Geopelia striata" (I)
*Nicobar Pigeon "Caloenas nicobarica"
*Luzon Bleeding-heart "Gallicolumba luzonica" (E)
*Mindanao Bleeding-heart "Gallicolumba criniger" (E)
*Mindoro Bleeding-heart "Gallicolumba platenae" (E)
*Negros Bleeding-heart "Gallicolumba keayi" (E)
*Sulu Bleeding-heart "Gallicolumba menagei" (E)
*White-eared Brown-dove "Phapitreron leucotis" (E)
*Amethyst Brown-dove "Phapitreron amethystina" (E)
*Tawitawi Brown-dove "Phapitreron cinereiceps" (E)
*Pink-necked Green-pigeon "Treron vernans"
*Pompadour Green-pigeon "Treron pompadora"
*Thick-billed Green-pigeon "Treron curvirostra"
*Whistling Green-pigeon "Treron formosae"
*Yellow-breasted Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus occipitalis" (E)
*Flame-breasted Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus marchei" (E)
*Cream-bellied Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus merrilli" (E)
*Black-chinned Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus leclancheri" (E)
*Superb Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus superbus" (A)
*Black-naped Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus melanospila"
*Negros Fruit-dove "Ptilinopus arcanus" (E)
*Pink-bellied Imperial-pigeon "Ducula poliocephala" (E)
*Mindoro Imperial-pigeon "Ducula mindorensis" (E)
*Spotted Imperial-pigeon "Ducula carola" (E)
*Green Imperial-pigeon "Ducula aenea"
*Grey Imperial-pigeon "Ducula pickeringii"
*Pied Imperial-pigeon "Ducula bicolor"

Cockatoos

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: CacatuidaeThe cockatoos share many features with other parrots including the characteristic curved beak shape and a zygodactyl foot, with two forward toes and two backwards toes. They differ, however in a number of characteristics, including the often spectacular movable headcrest. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.=

Promeropidae

*Philippine Cockatoo "Cacatua haematuropygia" (E)

Parrots and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are at least 335 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in the Philippines.
*Mindanao Lorikeet "Trichoglossus johnstoniae" (E)
*Guaiabero "Bolbopsittacus lunulatus" (E)
*Luzon Racquet-tail "Prioniturus montanus" (E)
*Mindanao Racquet-tail "Prioniturus waterstradti" (E)
*Blue-headed Racquet-tail "Prioniturus platenae" (E)
*Green Racquet-tail "Prioniturus luconensis" (E)
*Blue-crowned Racquet-tail "Prioniturus discurus" (E)
*Blue-winged Racquet-tail "Prioniturus verticalis" (E)
*Great-billed Parrot "Tanygnathus megalorynchos"
*Blue-naped Parrot "Tanygnathus lucionensis"
*Blue-backed Parrot "Tanygnathus sumatranus"
*Philippine Hanging Parrot "Loriculus philippensis" (E)
*Camiguin Hanging Parrot "Loriculus camiguinensis" (E)

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 25 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Chestnut-winged Cuckoo "Clamator coromandus"
*Large Hawk-cuckoo "Cuculus sparverioides"
*Northern Hawk-cuckoo "Cuculus hyperythrus"
*Philippine Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus pectoralis" (E)
*Indian Cuckoo "Cuculus micropterus"
*Common Cuckoo "Cuculus canorus"
*Oriental Cuckoo "Cuculus saturatus"
*Horsfield's Cuckoo "Cuculus horsfieldi"
*Banded Bay Cuckoo "Cacomantis sonneratii" (A)
*Plaintive Cuckoo "Cacomantis merulinus"
*Brush Cuckoo "Cacomantis variolosus"
*Little Bronze-cuckoo "Chrysococcyx minutillus"
*Violet Cuckoo "Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus"
*Asian Drongo-cuckoo "Surniculus lugubris"
*Philippine Drongo-cuckoo "Surniculus velutinus" (E)
*Asian Koel "Eudynamys scolopacea"
*Chestnut-breasted Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus curvirostris"
*Red-crested Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus superciliosus" (E)
*Scale-feathered Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus cumingi" (E)
*Rufous Coucal "Centropus unirufus" (E)
*Black-faced Coucal "Centropus melanops" (E)
*Black-hooded Coucal "Centropus steerii" (E)
*Greater Coucal "Centropus sinensis"
*Philippine Coucal "Centropus viridis" (E)
*Lesser Coucal "Centropus bengalensis"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Eastern Grass-owl "Tyto longimembris"
*Oriental Bay-owl "Phodilus badius"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in the Philippines.
*Reddish Scops Owl "Otus rufescens"
*Palawan Scops Owl "Otus fuliginosus" (E)
*Philippine Scops Owl "Otus megalotis" (E)
*Mindanao Scops Owl "Otus mirus" (E)
*Luzon Scops Owl "Otus longicornis" (E)
*Mindoro Scops Owl "Otus mindorensis" (E)
*Oriental Scops Owl "Otus sunia"
*Mantanani Scops Owl "Otus mantananensis" (E)
*Ryukyu Scops Owl "Otus elegans"
*Giant Scops-owl "Mimizuku gurneyi" (E)
*Philippine Eagle Owl "Bubo philippensis" (E)
*Spotted Wood Owl "Strix seloputo"
*Chocolate Boobook "Ninox randi" (E)
*Brown Hawk Owl "Ninox scutulata"
*Philippine Hawk Owl "Ninox philippensis" (E)
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"
*Northern Boobook "Ninox japonica"

Frogmouths

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bills and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Philippine Frogmouth "Batrachostomus septimus" (E)
*Javan Frogmouth "Batrachostomus javensis"
*Sunda Frogmouth "Batrachostomus cornutus"

Nightjars

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Great Eared-Nightjar "Eurostopodus macrotis"
*Gray Nightjar "Caprimulgus indicus"
*Large-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus macrurus"
*Philippine Nightjar "Caprimulgus manillensis" (E)
*Savanna Nightjar "Caprimulgus affinis"

wifts

Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Glossy Swiftlet "Collocalia esculenta"
*Pygmy Swiftlet "Collocalia troglodytes" (E)
*Philippine Swiftlet "Aerodramus mearnsi" (E)
*Whitehead's Swiftlet "Aerodramus whiteheadi" (E)
*Palawan Swiftlet "Aerodramus palawanensis" (E)
*Mossy-nest Swiftlet "Aerodramus salangana"
*Black-nest Swiftlet "Aerodramus maximus"
*Edible-nest Swiftlet "Aerodramus fuciphagus"
*German's Swiftlet "Aerodramus germani"
*Philippine Needletail "Mearnsia picina" (E)
*Brown-backed Needletail "Hirundapus giganteus"
*Purple Needletail "Hirundapus celebensis"
*Asian Palm-Swift "Cypsiurus balasiensis"
*Fork-tailed Swift "Apus pacificus"
*House Swift "Apus nipalensis"

Treeswifts

Order: ApodiformesFamily: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts or crested swifts are aerial near passerine birds, closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Gray-rumped Treeswift "Hemiprocne longipennis" (A)
*Whiskered Treeswift "Hemiprocne comata"

Trogons

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Philippine Trogon "Harpactes ardens" (E)

Kingfishers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Common Kingfisher "Alcedo atthis"
*Blue-eared Kingfisher "Alcedo meninting"
*Indigo-banded Kingfisher "Alcedo cyanopecta" (E)
*Silvery Kingfisher "Alcedo argentata" (E)
*Black-backed Kingfisher "Ceyx erithacus"
*Philippine Kingfisher "Ceyx melanurus" (E)
*Rufous-backed Kingfisher "Ceyx rufidorsa"
*Variable Kingfisher "Ceyx lepidus"
*Stork-billed Kingfisher "Pelargopsis capensis"
*Ruddy Kingfisher "Halcyon coromanda"
*White-throated Kingfisher "Halcyon smyrnensis"
*Black-capped Kingfisher "Halcyon pileata"
*Rufous-lored Kingfisher "Todirhamphus winchelli" (E)
*Collared Kingfisher "Todirhamphus chloris"
*Spotted Kingfisher "Actenoides lindsayi" (E)
*Blue-capped Kingfisher "Actenoides hombroni" (E)

Bee-eaters

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Blue-throated Bee-eater "Merops viridis"
*Blue-tailed Bee-eater "Merops philippinus"

Typical Rollers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Dollarbird "Eurystomus orientalis"

Hoopoes

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Hoopoe "Upupa epops" (A)

Hornbills

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Palawan Hornbill "Anthracoceros marchei" (E)
*Sulu Hornbill "Anthracoceros montani" (E)
*Rufous Hornbill "Buceros hydrocorax" (E)
*Luzon Hornbill "Penelopides manillae" (E)
*Mindoro Hornbill "Penelopides mindorensis" (E)
*Tarictic Hornbill "Penelopides panini" (E)
*Samar Hornbill "Penelopides samarensis" (E)
*Mindanao Hornbill "Penelopides affinis" (E)
*Writhed-billed Hornbill "Aceros waldeni" (E)
*Writhed Hornbill "Aceros leucocephalus" (E)

Barbets

Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Coppersmith Barbet "Megalaima haemacephala"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Philippine Woodpecker "Dendrocopos maculatus" (E)
*White-bellied Woodpecker "Dryocopus javensis"
*Common Flameback "Dinopium javanense"
*Greater Flameback "Chrysocolaptes lucidus"
*Sooty Woodpecker "Mulleripicus funebris" (E)
*Great Slaty Woodpecker "Mulleripicus pulverulentus"

Broadbills

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Wattled Broadbill "Eurylaimus steerii" (E)
*Visayan Broadbill "Eurylaimus samarensis" (E)

Pittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Hooded Pitta "Pitta sordida"
*Azure-breasted Pitta "Pitta steerii" (E)
*Whiskered Pitta "Pitta kochi" (E)
*Red-bellied Pitta "Pitta erythrogaster"
*Blue-winged Pitta "Pitta moluccensis" (A)

Larks

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Australasian Bushlark "Mirafra javanica"
*Oriental Skylark "Alauda gulgula"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Plain Martin "Riparia paludicola"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"
*Pacific Swallow "Hirundo tahitica"
*Striated Swallow "Cecropis striolata"
*Asian Martin "Delichon dasypus"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Forest Wagtail "Dendronanthus indicus"
*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba"
*Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla flava"
*Eastern Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla tschutschensis" (A)
*Gray Wagtail "Motacilla cinerea"
*Oriental Pipit "Anthus rufulus"
*Olive-backed Pipit "Anthus hodgsoni"
*Pechora Pipit "Anthus gustavi"
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus"

Cuckoo-shrikes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Campephagidae

The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Bar-bellied Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina striata"
*White-bellied Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina papuensis"
*Blackish Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina coerulescens" (E)
*Black-bibbed Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina mindanensis" (E)
*McGregor's Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina mcgregori" (E)
*White-winged Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina ostenta" (E)
*Black-and-white Triller "Lalage melanoleuca" (E)
*Pied Triller "Lalage nigra"
*Ashy Minivet "Pericrocotus divaricatus"
*Small Minivet "Pericrocotus cinnamomeus"
*Fiery Minivet "Pericrocotus igneus"
*Scarlet Minivet "Pericrocotus flammeus"

Bulbuls

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests. There are 130 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Black-headed Bulbul "Pycnonotus atriceps"
*Yellow-wattled Bulbul "Pycnonotus urostictus" (E)
*Yellow-vented Bulbul "Pycnonotus goiavier"
*Olive-winged Bulbul "Pycnonotus plumosus"
*Gray-cheeked Bulbul "Alophoixus bres"
*Sulphur-bellied Bulbul "Ixos palawanensis" (E)
*Philippine Bulbul "Ixos philippinus" (E)
*Streak-breasted Bulbul "Ixos siquijorensis" (E)
*Brown-eared Bulbul "Ixos amaurotis"
*Yellowish Bulbul "Ixos everetti" (E)
*Zamboanga Bulbul "Ixos rufigularis" (E)

Leafbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Chloropseidae

The Leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Philippine Leafbird "Chloropsis flavipennis" (E)
*Yellow-throated Leafbird "Chloropsis palawanensis" (E)

Ioras

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in coloration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Common Iora "Aegithina tiphia"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Blue Rock-Thrush "Monticola solitarius"
*Chestnut-capped Thrush "Zoothera interpres"
*Ashy Thrush "Zoothera cinerea" (E)
*Sunda Thrush "Zoothera andromedae"
*Scaly Thrush "Zoothera dauma"
*Island Thrush "Turdus poliocephalus"
*Eyebrowed Thrush "Turdus obscurus"
*Pale Thrush "Turdus pallidus"
*Brown-headed Thrush "Turdus chrysolaus"
*White-browed Shortwing "Brachypteryx montana"

Cisticolas and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Zitting Cisticola "Cisticola juncidis"
*Golden-headed Cisticola "Cisticola exilis"

Old World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Timor Stubtail "Urosphena subulata"
*Manchurian Bush-Warbler "Cettia canturians"
*Japanese Bush-Warbler "Cettia diphone"
*Philippine Bush-Warbler "Cettia seebohmi" (E)
*Sunda Bush-Warbler "Cettia vulcania"
*Russet Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus seebohmi"
*Long-tailed Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus caudatus" (E)
*Lanceolated Warbler "Locustella lanceolata"
*Pallas's Warbler "Locustella certhiola"
*Middendorff's Grasshopper-Warbler "Locustella ochotensis"
*Gray's Warbler "Locustella fasciolata"
*Sakhalin Warbler "Locustella amnicola"
*Streaked Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus sorghophilus"
*Oriental Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus orientalis"
*Clamorous Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus stentoreus"
*Mountain Tailorbird "Orthotomus cuculatus"
*Rufous-headed Tailorbird "Orthotomus heterolaemus" (E)
*Dark-necked Tailorbird "Orthotomus atrogularis"
*Philippine Tailorbird "Orthotomus castaneiceps" (E)
*Rufous-fronted Tailorbird "Orthotomus frontalis" (E)
*Gray-backed Tailorbird "Orthotomus derbianus" (E)
*Rufous-tailed Tailorbird "Orthotomus sericeus"
*Ashy Tailorbird "Orthotomus ruficeps"
*Yellow-breasted Tailorbird "Orthotomus samarensis" (E)
*White-browed Tailorbird "Orthotomus nigriceps" (E)
*White-eared Tailorbird "Orthotomus cinereiceps" (E)
*Dusky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuscatus" (A)
*Radde's Warbler "Phylloscopus schwarzi" (A)
*Arctic Warbler "Phylloscopus borealis"
*Ijima's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus ijimae"
*Sulphur-breasted Warbler "Phylloscopus ricketti"
*Lemon-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus cebuensis" (E)
*Mountain Warbler "Phylloscopus trivirgatus"
*Philippine Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus olivaceus" (E)
*Yellow-breasted Warbler "Seicercus montis"
*Tawny Grassbird "Megalurus timoriensis"
*Striated Grassbird "Megalurus palustris"

Old World flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 35 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Chestnut-tailed Jungle Flycatcher "Rhinomyias ruficauda"
*Rusty-flanked Jungle Flycatcher "Rhinomyias insignis" (E)
*Negros Jungle Flycatcher "Rhinomyias albigularis" (E)
*Mindanao Jungle Flycatcher "Rhinomyias goodfellowi" (E)
*Gray-spotted Flycatcher "Muscicapa griseisticta"
*Siberian Flycatcher "Muscicapa sibirica"
*Asian Brown Flycatcher "Muscicapa dauurica"
*Ash-breasted Flycatcher "Muscicapa randi" (E)
*Ferruginous Flycatcher "Muscicapa ferruginea"
*Korean Flycatcher "Ficedula zanthopygia"
*Narcissus Flycatcher "Ficedula narcissina"
*Mugimaki Flycatcher "Ficedula mugimaki"
*Taiga Flycatcher "Ficedula albicilla" (A)
*Snowy-browed Flycatcher "Ficedula hyperythra"
*Little Slaty Flycatcher "Ficedula basilanica" (E)
*Palawan Flycatcher "Ficedula platenae" (E)
*Russet-tailed Flycatcher "Ficedula crypta" (E)
*Furtive Flycatcher "Ficedula disposita" (E)
*Little Pied Flycatcher "Ficedula westermanni"
*Blue-and-white Flycatcher "Cyanoptila cyanomelana"
*Island Flycatcher "Eumyias panayensis"
*Blue-breasted Flycatcher "Cyornis herioti" (E)
*Palawan Blue-flycatcher "Cyornis lemprieri" (E)
*Mangrove Blue-flycatcher "Cyornis rufigastra"
*Citrine Canary-flycatcher "Culicicapa helianthea"
*Siberian Rubythroat "Luscinia calliope"
*Siberian Blue Robin "Luscinia cyane"
*Oriental Magpie-Robin "Copsychus saularis"
*White-browed Shama "Copsychus luzoniensis" (E)
*White-vented Shama "Copsychus niger" (E)
*Black Shama "Copsychus cebuensis" (E)
*Luzon Redstart "Rhyacornis bicolor" (E)
*Siberian Stonechat "Saxicola maura"
*Pied Bushchat "Saxicola caprata"
*Northern Wheatear "Oenanthe oenanthe" (A)

Fantails

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhipiduridae

The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Blue Fantail "Rhipidura superciliaris" (E)
*Blue-headed Fantail "Rhipidura cyaniceps" (E)
*Black-and-cinnamon Fantail "Rhipidura nigrocinnamomea" (E)
*Pied Fantail "Rhipidura javanica"

Monarch flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Short-crested Monarch "Hypothymis helenae" (E)
*Black-naped Monarch "Hypothymis azurea"
*Celestial Monarch "Hypothymis coelestis" (E)
*Japanese Paradise-flycatcher "Terpsiphone atrocaudata"
*Blue Paradise-flycatcher "Terpsiphone cyanescens" (E)
*Rufous Paradise-flycatcher "Terpsiphone cinnamomea"

Whistlers and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pachycephalidae

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and Crested Bellbird. There are 57 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Mangrove Whistler "Pachycephala grisola"
*Green-backed Whistler "Pachycephala albiventris" (E)
*White-vented Whistler "Pachycephala homeyeri" (E)
*Yellow-bellied Whistler "Pachycephala philippinensis" (E)

Babblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Bagobo Babbler "Trichastoma woodi" (E)
*Ashy-headed Babbler "Malacocincla cinereiceps" (E)
*Palawan Babbler "Malacopteron palawanense" (E)
*Striated Wren-babbler "Ptilocichla mindanensis" (E)
*Falcated Wren-babbler "Ptilocichla falcata" (E)
*Luzon Wren-babbler "Napothera rabori" (E)
*Pygmy Babbler "Stachyris plateni" (E)
*Golden-crowned Babbler "Stachyris dennistouni" (E)
*Black-crowned Babbler "Stachyris nigrocapitata" (E)
*Rusty-crowned Babbler "Stachyris capitalis" (E)
*Flame-templed Babbler "Stachyris speciosa" (E)
*Chestnut-faced Babbler "Stachyris whiteheadi" (E)
*Luzon Striped-babbler "Stachyris striata" (E)
*Panay Striped-babbler "Stachyris latistriata" (E)
*Negros Striped-babbler "Stachyris nigrorum" (E)
*Palawan Striped-babbler "Stachyris hypogrammica" (E)
*Striped Tit-babbler "Macronous gularis"
*Brown Tit-babbler "Macronous striaticeps" (E)
*Miniature Tit-babbler "Micromacronus leytensis" (E)

Thornbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Acanthizidae

Thornbills are small passerine birds, similar in habits to the tits. There are 65 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Golden-bellied Gerygone "Gerygone sulphurea"

Chickadees and Titmice

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Elegant Tit "Pardaliparus elegans" (E)
*Palawan Tit "Pardaliparus amabilis" (E)
*White-fronted Tit "Sittiparus semilarvatus" (E)

Nuthatches

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Velvet-fronted Nuthatch "Sitta frontalis"
*Sulphur-billed Nuthatch "Sitta oenochlamys" (E)

Philippine creepers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhabdornithidae

The Philippine creepers are similar to treecreepers. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they can use to extricate insects from bark, but they have brush-like tongues, which enable them to also feed on nectar. There are 3 species which are endemic to the the Philippines.

*Stripe-sided Rhabdornis "Rhabdornis mysticalis" (E)
*Long-billed Rhabdornis "Rhabdornis grandis" (E)
*Stripe-breasted Rhabdornis "Rhabdornis inornatus" (E)

unbirds and Spiderhunters

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in the Philippines.
*Plain-throated Sunbird "Anthreptes malacensis"
*Copper-throated Sunbird "Leptocoma calcostetha"
*Purple-throated Sunbird "Leptocoma sperata"
*Olive-backed Sunbird "Cinnyris jugularis"
*Gray-hooded Sunbird "Aethopyga primigenius" (E)
*Mount Apo Sunbird "Aethopyga boltoni" (E)
*Lina's Sunbird "Aethopyga linaraborae" (E)
*Flaming Sunbird "Aethopyga flagrans" (E)
*Metallic-winged Sunbird "Aethopyga pulcherrima" (E)
*Lovely Sunbird "Aethopyga shelleyi" (E)
*Handsome Sunbird "Aethopyga bella" (E)
*Crimson Sunbird "Aethopyga siparaja"
*Fire-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga ignicauda"
*Little Spiderhunter "Arachnothera longirostra"
*Naked-faced Spiderhunter "Arachnothera clarae" (E)

Flowerpeckers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Olive-backed Flowerpecker "Prionochilus olivaceus" (E)
*Palawan Flowerpecker "Prionochilus plateni" (E)
*Thick-billed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum agile"
*Whiskered Flowerpecker "Dicaeum proprium" (E)
*Olive-capped Flowerpecker "Dicaeum nigrilore" (E)
*Flame-crowned Flowerpecker "Dicaeum anthonyi" (E)
*Bicolored Flowerpecker "Dicaeum bicolor" (E)
*Cebu Flowerpecker "Dicaeum quadricolor" (E)
*Red-striped Flowerpecker "Dicaeum australe" (E)
*Red-keeled Flowerpecker "Dicaeum haematostictum" (E)
*Scarlet-collared Flowerpecker "Dicaeum retrocinctum" (E)
*Orange-bellied Flowerpecker "Dicaeum trigonostigma"
*White-bellied Flowerpecker "Dicaeum hypoleucum" (E)
*Pygmy Flowerpecker "Dicaeum pygmaeum" (E)
*Fire-breasted Flowerpecker "Dicaeum ignipectus"

White-eyes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Japanese White-eye "Zosterops japonicus"
*Lowland White-eye "Zosterops meyeni" (E)
*Everett's White-eye "Zosterops everetti"
*Yellowish White-eye "Zosterops nigrorum" (E)
*Mountain White-eye "Zosterops montanus"
*Mindanao White-eye "Lophozosterops goodfellowi" (E)
*Cinnamon White-eye "Hypocryptadius cinnamomeus" (E)

Old World Orioles

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Oriolidae

The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Dark-throated Oriole "Oriolus xanthonotus"
*White-lored Oriole "Oriolus albiloris" (E)
*Philippine Oriole "Oriolus steerii" (E)
*Isabela Oriole "Oriolus isabellae" (E)
*Black-naped Oriole "Oriolus chinensis"

Fairy-bluebirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Irenidae

The Fairy-bluebirds are bubbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Asian Fairy-bluebird "Irena puella"
*Philippine Fairy-bluebird "Irena cyanogaster" (E)

hrikes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Tiger Shrike "Lanius tigrinus" (A)
*Brown Shrike "Lanius cristatus"
*Long-tailed Shrike "Lanius schach"
*Gray-capped Shrike "Lanius validirostris" (E)

Drongos

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Ashy Drongo "Dicrurus leucophaeus"
*Crow-billed Drongo "Dicrurus annectans"
*Hair-crested Drongo "Dicrurus hottentottus"
*Balicassiao "Dicrurus balicassius" (E)
*Spangled Drongo "Dicrurus bracteatus"

Woodswallows

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*White-breasted Woodswallow "Artamus leucorynchus"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Slender-billed Crow "Corvus enca"
*Large-billed Crow "Corvus macrorhynchos"

tarlings

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Asian Glossy Starling "Aplonis panayensis"
*Short-tailed Starling "Aplonis minor"
*Apo Myna "Basilornis miranda" (E)
*Coleto "Sarcops calvus" (E)
*Common Hill Myna "Gracula religiosa"
*Crested Myna "Acridotheres cristatellus" (I)
*Chestnut-cheeked Starling "Sturnia philippensis"
*White-shouldered Starling "Sturnia sinensis" (A)
*Red-billed Starling "Sturnus sericeus" (A)
*White-cheeked Starling "Sturnus cineraceus" (A)

Waxbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Red Avadavat "Amandava amandava"
*Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch "Erythrura hyperythra"
*Green-faced Parrotfinch "Erythrura viridifacies" (E)
*Red-eared Parrotfinch "Erythrura coloria" (E)
*Dusky Munia "Lonchura fuscans"
*Nutmeg Mannikin "Lonchura punctulata"
*White-bellied Munia "Lonchura leucogastra"
*Chestnut Munia "Lonchura atricapilla"
*Java Sparrow "Padda oryzivora" (I)

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 3 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Little Bunting "Emberiza pusilla" (A)
*Yellow-breasted Bunting "Emberiza aureola" (A)
*Yellow Bunting "Emberiza sulphurata"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in the Philippines.

*Brambling "Fringilla montifringilla" (A)
*Red Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*Eurasian Siskin "Carduelis spinus" (A)
*Mountain Serin "Serinus estherae"
*White-cheeked Bullfinch "Pyrrhula leucogenis" (E)

parrows

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in the Philippines.

*Eurasian Tree Sparrow "Passer montanus"

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region

References

*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url = http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?region=ph&pg=checklist&list=clements
title = Checklist of birds of the Philippines
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 27 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880


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