Coordinates: Country Egypt Governorate Sohag Time zone EST (UTC+2)
Akhmim (Arabic اخميم; from Egyptian Khent-min; Coptic Khmin) is a city in the Sohag Governorate of Upper Egypt. Referred to by the ancient Greeks as Khemmis, Chemmis and Panopolis, it is located on the east bank of the Nile, 4 miles to the northeast of Sohag.
Akhmim was known in Ancient Egypt as Ipu, Apu or Khent-min. It was the capital of the ninth (Chemmite) nome of Upper Egypt. The city is a suggested hometown for Yuya, the official of Tuthmosis IV and Amenhotep III. The ithyphallic Min (whom the Greeks identified with Pan) was worshipped here as "the strong Horus." Herodotus mentions the temple dedicated to Perseus and asserts that Chemmis was remarkable for the celebration of games in honor of that hero, after the manner of the Greeks, at which prizes were given; as a matter of fact some representations are known of Nubians and people of Punt (southern coastal Sudan and the Eritrean coast) clambering up poles before the god Min. Min was especially a god of the desert routes on the east of Egypt, and the trading tribes are likely to have gathered to his festivals for business and pleasure at Coptos (which was really near Neapolis, Qina) even more than at Akhmim. Herodotus perhaps confused Coptos with Chemmis. Strabo mentions linen-weaving and stone-cutting as ancient industries of Panopolis, and it is not altogether a coincidence that the cemetery of Akhmim is one of the chief sources of the beautiful textiles of Roman and Christian age, that are brought from Egypt.
In the Christian Coptic era, Akhmim was known as Khmin or Shmin. Monasteries abounded in this region from a very early date. Shenouda the Archimandrite (348 - 466) was a monk at Athribis near Akhmim. Some years earlier Nestorius, the exiled ex-patriarch of Constantinople, had died at an old age in the neighborhood of Akhmim. Nonnus, the Greek poet, was born at Panopolis at the end of the 4th century. Panopolis is a Catholic titular see, suffragan of Antinoe in Thebais Prima. Among the bishops of Panopolis, Le Quien mentions  Arius, friend of Saint Pachomius who had built three convents in the city, Sabinus, and Menas. Excavations at Akhmim have disclosed numerous Christian manuscripts, among them fragments of the Book of Henoch, of the Gospel, and of the Apocalypse according to Peter, the Acts of the Council of Ephesus, as well as numerous other Christian inscriptions.
Akhmim once had a reputation as being home of the greatest magicians in Egypt. A supernatural being that was said to dwell there, the Serpent of Akhmim, was supposedly regarded as an angel by Muslims and as an incarnation of the demon Asmodeus by Christians.
In the 13th century AD, a very imposing temple still stood in Akhmim. Today, little of its past glory remains. Nothing is left of the town, the temples were almost completely dismantled, and their material reused in the later Middle Ages. The extensive cemeteries of ancient Akhmim are yet to be fully explored. The destroyed corner of a Greco-Roman period temple with colossal statues of Ramesses II and Meritamen were discovered in 1981.
Akhmim is the largest town on the east side of the Nile in Upper Egypt. In 1907, the population of the city was 23,795, of whom about one third were Copts. Akhmim has several mosques and two Coptic churches. The Monastery of the Martyrs is located about 6 Km northeast of the city. Akhmim maintains a weekly market, and manufactures cotton goods, notably the blue shirts and check shawls with silk fringes worn by the poorer classes of Egypt. Outside the walls are the scanty ruins of two ancient temples. On the west bank of the Nile opposite of Akhmim, there is railway communication with Cairo and Aswan.
Notable people from Akhmim
- ^ Oriens christianus, II, 601-4
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Akhmim, Egypt". http://www.fallingrain.com/world/EG/24/Akhmim.html. Retrieved 2008-05-03.
- Akhmin – Catholic Encyclopedia article
Main Egyptian cities6th of October City · Akhmim · El Alamein · Abydos · Alexandria · Arish · Aswan · Asyut · Banha · Bani Suwayf · Cairo · Dahab · Dakhla · Damanhur · Damietta · Dandarah · Desouk · Esna · Faiyum · Hurghada · Hamrah Dawm · Hala'ib · Imbabah · Ismailia · Giza · Kafr el-Dawwar · Kom Ombo · Kharga · Luxor · El-Mahalla El-Kubra · Mallawi · Mansoura · Marsa Matruh · el-Menya · Nag Hammadi · Nuweiba · Noubarya · Port Said · Qena · Rosetta · Sadat City · Safaga · Saint Katherine · Siwa · Sharm el-Sheikh · Shibin El Kom · Shibin el-Qanater · Shubra el-Kheima · Sohag · Ain Sukhna · Suez · Taba · Tanta · Zaqaziq · Sohag Governorate Regions Regions Important sites Monasteries and Mosques: Monastery of the Martyrs · Red Monastery · White Monastery · Sidi Arif Mosque Sa'id / Upper Egypt Main Cities
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Look at other dictionaries:
Akhmîm — Ville d Égypte antique Noms en égyptien ancien Ipou (ipw) Khent Menou en grec Panopolis en arabe … Wikipédia en Français
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Akhmīm — (Akhmym), Stadt, s. Achmîm … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Akhmīm — ▪ Egypt also spelled Ekhmīn, town, Sawhāj muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Upper Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile, above Sawhāj on the west bank. Extensive necropolises dating from the 6th dynasty (c. 2345–c. 2181 BC) until the late Coptic… … Universalium
Akhmim — DMS … Deutsch Wikipedia
Akhmim — Modern name for the Egyptian Khent Min, Greek Khemmis or Panopolis in the ninth Upper Egyptian nome. Little remains of the ancient city under the modern town. Akhmim is the home city of Ay. In 1981, colossal statues of Ramesses II and his… … Ancient Egypt
Akhmim — Original name in latin Akhmm Name in other language Akhmim, Akhmun, Akhmn, Akhmm, Ekhmin, Khemmis, Paloupolis, Panopolis, Panospolis, Ахмим State code EG Continent/City Africa/Cairo longitude 26.56217 latitude 31.74503 altitude 85 Population… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Akhmĭm — ► C. del Alto Egipto, en la orilla derecha del Nilo; 40 000 h. Objetos arqueológicos … Enciclopedia Universal
Akhmim wooden tablet — The Akhmim wooden tablet, is an ancient Egyptian artifact that has been dated to 2000 BC, near to the beginning of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom. It is currently housed in Cairo s Museum of Egyptian Antiquities. Its text was reported by Georges… … Wikipedia
Markaz Akhmim — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Markaz Akhmīm Country and Admin Code EG.24.361660 EG … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II