List of birds of Nepal

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Nepal. The avifauna of Nepal includes a total of 900 species, of which 2 are endemic, 1 has been introduced by humans, and 74 are rare or accidental. 32 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Nepal.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Nepal.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Nepal.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Nepal as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.

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Grebes

Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Little Grebe "Tachybaptus ruficollis"
*Great Crested Grebe "Podiceps cristatus"
*Eared Grebe "Podiceps nigricollis"

Pelicans

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Great White Pelican "Pelecanus onocrotalus" (A)
*Spot-billed Pelican "Pelecanus philippensis"

Cormorants

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Great Cormorant "Phalacrocorax carbo"
*Little Cormorant "Phalacrocorax niger"

Darters

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Darter "Anhinga melanogaster"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Nepal.

*Gray Heron "Ardea cinerea"
*White-bellied Heron "Ardea insignis"
*Purple Heron "Ardea purpurea"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Intermediate Egret "Egretta intermedia"
*White-faced Heron "Egretta novaehollandiae"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Indian Pond-Heron "Ardeola grayii"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Malayan Night-Heron "Gorsachius melanolophus" (A)
*Yellow Bittern "Ixobrychus sinensis"
*Cinnamon Bittern "Ixobrychus cinnamomeus"
*Black Bittern "Ixobrychus flavicollis"
*Great Bittern "Botaurus stellaris"

torks

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Nepal.

*Painted Stork "Mycteria leucocephala"
*Asian Openbill "Anastomus oscitans"
*Black Stork "Ciconia nigra"
*Woolly-necked Stork "Ciconia episcopus"
*White Stork "Ciconia ciconia"
*Black-necked Stork "Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus"
*Lesser Adjutant "Leptoptilos javanicus"
*Greater Adjutant "Leptoptilos dubius"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Black-headed Ibis "Threskiornis melanocephalus"
*Red-naped Ibis "Pseudibis papillosa"
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus" (A)
*Eurasian Spoonbill "Platalea leucorodia"

Flamingos

Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Greater Flamingo "Phoenicopterus roseus" (A)

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in Nepal.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor" (A)
*Lesser Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna javanica"
*Whooper Swan "Cygnus cygnus" (A)
*Tundra Swan "Cygnus columbianus" (A)
*Bean Goose "Anser fabalis"
*Greylag Goose "Anser anser"
*Bar-headed Goose "Anser indicus"
*Ruddy Shelduck "Tadorna ferruginea"
*Common Shelduck "Tadorna tadorna"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Cotton Pygmy-goose "Nettapus coromandelianus"
*Mandarin Duck "Aix galericulata"
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope"
*Falcated Duck "Anas falcata"
*Gadwall "Anas strepera"
*Baikal Teal "Anas formosa"
*Eurasian Teal "Anas crecca"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos"
*Spot-billed Duck "Anas poecilorhyncha"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Red-crested Pochard "Netta rufina"
*Common Pochard "Aythya ferina"
*Ferruginous Pochard "Aythya nyroca"
*Baer's Pochard "Aythya baeri" (A)
*Tufted Duck "Aythya fuligula"
*Greater Scaup "Aythya marila"
*Harlequin Duck "Histrionicus histrionicus"
*Long-tailed Duck "Clangula hyemalis" (A)
*Common Goldeneye "Bucephala clangula"
*Smew "Mergellus albellus" (A)
*Red-breasted Merganser "Mergus serrator" (A)
*Common Merganser "Mergus merganser"

Osprey

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 50 species which occur in Nepal.

*Jerdon's Baza "Aviceda jerdoni" (A)
*Black Baza "Aviceda leuphotes"
*Oriental Honey-buzzard "Pernis ptilorhynchus"
*Black-shouldered Kite "Elanus caeruleus"
*Red Kite "Milvus milvus"
*Black Kite "Milvus migrans"
*Brahminy Kite "Haliastur indus"
*Pallas's Fish-Eagle "Haliaeetus leucoryphus"
*White-tailed Eagle "Haliaeetus albicilla"
*Lesser Fish-Eagle "Ichthyophaga humilis"
*Gray-headed Fish-Eagle "Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus"
*Lammergeier "Gypaetus barbatus"
*Egyptian Vulture "Neophron percnopterus"
*White-rumped Vulture "Gyps bengalensis"
*Indian Vulture "Gyps indicus"
*Slender-billed Vulture "Gyps tenuirostris"
*Himalayan Griffon "Gyps himalayensis"
*Eurasian Griffon "Gyps fulvus"
*Cinereous Vulture "Aegypius monachus"
*Red-headed Vulture "Sarcogyps calvus"
*Short-toed Eagle "Circaetus gallicus"
*Crested Serpent-Eagle "Spilornis cheela"
*Western Marsh-Harrier "Circus aeruginosus"
*Northern Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
*Pallid Harrier "Circus macrourus"
*Pied Harrier "Circus melanoleucos"
*Montagu's Harrier "Circus pygargus"
*Crested Goshawk "Accipiter trivirgatus"
*Shikra "Accipiter badius"
*Besra "Accipiter virgatus"
*Eurasian Sparrowhawk "Accipiter nisus"
*Northern Goshawk "Accipiter gentilis"
*White-eyed Buzzard "Butastur teesa"
*Eurasian Buzzard "Buteo buteo"
*Long-legged Buzzard "Buteo rufinus"
*Upland Buzzard "Buteo hemilasius"
*Black Eagle "Ictinaetus malayensis"
*Lesser Spotted Eagle "Aquila pomarina"
*Indian Spotted Eagle "Aquila hastata"
*Greater Spotted Eagle "Aquila clanga"
*Tawny Eagle "Aquila rapax"
*Steppe Eagle "Aquila nipalensis"
*Imperial Eagle "Aquila heliaca"
*Golden Eagle "Aquila chrysaetos"
*Bonelli's Eagle "Aquila fasciatus"
*Booted Eagle "Aquila pennatus"
*Rufous-bellied Eagle "Aquila kienerii"
*Changeable Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus cirrhatus"
*Flores Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus floris"
*Mountain Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus nipalensis"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Nepal.

*Collared Falconet "Microhierax caerulescens"
*Lesser Kestrel "Falco naumanni"
*Eurasian Kestrel "Falco tinnunculus"
*Red-necked Falcon "Falco chicquera"
*Amur Falcon "Falco amurensis"
*Merlin "Falco columbarius"
*Eurasian Hobby "Falco subbuteo"
*Oriental Hobby "Falco severus"
*Laggar Falcon "Falco jugger"
*Saker Falcon "Falco cherrug"
*Barbary Falcon "Falco pelegrinoides"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Pheasants and Partridges

Order: GalliformesFamily: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Nepal.

*Snow Partridge "Lerwa lerwa"
*Tibetan Snowcock "Tetraogallus tibetanus"
*Himalayan Snowcock "Tetraogallus himalayensis"
*Chukar "Alectoris chukar"
*Black Francolin "Francolinus francolinus"
*Gray Francolin "Francolinus pondicerianus"
*Swamp Francolin "Francolinus gularis"
*Tibetan Partridge "Perdix hodgsoniae"
*Common Quail "Coturnix coturnix"
*Rain Quail "Coturnix coromandelica" (A)
*Blue-breasted Quail "Coturnix chinensis"
*Jungle Bush-Quail "Perdicula asiatica" (A)
*Hill Partridge "Arborophila torqueola"
*Rufous-throated Partridge "Arborophila rufogularis"
*Red Spurfowl "Galloperdix spadicea"
*Blood Pheasant "Ithaginis cruentus"
*Western Tragopan "Tragopan melanocephalus"
*Satyr Tragopan "Tragopan satyra"
*Koklass Pheasant "Pucrasia macrolopha"
*Himalayan Monal "Lophophorus impejanus"
*Red Junglefowl "Gallus gallus"
*Kalij Pheasant "Lophura leucomelanos"
*Cheer Pheasant "Catreus wallichi"
*Indian Peafowl "Pavo cristatus"

Buttonquails

Order: GruiformesFamily: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails.The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Small Buttonquail "Turnix sylvatica"
*Yellow-legged Buttonquail "Turnix tanki"
*Barred Buttonquail "Turnix suscitator"

Cranes

Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Demoiselle Crane "Anthropoides virgo"
*Sarus Crane "Grus antigone"
*Common Crane "Grus grus"
*Black-necked Crane "Grus nigricollis" (A)

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Nepal.

*Slaty-legged Crake "Rallina eurizonoides"
*Slaty-breasted Rail "Gallirallus striatus" (A)
*Water Rail "Rallus aquaticus" (A)
*Brown Crake "Amaurornis akool"
*White-breasted Waterhen "Amaurornis phoenicurus"
*Black-tailed Crake "Amaurornis bicolor" (A)
*Baillon's Crake "Porzana pusilla"
*Spotted Crake "Porzana porzana"
*Ruddy-breasted Crake "Porzana fusca"
*Watercock "Gallicrex cinerea"
*Purple Swamphen "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Eurasian Coot "Fulica atra"

Bustards

Order: GruiformesFamily: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Indian Bustard "Ardeotis nigriceps" (A)
*Bengal Florican "Houbaropsis bengalensis"
*Lesser Florican "Sypheotides indica"

Jacanas

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Pheasant-tailed Jacana "Hydrophasianus chirurgus"
*Bronze-winged Jacana "Metopidius indicus"

Painted snipe

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Greater Painted-snipe "Rostratula benghalensis"

Oystercatchers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Eurasian Oystercatcher "Haematopus ostralegus" (A)

Ibisbill

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Ibidorhynchidae

The Ibisbill is a bird related to the waders, but sufficiently distinctive to merit its own family. The adult is grey with a white belly, red legs and long down curved bill, and a black face and black breast band.

*Ibisbill "Ibidorhyncha struthersii"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Black-winged Stilt "Himantopus himantopus"
*Pied Avocet "Recurvirostra avosetta"

Thick-knees

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Eurasian Thick-knee "Burhinus oedicnemus"
*Great Thick-knee "Burhinus recurvirostris"

Pratincoles and Coursers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Indian Courser "Cursorius coromandelicus"
*Collared Pratincole "Glareola pratincola" (A)
*Oriental Pratincole "Glareola maldivarum"
*Small Pratincole "Glareola lactea"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Nepal.

*Northern Lapwing "Vanellus vanellus"
*River Lapwing "Vanellus duvaucelii"
*Yellow-wattled Lapwing "Vanellus malabaricus"
*Gray-headed Lapwing "Vanellus cinereus"
*Red-wattled Lapwing "Vanellus indicus"
*White-tailed Lapwing "Vanellus leucurus"
*Pacific Golden-Plover "Pluvialis fulva"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola" (A)
*Long-billed Plover "Charadrius placidus"
*Little Ringed Plover "Charadrius dubius"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Lesser Sandplover "Charadrius mongolus"
*Greater Sandplover "Charadrius leschenaultii" (A)

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Nepal.

*Eurasian Woodcock "Scolopax rusticola"
*Jack Snipe "Lymnocryptes minimus"
*Solitary Snipe "Gallinago solitaria"
*Wood Snipe "Gallinago nemoricola"
*Pintail Snipe "Gallinago stenura"
*Swinhoe's Snipe "Gallinago megala"
*Common Snipe "Gallinago gallinago"
*Black-tailed Godwit "Limosa limosa"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Eurasian Curlew "Numenius arquata"
*Spotted Redshank "Tringa erythropus"
*Common Redshank "Tringa totanus"
*Marsh Sandpiper "Tringa stagnatilis"
*Common Greenshank "Tringa nebularia"
*Green Sandpiper "Tringa ochropus"
*Wood Sandpiper "Tringa glareola"
*Terek Sandpiper "Xenus cinereus"
*Common Sandpiper "Actitis hypoleucos"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres" (A)
*Sanderling "Calidris alba" (A)
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta"
*Temminck's Stint "Calidris temminckii"
*Long-toed Stint "Calidris subminuta" (A)
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Dunlin "Calidris alpina"
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus" (A)

Gulls

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Nepal.

*Mew Gull "Larus canus" (A)
*Herring Gull "Larus argentatus" (A)
*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus" (A)
*Heuglin's Gull "Larus heuglini" (A)
*Caspian Gull "Larus cachinnans" (A)
*Great Black-headed Gull "Larus ichthyaetus"
*Brown-headed Gull "Larus brunnicephalus"
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus"
*Slender-billed Gull "Larus genei"

Terns

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Nepal.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia"
*River Tern "Sterna aurantia"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Little Tern "Sterna albifrons"
*Black-bellied Tern "Sterna acuticauda"
*Whiskered Tern "Chlidonias hybridus"
*White-winged Tern "Chlidonias leucopterus"

kimmers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Indian Skimmer "Rynchops albicollis"

andgrouse

Order: PterocliformesFamily: Pteroclidae

Sandgrouse have small, pigeon like heads and necks, but sturdy compact bodies. They have long pointed wings and sometimes tails and a fast direct flight. Flocks fly to watering holes at dawn and dusk. Their legs are feathered down to the toes. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse "Pterocles exustus"
*Black-bellied Sandgrouse "Pterocles orientalis"
*Painted Sandgrouse "Pterocles indicus"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Nepal.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia"
*Hill Pigeon "Columba rupestris"
*Snow Pigeon "Columba leuconota"
*Common Wood-Pigeon "Columba palumbus" (A)
*Speckled Wood-Pigeon "Columba hodgsonii"
*Ashy Wood-Pigeon "Columba pulchricollis"
*Oriental Turtle-Dove "Streptopelia orientalis"
*Eurasian Collared-Dove "Streptopelia decaocto"
*Red Collared-Dove "Streptopelia tranquebarica"
*Spotted Dove "Streptopelia chinensis"
*Laughing Dove "Streptopelia senegalensis"
*Barred Cuckoo-Dove "Macropygia unchall"
*Emerald Dove "Chalcophaps indica"
*Orange-breasted Pigeon "Treron bicincta"
*Pompadour Green-Pigeon "Treron pompadora"
*Thick-billed Pigeon "Treron curvirostra"
*Yellow-footed Pigeon "Treron phoenicoptera"
*Pin-tailed Pigeon "Treron apicauda"
*Wedge-tailed Pigeon "Treron sphenura"
*Green Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula aenea"
*Mountain Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula badia"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Nepal.

*Alexandrine Parakeet "Psittacula eupatria"
*Rose-ringed Parakeet "Psittacula krameri" (I)
*Slaty-headed Parakeet "Psittacula himalayana"
*Gray-headed Parakeet "Psittacula finschii"
*Plum-headed Parakeet "Psittacula cyanocephala"
*Blossom-headed Parakeet "Psittacula roseata"
*Red-breasted Parakeet "Psittacula alexandri"
*Vernal Hanging-Parrot "Loriculus vernalis"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Nepal.

*Pied Cuckoo "Clamator jacobinus"
*Chestnut-winged Cuckoo "Clamator coromandus"
*Large Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus sparverioides"
*Common Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus varius"
*Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus nisicolor"
*Indian Cuckoo "Cuculus micropterus"
*Common Cuckoo "Cuculus canorus"
*Oriental Cuckoo "Cuculus saturatus"
*Horsfield's Cuckoo "Cuculus horsfieldi"
*Lesser Cuckoo "Cuculus poliocephalus"
*Banded Bay Cuckoo "Cacomantis sonneratii"
*Plaintive Cuckoo "Cacomantis merulinus"
*Asian Emerald Cuckoo "Chrysococcyx maculatus"
*Asian Drongo-Cuckoo "Surniculus lugubris"
*Asian Koel "Eudynamys scolopacea"
*Green-billed Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus tristis"
*Sirkeer Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii"
*Greater Coucal "Centropus sinensis"
*Madagascar Coucal "Centropus toulou"
*Lesser Coucal "Centropus bengalensis"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Australasian Grass-Owl "Tyto longimembris"
*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"
*Oriental Bay-Owl "Phodilus badius"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Nepal.

*Mountain Scops-Owl "Otus spilocephalus"
*Indian Scops-Owl "Otus bakkamoena"
*Collared Scops-Owl "Otus lettia"
*European Scops-Owl "Otus scops"
*Oriental Scops-Owl "Otus sunia"
*Eurasian Eagle-Owl "Bubo bubo"
*Rock Eagle-Owl "Bubo bengalensis"
*Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl "Bubo nipalensis"
*Dusky Eagle-Owl "Bubo coromandus"
*Brown Fish-Owl "Ketupa zeylonensis"
*Tawny Fish-Owl "Ketupa flavipes"
*Brown Wood-Owl "Strix leptogrammica"
*Tawny Owl "Strix aluco"
*Collared Owlet "Glaucidium brodiei"
*Asian Barred Owlet "Glaucidium cuculoides"
*Jungle Owlet "Glaucidium radiatum"
*Spotted Owlet "Athene brama"
*Little Owl "Athene noctua"
*Brown Hawk-Owl "Ninox scutulata"
*Long-eared Owl "Asio otus" (A)
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"

Nightjars

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Gray Nightjar "Caprimulgus indicus"
*Large-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus macrurus"
*Indian Nightjar "Caprimulgus asiaticus"
*Savanna Nightjar "Caprimulgus affinis"

wifts

Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Nepal.

*Himalayan Swiftlet "Aerodramus brevirostris"
*White-rumped Needletail "Zoonavena sylvatica"
*White-throated Needletail "Hirundapus caudacutus"
*Silver-backed Needletail "Hirundapus cochinchinensis"
*Asian Palm-Swift "Cypsiurus balasiensis"
*Alpine Swift "Tachymarptis melba"
*Common Swift "Apus apus"
*Fork-tailed Swift "Apus pacificus"
*Dark-rumped Swift "Apus acuticauda" (A)
*Little Swift "Apus affinis"
*House Swift "Apus nipalensis"

Treeswifts

Order: ApodiformesFamily: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts or crested swifts are aerial near passerine birds, closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Crested Treeswift "Hemiprocne coronata"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Red-headed Trogon "Harpactes erythrocephalus"

Kingfishers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Nepal.

*Blyth's Kingfisher "Alcedo hercules" (A)
*Common Kingfisher "Alcedo atthis"
*Blue-eared Kingfisher "Alcedo meninting"
*Black-backed Kingfisher "Ceyx erithacus" (A)
*Stork-billed Kingfisher "Pelargopsis capensis"
*Ruddy Kingfisher "Halcyon coromanda"
*White-throated Kingfisher "Halcyon smyrnensis"
*Black-capped Kingfisher "Halcyon pileata" (A)
*Crested Kingfisher "Megaceryle lugubris"
*Pied Kingfisher "Ceryle rudis"

Bee-eaters

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Blue-bearded Bee-eater "Nyctyornis athertoni"
*Green Bee-eater "Merops orientalis"
*Blue-tailed Bee-eater "Merops philippinus"
*Chestnut-headed Bee-eater "Merops leschenaulti"

Typical Rollers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Indian Roller "Coracias benghalensis"
*Dollarbird "Eurystomus orientalis"

Hoopoes

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Hoopoe "Upupa epops"

Hornbills

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Nepal.

*Indian Gray Hornbill "Ocyceros birostris"
*Malabar Pied-Hornbill "Anthracoceros coronatus"
*Oriental Pied-Hornbill "Anthracoceros albirostris"
*Great Hornbill "Buceros bicornis"
*Rufous-necked Hornbill "Aceros nipalensis"

Barbets

Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Nepal.

*Great Barbet "Megalaima virens"
*Brown-headed Barbet "Megalaima zeylanica"
*Lineated Barbet "Megalaima lineata"
*Golden-throated Barbet "Megalaima franklinii"
*Blue-throated Barbet "Megalaima asiatica"
*Blue-eared Barbet "Megalaima australis"
*Coppersmith Barbet "Megalaima haemacephala"

Honeyguides

Order: PiciformesFamily: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the behaviour of the Greater Honeyguide which leads large animals to bees' nests and then feeds on the wax once the animal has broken the nest open to get at the honey. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Yellow-rumped Honeyguide "Indicator xanthonotus"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 25 species which occur in Nepal.

*Eurasian Wryneck "Jynx torquilla"
*Speckled Piculet "Picumnus innominatus"
*White-browed Piculet "Sasia ochracea"
*Brown-capped Woodpecker "Dendrocopos moluccensis"
*Gray-capped Woodpecker "Dendrocopos canicapillus"
*Brown-fronted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos auriceps"
*Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos macei"
*Yellow-crowned Woodpecker "Dendrocopos mahrattensis"
*Rufous-bellied Woodpecker "Dendrocopos hyperythrus"
*Darjeeling Woodpecker "Dendrocopos darjellensis"
*Crimson-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos cathpharius"
*Himalayan Woodpecker "Dendrocopos himalayensis"
*Rufous Woodpecker "Celeus brachyurus"
*Lesser Yellownape "Picus chlorolophus"
*Greater Yellownape "Picus flavinucha"
*Streak-throated Woodpecker "Picus xanthopygaeus"
*Scaly-bellied Woodpecker "Picus squamatus"
*Gray-faced Woodpecker "Picus canus"
*Himalayan Flameback "Dinopium shorii"
*Black-rumped Flameback "Dinopium benghalense"
*White-naped Woodpecker "Chrysocolaptes festivus"
*Greater Flameback "Chrysocolaptes lucidus"
*Pale-headed Woodpecker "Gecinulus grantia"
*Bay Woodpecker "Blythipicus pyrrhotis"
*Great Slaty Woodpecker "Mulleripicus pulverulentus"

Broadbills

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Long-tailed Broadbill "Psarisomus dalhousiae"
*Silver-breasted Broadbill "Serilophus lunatus"

Pittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Blue-naped Pitta "Pitta nipalensis"
*Hooded Pitta "Pitta sordida"
*Indian Pitta "Pitta brachyura"

Larks

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Nepal.

*Singing Bushlark "Mirafra cantillans" (A)
*Bengal Bushlark "Mirafra assamica"
*Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark "Eremopterix grisea"
*Tibetan Lark "Melanocorypha maxima"
*Greater Short-toed Lark "Calandrella brachydactyla"
*Hume's Lark "Calandrella acutirostris"
*Sand Lark "Calandrella raytal"
*Crested Lark "Galerida cristata"
*Oriental Skylark "Alauda gulgula"
*Horned Lark "Eremophila alpestris"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Nepal.

*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Pale Sand Martin "Riparia diluta"
*Plain Martin "Riparia paludicola"
*Eurasian Crag-Martin "Ptyonoprogne rupestris"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"
*Wire-tailed Swallow "Hirundo smithii"
*Red-rumped Swallow "Cecropis daurica"
*Streak-throated Swallow "Petrochelidon fluvicola"
*Common House-Martin "Delichon urbica" (A)
*Asian Martin "Delichon dasypus"
*Nepal Martin "Delichon nipalensis"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Nepal.

*Forest Wagtail "Dendronanthus indicus" (A)
*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba"
*Black-backed Wagtail "Motacilla lugens"
*White-browed Wagtail "Motacilla madaraspatensis"
*Citrine Wagtail "Motacilla citreola"
*Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla flava" (A)
*Gray Wagtail "Motacilla cinerea"
*Oriental Pipit "Anthus rufulus"
*Tawny Pipit "Anthus campestris" (A)
*Blyth's Pipit "Anthus godlewskii"
*Long-billed Pipit "Anthus similis"
*Tree Pipit "Anthus trivialis"
*Olive-backed Pipit "Anthus hodgsoni"
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus"
*Rosy Pipit "Anthus roseatus"
*Water Pipit "Anthus spinoletta"
*Upland Pipit "Anthus sylvanus"
*American Pipit "Anthus rubescens"

Cuckoo-shrikes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Campephagidae

The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Nepal.

*Large Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina macei"
*Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina melaschistos"
*Black-headed Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina melanoptera"
*Rosy Minivet "Pericrocotus roseus"
*Small Minivet "Pericrocotus cinnamomeus"
*Long-tailed Minivet "Pericrocotus ethologus"
*Short-billed Minivet "Pericrocotus brevirostris"
*Scarlet Minivet "Pericrocotus flammeus"
*Gray-chinned Minivet "Pericrocotus solaris"
*Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike "Hemipus picatus"

Bulbuls

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.There are 130 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Nepal.

*Striated Bulbul "Pycnonotus striatus"
*Black-crested Bulbul "Pycnonotus melanicterus"
*Red-whiskered Bulbul "Pycnonotus jocosus"
*White-cheeked Bulbul "Pycnonotus leucogenys"
*Red-vented Bulbul "Pycnonotus cafer"
*White-throated Bulbul "Alophoixus flaveolus"
*Olive Bulbul "Iole virescens"
*Ashy Bulbul "Hemixos flavala"
*Mountain Bulbul "Ixos mcclellandii"
*Black Bulbul "Hypsipetes leucocephalus"

Kinglets

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Regulidae

The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Goldcrest "Regulus regulus"

Leafbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Chloropseidae

The Leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Golden-fronted Leafbird "Chloropsis aurifrons"
*Orange-bellied Leafbird "Chloropsis hardwickii"

Ioras

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in coloration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Common Iora "Aegithina tiphia"

Waxwings

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Bombycillidae

The waxwings are a group of passerine birds characterized by soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and Cedar Waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax, and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Bohemian Waxwing "Bombycilla garrulus" (A)

Dippers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*White-throated Dipper "Cinclus cinclus"
*Brown Dipper "Cinclus pallasii"

Wrens

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Winter Wren "Troglodytes troglodytes"

Accentors

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prunellidae

The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows. There are 13 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Nepal.

*Alpine Accentor "Prunella collaris"
*Himalayan Accentor "Prunella himalayana"
*Robin Accentor "Prunella rubeculoides"
*Rufous-breasted Accentor "Prunella strophiata"
*Brown Accentor "Prunella fulvescens"
*Black-throated Accentor "Prunella atrogularis"
*Maroon-backed Accentor "Prunella immaculata"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Nepal.

*Blue-capped Rock-Thrush "Monticola cinclorhynchus"
*Chestnut-bellied Rock-Thrush "Monticola rufiventris"
*Blue Rock-Thrush "Monticola solitarius"
*Blue Whistling-Thrush "Myophonus caeruleus"
*Pied Thrush "Zoothera wardii"
*Orange-headed Thrush "Zoothera citrina"
*Plain-backed Thrush "Zoothera mollissima"
*Long-tailed Thrush "Zoothera dixoni"
*Scaly Thrush "Zoothera dauma"
*Long-billed Thrush "Zoothera monticola"
*Dark-sided Thrush "Zoothera marginata"
*Tickell's Thrush "Turdus unicolor"
*White-collared Blackbird "Turdus albocinctus"
*Gray-winged Blackbird "Turdus boulboul"
*Eurasian Blackbird "Turdus merula" (A)
*Chestnut Thrush "Turdus rubrocanus"
*White-backed Thrush "Turdus kessleri"
*Eyebrowed Thrush "Turdus obscurus"
*Dark-throated Thrush "Turdus ruficollis"
*Dusky Thrush "Turdus naumanni"
*Mistle Thrush "Turdus viscivorus"
*Gould's Shortwing "Brachypteryx stellata"
*Lesser Shortwing "Brachypteryx leucophrys"
*White-browed Shortwing "Brachypteryx montana"

Cisticolas and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Nepal.

*Zitting Cisticola "Cisticola juncidis"
*Golden-headed Cisticola "Cisticola exilis"
*Striated Prinia "Prinia criniger"
*Hill Prinia "Prinia atrogularis"
*Gray-crowned Prinia "Prinia cinereocapilla"
*Rufescent Prinia "Prinia rufescens" (A)
*Gray-breasted Prinia "Prinia hodgsonii"
*Graceful Prinia "Prinia gracilis"
*Jungle Prinia "Prinia sylvatica"
*Yellow-bellied Prinia "Prinia flaviventris"
*Ashy Prinia "Prinia socialis"
*Plain Prinia "Prinia inornata"

Old World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 63 species which occur in Nepal.

*Chestnut-headed Tesia "Tesia castaneocoronata"
*Slaty-bellied Tesia "Tesia olivea"
*Gray-bellied Tesia "Tesia cyaniventer"
*Asian Stubtail "Urosphena squameiceps"
*Pale-footed Bush-Warbler "Cettia pallidipes"
*Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler "Cettia fortipes"
*Chestnut-crowned Bush-Warbler "Cettia major"
*Aberrant Bush-Warbler "Cettia flavolivacea"
*Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler "Cettia acanthizoides"
*Gray-sided Bush-Warbler "Cettia brunnifrons"
*Spotted Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus thoracicus"
*Chinese Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus tacsanowskius"
*Russet Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus seebohmi"
*Lanceolated Warbler "Locustella lanceolata" (A)
*Grasshopper Warbler "Locustella naevia" (A)
*Pallas's Warbler "Locustella certhiola" (A)
*Black-browed Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus bistrigiceps" (A)
*Paddyfield Warbler "Acrocephalus agricola"
*Blunt-winged Warbler "Acrocephalus concinens" (A)
*Blyth's Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus dumetorum"
*Great Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus arundinaceus"
*Oriental Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus orientalis" (A)
*Clamorous Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus stentoreus"
*Thick-billed Warbler "Acrocephalus aedon"
*Booted Warbler "Hippolais caligata"
*Mountain Tailorbird "Orthotomus cuculatus"
*Common Tailorbird "Orthotomus sutorius"
*White-browed Tit-Warbler "Leptopoecile sophiae"
*Common Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus collybita"
*Mountain Chiffchaff "Phylloscopus sindianus"
*Dusky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuscatus"
*Smoky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuligiventer"
*Tickell's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus affinis"
*Buff-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus subaffinis"
*Sulphur-bellied Warbler "Phylloscopus griseolus"
*Radde's Warbler "Phylloscopus schwarzi" (A)
*Buff-barred Warbler "Phylloscopus pulcher"
*Ashy-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus maculipennis"
*Lemon-rumped Warbler "Phylloscopus proregulus"
*Pale-rumped Warbler "Phylloscopus chloronotus"
*Yellow-browed Warbler "Phylloscopus inornatus"
*Hume's Warbler "Phylloscopus humei"
*Greenish Warbler "Phylloscopus trochiloides"
*Large-billed Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus magnirostris"
*Tytler's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus tytleri" (A)
*Western Crowned Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus occipitalis"
*Blyth's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus reguloides"
*Yellow-vented Warbler "Phylloscopus cantator"
*Golden-spectacled Warbler "Seicercus burkii"
*Gray-hooded Warbler "Seicercus xanthoschistos"
*White-spectacled Warbler "Seicercus affinis"
*Gray-cheeked Warbler "Seicercus poliogenys"
*Chestnut-crowned Warbler "Seicercus castaniceps"
*Rufous-faced Warbler "Abroscopus albogularis"
*Yellow-bellied Warbler "Abroscopus superciliaris"
*Black-faced Warbler "Abroscopus schisticeps"
*Broad-billed Warbler "Tickellia hodgsoni"
*Striated Grassbird "Megalurus palustris"
*Bristled Grassbird "Chaetornis striatus"
*Rufous-rumped Grassbird "Graminicola bengalensis"
*Lesser Whitethroat "Sylvia curruca"
*Eastern Orphean Warbler "Sylvia crassirostris" (A)
*Whistler's Warbler "Seicercus whistleri"

Old World flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 70 species which occur in Nepal.

*Siberian Flycatcher "Muscicapa sibirica"
*Asian Brown Flycatcher "Muscicapa dauurica"
*Rusty-tailed Flycatcher "Muscicapa ruficauda"
*Ferruginous Flycatcher "Muscicapa ferruginea"
*Slaty-backed Flycatcher "Ficedula hodgsonii"
*Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher "Ficedula strophiata"
*Red-breasted Flycatcher "Ficedula parva"
*Taiga Flycatcher "Ficedula albicilla"
*Kashmir Flycatcher "Ficedula subrubra"
*Snowy-browed Flycatcher "Ficedula hyperythra"
*White-gorgeted Flycatcher "Ficedula monileger"
*Little Pied Flycatcher "Ficedula westermanni"
*Ultramarine Flycatcher "Ficedula superciliaris"
*Slaty-blue Flycatcher "Ficedula tricolor"
*Sapphire Flycatcher "Ficedula sapphira"
*Verditer Flycatcher "Eumyias thalassina"
*Large Niltava "Niltava grandis"
*Small Niltava "Niltava macgrigoriae"
*Rufous-bellied Niltava "Niltava sundara"
*Pale-chinned Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis poliogenys"
*Pale Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis unicolor"
*Blue-throated Flycatcher "Cyornis rubeculoides"
*Hill Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis banyumas" (A)
*Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis tickelliae"
*Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher "Muscicapella hodgsoni"
*Gray-headed Canary-flycatcher "Culicicapa ceylonensis"
*Siberian Rubythroat "Luscinia calliope"
*White-tailed Rubythroat "Luscinia pectoralis"
*Bluethroat "Luscinia svecica"
*Indian Blue Robin "Luscinia brunnea"
*Siberian Blue Robin "Luscinia cyane"
*Red-flanked Bluetail "Tarsiger cyanurus"
*Golden Bush-Robin "Tarsiger chrysaeus"
*White-browed Bush-Robin "Tarsiger indicus"
*Rufous-breasted Bush-Robin "Tarsiger hyperythrus"
*Oriental Magpie-Robin "Copsychus saularis"
*White-rumped Shama "Copsychus malabaricus"
*Indian Robin "Saxicoloides fulicata"
*Rufous-backed Redstart "Phoenicurus erythronota"
*Blue-capped Redstart "Phoenicurus caeruleocephalus"
*Black Redstart "Phoenicurus ochruros"
*Hodgson's Redstart "Phoenicurus hodgsoni"
*White-throated Redstart "Phoenicurus schisticeps"
*White-winged Redstart "Phoenicurus erythrogaster"
*Blue-fronted Redstart "Phoenicurus frontalis"
*White-capped Redstart "Chaimarrornis leucocephalus"
*Plumbeous Redstart "Rhyacornis fuliginosus"
*White-bellied Redstart "Hodgsonius phaenicuroides"
*White-tailed Robin "Cinclidium leucurum"
*Siberian Stonechat "Saxicola maura"
*Blue-fronted Robin "Cinclidium frontale"
*Grandala "Grandala coelicolor"
*Little Forktail "Enicurus scouleri"
*Black-backed Forktail "Enicurus immaculatus"
*Slaty-backed Forktail "Enicurus schistaceus"
*Spotted Forktail "Enicurus maculatus"
*Purple Cochoa "Cochoa purpurea"
*Green Cochoa "Cochoa viridis"
*Whinchat "Saxicola rubetra"
*White-throated Bushchat "Saxicola insignis"
*White-tailed Stonechat "Saxicola leucura"
*Pied Bushchat "Saxicola caprata"
*Jerdon's Bushchat "Saxicola jerdoni" (A)
*Gray Bushchat "Saxicola ferrea"
*Northern Wheatear "Oenanthe oenanthe" (A)
*Variable Wheatear "Oenanthe picata"
*Pied Wheatear "Oenanthe pleschanka"
*Desert Wheatear "Oenanthe deserti"
*Isabelline Wheatear "Oenanthe isabellina"
*Indian Chat "Cercomela fusca"

Fantails

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhipiduridae

The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Yellow-bellied Fantail "Rhipidura hypoxantha"
*White-throated Fantail "Rhipidura albicollis"
*White-browed Fantail "Rhipidura aureola"

Monarch flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Black-naped Monarch "Hypothymis azurea"
*Asian Paradise-Flycatcher "Terpsiphone paradisi"

Babblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 73 species which occur in Nepal.

*White-throated Laughingthrush "Garrulax albogularis"
*White-crested Laughingthrush "Garrulax leucolophus"
*Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush "Garrulax monileger"
*Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush "Garrulax pectoralis"
*Striated Laughingthrush "Garrulax striatus"
*Rufous-necked Laughingthrush "Garrulax ruficollis"
*Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush "Garrulax rufogularis"
*Spotted Laughingthrush "Garrulax ocellatus"
*Gray-sided Laughingthrush "Garrulax caerulatus"
*Streaked Laughingthrush "Garrulax lineatus"
*Scaly Laughingthrush "Garrulax subunicolor"
*Blue-winged Laughingthrush "Garrulax squamatus"
*Variegated Laughingthrush "Garrulax variegatus"
*Black-faced Laughingthrush "Garrulax affinis"
*Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush "Garrulax erythrocephalus"
*Red-faced Liocichla "Liocichla phoenicea"
*Abbott's Babbler "Malacocincla abbotti"
*Puff-throated Babbler "Pellorneum ruficeps"
*Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis"
*Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus erythrogenys"
*White-browed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus schisticeps"
*Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ruficollis"
*Coral-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ferruginosus"
*Slender-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Xiphirhynchus superciliaris"
*Long-billed Wren-Babbler "Rimator malacoptilus"
*Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga albiventer"
*Immaculate Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga immaculata" (E)
*Pygmy Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga pusilla"
*Rufous-throated Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis caudatus"
*Spotted Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis formosus"
*Rufous-capped Babbler "Stachyris ruficeps"
*Black-chinned Babbler "Stachyris pyrrhops"
*Golden Babbler "Stachyris chrysaea"
*Gray-throated Babbler "Stachyris nigriceps"
*Tawny-bellied Babbler "Dumetia hyperythra"
*Striped Tit-Babbler "Macronous gularis"
*Chestnut-capped Babbler "Timalia pileata"
*Yellow-eyed Babbler "Chrysomma sinense"
*Jerdon's Babbler "Chrysomma altirostre"
*Spiny Babbler "Turdoides nipalensis" (E)
*Common Babbler "Turdoides caudatus"
*Striated Babbler "Turdoides earlei"
*Slender-billed Babbler "Turdoides longirostris"
*Large Gray Babbler "Turdoides malcolmi"
*Jungle Babbler "Turdoides striatus"
*Silver-eared Mesia "Leiothrix argentauris"
*Red-billed Leiothrix "Leiothrix lutea"
*Cutia "Cutia nipalensis"
*Black-headed Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius rufiventer"
*White-browed Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius flaviscapis"
*Green Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius xanthochlorus"
*Black-eared Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius melanotis"
*White-hooded Babbler "Gampsorhynchus rufulus"
*Rusty-fronted Barwing "Actinodura egertoni"
*Hoary-throated Barwing "Actinodura nipalensis"
*Blue-winged Minla "Minla cyanouroptera"
*Chestnut-tailed Minla "Minla strigula"
*Red-tailed Minla "Minla ignotincta"
*Golden-breasted Fulvetta "Alcippe chrysotis"
*Yellow-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe cinerea"
*Rufous-winged Fulvetta "Alcippe castaneceps"
*White-browed Fulvetta "Alcippe vinipectus"
*Nepal Fulvetta "Alcippe nipalensis"
*Rufous-backed Sibia "Heterophasia annectens"
*Rufous Sibia "Heterophasia capistrata"
*Long-tailed Sibia "Heterophasia picaoides"
*White-naped Yuhina "Yuhina bakeri"
*Whiskered Yuhina "Yuhina flavicollis"
*Stripe-throated Yuhina "Yuhina gularis"
*Rufous-vented Yuhina "Yuhina occipitalis"
*Black-chinned Yuhina "Yuhina nigrimenta"
*White-bellied Yuhina "Yuhina zantholeuca"
*Fire-tailed Myzornis "Myzornis pyrrhoura"

Parrotbills

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paradoxornithidae

The parrotbills are a group of birds native to East and Southeast Asia, though feral populations are known from elsewhere. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Nepal.

*Great Parrotbill "Conostoma oemodium"
*Brown Parrotbill "Paradoxornis unicolor"
*Gray-headed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis gularis"
*Black-breasted Parrotbill "Paradoxornis flavirostris"
*Fulvous Parrotbill "Paradoxornis fulvifrons"
*Black-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis nipalensis"
*Rufous-headed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis ruficeps"

Long-tailed tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Nepal.

*Black-throated Tit "Aegithalos concinnus"
*White-throated Tit "Aegithalos niveogularis"
*Black-browed Tit "Aegithalos iouschistos"

Chickadees and Titmice

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 12 species which occur in Nepal.

*Coal Tit "Periparus ater"
*Black-breasted Tit "Periparus rufonuchalis"
*Rufous-vented Tit "Periparus rubidiventris"
*Black-crested Tit "Periparus melanolophus"
*Gray-crested Tit "Lophophanes dichrous"
*Great Tit "Parus major"
*Green-backed Tit "Parus monticolus"
*Black-lored Tit "Parus xanthogenys"
*Yellow-cheeked Tit "Parus spilonotus"
*Yellow-browed Tit "Sylviparus modestus"
*Sultan Tit "Melanochlora sultanea"
*Ground Tit "Pseudopodoces humilis"

Nuthatches

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Nepal.

*Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch "Sitta castanea"
*Kashmir Nuthatch "Sitta cashmirensis"
*White-tailed Nuthatch "Sitta himalayensis"
*White-cheeked Nuthatch "Sitta leucopsis"
*Velvet-fronted Nuthatch "Sitta frontalis"

Wallcreeper

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tichodromidae

The Wallcreeper is a small bird with stunning crimson, grey and black plumage, related to the nuthatch family.

*Wallcreeper "Tichodroma muraria"

Treecreepers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Eurasian Treecreeper "Certhia familiaris"
*Bar-tailed Treecreeper "Certhia himalayana"
*Rusty-flanked Treecreeper "Certhia nipalensis"
*Brown-throated Treecreeper "Certhia discolor"

Penduline tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Fire-capped Tit "Cephalopyrus flammiceps"

unbirds and Spiderhunters

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Nepal.

*Ruby-cheeked Sunbird "Chalcoparia singalensis"
*Purple Sunbird "Cinnyris asiaticus"
*Gould's Sunbird "Aethopyga gouldiae"
*Green-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga nipalensis"
*Black-throated Sunbird "Aethopyga saturata"
*Crimson Sunbird "Aethopyga siparaja"
*Fire-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga ignicauda"
*Little Spiderhunter "Arachnothera longirostra"
*Streaked Spiderhunter "Arachnothera magna"

Flowerpeckers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Nepal.

*Thick-billed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum agile"
*Yellow-vented Flowerpecker "Dicaeum chrysorrheum"
*Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker "Dicaeum melanoxanthum"
*Pale-billed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum erythrorhynchos"
*Plain Flowerpecker "Dicaeum concolor"
*Fire-breasted Flowerpecker "Dicaeum ignipectus"
*Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum cruentatum"

White-eyes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Oriental White-eye "Zosterops palpebrosus"

Old World Orioles

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Oriolidae

The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Nepal.

*Eurasian Golden Oriole "Oriolus oriolus"
*Black-naped Oriole "Oriolus chinensis"
*Slender-billed Oriole "Oriolus tenuirostris"
*Black-hooded Oriole "Oriolus xanthornus"
*Maroon Oriole "Oriolus traillii"

Fairy-bluebirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Irenidae

The Fairy-bluebirds are bubbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Asian Fairy-bluebird "Irena puella"

hrikes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Nepal.

*Red-backed Shrike "Lanius collurio"
*Rufous-tailed Shrike "Lanius isabellinus" (A)
*Brown Shrike "Lanius cristatus"
*Bay-backed Shrike "Lanius vittatus"
*Long-tailed Shrike "Lanius schach"
*Gray-backed Shrike "Lanius tephronotus"
*Northern Shrike "Lanius excubitor"
*Southern Gray Shrike "Lanius meridionalis"

Helmetshrikes

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prionopidae

The helmetshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes, but tend to be colourful species with distinctive crests or other head ornaments, such as wattles, from which they get their name. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Nepal.

*Large Woodshrike "Tephrodornis gularis"
*Common Woodshrike "Tephrodornis pondicerianus"

Drongos

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Nepal.

*Black Drongo "Dicrurus macrocercus"
*Ashy Drongo "Dicrurus leucophaeus"
*White-bellied Drongo "Dicrurus caerulescens"
*Crow-billed Drongo "Dicrurus annectans"
*Bronzed Drongo "Dicrurus aeneus"
*Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo "Dicrurus remifer"
*Hair-crested Drongo "Dicrurus hottentottus"
*Greater Racket-tailed Drongo "Dicrurus paradiseus"

Woodswallows

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Nepal.

*Ashy Woodswallow "Artamus fuscus"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Nepal.

*Eurasian Jay "Garrulus glandarius"
*Black-headed Jay "Garrulus lanceolatus"
*Gold-billed Magpie "Urocissa flavirostris"
*Blue Magpie "Urocissa erythrorhyncha"
*Green Magpie "Cissa chinensis"
*Rufous Treepie "Dendrocitta vagabunda"
*Gray Treepie "Dendrocitta formosae"
*Collared Treepie "Dendrocitta frontalis"
*Eurasian Nutcracker "Nucifraga caryocatactes"
*Red-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax"
*Yellow-billed Chough "Pyrrhocorax graculus"
*Eurasian Jackdaw "Corvus monedula"
*Daurian Jackdaw "Corvus dauuricus"
*House Crow "Corvus splendens"
*Large-billed Crow "Corvus macrorhynchos"
*Common Raven "Corvus corax"

tarlings

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Nepal.

*Spot-winged Starling "Saroglossa spiloptera"
*Common Hill Myna "Gracula religiosa"
*Jungle Myna "Acridotheres fuscus"
*Bank Myna "Acridotheres ginginianus"
*Common Myna "Acridotheres tristis"
*Asian Pied Starling "Gracupica contra"
*Daurian Starling "Sturnia sturnina" (A)
*Chestnut-tailed Starling "Sturnia malabarica"
*Brahminy Starling "Temenuchus pagodarum"
*Rosy Starling "Pastor roseus" (A)
*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris"

Weavers and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. There are 116 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Nepal.

*Streaked Weaver "Ploceus manyar"
*Baya Weaver "Ploceus philippinus"
*Yellow Weaver "Ploceus megarhynchus" (A)
*Bengal Weaver "Ploceus benghalensis"

Waxbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Nepal.

*Red Avadavat "Amandava amandava"
*White-throated Munia "Euodice malabarica"
*White-rumped Munia "Lonchura striata"
*Nutmeg Mannikin "Lonchura punctulata"
*Black-headed Munia "Lonchura malacca"
*Chestnut Munia "Lonchura atricapilla"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 16 species which occur in Nepal.

*Crested Bunting "Melophus lathami"
*Yellowhammer "Emberiza citrinella"
*Pine Bunting "Emberiza leucocephalos"
*Rock Bunting "Emberiza cia"
*Godlewski's Bunting "Emberiza godlewskii"
*Chestnut-breasted Bunting "Emberiza stewarti" (A)
*Chestnut-eared Bunting "Emberiza fucata"
*Little Bunting "Emberiza pusilla"
*Rustic Bunting "Emberiza rustica" (A)
*Yellow-breasted Bunting "Emberiza aureola"
*Chestnut Bunting "Emberiza rutila" (A)
*Black-headed Bunting "Emberiza melanocephala" (A)
*Red-headed Bunting "Emberiza bruniceps" (A)
*Black-faced Bunting "Emberiza spodocephala"
*Pallas's Bunting "Emberiza pallasi" (A)
*Reed Bunting "Emberiza schoeniclus" (A)

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Nepal.

*Chaffinch "Fringilla coelebs"
*Brambling "Fringilla montifringilla"
*Plain Mountain-Finch "Leucosticte nemoricola"
*Black-headed Mountain-Finch "Leucosticte brandti"
*Crimson-browed Finch "Pinicola subhimachalus"
*Blanford's Rosefinch "Carpodacus rubescens"
*Dark-breasted Rosefinch "Carpodacus nipalensis"
*Common Rosefinch "Carpodacus erythrinus"
*Beautiful Rosefinch "Carpodacus pulcherrimus"
*Pink-browed Rosefinch "Carpodacus rhodochrous"
*Vinaceous Rosefinch "Carpodacus vinaceus"
*Dark-rumped Rosefinch "Carpodacus edwardsii"
*Three-banded Rosefinch "Carpodacus trifasciatus"
*Spot-winged Rosefinch "Carpodacus rhodopeplus"
*White-browed Rosefinch "Carpodacus thura"
*Streaked Rosefinch "Carpodacus rubicilloides"
*Great Rosefinch "Carpodacus rubicilla"
*Red-fronted Rosefinch "Carpodacus puniceus"
*Red Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*Yellow-breasted Greenfinch "Carduelis spinoides"
*Eurasian Siskin "Carduelis spinus" (A)
*European Goldfinch "Carduelis carduelis"
*Twite "Carduelis flavirostris"
*Eurasian Linnet "Carduelis cannabina" (A)
*Fire-fronted Serin "Serinus pusillus"
*Tibetan Serin "Serinus thibetanus"
*Brown Bullfinch "Pyrrhula nipalensis"
*Red-headed Bullfinch "Pyrrhula erythrocephala"
*Gray-headed Bullfinch "Pyrrhula erythaca"
*Black-and-yellow Grosbeak "Mycerobas icterioides"
*Collared Grosbeak "Mycerobas affinis"
*Spot-winged Grosbeak "Mycerobas melanozanthos"
*White-winged Grosbeak "Mycerobas carnipes"
*Gold-naped Finch "Pyrrhoplectes epauletta"
*Spectacled Finch "Callacanthis burtoni"
*Mongolian Finch "Rhodopechys mongolica" (A)
*Scarlet Finch "Haematospiza sipahi"

parrows

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Nepal.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus"
*Spanish Sparrow "Passer hispaniolensis" (A)
*Russet Sparrow "Passer rutilans" (A)
*Eurasian Tree Sparrow "Passer montanus"
*Chestnut-shouldered Petronia "Petronia xanthocollis"
*Black-winged Snowfinch "Montifringilla adamsi"
*White-rumped Snowfinch "Montifringilla taczanowskii"
*Rufous-necked Snowfinch "Montifringilla ruficollis"
*Blanford's Snowfinch "Montifringilla blanfordi"

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region

References

*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url = http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?region=np&pg=checklist&list=clements
title = Checklist of birds of Nepal
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 27 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880


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