- Bulgarians in the Republic of Macedonia
group=Bulgarians in the Republic of Macedonia
poptime= 1417 (by ethnicity 2002) [ [http://www.stat.gov.mk/english/glavna_eng.asp?br=18 Republic of Macedonia - State Statistical Office ] ]
rels=Predominantly Eastern Orthodox
Macedonians Bulgariansare non-recognised as ethnic minority in the Republic of Macedonia. Bulgarians are mostly found in the Strumica area and surrounding municipalities [Djokić, Dejan (2003). Yugoslavism: Histories of a Failed Idea.] but over the years, the absolute majority of southwestern Republic of Macedonia have declared themselves Macedonian. The total number of Bulgarians counted in the 2002 Census was 1,417 or roughly 0.073%.
World War II, the most regions of Macedoniawere annexed by Bulgaria. All local Slavic-speekers were regarded as Bulgarians. After the end of WWII, the creation of People's Republic of Macedoniaand of a new Macedonian language, it started a process of ethnogenesisand distinct national Macedonian identitywas formed. The new Yugoslavauthorities began a policy of removing of any Bulgarian influence, making Macedonia connecting link for the establishment of new Balkan Federation and creating a distinct Slavicconsciousness that would inspire identification with Yugoslavia. [Europe since 1945. Encyclopedia by Bernard Anthony Cook. ISBN 0815340583, pg. 808. [http://books.google.com/books?id=hafLHZgZtt4C&pg=PA808&dq=Macedonia+WWII+bulgarian+++IMRO&sig=4Ewh_0ZI-OnSPTb3SaNmOHDOv7M#PPA808,M1] ] The proclamation of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia as part of the Yugoslav federation the new authorities started measures that would overcome the pro-Bulgarian feeling among much of the population of Macedonia.cite book
title =Yugoslavism: Histories of a Failed Idea, 1918-1992
publisher =C. Hurst & Co. Publishers
isbn =1850656630 ] Form 1944 till the end of the 1940s those among Macedonians feeling themselves Bulgarian suffered great repressions.cite book
title =Macedonia: Warlords and Rebels in the Balkans
isbn =186064841X ] According to Bulgarian sources more than 100,000 men were imprisoned under the new "Law for the protection of Macedonian national honor" for refusing to declare they were ethnic Macedonians. Some 1,200 prominent Bulgarians were sentenced to death on
Svetozar Vukmanović-Tempo's order in the towns of Skopje, Veles, Kumanovo, Bitolaand Stip. In 1946 two Bulgarian politicians were sentenced to death and another 74 men jailed for attempting to detach SR Macedonia from Yugoslvaia and join it with Bulgaria. Occasional trial continued until the collapse of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Expressing Bulgarian national consciousnesses was strictly forbidden and persecuted throughout Vardar Macedonia with the only exception being the region of Strumica. The town of Strumicaand its surrounding area (including Novo Selo) were part of Bulgaria between the Balkan warsand the end of World War I.
The fall of Communism to present-day
The Communist authorities were successful in removing all Bulgarian influence in the region. By the time the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed its independence those who continued to look to Bulgaria were very few. Some 3,000 - 4,000 people that stuck to their Bulgarian identity (most of them living in Strumica and the surroundings) met great hostility among the authorities and the rest of the population. With the fall of Communism this hostility has decreased, but still remains.
During the last few years, rising economic prosperity and the
EUmembership of Bulgaria has seen around 60,000 Macedonians applying for Bulgarian citizenship; in order to obtain it they must sign a statement declaring they are "Bulgarians by origin". Another 14,000 have even received Bulgarian passports. [ [http://dnes.dir.bg/2008/09/10/news3365842.html 60 000 чакат да станат българи, 10 септември 2008 / News.dir.bg] ] The rules governing good neighbourly relations agreed between Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia were set in the reaffirmed by a joint memorandum signed on January 22, 2008 in Sofia. [http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Bulgarian_Policies_on_the_Republic_of_Macedonia "Bulgarian Policies on the Republic of Macedonia"] . Sofia: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2008. 80 pp. ISBN 978-954-92032-2-6] With respect to the ongoing Macedonia naming disputeas it reflects the historical and present identities of people inhabiting the geographical region of Macedonia, Bulgaria uses the name ‘Republic of Macedonia’ for the new neighbouring state even if that name is seen as interfering with the traditional use of the name ‘ Pirin Macedonia’, ] insisting however that any solution to the naming dispute with Greeceshould "take account of the historical, cultural, and other realities related to the geographic region of Macedonia". [ [http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=91876 Macedonia Press Blames Bulgaria for Anti-Macedonian Campaign] , Sofia News Agency, 03.04.2008]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Serbs in the Republic of Macedonia — Serbs are one of the constitutional peoples of the Republic of Macedonia. The territory of today s Republic of Macedonia was part of the medieval Serbian Empire. Today, about 36,000 Serbs live in the country (according to the 2002 census),… … Wikipedia
History of the Republic of Macedonia — pp semi protected|small=yes: This article is about the history of the Southeast European country. For an overview of the wider Macedonian region see Macedonia. Medieval periodSouth Slavic tribes settled in the territory of the present day… … Wikipedia
Demographics of the Republic of Macedonia — Demographics of the Republic of Macedonia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Republic of Macedonia, including population density, ethnicity,… … Wikipedia
Aromanians in the Republic of Macedonia — ethnic group group= Aromanians of the Republic of Macedonia poptime= 9,695 100,000 [http://assembly.coe.int/Documents/WorkingDocs/doc97/edoc7728.htm#Footnote11 Aromanians ] ] popplace= Kruševo, Štip, Bitola, Sveti Nikole langs= Aromanian,… … Wikipedia
Croats of the Republic of Macedonia — Part of a series of articles on Croats … Wikipedia
Montenegrins of the Republic of Macedonia — Part of a series on Montenegrins … Wikipedia
History of the Jews in the Republic of Macedonia — The history of Jews in the territory of the present day Republic of Macedonia began in Roman times, when Jews first arrived in the region in the first century BC. Today, no more than 200 Jews reside in the Republic of Macedonia, almost all in the … Wikipedia
Human rights in the Republic of Macedonia — The Republic of Macedonia is a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights and the U.N. Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and Convention against Torture, and the Macedonian Constitution guarantees basic human rights to … Wikipedia
Demographic history of the Republic of Macedonia — History of the Republic of Macedonia This article is part of a series Chronological … Wikipedia
Republic of Macedonia — For other uses, see Macedonia. Republic of Macedonia Република Македонија Republika Makedonija … Wikipedia