List of birds of Argentina

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Argentina. The avifauna of Argentina includes a total of 1026 species, of which 20 are endemic, 7 have been introduced by humans, and 70 are rare or accidental. 45 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Argentina.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Argentina.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Argentina.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Argentina as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.

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Rheas

Order: StruthioniformesFamily: Rheidae

The rheas are large flightless birds native to South America. Their feet have three toes rather than four which allows them to run faster. There are 2 species and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Greater Rhea "Rhea americana"
*Lesser Rhea "Rhea pennata"

Tinamous

Order: TinamiformesFamily: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Argentina.

*Solitary Tinamou "Tinamus solitarius"
*Brown Tinamou "Crypturellus obsoletus"
*Undulated Tinamou "Crypturellus undulatus"
*Small-billed Tinamou "Crypturellus parvirostris"
*Tataupa Tinamou "Crypturel1us tataupa"
*Red-winged Tinamou "Rhynchotus rufescens"
*Ornate Tinamou "Nothoprocta ornata"
*Brushland Tinamou "Nothoprocta cinerascens"
*Andean Tinamou "Nothoprocta pentlandii"
*Darwin's Nothura "Nothura darwinii"
*Spotted Nothura "Nothura maculosa"
*Dwarf Tinamou "Taoniscus nanus" (A)
*Elegant Crested Tinamou "Eudromia elegans"
*Quebracho Crested Tinamou "Eudromia formosa"
*Puna Tinamou "Tinamotis pentlandii"
*Patagonian Tinamou "Tinamotis ingoufi"

Penguins

Order: SphenisciformesFamily: Spheniscidae

The penguins are a group of aquatic, flightless birds living almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid, and other forms of sealife caught while swimming underwater. There are 17 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Argentina.

*King Penguin "Aptenodytes patagonicus"
*Emperor Penguin "Aptenodytes forsteri"
*Gentoo Penguin "Pygoscelis papua"
*Chinstrap Penguin "Pygoscelis antarctica"
*Rockhopper Penguin "Eudyptes chrysocome"
*Macaroni Penguin "Eudyptes chrysolophus"
*Magellanic Penguin "Spheniscus magellanicus"

Grebes

Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Argentina.

*Least Grebe "Tachybaptus dominicus"
*Pied-billed Grebe "Podilymbus podiceps"
*White-tufted Grebe "Rollandia rolland"
*Great Grebe "Podiceps major"
*Silvery Grebe "Podiceps occipitalis"
*Hooded Grebe "Podiceps gallardoi"

Albatrosses

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Argentina.

*Wandering Albatross "Diomedea exulans"
*Royal Albatross "Diomedea epomophora"
*Gray-headed Albatross "Thalassarche chrysostoma"
*Black-browed Albatross "Thalassarche melanophris"
*Shy Albatross "Thalassarche cauta"
*Yellow-nosed Albatross "Thalassarche chlororhynchos"
*Sooty Albatross "Phoebetria fusca"
*Light-mantled Albatross "Phoebetria palpebrata"

hearwaters and Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with a medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Argentina.

*Antarctic Giant Petrel "Macronectes giganteus"
*Hall's Giant Petrel "Macronectes halli"
*Southern Fulmar "Fulmarus glacialoides"
*Antarctic Petrel "Thalassoica antarctica"
*Cape Petrel "Daption capense"
*Snow Petrel "Pagodroma nivea"
*Great-winged Petrel "Pterodroma macroptera"
*White-headed Petrel "Pterodroma lessonii"
*Atlantic Petrel "Pterodroma incerta"
*Mottled Petrel "Pterodroma inexpectata"
*Soft-plumaged Petrel "Pterodroma mollis"
*Blue Petrel "Halobaena caerulea"
*Broad-billed Prion "Pachyptila vittata" (A)
*Antarctic Prion "Pachyptila desolata"
*Slender-billed Prion "Pachyptila belcheri"
*Fairy Prion "Pachyptila turtur"
*Gray Petrel "Procellaria cinerea"
*White-chinned Petrel "Procellaria aequinoctialis"
*Westland Petrel "Procellaria westlandica" (A)
*Kerguelen Petrel "Aphrodroma brevirostris"
*Cory's Shearwater "Calonectris diomedea"
*Pink-footed Shearwater "Puffinus creatopus" (A)
*Greater Shearwater "Puffinus gravis"
*Sooty Shearwater "Puffinus griseus"
*Manx Shearwater "Puffinus puffinus"
*Little Shearwater "Puffinus assimilis"

torm-Petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Argentina.

*Gray-backed Storm-Petrel "Garrodia nereis"
*Wilson's Storm-Petrel "Oceanites oceanicus"
*White-vented Storm-Petrel "Oceanites gracilis" (A)
*White-faced Storm-Petrel "Pelagodroma marina"
*Black-bellied Storm-Petrel "Fregetta tropica"
*White-bellied Storm-Petrel "Fregetta grallaria"
*Leach's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma leucorhoa" (A)

Diving petrels

Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Pelecanoididae

The diving petrels are small auk-like birds found in the southern oceans. They feed on krill, copepods and small fish and squid. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Magellanic Diving-Petrel "Pelecanoides magellani"
*South Georgia Diving-Petrel "Pelecanoides georgicus"
*Common Diving-Petrel "Pelecanoides urinatrix"

Pelicans

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Peruvian Pelican "Pelecanus thagus"

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Cape Gannet "Morus capensis" (A)
*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster" (A)

Cormorants

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Argentina.

*Neotropic Cormorant "Phalacrocorax brasilianus"
*Rock Shag "Phalacrocorax magellanicus"
*Guanay Cormorant "Phalacrocorax bougainvillii"
*Imperial Shag "Phalacrocorax atriceps"
*Red-legged Cormorant "Phalacrocorax gaimardi"

Darters

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Anhinga "Anhinga anhinga"

Frigatebirds

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Magnificent Frigatebird "Fregata magnificens"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Argentina.

*Whistling Heron "Syrigma sibilatrix"
*Capped Heron "Pilherodius pileatus" (A)
*Cocoi Heron "Ardea cocoi"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Little Blue Heron "Egretta caerulea" (A)
*Snowy Egret "Egretta thula"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Boat-billed Heron "Cochlearius cochlearius"
*Fasciated Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma fasciatum"
*Rufescent Tiger-Heron "Tigrisoma lineatum"
*Stripe-backed Bittern "Ixobrychus involucris"
*Least Bittern "Ixobrychus exilis"
*Pinnated Bittern "Botaurus pinnatus"

torks

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Wood Stork "Mycteria americana"
*Maguari Stork "Ciconia maguari"
*Jabiru "Jabiru mycteria"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Argentina.

*Plumbeous Ibis "Theristicus caerulescens"
*Buff-necked Ibis "Theristicus caudatus"
*Black-faced Ibis "Theristicus melanopis"
*Green Ibis "Mesembrinibis cayennensis"
*Bare-faced Ibis "Phimosus infuscatus"
*Scarlet Ibis "Eudocimus ruber"
*White-faced Ibis "Plegadis chihi"
*Puna Ibis "Plegadis ridgwayi"
*Roseate Spoonbill "Platalea ajaja"

Flamingos

Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Chilean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus chilensis"
*Andean Flamingo "Phoenicopterus andinus"
*Puna Flamingo "Phoenicopterus jamesi"

creamers

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anhimidae

The screamers are a small family of birds related to the ducks. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Southern Screamer "Chauna torquata"

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 38 species which occur in Argentina.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*White-faced Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna viduata"
*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Black-necked Swan "Cygnus melanocorypha"
*Coscoroba Swan "Coscoroba coscoroba"
*Andean Goose "Chloephaga melanoptera"
*Upland Goose "Chloephaga picta"
*Kelp Goose "Chloephaga hybrida"
*Ashy-headed Goose "Chloephaga poliocephala"
*Ruddy-headed Goose "Chloephaga rubidiceps"
*Orinoco Goose "Neochen jubata"
*Flightless Steamerduck "Tachyeres pteneres"
*White-headed Steamerduck "Tachyeres leucocephalus" (E)
*Flying Steamerduck "Tachyeres patachonicus"
*Muscovy Duck "Cairina moschata"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Ringed Teal "Callonetta leucophrys"
*Brazilian Teal "Amazonetta brasiliensis"
*Torrent Duck "Merganetta armata"
*Chiloe Wigeon "Anas sibilatrix"
*Speckled Teal "Anas flavirostris"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos" (I)
*Spectacled Duck "Anas specularis"
*Crested Duck "Anas specularioides"
*Yellow-billed Pintail "Anas georgica"
*White-cheeked Pintail "Anas bahamensis"
*Puna Teal "Anas puna"
*Silver Teal "Anas versicolor"
*Blue-winged Teal "Anas discors"
*Cinnamon Teal "Anas cyanoptera"
*Red Shoveler "Anas platalea"
*Rosy-billed Pochard "Netta peposaca"
*Southern Pochard "Netta erythrophthalma"
*Brazilian Merganser "Mergus octosetaceus"
*Black-headed Duck "Heteronetta atricapilla"
*Masked Duck "Nomonyx dominica"
*Andean Duck "Oxyura ferruginea"
*Lake Duck "Oxyura vittata"

New World vultures

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 6 species which occur in Argentina.

*Black Vulture "Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture "Cathartes aura"
*Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes burrovianus"
*Greater Yellow-headed Vulture "Cathartes melambrotus"
*Andean Condor "Vultur gryphus"
*King Vulture "Sarcoramphus papa"

Osprey

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 43 species which occur in Argentina.

*Gray-headed Kite "Leptodon cayanensis"
*Hook-billed Kite "Chondrohierax uncinatus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite "Elanoides forficatus"
*Pearl Kite "Gampsonyx swainsonii"
*White-tailed Kite "Elanus leucurus"
*Snail Kite "Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Rufous-thighed Kite "Harpagus diodon"
*Mississippi Kite "Ictinia mississippiensis"
*Plumbeous Kite "Ictinia plumbea"
*Long-winged Harrier "Circus buffoni"
*Cinereous Harrier "Circus cinereus"
*Gray-bellied Goshawk "Accipiter poliogaster"
*Tiny Hawk "Accipiter superciliosus"
*Rufous-thighed Hawk "Accipiter erythronemius"
*Bicolored Hawk "Accipiter bicolor"
*Chilean Hawk "Accipiter chilensis"
*Crane Hawk "Geranospiza caerulescens"
*Mantled Hawk "Leucopternis polionotus" (A)
*Great Black-Hawk "Buteogallus urubitinga"
*Savanna Hawk "Buteogallus meridionalis"
*Harris's Hawk "Parabuteo unicinctus"
*Black-collared Hawk "Busarellus nigricollis"
*Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle "Geranoaetus melanoleucus"
*Solitary Eagle "Harpyhaliaetus solitarius"
*Crowned Eagle "Harpyhaliaetus coronatus"
*Gray Hawk "Asturina nitida"
*Roadside Hawk "Buteo magnirostris"
*Broad-winged Hawk "Buteo platypterus"
*White-rumped Hawk "Buteo leucorrhous"
*Short-tailed Hawk "Buteo brachyurus"
*White-throated Hawk "Buteo albigula"
*Swainson's Hawk "Buteo swainsoni"
*White-tailed Hawk "Buteo albicaudatus"
*Red-backed Hawk "Buteo polyosoma"
*Puna Hawk "Buteo poecilochrous"
*Zone-tailed Hawk "Buteo albonotatus" (A)
*Rufous-tailed Hawk "Buteo ventralis"
*Crested Eagle "Morphnus guianensis" (A)
*Harpy Eagle "Harpia harpyja"
*Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle "Spizastur melanoleucus"
*Black Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus tyrannus"
*Ornate Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus ornatus"
*Black-and-chestnut Eagle "Oroaetus isidori"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Argentina.

*Mountain Caracara "Phalcoboenus megalopterus"
*White-throated Caracara "Phalcoboenus albogularis"
*Striated Caracara "Phalcoboenus australis"
*Southern Caracara "Caracara plancus"
*Yellow-headed Caracara "Milvago chimachima"
*Chimango Caracara "Milvago chimango"
*Laughing Falcon "Herpetotheres cachinnans"
*Barred Forest-Falcon "Micrastur ruficollis"
*Collared Forest-Falcon "Micrastur semitorquatus"
*Spot-winged Falconet "Spiziapteryx circumcinctus"
*American Kestrel "Falco sparverius"
*Aplomado Falcon "Falco femoralis"
*Bat Falcon "Falco rufigularis"
*Orange-breasted Falcon "Falco deiroleucus"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: GalliformesFamily: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Argentina.

*Chaco Chachalaca "Ortalis canicollis"
*Andean Guan "Penelope montagnii"
*Rusty-margined Guan "Penelope superciliaris"
*Red-faced Guan "Penelope dabbenei"
*Dusky-legged Guan "Penelope obscura"
*Black-fronted Piping-Guan "Pipile jacutinga"
*Bare-faced Curassow "Crax fasciolata"

New World quails

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*California Quail "Callipepla californica" (I)
*Spot-winged Wood-Quail "Odontophorus capueira"

Limpkins

Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

*Limpkin "Aramus guarauna"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Argentina.

*Speckled Rail "Coturnicops notatus"
*Rufous-sided Crake "Laterallus melanophaius"
*Gray-breasted Crake "Laterallus exilis" (A)
*Black Rail "Laterallus jamaicensis" (A)
*Red-and-white Crake "Laterallus leucopyrrhus"
*Austral Rail "Rallus antarcticus"
*Gray-necked Wood-Rail "Aramides cajanea"
*Giant Wood-Rail "Aramides ypecaha"
*Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail "Aramides saracura"
*Dot-winged Crake "Porzana spiloptera"
*Ash-throated Crake "Porzana albicollis"
*Yellow-breasted Crake "Porzana flaviventer"
*Paint-billed Crake "Neocrex erythrops"
*Spotted Rail "Pardirallus maculatus"
*Blackish Rail "Pardirallus nigricans"
*Plumbeous Rail "Pardirallus sanguinolentus"
*Purple Gallinule "Porphyrio martinica"
*Azure Gallinule "Porphyrio flavirostris"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Spot-flanked Gallinule "Gallinula melanops"
*White-winged Coot "Fulica leucoptera"
*Slate-colored Coot "Fulica ardesiaca"
*Red-gartered Coot "Fulica armillata"
*Red-fronted Coot "Fulica rufifrons"
*Giant Coot "Fulica gigantea"
*Horned Coot "Fulica cornuta"

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Sungrebe "Heliornis fulica"

eriemas

Order: GruiformesFamily: Cariamidae

The seriemas are terrestrial birds which run rather than fly (though they are able to fly for short distances.) They have long legs, necks, and tails, but only short wings, reflecting their way of life. They are brownish birds with short bills and erectile crests, found on fairly dry open grasslands. There are 2 species and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Red-legged Seriema "Cariama cristata"
*Black-legged Seriema "Chunga burmeisteri"

Jacanas

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Wattled Jacana "Jacana jacana"

Painted snipe

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*American Painted-snipe "Rostratula semicollaris"

Oystercatchers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Magellanic Oystercatcher "Haematopus leucopodus"
*Blackish Oystercatcher "Haematopus ater"
*American Oystercatcher "Haematopus palliatus"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*White-backed Stilt "Himantopus melanurus"
*Andean Avocet "Recurvirostra andina"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Argentina.

*Pied Lapwing "Vanellus cayanus" (A)
*Southern Lapwing "Vanellus chilensis"
*Andean Lapwing "Vanellus resplendens"
*American Golden-Plover "Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Semipalmated Plover "Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Collared Plover "Charadrius collaris"
*Puna Plover "Charadrius alticola"
*Two-banded Plover "Charadrius falklandicus"
*Rufous-chested Dotterel "Charadrius modestus"
*Diademed Sandpiper-Plover "Phegornis mitchellii"
*Tawny-throated Dotterel "Oreopholus ruficollis"

Magellanic Plover

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Pluvianellidae

The Magellanic Plover is a rare wader found only in southernmost South America. In its build and habits it is similar to a turnstone. Its upperparts and breast are pale grey, and the rest of the underparts are white. It has short red legs, a black bill and a red eye. In young birds, the eyes and legs are yellowish in colour.

*Magellanic Plover "Pluvianellus socialis"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Argentina.

*South American Snipe "Gallinago paraguaiae"
*Puna Snipe "Gallinago andina"
*Fuegian Snipe "Gallinago stricklandii"
*Short-billed Dowitcher "Limnodromus griseus" (A)
*Hudsonian Godwit "Limosa haemastica"
*Eskimo Curlew "Numenius borealis" (A)
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Upland Sandpiper "Bartramia longicauda"
*Greater Yellowlegs "Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs "Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper "Tringa solitaria"
*Terek Sandpiper "Xenus cinereus" (A)
*Spotted Sandpiper "Actitis macularia"
*Willet "Catoptrophorus semipalmatus" (A)
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Surfbird "Aphriza virgata" (A)
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Semipalmated Sandpiper "Calidris pusilla" (A)
*White-rumped Sandpiper "Calidris fuscicollis"
*Baird's Sandpiper "Calidris bairdii"
*Pectoral Sandpiper "Calidris melanotos"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Stilt Sandpiper "Calidris himantopus"
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper "Tryngites subruficollis"
*Wilson's Phalarope "Phalaropus tricolor"
*Red Phalarope "Phalaropus fulicarius"

eedsnipes

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Thinocoridae

The seedsnipes are a small family of birds that superficially resemble sparrows. They have short legs and long wings and are herbivorous waders. There are 4 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Argentina.

*Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe "Attagis gayi"
*White-bellied Seedsnipe "Attagis malouinus"
*Gray-breasted Seedsnipe "Thinocorus orbignyianus"
*Least Seedsnipe "Thinocorus rumicivorus"

heathbills

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Chionididae

The sheathbills are scavengers of the Antarctic regions. They have white plumage, and look plump and dove-like, but are believed to be similar to the ancestors of the modern gulls and terns. There are 2 species and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Snowy Sheathbill "Chionis alba"

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Argentina.

*Chilean Skua "Stercorarius chilensis"
*South Polar Skua "Stercorarius maccormicki"
*Brown Skua "Stercorarius antarctica"
*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"
*Long-tailed Jaeger "Stercorarius longicaudus"

Gulls

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Argentina.

*Dolphin Gull "Larus scoresbii"
*Olrog's Gull "Larus atlanticus"
*Kelp Gull "Larus dominicanus"
*Lesser Black-backed Gull "Larus fuscus" (A)
*Gray-headed Gull "Larus cirrocephalus"
*Brown-hooded Gull "Larus maculipennis"
*Andean Gull "Larus serranus"
*Franklin's Gull "Larus pipixcan"

Terns

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Argentina.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Sandwich Tern "Sterna sandvicensis"
*Royal Tern "Sterna maxima"
*South American Tern "Sterna hirundinacea"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern "Sterna paradisaea"
*Antarctic Tern "Sterna vittata"
*Snowy-crowned Tern "Sterna trudeaui"
*Least Tern "Sterna antillarum" (A)
*Yellow-billed Tern "Sterna superciliaris"
*Black Tern "Chlidonias niger"
*Large-billed Tern "Phaetusa simplex"

kimmers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Black Skimmer "Rynchops niger"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Argentina.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia" (I)
*Scaled Pigeon "Patagioenas speciosa"
*Picazuro Pigeon "Patagioenas picazuro"
*Spot-winged Pigeon "Patagioenas maculosa"
*Band-tailed Pigeon "Patagioenas fasciata"
*Chilean Pigeon "Patagioenas araucana"
*Pale-vented Pigeon "Patagioenas cayennensis"
*Eared Dove "Zenaida auriculata"
*Plain-breasted Ground Dove "Columbina minuta" (A)
*Ruddy Ground Dove "Columbina talpacoti"
*Picui Ground Dove "Columbina picui"
*Scaled Dove "Columbina squammata"
*Blue Ground Dove "Claravis pretiosa"
*Purple-winged Ground Dove "Claravis godefrida"
*Bare-faced Ground Dove "Metriopelia ceciliae"
*Bare-eyed Ground Dove "Metriopelia morenoi" (E)
*Black-winged Ground Dove "Metriopelia melanoptera"
*Golden-spotted Ground Dove "Metriopelia aymara"
*White-tipped Dove "Leptotila verreauxi"
*White-faced Dove "Leptotila megalura"
*Gray-fronted Dove "Leptotila rufaxilla"
*White-throated Quail Dove "Geotrygon frenata"
*Violaceous Quail Dove "Geotrygon violacea"
*Ruddy Quail Dove "Geotrygon montana"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Argentina.

*Blue-and-yellow Macaw "Ara ararauna"
*Military Macaw "Ara militaris"
*Red-and-green Macaw "Ara chloroptera"
*Blue-winged Macaw "Primolius maracana"
*Golden-collared Macaw "Primolius auricollis"
*Blue-crowned Parakeet "Aratinga acuticaudata"
*Mitred Parakeet "Aratinga mitrata"
*White-eyed Parakeet "Aratinga leucophthalmus"
*Peach-fronted Parakeet "Aratinga aurea"
*Nanday Parakeet "Nandayus nenday"
*Burrowing Parrot "Cyanoliseus patagonus"
*Maroon-bellied Parakeet "Pyrrhura frontalis"
*Green-cheeked Parakeet "Pyrrhura molinae"
*Austral Parakeet "Enicognathus ferrugineus"
*Monk Parakeet "Myiopsitta monachus"
*Gray-hooded Parakeet "Psilopsiagon aymara"
*Mountain Parakeet "Psilopsiagon aurifrons"
*Blue-winged Parrotlet "Forpus xanthopterygius"
*Yellow-chevroned Parakeet "Brotogeris chiriri"
*Pileated Parrot "Pionopsitta pileata"
*Scaly-headed Parrot "Pionus maximiliani"
*Tucuman Parrot "Amazona tucumana"
*Red-spectacled Parrot "Amazona pretrei"
*Blue-fronted Parrot "Amazona aestiva"
*Scaly-naped Parrot "Amazona mercenaria" (A)
*Vinaceous Parrot "Amazona vinacea"
*Blue-bellied Parrot "Triclaria malachitacea"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Argentina.

*Ash-colored Cuckoo "Coccyzus cinereus"
*Black-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus erythropthalmus" (A)
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus americanus"
*Pearly-breasted Cuckoo "Coccyzus euleri" (A)
*Dark-billed Cuckoo "Coccyzus melacoryphus"
*Squirrel Cuckoo "Piaya cayana"
*Greater Ani "Crotophaga major"
*Smooth-billed Ani "Crotophaga ani"
*Groove-billed Ani "Crotophaga sulcirostris" (A)
*Guira Cuckoo "Guira guira"
*Striped Cuckoo "Tapera naevia"
*Pheasant Cuckoo "Dromococcyx phasianellus"
*Pavonine Cuckoo "Dromococcyx pavoninus"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Argentina.

*Tropical Screech-Owl "Megascops choliba"
*Hoy's Screech-Owl "Megascops hoyi"
*Long-tufted Screech-Owl "Megascops sanctaecatarinae" (A)
*Great Horned Owl "Bubo virginianus"
*Magellanic Horned Owl "Bubo magellanicus"
*Rusty-barred Owl "Strix hylophila"
*Rufous-legged Owl "Strix rufipes"
*Chaco Owl "Strix chacoensis"
*Mottled Owl "Ciccaba virgata"
*Black-banded Owl "Ciccaba huhula"
*Spectacled Owl "Pulsatrix perspicillata"
*Tawny-browed Owl "Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana"
*Yungas Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium bolivianum"
*Least Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium minutissimum" (A)
*Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium brasilianum"
*Tucuman Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium tucumanum" (E)
*Austral Pygmy-Owl "Glaucidium nanum"
*Burrowing Owl "Athene cunicularia"
*Buff-fronted Owl "Aegolius harrisii"
*Striped Owl "Pseudoscops clamator"
*Stygian Owl "Asio stygius"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"

Potoos

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Long-tailed Potoo "Nyctibius aethereus" (A)
*Common Potoo "Nyctibius griseus"

Nightjars

Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Argentina.

*Short-tailed Nighthawk "Lurocalis semitorquatus"
*Common Nighthawk "Chordeiles minor"
*Nacunda Nighthawk "Podager nacunda"
*Pauraque "Nyctidromus albicollis"
*Ocellated Poorwill "Nyctiphrynus ocellatus"
*Rufous Nightjar "Caprimulgus rufus"
*Silky-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus sericocaudatus"
*Band-winged Nightjar "Caprimulgus longirostris"
*Little Nightjar "Caprimulgus parvulus"
*Lyre-tailed Nightjar "Uropsalis lyra"
*Scissor-tailed Nightjar "Hydropsalis torquata"
*Long-trained Nightjar "Macropsalis forcipata"
*Sickle-winged Nightjar "Eleothreptus anomalus"

wifts

Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Argentina.

*Rothschild's Swift "Cypseloides rothschildi" (E)
*Sooty Swift "Cypseloides fumigatus"
*Great Dusky Swift "Cypseloides senex"
*White-collared Swift "Streptoprocne zonaris"
*Biscutate Swift "Streptoprocne biscutata"
*Gray-rumped Swift "Chaetura cinereiventris"
*Chimney Swift "Chaetura pelagica"
*Ashy-tailed Swift "Chaetura andrei"
*White-tipped Swift "Aeronautes montivagus"
*Andean Swift "Aeronautes andecolus"

Hummingbirds

Order: TrochiliformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 31 species which occur in Argentina.

*Scale-throated Hermit "Phaethornis eurynome"
*Planalto Hermit "Phaethornis pretrei"
*Swallow-tailed Hummingbird "Eupetomena macrourus"
*Black Jacobin "Florisuga fuscus" (A)
*Sparkling Violet-ear "Colibri coruscans"
*White-vented Violet-ear "Colibri serrirostris"
*Black-throated Mango "Anthracothorax nigricollis"
*Plovercrest "Stephanoxis lalandi"
*Festive Coquette "Lophornis chalybeus" (A)
*Glittering-bellied Emerald "Chlorostilbon aureoventris"
*Fork-tailed Woodnymph "Thalurania furcata"
*Violet-capped Woodnymph "Thalurania glaucopis"
*Rufous-throated Sapphire "Hylocharis sapphirina"
*White-chinned Sapphire "Hylocharis cyanus"
*Gilded Sapphire "Hylocharis chrysura"
*White-throated Hummingbird "Leucochloris albicollis"
*White-tailed Goldenthroat "Polytmus guainumbi"
*White-bellied Hummingbird "Leucippus chionogaster"
*Versicolored Emerald "Agyrtria versicolor"
*Speckled Hummingbird "Adelomyia melanogenys"
*Andean Hillstar "Oreotrochilus estella"
*White-sided Hillstar "Oreotrochilus leucopleurus"
*Wedge-tailed Hillstar "Oreotrochilus adela" (A)
*Giant Hummingbird "Patagona gigas"
*Green-backed Firecrown "Sephanoides sephaniodes"
*Blue-capped Puffleg "Eriocnemis glaucopoides"
*Red-tailed Comet "Sappho sparganura"
*Long-billed Starthroat "Heliomaster longirostris"
*Blue-tufted Starthroat "Heliomaster furcifer"
*Amethyst Woodstar "Calliphlox amethystina"
*Slender-tailed Woodstar "Microstilbon burmeisteri"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Black-throated Trogon "Trogon rufus"
*Surucua Trogon "Trogon surrucura"
*Blue-crowned Trogon "Trogon curucui"

Kingfishers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Argentina.

*Ringed Kingfisher "Ceryle torquatus"
*Amazon Kingfisher "Chloroceryle amazona"
*Green Kingfisher "Chloroceryle americana"
*American Pygmy Kingfisher "Chloroceryle aenea" (A)

Motmots

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Blue-crowned Motmot "Momotus momota"
*Rufous-capped Motmot "Baryphthengus ruficapillus"

Jacamars

Order: PiciformesFamily: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 1 species that occur in Argentina.

*Rufous-tailed Jacamar "Galbula ruficauda"

Puffbirds

Order: PiciformesFamily: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 4 species which occur in Argentina.

*Buff-bellied Puffbird "Notharchus swainsoni"
*White-eared Puffbird "Nystalus chacuru"
*Spot-backed Puffbird "Nystalus maculatus"
*Rusty-breasted Nunlet "Nonnula rubecula"

Toucans

Order: PiciformesFamily: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Argentina.

*Chestnut-eared Aracari "Pteroglossus castanotis"
*Saffron Toucanet "Baillonius bailloni"
*Spot-billed Toucanet "Selenidera maculirostris"
*Red-breasted Toucan "Ramphastos dicolorus"
*Toco Toucan "Ramphastos toco"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 29 species which occur in Argentina.

*White-barred Piculet "Picumnus cirratus"
*Ocellated Piculet "Picumnus dorbignyanus"
*Ochre-collared Piculet "Picumnus temminckii"
*Mottled Piculet "Picumnus nebulosus"
*White Woodpecker "Melanerpes candidus"
*Yellow-fronted Woodpecker "Melanerpes flavifrons"
*White-fronted Woodpecker "Melanerpes cactorum"
*Striped Woodpecker "Picoides lignarius"
*Checkered Woodpecker "Picoides mixtus"
*Smoky-brown Woodpecker "Veniliornis fumigatus"
*Little Woodpecker "Veniliornis passerinus"
*Dot-fronted Woodpecker "Veniliornis frontalis"
*White-spotted Woodpecker "Veniliornis spilogaster"
*Golden-green Woodpecker "Piculus chrysochloros"
*Yellow-browed Woodpecker "Piculus aurulentus"
*Golden-olive Woodpecker "Piculus rubiginosus"
*Green-barred Woodpecker "Colaptes melanochloros"
*Chilean Flicker "Colaptes pitius"
*Andean Flicker "Colaptes rupicola"
*Campo Flicker "Colaptes campestris"
*Pale-crested Woodpecker "Celeus lugubris"
*Blond-crested Woodpecker "Celeus flavescens"
*Helmeted Woodpecker "Dryocopus galeatus"
*Lineated Woodpecker "Dryocopus lineatus"
*Black-bodied Woodpecker "Dryocopus schulzi"
*Robust Woodpecker "Campephilus robustus"
*Crimson-crested Woodpecker "Campephilus melanoleucos"
*Cream-backed Woodpecker "Campephilus leucopogon"
*Magellanic Woodpecker "Campephilus magellanicus"

Ovenbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 80 species which occur in Argentina.

*Common Miner "Geositta cunicularia"
*Puna Miner "Geositta punensis"
*Short-billed Miner "Geositta antarctica"
*Rufous-banded Miner "Geositta rufipennis"
*Creamy-rumped Miner "Geositta isabellina"
*Slender-billed Miner "Geositta tenuirostris"
*Scale-throated Earthcreeper "Upucerthia dumetaria"
*Plain-breasted Earthcreeper "Upucerthia jelskii"
*Buff-breasted Earthcreeper "Upucerthia validirostris" (E)
*Straight-billed Earthcreeper "Upucerthia ruficauda"
*Rock Earthcreeper "Upucerthia andaecola"
*Chaco Earthcreeper "Ochetorhynchus certhioides"
*Band-tailed Earthcreeper "Eremobius phoenicurus" (E)
*Blackish Cinclodes "Cinclodes antarcticus"
*Dark-bellied Cinclodes "Cinclodes patagonicus"
*Gray-flanked Cinclodes "Cinclodes oustaleti"
*Olrog's Cinclodes "Cinclodes olrogi" (E)
*Bar-winged Cinclodes "Cinclodes fuscus"
*Comechingones Cinclodes "Cinclodes comechingonus" (E)
*White-winged Cinclodes "Cinclodes atacamensis"
*Rufous Hornero "Furnarius rufus"
*Crested Hornero "Furnarius cristatus"
*Des Murs's Wiretail "Sylviorthorhynchus desmursii"
*Thorn-tailed Rayadito "Aphrastura spinicauda"
*Plain-mantled Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura aegithaloides"
*Tufted Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura platensis"
*Brown-capped Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura fuliginiceps"
*Araucaria Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura setaria"
*Tawny Tit-Spinetail "Leptasthenura yanacensis" (A)
*Wren-like Rushbird "Phleocryptes melanops"
*Curve-billed Reedhaunter "Limnornis curvirostris"
*Straight-billed Reedhaunter "Limnornis rectirostris"
*Bay-capped Wren-Spinetail "Spartonoica maluroides"
*Chotoy Spinetail "Schoeniophylax phryganophila"
*Ochre-cheeked Spinetail "Synallaxis scutata"
*Sooty-fronted Spinetail "Synallaxis frontalis"
*Pale-breasted Spinetail "Synallaxis albescens"
*Chicli Spinetail "Synallaxis spixi"
*Rufous-capped Spinetail "Synallaxis ruficapilla"
*Gray-bellied Spinetail "Synallaxis cinerascens"
*Olive Spinetail "Cranioleuca obsoleta"
*Stripe-crowned Spinetail "Cranioleuca pyrrhophia"
*Sulphur-bearded Spinetail "Cranioleuca sulphurifera"
*Yellow-chinned Spinetail "Certhiaxis cinnamomea"
*Creamy-breasted Canastero "Asthenes dorbignyi"
*Steinbach's Canastero "Asthenes steinbachi" (E)
*Lesser Canastero "Asthenes pyrrholeuca"
*Short-billed Canastero "Asthenes baeri"
*Patagonian Canastero "Asthenes patagonica" (E)
*Dusky-tailed Canastero "Asthenes humicola" (A)
*Iquico Canastero "Asthenes heterura" (A)
*Cordilleran Canastero "Asthenes modesta"
*Puna Canastero "Asthenes sclateri"
*Austral Canastero "Asthenes anthoides"
*Hudson's Canastero "Asthenes hudsoni"
*Scribble-tailed Canastero "Asthenes maculicauda"
*Common Thornbird "Phacellodomus rufifrons"
*Little Thornbird "Phacellodomus sibilatrix"
*Streak-fronted Thornbird "Phacellodomus striaticeps"
*Greater Thornbird "Phacellodomus ruber"
*Freckle-breasted Thornbird "Phacellodomus striaticollis"
*Spot-breasted Thornbird "Phacellodomus maculipectus"
*Canebrake Groundcreeper "Clibanornis dendrocolaptoides"
*Firewood-gatherer "Anumbius annumbi"
*Lark-like Brushrunner "Coryphistera alaudina"
*Brown Cacholote "Pseudoseisura lophotes"
*White-throated Cacholote "Pseudoseisura gutturalis" (E)
*Pearled Treerunner "Margarornis squamiger" (A)
*White-throated Treerunner "Pygarrhichas albogularis"
*Plain Xenops "Xenops minutus"
*Streaked Xenops "Xenops rutilans"
*Sharp-billed Treehunter "Heliobletus contaminatus"
*White-browed Foliage-gleaner "Anabacerthia amaurotis"
*Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner "Syndactyla rufosuperciliata"
*Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner "Philydor rufus"
*Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleaner "Philydor lichtensteini"
*Black-capped Foliage-gleaner "Philydor atricapillus"
*White-eyed Foliage-gleaner "Automolus leucophthalmus"
*Rufous-breasted Leaftosser "Sclerurus scansor"
*Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper "Lochmias nematura"

Woodcreepers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Argentina.

*Thrush-like Woodcreeper "Dendrocincla turdina"
*Olivaceous Woodcreeper "Sittasomus griseicapillus"
*Scimitar-billed Woodcreeper "Drymornis bridgesii"
*White-throated Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes albicollis"
*Great Rufous Woodcreeper "Xiphocolaptes major"
*Black-banded Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
*Planalto Woodcreeper "Dendrocolaptes platyrostris"
*Lesser Woodcreeper "Xiphorhynchus fuscus"
*Narrow-billed Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes angustirostris"
*Scalloped Woodcreeper "Lepidocolaptes falcinellus"
*Red-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus trochilirostris"
*Black-billed Scythebill "Campylorhamphus falcularius"

Typical antbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Argentina.

*Spot-backed Antshrike "Hypoedaleus guttatus"
*Giant Antshrike "Batara cinerea"
*Tufted Antshrike "Mackenziaena severa"
*Large-tailed Antshrike "Mackenziaena leachii"
*Great Antshrike "Taraba major"
*White-bearded Antshrike "Biatas nigropectus"
*Barred Antshrike "Thamnophilus doliatus"
*Variable Antshrike "Thamnophilus caerulescens"
*Rufous-capped Antshrike "Thamnophilus ruficapillus"
*Spot-breasted Antvireo "Dysithamnus stictothorax" (A)
*Plain Antvireo "Dysithamnus mentalis"
*Stripe-backed Antbird "Myrmorchilus strigilatus"
*Black-capped Antwren "Herpsilochmus atricapillus"
*Rufous-winged Antwren "Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus"
*Bertoni's Antbird "Drymophila rubricollis"
*Dusky-tailed Antbird "Drymophila malura"
*Streak-capped Antwren "Terenura maculata"
*White-shouldered Fire-eye "Pyriglena leucoptera"

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Argentina.

*Short-tailed Antthrush "Chamaeza campanisona"
*Brazilian Antthrush "Chamaeza ruficauda" (A)
*Variegated Antpitta "Grallaria varia"
*White-throated Antpitta "Grallaria albigula"
*Speckle-breasted Antpitta "Hylopezus nattereri"

Gnateaters

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Conopophagidae

The gnateaters are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, which are closely related to the antbirds. There are 8 species worldwide, all found in South America, and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Rufous Gnateater "Conopophaga lineata"

Tapaculos

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhinocryptidae

The tapaculos are a group of small suboscine passeriform birds with numerous species, found in South America. They are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head. There are 56 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Argentina.

*Black-throated Huet-huet "Pteroptochos tarnii"
*Chestnut-throated Huet-huet "Pteroptochos castaneus" (A)
*Chucao Tapaculo "Scelorchilus rubecula"
*Crested Gallito "Rhinocrypta lanceolata"
*Sandy Gallito "Teledromas fuscus" (E)
*Olive-crowned Crescent-chest "Melanopareia maximiliani"
*Spotted Bamboowren "Psilorhamphus guttatus"
*Ochre-flanked Tapaculo "Eugralla paradoxa"
*Magellanic Tapaculo "Scytalopus magellanicus"
*Matorral Tapaculo "Scytalopus griseicollis"
*White-browed Tapaculo "Scytalopus superciliaris"

Cotingas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Argentina

*Sharpbill "Oxyruncus cristatus" (A)
*White-tipped Plantcutter "Phytotoma rutila"
*Rufous-tailed Plantcutter "Phytotoma rara"
*Swallow-tailed Cotinga "Phibalura flavirostris"
*Red-ruffed Fruitcrow "Pyroderus scutatus"
*Bare-throated Bellbird "Procnias nudicollis"

Manakins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Argentina.

*White-bearded Manakin "Manacus manacus"
*Blue Manakin "Chiroxiphia caudata"
*Band-tailed Manakin "Pipra fasciicauda"
*Black-capped Piprites "Piprites pileatus" (A)
*Wing-barred Piprites "Piprites chloris"
*Greenish Schiffornis "Schiffornis virescens"

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 137 species which occur in Argentina.

*Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet "Camptostoma obsoletum"
*Mouse-colored Tyrannulet "Phaeomyias murina"
*Yellow Tyrannulet "Capsiempis flaveola"
*Gray Elaenia "Myiopagis caniceps"
*Greenish Elaenia "Myiopagis viridicata"
*Large Elaenia "Elaenia spectabilis"
*Yellow-bellied Elaenia "Elaenia flavogaster"
*White-crested Elaenia "Elaenia albiceps"
*Small-billed Elaenia "Elaenia parvirostris"
*Slaty Elaenia "Elaenia strepera"
*Olivaceous Elaenia "Elaenia mesoleuca"
*Lesser Elaenia "Elaenia chiriquensis"
*Highland Elaenia "Elaenia obscura"
*Sooty Tyrannulet "Serpophaga nigricans"
*White-crested Tyrannulet "Serpophaga subcristata"
*White-bellied Tyrannulet "Serpophaga munda"
*Gray-hooded Flycatcher "Mionectes rufiventris"
*Sepia-capped Flycatcher "Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
*Southern Bristle-Tyrant "Pogonotriccus eximius"
*São Paulo Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes paulista" (A)
*Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes ventralis"
*Bay-ringed Tyrannulet "Phylloscartes sylviolus"
*Planalto Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias fasciatus"
*Rough-legged Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias burmeisteri"
*Greenish Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias virescens"
*Sclater's Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias sclateri"
*Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet "Phyllomyias uropygialis"
*Southern Scrub-flycatcher "Sublegatus modestus"
*Suiriri Flycatcher "Suiriri suiriri"
*White-throated Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus leucophrys"
*Buff-banded Tyrannulet "Mecocerculus hellmayri"
*Plain Tyrannulet "Inezia inornata"
*Greater Wagtail-tyrant "Stigmatura budytoides"
*Yellow-billed Tit-tyrant "Anairetes flavirostris"
*Tufted Tit-tyrant "Anairetes parulus"
*Many-colored Rush-tyrant "Tachuris rubrigastra"
*Sharp-tailed Tyrant "Culicivora caudacuta"
*Bearded Tachuri "Polystictus pectoralis"
*Crested Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx sclateri"
*Dinelli's Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx dinellianus"
*Subtropical Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis"
*Warbling Doradito "Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris"
*Tawny-crowned Pygmy-tyrant "Euscarthmus meloryphus"
*Eared Pygmy-tyrant "Myiornis auricularis"
*Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher "Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps"
*Drab-breasted Bamboo-tyrant "Hemitriccus diops"
*Brown-breasted Bamboo-tyrant "Hemitriccus obsoletus" (A)
*Pearly-vented Tody-tyrant "Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer"
*Southern Antpipit "Corythopis delalandi"
*Large-headed Flatbill "Ramphotrigon megacephala"
*Yellow-olive Flycatcher "Tolmomyias sulphurescens"
*White-throated Spadebill "Platyrinchus mystaceus"
*Russet-winged Spadebill "Platyrinchus leucoryphus" (A)
*Bran-colored Flycatcher "Myiophobus fasciatus"
*Cinnamon Flycatcher "Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea"
*Cliff Flycatcher "Hirundinea ferruginea"
*Fuscous Flycatcher "Cnemotriccus fuscatus"
*Euler's Flycatcher "Lathrotriccus euleri"
*Smoke-colored Pewee "Contopus fumigatus"
*Eastern Wood-Pewee "Contopus virens" (A)
*Tropical Pewee "Contopus cinereus"
*Alder Flycatcher "Empidonax alnorum"
*Black Phoebe "Sayornis nigricans"
*Vermilion Flycatcher "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*D'Orbigny's Chat-tyrant "Ochthoeca oenanthoides"
*White-browed Chat-tyrant "Ochthoeca leucophrys"
*Patagonian Tyrant "Colorhamphus parvirostris"
*Streak-throated Bush-tyrant "Myiotheretes striaticollis"
*Fire-eyed Diucon "Xolmis pyrope"
*Gray Monjita "Xolmis cinerea"
*Black-crowned Monjita "Xolmis coronata"
*White Monjita "Xolmis irupero"
*Rusty-backed Monjita "Xolmis rubetra" (E)
*Salinas Monjita "Xolmis salinarum" (E)
*Black-and-white Monjita "Xolmis dominicanus"
*Chocolate-vented Tyrant "Neoxolmis rufiventris"
*Black-billed Shrike-tyrant "Agriornis montana"
*White-tailed Shrike-tyrant "Agriornis andicola"
*Great Shrike-tyrant "Agriornis livida"
*Gray-bellied Shrike-tyrant "Agriornis microptera"
*Lesser Shrike-tyrant "Agriornis murina"
*Rufous-webbed Tyrant "Polioxolmis rufipennis" (A)
*Spot-billed Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola maculirostris"
*Little Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola fluviatilis"
*Dark-faced Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola maclovianus"
*Cinnamon-bellied Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola capistratus"
*Rufous-naped Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola rufivertex"
*Puna Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola juninensis"
*White-browed Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola albilora"
*Cinereous Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola cinereus"
*Ochre-naped Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola flavinucha"
*Black-fronted Ground-tyrant "Muscisaxicola frontalis"
*Andean Negrito "Lessonia oreas"
*Austral Negrito "Lessonia rufa"
*Cinereous Tyrant "Knipolegus striaticeps"
*Hudson's Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus hudsoni"
*Andean Tyrant "Knipolegus signatus"
*Blue-billed Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus cyanirostris"
*White-winged Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus aterrimus"
*Crested Black-Tyrant "Knipolegus lophotes"
*Spectacled Tyrant "Hymenops perspicillatus"
*Black-backed Water-Tyrant "Fluvicola albiventer"
*White-headed Marsh-Tyrant "Arundinicola leucocephala"
*Cock-tailed Tyrant "Alectrurus tricolor"
*Strange-tailed Tyrant "Alectrurus risora"
*Streamer-tailed Tyrant "Gubernetes yetapa"
*Yellow-browed Tyrant "Satrapa icterophrys"
*Long-tailed Tyrant "Colonia colonus"
*Cattle Tyrant "Machetornis rixosus"
*Shear-tailed Gray Tyrant "Muscipipra vetula"
*Rufous-tailed Attila "Attila phoenicurus"
*Rufous Casiornis "Casiornis rufa"
*Sirystes "Sirystes sibilator"
*Dusky-capped Flycatcher "Myiarchus tuberculifer"
*Swainson's Flycatcher "Myiarchus swainsoni"
*Short-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus ferox"
*Brown-crested Flycatcher "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
*Lesser Kiskadee "Philohydor lictor" (A)
*Great Kiskadee "Pitangus sulphuratus"
*Boat-billed Flycatcher "Megarynchus pitangua"
*Social Flycatcher "Myiozetetes similis"
*Three-striped Flycatcher "Conopias trivirgata"
*Golden-crowned Flycatcher "Myiodynastes chrysocephalus"
*Streaked Flycatcher "Myiodynastes maculatus"
*Piratic Flycatcher "Legatus leucophaius"
*Variegated Flycatcher "Empidonomus varius"
*Crowned Slaty Flycatcher "Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus"
*Tropical Kingbird "Tyrannus melancholicus"
*Eastern Kingbird "Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher "Tyrannus savana"
*White-naped Xenopsaris "Xenopsaris albinucha"
*Chestnut-crowned Becard "Pachyramphus castaneus"
*Green-backed Becard "Pachyramphus viridis"
*White-winged Becard "Pachyramphus polychopterus"
*Crested Becard "Pachyramphus validus"
*Black-tailed Tityra "Tityra cayana"
*Black-crowned Tityra "Tityra inquisitor"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Argentina.

*Brown-chested Martin "Progne tapera"
*Purple Martin "Progne subis"
*Gray-breasted Martin "Progne chalybea"
*Southern Martin "Progne elegans"
*White-winged Swallow "Tachycineta albiventer"
*White-rumped Swallow "Tachycineta leucorrhoa"
*Chilean Swallow "Tachycineta meyeni"
*Blue-and-white Swallow "Notiochelidon cyanoleuca"
*Black-collared Swallow "Atticora melanoleuca"
*Andean Swallow "Haplochelidon andecola" (A)
*Tawny-headed Swallow "Alopochelidon fucata"
*Southern Rough-winged Swallow "Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow "Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Argentina.

*Correndera Pipit "Anthus correndera"
*South Georgia Pipit "Anthus antarcticus"
*Short-billed Pipit "Anthus furcatus"
*Hellmayr's Pipit "Anthus hellmayri"
*Paramo Pipit "Anthus bogotensis"
*Yellowish Pipit "Anthus lutescens"
*Chaco Pipit "Anthus chacoensis"
*Ochre-breasted Pipit "Anthus nattereri"

Dippers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*Rufous-throated Dipper "Cinclus schulzi" (E)

Wrens

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 5 species which occur in Argentina.

*Black-capped Donacobius "Donacobius atricapilla"
*Thrush-like Wren "Campylorhynchus turdinus" (A)
*House Wren "Troglodytes aedon"
*Mountain Wren "Troglodytes solstitialis"
*Sedge Wren "Cistothorus platensis"

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Argentina.

*Chalk-browed Mockingbird "Mimus saturninus"
*Patagonian Mockingbird "Mimus patagonicus"
*Brown-backed Mockingbird "Mimus dorsalis"
*White-banded Mockingbird "Mimus triurus"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Argentina.

*Spotted Nightingale-Thrush "Catharus dryas"
*Swainson's Thrush "Catharus ustulatus"
*Yellow-legged Thrush "Platycichla flavipes"
*Chiguanco Thrush "Turdus chiguanco"
*Glossy-black Thrush "Turdus serranus"
*Andean Slaty-Thrush "Turdus nigriceps"
*Eastern Slaty-Thrush "Turdus subalaris"
*Rufous-bellied Thrush "Turdus rufiventris"
*Austral Thrush "Turdus falcklandii"
*Pale-breasted Thrush "Turdus leucomelas"
*Creamy-bellied Thrush "Turdus amaurochalinus"
*White-necked Thrush "Turdus albicollis"

Gnatcatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Creamy-bellied Gnatcatcher "Polioptila lactea"
*Masked Gnatcatcher "Polioptila dumicola"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Purplish Jay "Cyanocorax cyanomelas"
*Azure Jay "Cyanocorax caeruleus"
*Plush-crested Jay "Cyanocorax chrysops"

tarlings

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Argentina.

*Crested Myna "Acridotheres cristatellus" (I)
*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris" (I)

Vireos

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Argentina.

*Red-eyed Vireo "Vireo olivaceus"
*Rufous-crowned Greenlet "Hylophilus poicilotis"
*Rufous-browed Peppershrike "Cyclarhis gujanensis"

New World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Argentina.

*Tropical Parula "Parula pitiayumi"
*Blackpoll Warbler "Dendroica striata" (A)
*American Redstart "Setophaga ruticilla"
*Northern Waterthrush "Seiurus noveboracensis"
*Masked Yellowthroat "Geothlypis aequinoctialis"
*Slate-throated Redstart "Myioborus miniatus"
*Brown-capped Redstart "Myioborus brunniceps"
*Two-banded Warbler "Basileuterus bivittatus"
*Pale-legged Warbler "Basileuterus signatus"
*Golden-crowned Warbler "Basileuterus culicivorus"
*White-rimmed Warbler "Basileuterus leucoblepharus"
*Flavescent Warbler "Basileuterus flaveolus"
*Neotropical River Warbler "Basileuterus rivularis"

Bananaquit

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus "Coereba" (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

*Bananaquit "Coereba flaveola"

Tanagers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 34 species which occur in Argentina.

*Chestnut-vented Conebill "Conirostrum speciosum"
*Giant Conebill "Oreomanes fraseri" (A)
*Cinnamon Tanager "Schistochlamys ruficapillus"
*Magpie Tanager "Cissopis leveriana"
*Common Bush-Tanager "Chlorospingus ophthalmicus"
*Chestnut-headed Tanager "Pyrrhocoma ruficeps"
*Orange-headed Tanager "Thlypopsis sordida"
*Rust-and-yellow Tanager "Thlypopsis ruficeps"
*Guira Tanager "Hemithraupis guira"
*Hooded Tanager "Nemosia pileata"
*Ruby-crowned Tanager "Tachyphonus coronatus"
*White-lined Tanager "Tachyphonus rufus"
*Black-goggled Tanager "Trichothraupis melanops"
*Red-crowned Ant-Tanager "Habia rubica"
*Hepatic Tanager "Piranga flava"
*Brazilian Tanager "Ramphocelus bresilius" (A)
*Sayaca Tanager "Thraupis sayaca"
*Blue-and-yellow Tanager "Thraupis bonariensis"
*Palm Tanager "Thraupis palmarum" (A)
*Diademed Tanager "Stephanophorus diadematus"
*Fawn-breasted Tanager "Pipraeidea melanonota"
*Purple-throated Euphonia "Euphonia chlorotica"
*Violaceous Euphonia "Euphonia violacea"
*Green-chinned Euphonia "Euphonia chalybea"
*Golden-rumped Euphonia "Euphonia cyanocephala"
*Chestnut-bellied Euphonia "Euphonia pectoralis"
*Blue-naped Chlorophonia "Chlorophonia cyanea"
*Green-headed Tanager "Tangara seledon"
*Red-necked Tanager "Tangara cyanocephala" (A)
*Burnished-buff Tanager "Tangara cayana"
*Chestnut-backed Tanager "Tangara preciosa"
*Blue Dacnis "Dacnis cayana"
*Swallow-Tanager "Tersina viridis"
*Plush-capped Finch "Catamblyrhynchus diadema"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 79 species which occur in Argentina.

*Coal-crested Finch "Charitospiza eucosma" (A)
*Black-masked Finch "Coryphaspiza melanotis"
*Many-colored Chaco-Finch "Saltatricula multicolor"
*Red-crested Finch "Coryphospingus cucullatus"
*Black-hooded Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus atriceps"
*Gray-hooded Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus gayi"
*Patagonian Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus patagonicus"
*Mourning Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus fruticeti"
*Plumbeous Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus unicolor"
*Red-backed Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus dorsalis"
*Carbonated Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus carbonarius" (E)
*Band-tailed Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus alaudinus"
*Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch "Phrygilus plebejus"
*Canary-winged Finch "Melanodera melanodera"
*Yellow-bridled Finch "Melanodera xanthogramma"
*Black-crested Finch "Lophospingus pusillus"
*Gray-crested Finch "Lophospingus griseocristatus" (A)
*Long-tailed Reed-Finch "Donacospiza albifrons"
*White-winged Diuca-Finch "Diuca speculifera" (A)
*Common Diuca-Finch "Diuca diuca"
*Short-tailed Finch "Idiopsar brachyurus"
*Bolivian Warbling-Finch "Poospiza boliviana" (A)
*Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch "Poospiza hypochondria"
*Cinnamon Warbling-Finch "Poospiza ornata" (E)
*Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch "Poospiza erythrophrys"
*Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch "Poospiza nigrorufa"
*Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch "Poospiza whitii"
*Red-rumped Warbling-Finch "Poospiza lateralis"
*Tucuman Mountain-Finch "Poospiza baeri" (E)
*Ringed Warbling-Finch "Poospiza torquata"
*Black-capped Warbling-Finch "Poospiza melanoleuca"
*Blue-black Grassquit "Volatinia jacarina"
*Buffy-fronted Seedeater "Sporophila frontalis" (A)
*Temminck's Seedeater "Sporophila falcirostris" (A)
*Plumbeous Seedeater "Sporophila plumbea" (A)
*Rusty-collared Seedeater "Sporophila collaris"
*Lined Seedeater "Sporophila lineola"
*Yellow-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila nigricollis" (A)
*Double-collared Seedeater "Sporophila caerulescens"
*White-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila leucoptera"
*Capped Seedeater "Sporophila bouvreuil"
*Ruddy-breasted Seedeater "Sporophila minuta"
*Tawny-bellied Seedeater "Sporophila hypoxantha"
*Dark-throated Seedeater "Sporophila ruficollis"
*Marsh Seedeater "Sporophila palustris"
*Gray-and-chestnut Seedeater "Sporophila hypochroma"
*Chestnut Seedeater "Sporophila cinnamomea"
*Narosky's Seedeater "Sporophila zelichi" (E)
*Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch "Oryzoborus angolensis"
*Blackish-blue Seedeater "Amaurospiza moesta"
*Band-tailed Seedeater "Catamenia analis"
*Plain-colored Seedeater "Catamenia inornata"
*Dull-colored Grassquit "Tiaris obscura"
*Sooty Grassquit "Tiaris fuliginosa" (A)
*Uniform Finch "Haplospiza unicolor"
*Rusty Flowerpiercer "Diglossa sittoides"
*Gray-bellied Flowerpiercer "Diglossa carbonaria"
*Puna Yellow-Finch "Sicalis lutea"
*Saffron Finch "Sicalis flaveola"
*Grassland Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteola"
*Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch "Sicalis citrina"
*Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch "Sicalis uropygialis"
*Citron-headed Yellow-Finch "Sicalis luteocephala" (A)
*Greater Yellow-Finch "Sicalis auriventris"
*Greenish Yellow-Finch "Sicalis olivascens"
*Patagonian Yellow-Finch "Sicalis lebruni"
*Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch "Emberizoides herbicola"
*Lesser Grass-Finch "Emberizoides ypiranganus"
*Great Pampa-Finch "Embernagra platensis"
*Yellow Cardinal "Gubernatrix cristata"
*Red-crested Cardinal "Paroaria coronata"
*Yellow-billed Cardinal "Paroaria capitata"
*Fulvous-headed Brush-Finch "Atlapetes fulviceps"
*Yellow-striped Brush-Finch "Atlapetes citrinellus" (E)
*Stripe-headed Brush-Finch "Buarremon torquatus"
*Saffron-billed Sparrow "Arremon flavirostris"
*Stripe-capped Sparrow "Aimophila strigiceps"
*Grassland Sparrow "Ammodramus humeralis"
*Rufous-collared Sparrow "Zonotrichia capensis"

altators, Cardinals and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Argentina.

*Grayish Saltator "Saltator coerulescens"
*Black-throated Grosbeak "Saltator fuliginosus"
*Green-winged Saltator "Saltator similis"
*Golden-billed Saltator "Saltator aurantiirostris"
*Thick-billed Saltator "Saltator maxillosus" (A)
*Rufous-bellied Saltator "Saltator rufiventris"
*Black-backed Grosbeak "Pheucticus aureoventris"
*Ultramarine Grosbeak "Cyanocompsa brissonii"
*Glaucous-blue Grosbeak "Cyanoloxia glaucocaerulea"

Troupials and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Argentina.

*Bobolink "Dolichonyx oryzivorus"
*Saffron-cowled Blackbird "Xanthopsar flavus"
*Yellow-winged Blackbird "Agelasticus thilius"
*Unicolored Blackbird "Agelasticus cyanopus"
*Chestnut-capped Blackbird "Chrysomus ruficapillus"
*White-browed Blackbird "Sturnella superciliaris"
*Pampas Meadowlark "Sturnella defilippii"
*Long-tailed Meadowlark "Sturnella loyca"
*Bay-winged Cowbird "Molothrus badius"
*Screaming Cowbird "Molothrus rufoaxillaris"
*Shiny Cowbird "Molothrus bonariensis"
*Giant Cowbird "Molothrus oryzivorus"
*Epaulet Oriole "Icterus cayanensis"
*Red-rumped Cacique "Cacicus haemorrhous"
*Golden-winged Cacique "Cacicus chrysopterus"
*Solitary Cacique "Cacicus solitarius"
*Crested Oropendola "Psarocolius decumanus"
*Yellow-rumped Marshbird "Pseudoleistes guirahuro"
*Brown-and-yellow Marshbird "Pseudoleistes virescens"
*Scarlet-headed Blackbird "Amblyramphus holosericeus"
*Austral Blackbird "Curaeus curaeus"
*Chopi Blackbird "Gnorimopsar chopi"
*Orange-backed Troupial "Icterus croconotus"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Argentina.

*European Greenfinch "Carduelis chloris" (I)
*Thick-billed Siskin "Carduelis crassirostris"
*Hooded Siskin "Carduelis magellanica"
*Black-chinned Siskin "Carduelis barbata"
*Black Siskin "Carduelis atrata"
*Yellow-rumped Siskin "Carduelis uropygialis"
*European Goldfinch "Carduelis carduelis" (A)

parrows

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Argentina.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus" (I)

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region

References

*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url = http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/avibase.jsp?region=ar&pg=checklist&list=clements
title = Checklist of birds of Argentina
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

Further reading

*cite book
author= Juan Mazar and Mark Pearman
title= Annnotated Checklist of the Birds of Argentina
publisher = Lynx Edicions
date = 2001
url = http://www.hbw.com/lynx/en/lynx-edicions/fondo-editorial/CHK0001-Lista-comentada-aves-argentinas-annotated-checklist-birds.html
id = ISBN 978-84-87334-32-0
pages = 164


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