Liberalism in Greece

This article gives an overview of liberalism in Greece. It is limited to liberal parties. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it isn't necessary so that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Background

Liberal parties in Greece are largely committed to liberalism, republicanism and democracy.

History

From Modernist Party to the Center Union

*1875: The Modernist Party ("Neoteristikon Komma") is formed
*1910: A resurrected Liberal Party ("Komma Fileleftheron") is formed under Eleftherios Venizelos
*1935: Faction around Georgios Papandreou forms the ⇒ Democratic Socialist Party of Greece
*1936: All political parties are banned in Greece under Ioannis Metaxas' dictatorship, but a liberal movement remained present
*1941: The Greek government in exile contains mostly liberal politicians
*1946: Start of the Greek Civil War, lasting until 1949
*1946: Liberal fraction led by Themistoklis Sophoulis continues under the Liberal Party name
*1956: Liberal Party takes part in the elections of 1956 in the Liberal Democratic Union ("Filelefthero Dimokratiko Kentro") coalition
*1961: Liberal Party merges into the ⇒ Center Union

From Democratic Socialist Party to the Center Union

*1935: A faction of the ⇒ Liberal Party around Georgios Papandreou forms the Democratic Socialist Party of Greece
*1936: All political parties are banned in Greece under Ioannis Metaxas' dictatorship, but a liberal movement remained present
*1941: The Greek government in exile contains mostly liberal politicians
*1946: Start of the Greek Civil War, lasting until 1949
*1946: Liberal faction led by Georgios Papandreou is part of the National Political Union alliance
*1956: Liberal faction led by Georgios Papandreou is part of the Liberal Democratic Union coalition

National Progressive Union of the Centre

*1949: National Progressive Union of the Centre ("Ethniki Proodeutiki Enosis Kentrou", EPEK) is founded by Nikolaos Plastiras after the Greek Civil War and disappears in 1956

From Center Union to Union of the Democratic Center

*1961: Georgios Papandreou forms the Center Union ("Enosi Kentrou")
*1967: Start of the Military Junta continuing until 1974
*1974: Center Union - New Forces ("Enosi Kentrou-Nees Dynameis") is formed by George Mavros
*1976: Union of the Democratic Centre is formed as successor of the Center Union - New Forces

Democratic Center Union

*1974: Ioannis Zigdis forms the Democratic Center Union which merges into the ⇒ Union of the Democratic Centre in 1976

Party of New Liberals

*1977: Constantine Mitsotakis forms the Party of New Liberals which merges into New Democracy in 1978

Liberal Party

*1981: Nikitas Venizelos revives the Liberal Party of his grandfather, which has participated in elections since.

Democratic Renewal

*1984: Costis Stephanopoulos withdraws from New Democracy and forms the Democratic Renewal ("Dimokratiki Ananeosi"), a party that continues to exist until end 1994

Union of Centrists

*1992: Union of Centrists ("Enosi Kentroon") is founded by Vassilis Leventis

The Liberals

*1999: A short-lived libertarian party is founded by Stefanos Manos, The Liberals espousing a laissez-faire political platform. The party was dissolved in October of 2001. [http://www.bulls.gr/downloadables/Hist-Suspension_2001-10-21.pdf] The party's founder is currently cooperating with PASOK, after George Papandreou's invitation to be honorarily elected as member of the Greek parliament under PASOK's flag.

Liberal Alliance

*February 2007: Establishment of the Liberal Alliance

Liberal leaders

*Liberal Party: Eleftherios Venizelos - Themistoklis Sophoulis - Sophoklis Venizelos
*National Progressive Union of the Centre: Nikolaos Plastiras
*Center Union: Georgios Papandreou - George Mavros
*Union of the Democratic Center: George Mavros - Ioannis Zigdis
*Party of New Liberals: Constantine Mitsotakis

ee also

* History of Greece
* Politics of Greece
* List of political parties in Greece


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