Josef Hoffmann

Infobox Architect



name=Josef Hoffmann
mother=
father=
nationality= Austrian
birth_date=birth date|1870|12|15
birth_place=Brtnice,Moravia, Austria-Hungary
death_date=death date and age|1956|5|7|1870|12|15
death_place=Vienna, Austria
practice_name=
significant_buildings=Stoclet Palace
Villa Primavesi
Sanatorium Purkersdorf
significant_projects=
awards=|

::"For the Polish-American pianist, see Józef Hofmann."

Josef Hoffmann (December 15, 1870 Brtnice, MoraviaMay 7, 1956 Vienna, Austria) was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods.

Biography

Hoffmann studied at the Higher State Crafts School in Brno beginning in 1887 and then worked with the local military planning authority in Würzburg. Thereafter he studied at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna with Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer and Otto Wagner, graduating with a Prix de Rome in 1895. In Wagner's office, he met Joseph Maria Olbrich, and together they founded the Vienna Secession in 1897 along with artists Gustav Klimt, and Koloman Moser. [Pg. 79, Kenneth Frampton, "Modern Architecture: A Critical History." Thames & Hudson. 1980, 1985, 1992.] Beginning in 1899, he taught at the University of Applied Arts Vienna. With the Secession, Hoffmann developed strong connections with other artists. He designed installation spaces for Secession exhibitions and a house for Moser which was built from 1901-1903. However, he soon left the Secession in 1905 along with other stylist artists due to conflicts with realist naturalists over differences in artistic vision and disagreement over the premise of "Gesamtkunstwerk". [ [http://www.senses-artnouveau.com/biography.php?artist=SEC Vienna Secession history by Senses-ArtNouveau.com ] ] With the banker Fritz Wärndorfer and the artist Koloman Moser he established the Wiener Werkstätte, which was to last until 1932. He designed many products for the Wiener Werkstätte of which designer chairs, a lamp, and sets of glasses have reached the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, [ [http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?criteria=O%3AAD%3AE%3A2694&page_number=1&template_id=6&sort_order=1 MoMA.org | The Collection | Josef Hoffmann. (Austrian, 1870-1956) ] ] and a tea service has reached the Metropolitan Museum of Art. [ [http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ho/11/euwcm/hod_2000.278.1-.9.htm Josef Hoffmann: Tea service (2000.278.1-.9) | Works of Art | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art ] ]

Hoffmann's style eventually became more sober and abstract and it was limited increasingly to functional structures and domestic products. In 1906, Hoffmann built his first great work, the Sanatorium in Purkersdorf. Compared to the Moser House, with its rusticated vernacular roof, this was a great advancement towards abstraction and a move away from traditional Arts and Crafts and historicism. This project served as a major precedent and inspiration for the modern architecture that would develop in the first half of the 20th century, for instance the early work of Le Corbusier. [Pg. 81, Kenneth Frampton, "Modern Architecture: A Critical History." Thames & Hudson. 1980, 1985, 1992.] It had a clarity, simplicity, and logic that foretold of a "Neue Sachlichkeit". [Dr Harry Francis Mallgrave, "Modern Architectural Theory: a historical survey, 1673-1968." Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0521793068]

Through contacts with Adolphe Stoclet, who sat on the supervisory board of the "Austro-Belgischen Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft", he was commissioned to build the Palais Stoclet in Brussels from 1905 to 1911 for this wealthy banker and railway financier. This masterpiece of "Jugendstil", was an example of "Gesamtkunstwerk", replete with murals in the dining room by Klimt and four copper figures on the tower by Franz Metzner. In 1907, Hoffmann was co-founder of the "Deutscher Werkbund", and in 1912 of the "Österreichischer Werkbund". After World War II, he took on official tasks, that of an Austrian general commissioner with the Venice Biennale and a membership in the art senate.

Selected works

* House for Koloman Moser
* House for the writer Beer-Hoffmann in Vienna
* Sanatorium Purkersdorf
* Villa Primavesi
* Palais Stoclet
* Designer for "Villenkolonie Hohe Warte" and "Werkbundsiedlung Wien" in Vienna
* Austrian pavilion at the Venice Biennale

References

Literature

*cite book | last = Sekler | first = Eduard | title = Josef Hoffmann, Das Architektonische Werk; Monographie und Werkverzeichnis | publisher = Residenz | location = Salzburg | year = 1982 | isbn = 370170306X
*cite book | last = Fahr-Becker | first = Gabriele | title = Wiener Werkstätte: 1903-1932 | publisher = Taschen | location = Köln | year = 2008 | isbn = 3822837733
*cite book | last = Sarnitz | first = August | title = Josef Hoffmann- In the Realm of Beauty | publisher = Taschen | location = Köln | year = 2007 | isbn = 9783822855911

External links

*
*http://www.mastersofmodernism.com/?page=Silver&sp=va&item=1
* [http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.h/h725773.htm;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en His entry in the aeiou Encyclopaedia]
* [http://woka.com/infos/english/designer/hoffmann.asp Josef Hoffmann Biografie at WOKA (de/en)]
* [http://www.alma-mahler.com/engl/gallery/spielort_wien.html Illustrated history of the Purkersdorf Sanatorium]
* [http://www.alma-mahler.com/engl/gallery/photo_archive_pan_wien.html Interior of the Purkersdorf Sanatorium in historical setup]

* [http://woka.com/infos/index.asp?go=english/designer/ww.asp Wiener Werkstätte]
* [http://woka.com/infos/index.asp?go=english/designer/index.asp Arts and Crafts in Vienna 1900]
* [http://www.bonluxat.com/d/josef-hoffmann.html Josef Hoffmann Furniture Design]
* [http://www.architonic.com/cat/3100173/1 Josef Hoffmann Lighting Design]

Persondata
NAME= Hoffmann, Josef
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Austrian architect and designer
DATE OF BIRTH=1870-12-15
PLACE OF BIRTH=Brtnice
DATE OF DEATH=1956-05-07
PLACE OF DEATH=Vienna


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hoffmann — /hof meuhn/; for 1, 2 also Ger. /hawf mahn /, n. 1. E(rnst) T(heodor) A(madeus) (Wilhelm) /erddnst tay aw dohrdd ah mah day oos vil helm/, 1776 1822, German author, composer, and illustrator. 2. Josef /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, 1870 1956, Viennese… …   Universalium


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