All Parties Hurriyat Conference
The All Parties Hurriyat Conference(APHC) (formed March 10, 1993) is a political front formed as an alliance of 26 political, social and religious organizations in
Kashmir. It was created to further the cause of Kashmiri separatism. "Hurriyat" in Urdumeans "freedom".
The APHC succeeded another freedom-centric organisation Tehreeki Hurriyat Kashmir (THK) headed by advocate Mian Qayoom and started in 1989. At that time its members among others included:
Yaseen Malik's Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front(JKLF)
Shabbir Shah's People's Democratic Front.
Shakeel Bakshi's Islamic Students League
* Muslim Conference led
Abdul Ghani Bhat
The THK was not able to exert much influnce on the politics of
Kashmir.Fact|date=June 2008 This was when the Hurriyat conference was formed. Mirwaiz Omar Farooqthen the Chairman of the J & K Awami Action Committee played an important role in forming the Conference.
According to its constitution, the APHC was intended to be a union of political, social and religious parties of the state of
Jammu and Kashmir. The purpose of the organization are as follows:
- Wage a peaceful struggle to secure the right to self determination (limited and without the right to independence) of the people of Kashmir.
- Endeavour to find an alternative solution by involving all three parties to the dispute; viz.
India, Pakistanand Kashmir, under UNauspices or a friendly country
- Endeavor to promote a society based on Islamic values keeping in mind the
Muslimmajority character of the state. While at the same time, safeguarding the rights and interests of non-Muslims.
List of Members
The APHC started off as an umbrella organisation with 26 members.
The important parties of the Executive Council of the APHC are:
Syed Ali Shah Geelani
* Awami Action Committee
Mirwaiz Omar Farooq
* People's League,
Sheikh Abdul Aziz
Moulvi Abbas Ansari
* Muslim Conference,
Prof. Abdul Ghani Bhat
* People's Conference,
Sajid Loneson of Abdul Ghani Lone.
Role in the Politics of Kashmir
The APHC does not recognise the Indian Constitution and has stayed away from all elections held in the state of
Kashmirso far. It blames the lack of sincerity of India for the failure of the repeated attempts at the resolution of the Kashmir issue. It has consistently criticized and Accused the Indian Troops present in Kashmir of Human Rights Violations.
The APHC is divided into two factions. One, led by
Mirwaiz Omar Farooq, favours Peace Talks, the second, the Tehreek-i-Hurriyat, led by Syed Ali Shah Geelanifavours the complete independence from india and right to self determinition of people. From 2004 the Omar Farooq faction has held three rounds of talks with the Government of India.
The Hurriyat boycotted the May 2006 round table conference in Srinagar which leaders of Jammu and Kashmir, and the Prime Minister of India attended. This was a setback to the Hurriyat's dialogue with New Delhi.
Presently the two factions of Hurriyat are heading towards single platform considering their common objectives as their main priorities.
On Friday, August 29, 2008, Hurriyat leader Shabir Ahmad Shah was arrested, following the arrests of other Hurriyat leaders such as Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Mirwaiz Umer Farooq, Mohammad Yaseen Malik and two others. [http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?sectionName=&id=4e40fa98-9df2-41ab-b9d1-47c3e2c1c26f&MatchID1=4742&TeamID1=8&TeamID2=6&MatchType1=2&SeriesID1=1195&MatchID2=4732&TeamID3=2&TeamID4=3&MatchType2=2&SeriesID2=1193&PrimaryID=4742&Headline=Hurriyat+leader+Shabbir+arrested&strParent=strParentID]
* [http://svaradarajan.blogspot.com/2005/09/hurriyat-and-government-dialogue-in.html 'Hurriyat and the Government: Dialogue in search of common ground' Article in Hindu by S. Varadarajan]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Tehreek-e-Hurriyat — (Movement for Freedom) is one of the parties of the All Parties Hurriyat Conference. The leader of the party is Syed Ali Shah Geelani. To solve the Kashmir conflict the group favors a referendum in Kashmir with the people choosing to remain with… … Wikipedia
Maulana Mohammad Abbas Ansari — Ex Chairman All Parties Hurriyat Conference Personal details Born 17 August 1936 (1936 08 17) (age 75) Srinagar, Kashmir Nationality Kashmiri Political party Ittihadul Mu … Wikipedia
Kashmir conflict — The disputed areas of the region of Kashmir. India claims the entire erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir based on an instrument of accession signed in 1947. Pakistan claims all areas of the erstwhile state except for those claimed by… … Wikipedia
India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… … Universalium
Mirwaiz Umar Farooq — Mohammad Umar Farooq Born 23 March 1973(1973 03 23) Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India Occupation Religious leader and Politician Mirwaiz Molvi Mohammad Umar Farooq (Kashmiri: मीरवाइज़ उमर फ़ारूक़, born 23 March 1973) is a Kashmiri religious and … Wikipedia
Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir partof= caption= Kashmir : Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. The dark brown region represents Indian controlled Jammu and Kashmir while the Aksai Chin … Wikipedia
2010 Kashmir unrest — The three regions: Jammu(Blue outside brown boundary), the Kashmir valley(Blue inside brown boundary) and Ladakh(Pink). The Muslim dominated Kashmir Valley was the area which saw most of the protests. The 2010 Kashmir unrest was a series of… … Wikipedia
List of active autonomist and secessionist movements — This is a list of currently active autonomist and secessionist movements around the world. Entries on this list meet two criteria: they are active movements with living, active members, and they are seeking greater autonomy or self determination… … Wikipedia
Jammu and Kashmir — This article is about the area administered by India. For other uses, see Kashmir (disambiguation). Jammu and Kashmir جموں اور کشمیر जम्मू और कश्मीर ཇ་མུ་དང་ཀ་ཤི་མིར། … Wikipedia
Self-determination — This article is about self determination in international law. For other uses, see Self determination (disambiguation). Self determination is the principle in international law that nations have the right to freely choose their sovereignty and… … Wikipedia