name = Java Sparrow
status_system = iucn2.3
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Passeriformes
genus = "
species = "P. oryzivora"
binomial = "Padda oryzivora"
binomial_authority = Linnaeus, 1758
The Java Sparrow, "Padda oryzivora" also known as Java Finch or Java Rice Bird is a small
passerine bird. This estrildid finchis a resident breeding bird in Java, Baliand Baweanin Indonesia. It is a popular cagebird, and has been introduced in a large number of other countries.
The Java Sparrow is a very gregarious bird which feeds mainly on grain and other seeds. It frequents open grassland and cultivation, and was formerly a pest in
ricefields, hence its scientific name. The nest is constructed in a tree or building, and up to eight eggs are laid.
The Java Sparrow is 17cm in length. The adult is unmistakable, with its grey upperparts and breast, pink belly, white-cheeked black head, red eye-ring, pink feet and thick red bill.
Both sexes are similar, but immature birds have brown upperparts and paler brown underparts and cheeks. The rest of their head is dark grey rather than black, and the bill is grey with a pink base.
The call is a "chip", and the song is a rapid series of call notes "chipchipchipchipchipchip".
The Java sparrow is considered to be a serious agricultural pest of rice. Due to ongoing habitat loss and hunting in some areas, the Java Sparrow is now uncommon in its native range. It is evaluated as Vulnerable on the
IUCN Red Listof Threatened Species and is listed on Appendix II of CITES.
* Database entry includes justification for why this species is vulnerable
* "Finches and Sparrows" by Clement, Harris and Davis, ISBN 0-7136-8017-2
* [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SpcHTMDetails.asp&sid=8734&m=0 BirdLife Species Factsheet]
* [http://www.redlist.org/search/details.php?species=15869 IUCN Red List]
* [http://www.rdb.or.id/detailbird.php?id=277 Red Data Book]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Java sparrow — Java Ja va (j[aum] v[.a]), n. 1. One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to the Netherlands. [1913 Webster] 2. Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java. [1913 Webster] 3. (Computers) [all capitals] an object oriented computer … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Java sparrow — n. a white, pink, and gray SE Asian passerine finch (Padda oryzivora, family Estrildidae) widely kept as a cage bird … English World dictionary
Java sparrow — javinis ryžinukas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Padda oryzivora angl. Java sparrow vok. Reisfink, m; Reisvogel, m rus. рисовка, f; серая рисовка, f pranc. padda de Java, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – ryžinukai … Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas
Java sparrow — a finchlike weaverbird, Padda oryzivora, of southeastern Asia, having gray plumage tinged with pink on the belly, often kept as a cage bird. Also called Java finch. [1860 65] * * * ▪ bird also called Ricebird (species Padda oryzivora), bird of … Universalium
Java sparrow — noun A species of finch Padda oryzivora, native of Java, but very commonly kept as a cage bird. Syn: Lonchura, oryzivora, ricebird, paddy bird … Wiktionary
Java sparrow — noun a waxbill with a large red bill and black and white head, native to Java and Bali and popular as a cage bird. [Padda oryzivora.] … English new terms dictionary
Java sparrow — Ja′va spar′row n. orn a gray and red finch, Padda oryzivora, of the waxbill family, resident on Java and Bali and widely introduced elsewhere • Etymology: 1860–65 … From formal English to slang
Java sparrow — /ˈdʒavə spæroʊ/ (say jahvuh sparoh) noun a small grey bird, Lonchura oryzivora, with a large red beak, black head and white cheeks, native to Bali and Java, and widely introduced elsewhere, as Christmas Island, Hawaii, Fiji, Puerto Rico, India,… … Australian English dictionary
Java sparrow — n. small grayish bird found in southeastern Asia who looks like a finch … English contemporary dictionary
Java sparrow — n. a finch, Padda oryzivora … Useful english dictionary